How to use 通り=とおり= toori

「私の言う通りに毎日、日本語を勉強しないと後悔しますよ。」

= Watashi no iu toori ni mainichi, nihongo wo benkyou shinai to koukai shimasuyo.

= I bet you will regret if you don’t study Japanese every day.

 

無断転載禁止(All rights reserved)


みなさん、こんにちは!= Minasan, konnichiwa!  = Hi, everyone! 

元気にしていますか? = Genki ni shite imasu ka? = How are you holding up?

いろいろ大変な時期ですが、どうか皆さん、健康に過ごしてくださいね。
= Iroiro taihenna jiki desu ga, douka minasan, kenkou ni sugoshite kudasaine.
= I know we have been through a tough time, but please stay healthy.

私はみんなが元気になるように日本語のレッスンを作り続けたいと思います。
= Watashi wa minna ga genki ni naru you ni nihongo no ressun wo tsukuri tsuzuketai to omoimasu.
= I would like to keep making Japanese lessons to cheer you up! 

**

Hello, I am your guest teacher, Nimbus. I was told Maggie Sensei to make a lesson so that you can keep studying Japanese.
OK, today’s lesson is how to use
通り= とおり= toori
(You can write it with kanji or hiranaga) 

How to form: 

* verb (dictionary form / past  tense/ present continuous form / past continuous form / passive form / honorific form, etc) + 通り( = とおり) toori

* 言う通り= 言うとおり= iu toori = as one says (said)

* 言った通り= 言ったとおり= itta toori = as one said 

* 言っている通り= 言っているとおり=  itte iru toori = as one has been saying

言っていた通り = 言っていたとおり =  itte ita toori = as one was saying/had been saying 
言われた通り = 言われたとおり = iwareta toori = as one was told / (honorific ) as someone superior said

Note: Polite form:

*おっしゃる通り = ossharu toori  = as you say (said)

*申し上げた通り = moushiageta toori = as I said 


* noun / verb noun form + (
= no) 通り ( = とおりどおり) = toori/doori 

(天気)予報通り =(天気)予報どおり=  (tenki) yohou doori  = as the (weather) forecast said
テキストの通り = テキストのとおり= tekisuto no toori = as it is said in the textbook 

You can also say:
テキスト通り = テキストどおり= tekisuto doori = as it is written in the textbook

Note: When you make a compound words with a noun or a verb in noun form, the way you read 通り changes to どおり( = doori)

* verb 狙う = ねらう = nerau = to aim, to plan 

* noun form (masu-stemu) 狙い = ねらい = nerai = aiming / planning 
狙い通り = 狙いどおり = nerai doori = as planned 

**
Basic patterns:

1) Something is as ~ 

Something + ( = wa) + verb/  noun + 通り ( = toori / doori) + (  ~  ) + です ( = desu)  / past tense でした ( = deshita) 

2) to do something as ~ / following ~ 

* noun / verb + 通り ( = toori ni/ doori ni ) + verb / phrase 

* noun/verb + 通り ( = toori  doori ) + verb / phrase  

3) something 通り ( = toori/ doori) +  ( = no) + noun 

****

OK, now I will give you many example sentences as always.

1) Something is as ~ 

Something + ( = wa) + verb/  noun + (= no) +    通り ( = toori / doori) + (  ~  ) + ( = da) / です ( = desu)  / past tense だった ( = datta)  / でした ( = deshita)  


Ex.
詳細は下記の通りです。

= Shousai wa kaki no toori desu.

= The details are as follows.

Ex. この映画の結末は想像通りだった。

= Kono eiga no ketsumatsu wa souzou doori datta.

= The ending of this movie was just as I had imagined. 

Ex. ゴールデンウイーク中は、列車のダイヤは通常通りではありません。

= Gooruden wuiiku chuu wa, ressha no daiya wa tsuujou doori dewa arimasen.

= During Golden Week Holidays, the train schedule is irregular.

Ex. 参加方法は、以前お知らせした通りです。

= Sanka houhou wa, izen oshirase shita toori desu.

= The application method is as previously stated.


2)  to do something as ~ / following ~ 

* noun / verb +  通りに ( = toori ni / doori ni ) + verb / phrase 

* noun / verb +  通り ( = toori  doori ) + verb / phrase  

Ex. 飛行機は時間通りに着いた。

= Hikouki wa jikandoori ni tsuita.

