Super Basic Words Part 9 + Trend word 女子力 ( = joshiryoku)


「私は女子力UP! みんなは語彙力UPね!」

= Watashi wa joshiryoku appu! Minna wa goiryoku appu ne!

= I will work on the “Woman Power” and  you guys should work on the “Vocabulary Strength”, OK?

Hi, everyone! This is a follow up lesson for my Twitter followers.(Maggie Sensei Twitter)

This series started when one of my Twitter followers asked me to tweet one basic word everyday in March, 2011.  I had no idea I would still be doing this over a year and a half later.  Feel free to send me a message on Twitter if you want me to continue this series. If not, let me know what you would like to learn next.

I guess it is not “Super” basic word anymore.  But vocabulary will be one of your strengths on your journey to mastering Japanese.

These are the old lessons. Hope you’ll visit these lessons again and again.

!star! Super Basic Words Part 1

!star!Super Basic Words Part 2

!star!Super Basic Words Part 3

!star!Super Basic Words Part 4

!star!Super Basic Words Part 5

!star!Super Basic Words Part 6

!star! Super Basic Words Part 7

!star! Super Basic Words Part 8

I focused on the verbs in this Part 9.

Before we start, let’s check the picture above.

:maggie-small: 「私は女子力UP! みんなは語彙力UPね!」

= Watashi wa joshiryoku appu! Minna wa goiryoku appu ne!

= I will work on “Woman Power” and  you guys should work on the “Vocabulary Strength”, OK?

*UP(= appu ) is from of course English word, “up”  It means “to increase“, “to strengthen“, “to empower“, “to build.

*(subject) (subject)〜 = (subject) wa~,(subject) wa ~ : the particle (=wa) is often used to show the contrast of things.

*語彙= ごい = goi = vocabulary

+ = りょく = ryoku = power, strength

*Now what I want to focus on today is this word:

女子力= joshiryoku : It is one of the trendy words that you often hear/see on TV or in the fashion magazines.

The literal translation is “Girls’ power” “Female Power

You will hear


= Motto joshiryoku wo appu sasenaito.

= I should work on my “Girl’s power”

Or you see some advertisement of cosmetic products,


= Kore de joshiryoku appu!

= You can empower your “Girl’s power” with this (product.)

So what do you need to do in order to build your 女子力(= joshiryoku) ?

It varies depending on your interpretation but, for example,


:w: To work on your physical appearance or fashion :

:rrrr: To be keen on fashion : Always have motivation to improve your fashion sense. (Not just outer fashion but also your underwear.)

:n: To work on your inner beauty

:rrrr: To be attentive or nice to people around you.

:n: To empower your work skill.

:n: To be interested in high-quality products or things with we associate with “high class”.

So in short, the strength to become a good woman (like me! :) )



