How to express your feelings + How to use 感じ ( = kanji)

Charlie:  「あ~しあわせ!」

= Ahh, Shiawase!! 

= Ahh, I am so happy!! 

Bess: 「とりあえずビール!」って感じ

= “Toriaezu biiru” tte  kanji! 

= I feel like starting off with beer! 

 Hello, everyone! 

Today’s guest teachers are Charlie and Bess.

They are both my Patrons and volunteered to be the guest teachers for this lesson.

I love their little introduction so let me share it with you.

こんにちは!CharlieBessです。

= Konnichiwa! Charlie to Bess desu.

= Hello, we are Charlie and Bess.

僕、Charlieは6歳で、コスプレが大好き!いつもBessが僕のおやつを盗むんだよ。

= Boku, Charlie wa rokusai de, kosupure ga daisuki. Itsumo Bess ga boku no oyatsu wo nusumunda yo.

= I, Charlie, is six year’s old and I love wearing costume. You know Bess always steals my snacks.

Bessは、おやつがご褒美にもらえるから写真のポーズが決まっているでしょ。僕にはいつもいばっているんだ。

= Bess wa, oyatsu ga gohoubi ni moraeru kara shashin no pouzu ga kimatte iru desho. Boku niwa itsumo ibatte irunda.

= Bess is good at posing for photos as she gets food as a reward. She is always bossing around me. 

We are going to teach you how to express your feelings in Japanese.

This lesson will be pretty conversational one. 

Basic vocabulary of feelings: 

 :s: Nouns: 

* 気持ち =きもち =  kimochi =  feelings 

* 気分 = きぶん = kibun = feelings / mood 

* 感情 = かんじょう = kanjou = emotions

* 喜び = よろこび = yorokob = joy, delight 

* 幸せ = しあわせ = shiawase =  happiness 

* 怒り = いかり = ikari = anger 

* 悲しみ = かなしみ = kanashimi =  sadness 

* 哀しみ = かなしみ= kanashimi = (more literal/poetic) sorrow, sadness

 :qq: Verbs:

* 喜ぶ= よろこぶ = yorokobu = to be pleased 

* 悲しむ = かなしむ = kanashimu = to feel sad

* 怒る = おこる/ (more literal) いかる = okoru / ikaru  = to get angry 

* 腹を立てる= はらをたてる = hara wo tateru = to get angry

* 頭にくる = あたまにくる= atama ni kuru = to get angry

* 激怒する = げきどする= gekido suru = to be furious

* 憤慨する = ふんがいする= fungai suru= to be furious

You change into ている ( = teiru) form to describe the state 

Ex. 喜んでいる = よろこんでいる= yorokonde iru = to be happy

Ex. 怒っている = おこっている= okotte iru = to be angry

Ex. 腹を立てている = はらをたてている = hara wo tatete iru = to be angry

 :tulip3: Adjectives:

* 嬉しいうれしい = ureshii = happy

* 悲しい = かなしい= kanashii = sad

 :i: Note: When you say “He is happy.” in Japanese,

You might say

X 彼は嬉しいです。

= Kare wa ureshii desu.

It doesn’t sound natural because you don’t know how he really feels.

Instead you say:

彼は喜んでいます。

= Kare wa yorokonde imasu.

It sounds more natural.

Also when you talk about your own feelings, you don’t say  喜んでいる ( = yorokonde iru). 

 (私は、)喜んでいます。(Not natural) 

 = Watashi wa yorokonde imasu.

(私は、)嬉しいです。

= (Watashi wa,) Ureshii desu.

is more natural.

If the subject is “we”, it could be acceptable to use 喜んでいる ( = yorokonde iru) in the letter or formal speech.

* (私達は)喜んでいます。/ (more formal) 喜んでおります。

= (Watashitachi wa)  yorokonde imasu./ yorokonde orimasu.

= We are very happy.

But still it is not that common in conversation. 

You often omit the subject. (私達 = watashi / watashitachi, etc.)

All these feelings can be described in one word

 :rrrr: * 喜怒哀楽 = きどあいらく = kidoairaku = delight, anger, sorrow and pleasure emotions  

Ex. 彼は喜怒哀楽が激しい。

= かれはきどあいらくがはげしい。

= Kare wa kidoairaku ga hageshii. 

