V + やすい & V + にくい ( = V + yasui & V + nikui)

nikui yasui

「これお箸では食べにくいよ!」

= Kore ohashi de wa tabenikui yo!

= It is hard to eat this with chopsticks.


みなさん、こんにちは!
= Minasan Konnichiwa1
= Hello everyone!

I love プリン(=purin), custard pudding!   boucingheart! !purin!

But how am I supposed to eat this with chopsticks?

「これお箸では食べにくいよ!」

= Kore ohashi de wa tabenikui yo!

= It is hard to eat this with chopsticks.

● これ = kore = this

:rrrr: これは= korewa

(=wa = a subject marker)

I know many of you are struggling with  Japanese particles. But we often omit particles in conversation.

● お箸= ohashi

= はし = hashi = chopsticks  (adding ( =o ) makes it sound more polite.)

● では = dewa = with (particle)

(=de) is a particle to express method, mean = with, by , using ~

You can also just say

箸で( = hashi de) with chopsticks

We add は ( = wa) when we want to emphasize what comes before では ( = dewa)

● 食べにくい = tabenikui = hard to eat

We are going to learn this today. !JYANE!

:u:

***********
Today’s focus grammar patterns :

!star! verb  + やすい ( = ~ yasui) = easy to do something

!star! verb  + にくい  ( = ~ nikui) = hard to do something

!heartsippai! How to form :

verb ます form

1)  delete ます( = masu)

2)  add やすい ( = yasui) or にくい ( = nikui)

わかる ( = wakaru) to understand

:rrrr: わかります ( = wakarimasu)

:rrrr: わかりやすい  ( = wakariyasui) = easy to understand, simple, clear

:rrrr: わかりにくい  ( = wakarinikui) = hard to understand, difficult, unclear


Ex. この教科書はわかりにくい

= Kono kyoukasho wa wakarinikui.

= This textbook is hard to understand.

Ex. 「よろしくお願いします。」という日本語の表現は英語に訳しにくいです。

= “Yoroshiku onegai shimasu” toiu nihongo no hyougen wa eigo ni yakushinikui desu.

= The Japanese expression “Yosorhiku onegai shimasu*” is hard to translate in English.

( Thank you for your help in advance./ I appreciate you for taking care of something or someone in advance.)

Ex. とても言いにくいんだけど別れてくれない? (Casual)

= Totemo iinikuin dakedo wakarete kurenai?

= It’s difficult to tell you but can you break up with me?

Note : んだけど ( = ndakedo) is a casual way to say  のですが ( = no desu ga)

The original form is 言いにくいのですが ( = iinikui no desu ga)

Ex. マギーはだまされやすい(passive form)

= Maggie wa damasareyasui.

= Maggie is gullible. (Maggie is easily deceived)

Ex. この扉の鍵は開けにくい

= Kono tobira no kagi wa akenikui.

= This door lock is hard to open.

Ex. この携帯は使いやすい

= Kono keitai wa tsukaiyasui.

= This cellphone is easy to use.

Ex. 地下鉄の中は、携帯の電波が届きにくい

= Chikatestu no naka wa keitai no denpa ga todokinikui.

= It is hard to get cellphone reception  in the subways.

:pika: Special note for beginners :

When you make a simple sentence,

!star! Subject  is やすい( = yasui) / にくい ( = nikui)  = Subject is easy to do /hard to do

I found out some of you tend to use を ( = wo) (or に ( = ni) in case of 4)  instead of は ( = wa). I was wondering why but it’s probably because you learned these patterns.

1) A使う ( = A wo tsukau) = to use A

2) B 見る  ( = B wo miru ) = to see (watch, look at) B

3) C着る ( = C wo kiru ) = to put on (wear) C

4) D乗る ( = C ni noru ) = to ride C

Yes, we have to use an object marker,  を ( = wo) (or に ( = ni) here because they are all objects.

However, when we make a sentence “something is easy/hard to do” , we have to use a subject marker, は ( = wa). (or ( = ga) when you show some contrast.)

1) A使いやすい/ 使いにくい

= A wa tsukaiyasui / tsukainikui

= A is easy to use / hard to use

2) Bやすい / 見にくい

= B wa miyasui / minikui

= B is easy to see / hard to see

3) Cやすい /  着にくい

= C wa kiyasui / kinikui

= C is easy to put on (comfortable to wear ) / hard to put on (uncomfortable to wear)

4) D乗りやすい/ 乗りにくい

= D wa noriyasui / norinikui

= D is easy to drive (ride)  / hard to drive (ride)

But of course, we may alternate the particle in more complicated sentences. Will show you more examples later.

 

:s: Adjective form :

 

* verb + やすい ( = ~ yasui) + noun

* verb + にくい  ( = ~ nikui) + noun

Ex. わかりやすい説明

= Wakari yasui setsumei.

= Easy-to-understand (simple, clear) explanation

Ex. 彼女は話しやすい

= Kanojo wa hanashiyasui.

= She is easy to talk to.