= The plane arrived on time.

Ex. この通りに漢字を書いてください。

= Kono toori ni kanji wo kaite kudasai.

= Please write the kanji exactly like this.


Ex.
本番も練習通りにやればうまくいくはずです。

= Honban mo renshuu doori ni yareba umaku iku hazu desu.

= The actual performance should go well if you do what you practiced.


Ex.
人生、思い通りにいかないときは一度立ち止まって少し休んでみよう。別の道が見えるかもしれない

= Jinsei, omoidoori ni ikanai toki wa ichido tachidomatte sukoshi yasunde miyou. Betsu no michi ga mieru kamo shirenai.

When your life doesn’t work as you wanted, stop once and take a rest. You may see another way.

Note: In this case you can say 思った通り( = omotta toori) but there is a nuance difference between 思い通り( = omoidoori) and 思った通り( = omotta toori).

思い通り( = omoidoori) as one intended / planned. 

思った通り( = omotta toori) can also be used “as one intended / planned” as well but it is also has the meaning of “as one thought / imagined / expected”

Ex. 彼は思った通り優しい人だった。

= Kare wa omotta toori yasashii hito datta.

= He was as sweet a person I thought he would be. 

In this case you can’t use 思い通り( = omoidoori) because the fact that he is sweet has nothing to do with your plans.

Ex. 彼は約束通りに4時に迎えに来てくれた。

= Kare wa yakusoku doori ni yoji ni mukaeni kite kureta.

= He picked me up at four as promised. 

Ex. この本の通りに料理を作ったのにうまくいかなかった。

= Konohon no toori ni ryouri wo tsukutta noni umaku ikanakatta.
= I followed (the recipe in) the book and cooked the meal, but it didn’t turn out well.

Ex. A:「明日、JLPTの試験なんだ。緊張するなあ。」

= Ashita, JLPT no shiken nannda. Kinchou surunaa.

= I have JLPT exam tomorrow.  I feel so nervous.

B:「いつも通りにリラックスしたらいいよ。」

= Itsumo doori ni rirakkusu shitara iiyo.

= You should just relax as always.

Ex. 今、マギー先生がお話しした通り、明日は、日本語のテストをします。

= Ima, Maggie Sensei ga ohanashi shita toori, ashita wa, nihongo no tesuto wo shimasu.

= As Maggie Sensei just said now, we are going to have a Japanese test tomorrow.

Note: You say (Someone) 言う通りです( = (Someone no) iu toori desu) / おっしゃる通りです ( = ossharu toori desu) when you agree with what someone just said.

“Exactly.” / “True.” / “You are right.” 

Ex. Maggie: 「心と体を大切にしなくてはいけません。」

= Kokoro to karada wo taisetsu ni shinakute wa ikemasen.

= You have to take care of your mind and body.

B: 「マギー先生の言う通りです。」

= Maggie Sensei no iu toori desu.

= You just said it, Maggie sensei. (You are absolutely right.)

or

B: 「おっしゃる通りです。」(polite)

= Ossharu toori desu.

= You are right. (I agree with you.)

Ex. 恐れていた通り、終電に間に合わなかった。

= Osorete ita toori, shuuden ni maniawanakatta.

= As I was concerned, I missed the last train. 

Special verb form:

You usually use verb masu stem + 通り( = toori) but there are exceptions.

Vての ( = teno) + 通り( = toori)


*
ての通り = みてのとおり= mite no toori = as you can see, as it shown,as has been seen 
(more polite)
ご覧の通り = ごらんのとおり= goran no toori = as you can see

Ex. A:「最近忙しいの?」

= Saikin isogashii no?

= You have been busy lately?

「見ての通りだよ。毎日、残業ばかり

= Mite no toori dayo. Mainichi, zangyou bakari…

= As you can see (I am busy.) I work overtime everyday…

Polite form: ご覧の通り( = goran no toori)

Ex. ご覧の通り今月の販売は好調です。

= Goran no toori kongetsu no hanbai wa kouchou desu.

= As you can see, our sales for this month are in good shape. 

* 知っての通り= shitte no toori = as one knows

Ex. 知っての通りJLPTの1級はとても難しいのでがんばらなければいけませんよ。

= Shitte no toori, JLPT no ikkyuu wa totemo muzukasii no de ganbaranakereba ikemasen yo.