= He shows his emotions a lot / He is a very emotional person.

 !onpu! Japanese culture:

We often hear that Japanese people are more reserved, and we don’t show our emotions so much (in public).

It all depends on the person and of course Japanese people do have all these feelings, but maybe the way they express their emotions might be a little different but at their heart they are basically the same as others.

How to express your feelings:

1) The easiest way to express your feelings is to use an adjective form or interjections without saying  私は ( = watashi wa) I am / I feel ~

Joy / Happiness: 

Ex. うれしい!

= Ureshii! 

= Yay! / I am so happy! 

Note: In more formal conversations, add です ( = desu) after an adjective.

Ex. うれしいです。

= Ureshii desu.

When you express your feelings, you attach ( = na) or なあ ( = naa) after an adjective:

うれしいなあ

= Ureshii naa.

= I am so happy…

 :ee: From the picture above: 

Ex.「あ~しあわせ!!」

= Ahh shiawase!

= I am so happy!! / I feel happy! 

Note: あ~ ( = Ah) / ああ(= Aa) / あー ( = Ah) is an interjection to express one’s feelings. It could be positive or negative.

Ex. やった~!

= Yattaa!

= Yay!

Ex. イェ~イ!

= Ieeei!

= Yaaay! 

Fun:

Ex. 楽しい!

= Tanoshii!

= How fun!

Ex. 楽しすぎる!

= Tanoshisugiru!

= This is way too fun! 

Ex. ワクワクする。

Wakukwaku suru

= I am getting excited!

Ex. わあ!    ( positive) 

= Waa!

= Wow! 

Ex. すごい!

= Sugoi!

= Wow! / Great! 

Ex. すごーい!

= Sugooi!

= Wow! / Great! 

Nervous

Ex. 緊張する

= Kinchou suru

= I am nervous

Ex. ドキドキする

= Dokidoki suru.

= I feel nervous

Relief:

Ex. よかった!

= Yokatta! 

= Whew! 

Ex. あ〜、よかった。

= Ahh yokatta.

= Whew! 

Ex. 安心した。

= Anshin shita.

= I am relieved .

Ex. ほっとした。

= Hotto shita.

= I am relieved.

Confused:

Ex. どうしよう?

= Doushiyou?

= What am I going to do?

Sad / Hard:

Ex. 悲しい

= Kanashii

= I am sad/ I feel sad.

 :pinkcandy2: Note: i-adjecitve (= ku) + なる ( = naru) / na-adjective ( = ni)+ なる ( = naru) to become / come to ~ 

Ex. そんなこと言われると悲しくなる。

= Sonna koto iwareru to kanashiku naru.

= I will feel sad if you (or someone else) say such a thing. 

Ex. つらい

= Tsurai

= It is hard/ tough/painful 

Ex. きつい

= Kitsui

= It’s hard/ tough 

Ex. 泣きたくなる

= Nakitaku naru

= I feel like crying.

Ex. 泣けてくる

= Nakete kuru

= That makes me cry.  / I feel so sad.

Lonely / missing someone:

Ex. さびしい

= Sabishii

= I am lonely / I miss someone. 

Recalling some good memories in the past

Ex. なつかしい

= Natsukashii

= This brings back memories

Surprise / Showing your disbelief:

Ex. え~

= Ehh! 

= What?

Ex. うそ!

= Uso

= No way! 

Ex. うわ~

= Uwaah

= OMG

Ex. まさか

= Masaka

= No way! / It can’t be true.

Ex. まじか (slang/ male speech)

= Maji ka

= Really? / No way! / Seriously?/  Are you kidding?

Ex. まじ? (slang)

= Maji?

= Really? / No way! / Seriously? / Are you kidding?

Ex. ありえない 

= Arienai

= No way! /  I can’t believe it!/It can’t be true!

Ex. 信じられない 

= Shinjirarenai.

= I can’t believe it. / No way! 

Anger:

Ex. ひどい!

= Hidoi!

= That’s awful! / You are horrible! 

(variation) 

Ex. ひど~い!

= Hidoooi! 

Ex. ムカつく/ むかつく (slang)

= Mukatsuku

= That pisses me off.

Ex. イライラする

= Iraira suru

= I feel irritated.