1) to receive = 受け取る = うけとる= uketoru

:rrrr:    to receive a letter

= 手紙を受け取る

= てがみをうけとる

= tegami wo uketoru

2) to hold, to have, to carry = 持つ = もつ = motsu

:rrrr: to hold chopsticks

= 箸を持つ

= はしをもつ

= hashi wo motsu

3) to advance, to progress = 進む=すすむ = susumu

:rrrr: to move forward

= 前に進む

= まえにすすむ

= mae ni susumu

4) to be pleased = 喜ぶ=よろこぶ = yorokobu

:rrrr: to be delighted by one’s victory

= 勝利に喜ぶ

= しょうりによろこぶ

= shouri ni yorokobu

5) to feel sadness = 悲しむ=かなしむ = kanashimu

:rrrr: to be deeply saddened

= 深く悲しむ

= ふかくかなしむ

= fukaku kanashimu

6) to make, to create = 作る=つくる = tsukuru

:rrrr: to cook dishes

= 料理を作る

= りょうりをつくる

= ryouri wo tsukuru


7) to continue, to keep doing something = 続ける= つづける= tsudukeru

:rrrr: to keep reading

= 読み続ける

= よみつづける

= yomitsudukeru

8) to wrap = 包む= つつむ= tsutsumu

:rrrr: to wrap a present

= プレゼントを包む

= プレゼントをつつむ

= purezento wo tsutsumu

9) to leave something, someone (behind) , to save = 残す= のこす= nokosu

:rrrr: to leave a message

= 伝言を残す

= でんごんをのこす

= dengon wo nokosu

10) to feel, to sense = 感じる= かんじる= kanjiru

:rrrr: to feel stressed

= ストレスを感じる

= ストレスをかんじる

= sutoresu wo kanjiru

11) to have a talk, to have a conversation = 会話する= かいわする= kaiwa suru

:rrrr: to have a pleasant conversation

= 楽しく会話する

= たのしくかいわする

= tanoshiku kaiwa suru

12) to hand out配る= くばる= kubaru

:rrrr: to hand out flyers

= チラシを配る


= chirashi wo kubaru


13) to sink = 沈む = しずむ= shizumu

:rrrr:The Sun sinks

= 太陽が沈む

= たいようがしずむ

= taiyou ga shizumu

14) to float = 浮くうく= uku

:rrrr:  to float in the water

= 水に浮く

= みずにうく

= mizu ni uku

15) to take, to choose, to have 取る= とる= toru

:rrrr: to take an order

= 注文を取る

= ちゅうもんをとる

= chuumon wo toru

16) to fall down, to trip over =転ぶ= ころぶ= korobu

:rrrr:  to fall down on a snowy road

= 雪道で転ぶ

= ゆきみちでころぶ

= yukimichi de korobu

17) to turn on, to put on = つける= tsukeru

:rrrr: to turn on the light

= 電気をつける

= でんきをつける

= denki wo tsukeru

18) to come to an end, to finish = 終わる = おわる= owaru

:rrrr: The TV show comes to an end.


= テレビばんぐみがおわる

= terebi bangumi ga owaru


19) to take out, to serve, to eject = 出す = だす= dasu

:rrrr: to serve a meal

= 食事を出す

= しょくじをだす

= shokuji wo dasu

20) to straighten up, to put away= 片付ける = かたづける = katazukeru

:rrrr: to put away a dish


= さらをかたづける

= sara wo katazukeru

21) to blow = 吹く = ふく = fuku

:rrrr: the wind blows

= 風が吹く


= kaze ga fuku

22) to answer, to reply = 答える = こたえる= kotaeru

:rrrr: to answer a question

= 質問に答える

= しつもんにこたえる

= shitsumon ni kotaeru

23) to learn = 習う = ならう= narau

:rrrr: to learn English

= 英語を習う

= えいごをならう

= eigo wo narau

24) to tell, to communicate, to transmit伝える = つたえる = tsutaeru

:rrrr: to give out the information

= 情報を伝える

= じょうほうをつたえる

= jouhou wo tsutaeru


25) to win = 勝つ= かつ= katsu

:rrrr:   to win a game

= 試合に勝つ

= しあいにかつ

= shiai ni katsu

26) to lose, to get defeated = 負ける= まける= makeru

:rrrr: to lose on purpose

= わざと負ける

= わざとまける

= waza to makeru

27) to make a reservation = 予約する= よやくする= yoyaku suru

:rrrr:   to book a hotel

= ホテルを予約する

= ホテルをよやくする

= hoteru wo yoyaku suru

28) to cook = 料理する= りょうりする= ryouri suru

:rrrr:  to cook quickly

= 手早く料理する

= てばやくりょうりする

= tebayaku ryouri suru

29) to decorate = 飾る= かざる= kazaru

:rrrr:    to decorate a room with flowers

= 部屋を花で飾る

= へやをはなでかざる

= heya wo hana de kazaru

30) to steal = 盗む = ぬすむ= nusumu

:rrrr:   to steal a car

= 車を盗む

= くるまをぬすむ

= kuruma wo nusumu



31) to be able to, to be completed, to be ready = 出来る= できる= dekiru

:rrrr: to be able to write in Japanese

= 日本語で書くことができる。


= Nihongo de kaku koto ga dekiru.