= As you know, JLPT N1 is very difficult so you have to try really hard, OK?

Polite form: ご存知の通り ( = gozonji no toori)

Ex. ご存知の通り、我が社は、ドッグフードの売り上げは日本一です。

= Gozonji no toori, wagasha wa, doggu fuudo no uriage wa nihon ichi desu.

= As you know, our company’s dog food sale is number one in Japan.

3) something 通り( = toori/ doori) + ( = no) + noun 

Ex. 希望通りの給料を払いましょう。

= Kibou doori no kyuuryou wo haraimashou.

= We will pay you the salary as you desired. 

Ex. 母が久しぶりに作ってくれたうどんは昔通りの味だった。

= Haha ga hisashiburi ni tsukutte kureta udon wa mukashi doori no aji datta.

= The udon noodles that my mother cooked for the first time in a long time tasted just the same as in old days.

Ex. 会社は私の望み通りの長期休暇はくれないと思う。

= Kaisha wa watashi no nozomidoori no chouki kyuuka wa kurenai to omou.

= I think my company isn’t going to give me the long vacation I’m wishing for. 

Ex. 試験は予想通りの結果だった。

= Shiken wa yosou doori no kekka datta.

= The result of the exam was just as I expected. 

Ex. ケーキは期待通りの出来栄えだった。

= Keeki wa kitaidoori no dekibae datta.

= The cake turned out great just as expected. 

**

マギー先生より = Maggie Sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei

Nimbus先生、ありがとう!

= Nimbus Sensei, arigatou!

= Thank you, Nimbus Sensei!

みなさん、Nimubus先生の言う通り、毎日がんばって日本語を勉強しましょう!

= Minasan, Nimubus Sensei no iu toori, mainichi ganbatte nihongo wo benkyou shimashou.

= Do your best to study Japanese every day, OK?

***

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6 Comments

  1. As always, thank you for your wonderful lessons! They are really useful to help me fill the gaps of my grammar knowledge!

    I have a question about 見ての通り! This was the first time I’ve seen this expression so I was bit confused. I always thought that の is used to connect two nouns. A few days after I read your lesson, I encountered the phrase やってみての感想 in real life.

    My question is, does verb-ての make up a different grammar point or are there only certain phrases that use this form? I’ve tried looking this up online, but couldn’t find any concrete explanations.

    Again, thanks for being a great teacher!

    1. Hi J
      First Vての通り pattern is very limited. 見ての通り・知っての通り are two main ones.

      Vての+ noun is different from these usage.
      Vての means “Vてからの〜” (~ that after you have done ~ )
      やってみての感想 = You do something and then give a feedback.
      勝ってみてのお楽しみ = You win first and then you get some reward.

      Another common usage is something/someone あっての~ : Something/someone is essential for ~ / ~ wouldn’t exist without something/someone
      Ex. このサイトはみなさんあってのサイトです。
      Ex. 仕事あっての人生
      Ex. 夢あっての人生 

  2. マギー先生こんにちは!

    いつもレッスン作ってありがとうございます!今回のレッスンもいい勉強になりました :)

    ちょっと質問がありますが、
    「時」、「度」と「頃」の区別があまりわからなくて 先生に説明していただいてもいいでしょうか?いつも区別がつかないのでよく間違えたりします笑

    1. こんにちは lydia
      では、英語で説明しますね。

      時 = When
      度 = every time when
      頃= When, during the certain period of time in your life, around the time when (Ex. 五月頃)

      Test yourself
      1)明日、マギーの家に行く(   )に花を持っていきます。
      2)毎日、マギーに会う(   )に花をあげます。
      3)学生の(   )、よくマギーに花をあげていた。

  3. こんにちは先生。
       お久しぶりです。先生は元気でいらっしゃるとおもいます。
    JLPTの試験は、思った通りに、中止になってしまいました。でも、いつもどおりに、一生懸命頑張りましょう。
    引き続きよろしくお願いいたします。
    Pavithra

    1. こんにちは、Pavithra D

      そうですね。残念ながらJLPTは中止になってしまいましたがその分、準備期間が増えたので次回の試験までがんばってくださいね。
      応援しています! :)

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