Ex. ウザい (slang)

= Uzai

= Annoying! 

Ex. 腹たつ!

= Hara tatsu! 

= I feel angry! / That pisses me off. / I am so pissed off. / That’s so annoying.

Ex. 頭にきた!

= Atama ni kita!

= I am so pissed off. 

Embarrassment:

Ex. あ~恥ずかしい

= Ah hazukashii

= I am so embarrassed…

(variation) 

はずい = Hazui  (slang)

はずっ! = Hazuh (slang)

Scary: 

Ex. 怖い 

= Kowai 

= Scary! 

(variation) 

こわ~い!

= Kowaai!

= How scary!

Feeling blue/ depressed:

Ex. 憂鬱

= ゆううつ

= Yuuutsu

= Feeling blue

Ex. 気が滅入る

= ki ga meiru

= Feeling depressed 

Ex. あ~あ

= Ahha

= Oh well…

Ex. がっかり

= Gakkari

= I am disappointed. 

Ex. 落ち込む!

= Ochikomu!

= I am getting  depressed. 

To envy someone

Ex. うらやましい

= Urayamashii

= I am jealous / I envy (someone) . 

Note: One of the most popular slang words やばい / ヤバい/ ヤバイ = yabai = can be used to express many different emotions.

This is great! / I am happy! / This is tough! / I am in a trouble. / Wow! / That’s horrible!

 :rrrr: やばい / ヤバい/ ヤバイ = yabai 

2) 感じる =かんじる=  kanjiru

I noticed that many English speaking people want to use the verb, 感じる = kanjiru to express one’s emotion because you say

I feel sad/happy/angry, etc in English.

X 私はうれしく感じます。(not natural in conversation) 

= Watashi wa ureshiku kanjimasu.

You might say that in formal writing but in conversation you often just use the adjective or verb form to express your emotions . 

うれしい!

= Ureshii!

When to use 感じる = kanjiru = to feel /  感じ = kanji = feelings

Ex. どう感じ

= Dou kanjita ? 

= How did you feel?

Ex. どう感じましたか?(more formal)

= Dou kanjimashita ka?

= How did you feel?

or using a noun form, 感じ ( = kanji) 

Ex. どんな感じがしましたか?

= Donna kanji ga shimashitaka?

= How did you feel?

This “feelings” could be both physical and emotional to express your feelings towards things / people / happening / events around you.

The cases that you use verb 感じる ( = kanjiru ) noun 感じ( = kanji) 

Ex. 変な感じがする

= Henna kanji ga suru.

= It feels strange. 

→(variation)

Ex. 変な感じ (more conversational)

= Henna kanji

= Strange feelings! 

Ex. 嫌な感じがする

= Iya na kanji ga suru

= It feels unpleasant 

Ex. さっき地震があったみたいだけど何も感じなかった。

= Sakki jishin ga atta mitai dakedo nani mo kanji nakatta.

= There seemed to be an earthquake, but I didn’t feel anything. 

* Looks in certain way / talking about someone’s impression

Ex. 優しい感じの人

= Yasashii kanji no hito.

= A person who looks sweet. 

Ex. 彼はなんか冷たい感じがするね。

= Kare wa nanka tsumetai kanji ga suru ne.

= He seems to be kind of cold, doesn’t he?

(At a hair salon: Showing a picture) 

Ex. こんな感じにカットしてください。

= Konna kanji ni katto shite kudasai.

= Please cut my hair like (the person) in this picture. 

Ex. 彼女、感じがいいね。

= Kanojo, kanji ga iine.

= She seems nice, doesn’t she?

Ex. この店は感じが悪い。

= Kono mise wa kanji ga warui.

=This place is not nice. (Implying they treat the customers badly or in a cold way/ The people are not friendly.)

Colloquial usage:

Young people tend to finish the sentence with って感じ ( = tte kanji) .

From the picture above: 

Bess: 「とりあえずビール!」って感じ

= “Toriaezu biiru”tte  kanji! 

= I feel like “I’ll start off with a beer”. 

I feel like starting off with beer. 

 :ii: Note: 「とりあえずビール!」 ( = Toriaezu biiru) is a cliche which you use at the bar.