32) to mix / to blend something = 混ぜる= まぜる= mazeru

:rrrr: to mix eggs and milk

= 卵と牛乳を混ぜる

= たまごとぎゅうにゅうをまぜる

= tamago to gyuunyuu wo mazeru

33) to reduce, to decrease = 減らす = へらす= herasu

:rrrr:  to lose weight

= 体重を減らす

= たいじゅうをへらす

= taijuu wo herasu

34) to increase = 増やす=ふやす= fuyasu

:rrrr: to increase one’s income

= 収入を増やす

= しゅうにゅうをふやす

= shuunyuu wo fuyasu

35) to carry, to transport = 運ぶ = はこぶ= hakobu

:rrrr: to carry passengers

= 乗客を運ぶ

= じょうきゃくをはこぶ

= joukyaku wo hakobu

36) to scold, to reprimand = 叱る=しかる= shikaru

:rrrr: to scold a child

= 子供を叱る

= こどもをしかる

= kodomo wo shikaru



37) to decline, to turn down = 断る = ことわる= kotowaru

:rrrr: to decline an offer

= 申し出を断る

= もうしでをことわる

= moushide wo kotowaru

38)  to be in love = 恋をする= こいをする= koi wo suru (also 恋する= koi suru)

:rrrr: to be in love with a beautiful woman

= 美しい女性に恋をする

= うつくしいじょせいにこいをする

= utsukushii josei ni koi wo suru

39) to participate, to join = 参加する = さんかする= sanka suru

:rrrr:  to participate in a contest

= コンテストに参加する

= コンテストにさんかする

= kontesuto ni sanka suru

40) to get drunk , to get travel-sick= 酔う = よう= you

:rrrr: to get airsick

= 飛行機に酔う

= ひこうきによう

= hikouki ni you

41) to like something, someone = 気に入る = きにいる= kiniiru

:rrrr: one’s favorite music

= お気に入りの音楽

= おきにいりのおんがく

= okiniiri no ongaku

42) to celebrate = 祝う= いわう= iwau

:rrrr: to celebrate one’s birthday

= 誕生日を祝う

= たんじょうびをいわう

= tanjoubi wo iwau



43) to throw away, to dump = 捨てる= すてる= suteru

Ex. to throw away trash (garbage)

= ごみ(ゴミ)をすてる

= gomi wo suteru

44) to pay = 払う = はらう= harau

:rrrr:to pay money

= お金を払う

= おかねをはらう

= okane wo harau

45) to think, to consider = 考える= かんがえる= kangaeru

:rrrr: to think about one’s future

= 将来について考える

= しょうらいについてかんがえる

= shourai ni tsuite kangaeru

46) to be lost, to wander,  to hesitate to do = 迷う= まよう= mayou

:rrrr: to get lost / to lose one’s way

= 道に迷う

= みちにまよう

= michi ni mayou

47) to pray, to wish = 祈る = いのる = inoru

:rrrr: to pray for safety

= 無事を祈る


=buji wo inoru

48) to wash洗う = あらう = arau

:rrrr: to wash one’s hands

= 手を洗う

= てをあらう

= te wo arau



49) to break up, to part = 別れる = わかれる = wakareru

:rrrr: to break up with one’s boyfriend

= 彼と別れる

= かれとわかれる

= kare to wakareru

50) to acquire, to obtain = 手に入れる= てにいれる= te ni ireru

:rrrr: to get a cheap ticket

= 安いチケットを手に入れる

= やすいチケットをてにいれる

= Yasui chiketto wo te ni ireru

51) to plant = 植える = うえる= ueru

:rrrr:  to plant seeds

= 種を植える

= たねをうえる

= tane wo ueru

52) to transfer/ connect, to change= 乗り換える = のりかえる= norikaeru

:rrrr:  to change trains

= 電車を乗り換える

= でんしゃをのりかえる

= densha wo norikaeru

53) to be effective, to work = 効く = きく = kiku

:rrrr: effective medicine

= よく効く薬

= よくきくくすり

= yoku kiku kusuri

54) to endure, to withstand = 耐える = たえる= taeru

:rrrr: to withstand pressure

= 圧力に耐える

= あつりょくにたえる

= atsuryoku ni taeru



55) to raise, to grow = 育てる = そだてる= sodateru

a) to raise a child

= 子供を育てる

= こどもをそだてる

= kodomo wo sodateru

56) to be careful, to watch out = 気を付ける= きをつける = ki wo tsukeru

:rrrr: to watch one’s mouth

= 言葉に気を付ける

= ことばにきをつける

= kotoba ni ki wo tsukeru

57) to conduct, to perform, to carry out行う = おこなう= okonau

:rrrr: to conduct an experiment

= 実験を行う

= じっけんをおこなう

= jikken wo okonau

58)to hit, to beat, to bang = 打つ = うつ= utsu

:rrrr:to hit a ball

= ボールを打つ

= ボールをうつ

= bouru wo utsu

59)to move, to make a movement = 動く = うごく= ugoku

:rrrr: to move slowly

= ゆっくりと動く

= ゆっくりとうごく

= yukkuri to ugoku

60) to pass, to go by = 経つ= たつ= tatsu

:rrrr: Time passes

= 時が経つ

= ときがたつ

= toki ga tatsu



61) (rain / snow) to come down, to fall = 降る = ふる= furu

:rrrr: to rain

= 雨が降る

= あめがふる

= ame ga furu

62) to pull, to drag= 引っ張る = ひっぱる= hipparu

:rrrr: to pull someone’s hair

= 〜の髪を引っ張る


=  ~ no kami wo hipparu

63) to break, to fold = 折る = おる= oru

:rrrr:   to break one’s bone

= 骨を折る

= ほねをおる

= hone wo oru

64) to get fat , to put on weight = 太る = ふとる = futoru

:rrrr: to gain weight from eating too much

= 食べ過ぎで太る

= たべすぎでふとる

= tabesugi de futoru

65) to get angry = 怒る = おこる = okoru

:rrrr: to be red with anger

= 真っ赤になって怒る

= まっかになっておこる

= makka ni natte okoru

66) to turn around, to pass, to forward = 回す = まわす= mawasu

:rrrr: to spin a top

= こまを回す


= koma wo mawasu

マギー先生より = Maggie Sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei


= Doushi wo ippai oboemashitane. Ato wa tsukatte renshuu shite itte kudasaine.

You have learned many verbs.  Now you can practice using them.

最後に、Twitterのフォローをしてくれているみんな、大好きです。 boucingheart!

= Saigo ni Twitter no forou wo shite kurete iru minna daisuki desu.

= Last but not least, I love all my Twitter followers!


Will you be my Patron? 

I appreciate your support!  サポートありがとう!

Become a Patron!


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    1. @123

      Hello 123,
      OK, the difference between もらう(=morau) and 受け取る(=uketoru)

      1) 誕生日に毎年、彼からバラの花をもらう
      = Tanjoubi ni maitoshi kara bara no hana wo morau
      = I get roses from my boyfriend (or him) every year on my birthday.

      Focusing on the fact that I got a favor from him.

      2) 花屋からそのバラの花を受け取る
      = Hanaya kara sono bara no hana wo uketoru
      = I received those roses.

      I simply receive them as an action from the flower shop or a delivery person.
      (When someone hand out something and you receive it/them, you use 受け取る=uketoru)
      3) 結婚したとき叔父からお祝い金をもらった。
      = Kekkon shita toki oji kara oiwaikin wo moratta.
      = When I got married, ←I got some gift-money from my uncle(←my uncle gave me some gift-money. )

      Focusing on the fact that I got a favor from my uncle.

      4) 父は、年金を受け取っている。
      = Chichi wa, nenkin wo uketotte iru.
      = My father has been receiving pension.
      Just focusing on the fact that he is getting pension. Government pays him money and he accepts/takes it.

  1. Hello!


    言語に関して, ときどき難しいからあきらめたくなるような気分になるでしょう. それでもマギー先生のおかげでこれから私は毎日頑張り続きます.

    ♥みんな, 頑張ってね♥

    1. @Remi Ayumi Lee


  2. Love Maggie sensei!
    永遠にマッギ先生サイトを祈る!I want to say ” I wish stay with us forever” please correct.
    Could you also give examples of male voice? because male voices are so tough to understand.

    1. @Top

      永遠にマッギ先生サイトを祈る!→マギー先生のサイトが永遠に(or ずっと)続きますように。
      We are sorry. this site is created by Maggie and Yukari and both of us are girls so that we can’t have male voices. I will try to make more listening exercises instead using TV commercials or movie preview on Facebook. ごめんね。
      And we love you,too! !CHECKHEART!

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