It means “I’ll start off with a beer” / A beer for now.” 

You haven’t decided what food you want to order yet, but you’ll have a beer for now. It is such a common phrase, that if you say it people might smile or even laugh. It’s like admitting you don’t know what you want but “What the heck. I’ll get a beer for now!”

 :s: How to use:

You attach って感じ ( = tte kanji) with a noun/ adjective/ verb/ quote and add the nuance of “It’s like ~! / Like ~ “ 

(って感じ ( = tte kanji) is a casual way to say という感じ ( = toiu kanji))

Ex. 今の仕事は、もういいかなって感じ

= Ima no shigoto wa, mou iikanatte kanji.

= I think I had enough with my current job.

Ex. なんか私ばかりが働いているって感じ

= Nanka watashi bakari ga hataraite irutte kanji.

Somehow, I feel like I am the only person who works hard. 

Ex. 彼女はいかにもかわいい女の子って感じの子だよ。

= Kanojo wa ikanimo kawaii onnano ko tte kanji no ko dayo.

= She is like a typical cute girl. 

3) 気がする = きがする =  ki ga suru = to feel or sense or be under the impression that

You use 気がする ( = ki ga suru) when you sense something / you don’t necessary know the reason why but you feel that way. 

For example, you are talking about whether some store is still open or not: 

Ex.もう閉まっているような気がする。

= Mou shimatte iru you na ki ga suru.

= I feel like they are closed now. 

The speaker is not sure if the place is closed but  for some reason, he/she thinks the place is closed.

So the speaker doesn’t have to be in front of the store. 

You can’t say:

X  もう閉まっている感じがする。(wrong) 

= Mou shimatte iru kanji ga suru. 

You don’t use 感じがする ( = kanji ga suru) 

(talking about one’s relationship)

Ex. 私たち、もう終わりのような気がする。(sounds feminine )

= Watashitachi, mou owari no you na ki ga suru.

= I feel like we are over now.

Ex. なんか面白いことが起きるような気がする。

= Nanka omoshiroi koto ga okiru youna ki ga suru.

= I feel like something fun will happen.

Ex. それは違うような気がする。

= Sore wa chigau you na ki ga suru.

= I think it’s different. / I think that’s wrong. 

4) 思う = おもう = omou  = to think / to feel

思う ( = omou)  means “to think” but you can also use it when you go through some emotions.

Ex. 褒められるとうれしいと思う

= Homerareru to ureshii to omou. 

= When someone compliments me, I feel happy.

Ex. もう会えないことを悲しく思います。formal)

= Mou aenai koto wo kanashiku omoimasu.

= I feel sad for not being able to see you again.

Ex. 友達と離れるのは辛いと思った。

= Tomodachi to hanareru no wa tsurai to omotta.

= I felt it was hard to be away from my friends.

****

マギー先生より = Maggie Sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei

ありがとう、Bess先生、Charlie先生!

= Arigatou, Bess Sensei, Charlie Sensei! 

= Thank you, Bess-Sensei and Charlie Sensei.

可愛い写真をみているだけで私も幸せな気分になりましたよ。

= Kawaii shashin wo mite iru dake de watashi mo shiawase na kibun ni narimashitayo.

= By just looking at your pictures makes me feel happy, too!

****

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I REALLY appreciate your support!  サポートありがとう! !CHECKHEART! 

My supporters can access an audio file for this lesson on my Pateron page and some mini lessons and quiz.

Audio File for this lesson.

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5 Comments

  1. Hi Maggie! thanks for the lesson, great as always! I have a question, Can you tell me why in this sentence “もう閉まっている感じがする” can’t use 感じがする?

    1. Hi Emao

      もう閉まっている感じがする” ,感じ actually means “sense/impression” so the literal mean is ” I get the sense / impression from the store that it is closed.” which you don’t say.
      If the speaker is not in front of the store you can’t get the impression. You use 気がする instead when you “feel”

      Also if you are in front of the store and you are guessing the store is closed, It seems like it’s closed, you say
      もう閉まっているようだ/みたいだ。

  2. Hey, just a slight correction, you wrote ‘喜び = よろこび = yorokobijoy’, and the ‘joy’ probably shouldn’t be there
    Thanks for the lesson though, I really appreciate you doing this <3

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