Ex. 答えにくい質問

= Kotaenikui shitsumon

= a difficult question to answer

Ex. 読みやすい

= Yomiyasui hon

= easy-to-read book

Ex. 履きやすい

= Hakiyasui kutsu

= comfortable shoes

Ex. 見つけにくい

= Mitsukenikui mise

= a store which is hard to find

Ex.  しわ(皺)になりにくいシャツ

= Shiwa ni narinikui shatsu

= wrinkle-resistant shirt

Adverb form :

やすい ( = yasui) →やすく( = yasuku)

にくい( = nikui)  →にくく ( =nikuku)

Ex. トンカツは食べやすく切っておきました。

= Tonkatsu wa tabeyasuku kitte okimashita.

= I sliced the pork cutlet into pieces to make it easier to eat.

Note : You can also say トンカツを ( = tonkatsu wo) using a direct object marker ( = wo) )

Ex. マギー先生、もっとわかりやすく教えて下さい。

= Maggie sensei, motto wakariyasuku oshiete kudasai .

= Maggie Sensei, please teach us more clearly.

Ex. 雪で道が滑りやすくなっているので気をつけて下さい。

= Yuki de michi ga suberiyasuku natte iru node ki wo tsukete kudasai.

= Be careful. The streets have become slippery due to the snow.

Ex. 彼が同じ部署に来てから働きにくくなった。

= Kare ga onaji busho ni kite kara hatarakinikuku natta.

= Since he started to work in the same division, it has become hard to work there.

maggie-senseiマギー先生より = Maggie sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei

私のレッスンはわかりやすいですか?わかりにくいですか?」

= Watashi no ressun wa wakariyasui desu ka? Wakarinikui desu ka?

= Are my lessons easy to understand? Or hard to understand?

えっ? そんな質問は答えにくい

= Eh? Sonna shitsumon wa kotaenikui?

=What? It is hard to answer that kind of question?

 



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25 Comments

  1. Hello,
    I’ve heard my Japanese teacher say ’この椅子は座りやすい’ how would you translate this into English without it sounding strange?

  2. hello maggie sensei..!
    i’d like to make a sentence. “Watashi wa kono kanji wo kakinikui desu”
    is it correct?

    1. @yaya

      Hello yaya!
      “Watashi wa kono kanji wo kakinikui desu”
      The basic pattern is A is ~ yasui/nikui = Something is easy/difficult to do something
      You put “watashi” as a subject so change the subject particle “(watashi) wa” to “(watashi) niwa” which means “for (me)” and put “kanji” as a subject using a particle “wa”
      I’ll show you
      漢字は書きにくいです。
      = Kanji wa kakinikui desu.
      = Kanji is difficult to write

      + add “for me” 私には(=watashi niwa)

      →私には漢字は書きにくいです。
      = Watashi niwa kanji wa kakinikui desu.

      You can also say 私にとっては= Watashi ni tottewa for “for me”.

  3. Hello, my book lists “kaze wo hikiyasui” and I was wondering, if you say you use ga/wa with yasui/nikui (and makes all the sense to me since it becomes a some kind of adjective), is my book wrong using wo? (I sometimes spot fails so I wouldn’t be surprised) Or maybe they’re sometimes switched? Thank you

    1. @Lia

      Hello Lia,
      風邪をひく(kazw wo hiku) is an idiom. The original meaning of 引く=ひく= hiku is “to draw” so you need an object marker を
      (FYI We also say 風邪にかかる= Kaze ni kakaru : In this case かかる means “to be infected” so you need a particle for cause, に = ni= by)

      Back to your question, you don’t say 風邪がひきやすい but when you show the contrast you can say 風邪はひきやすい(=kaze wa hikiyasui)/風邪はひきにくい(=kaze wa hikinikui)

      Ex. 大きな病気にかかることはあるがなぜか風邪はひきにくい。
      = Ookina byouki ni kakaru koto wa aru ga naze ka kaze wa hikinikui.
      (Showing the contrast between serious disease and cold.)

      1. Haha yep, I see it’s an idiom, I like it, sounds really strange, to draw a cold or to pull a cold. Anyway I read more often “kodomo ga tabeyasui tabemono”, for example, to say that it’s food that a kid can easily eat so, I guess nikui/yasui is not as much an adjective and has a verb part. I’d have said “kodomo ni tabeyasui” but I understand the ga.
        thank you!!!

        1. @Lia

          Basically it is possible to use many different particles with V+やすい/にくい depending on the verb and context.
          noun が/は/を/に/も/でも, etc… + V+やすい/にくい

          子供が食べやすい食べ物= Kodomo ga tabeyasui tabemono
          子供が食べやすいように切る= Kodomo ga tabeyasui you ni kiru.
          このお菓子は子供に食べやすいように作られています。= Kono okashi wa kodomo ni tabeyasui you ni tsukurarete imasu.

  4. Hello Maggie Sensei,

    I have been your site’s reader for quite a time but it’s my first time leaving a comment here ^^
    I just have a small question. Can I use potential verb with ~yasui/nikui? For example, when I want to say something like “It’s easy to see snow in winter”, can I say “yuki ga mirareyasui”? (it does sound strange to be honest T_T).

    Thank you in advance ^^.

    1. @Jolie

      Hello Jolie, Thank you for your first comment!

      There isn’t a potential for of ~yasui/nikui but there is a passive form.
      So if you say
      見られやすい(=mirareyasui) , we automatically think it’s a passive form. “something is easy to be seen”

      Ex. 私は30歳ですが、若く見られやすい。=I am thirty years old but I look younger.

      Will show you other example with a passive form.

      *盗む=nusumu=to steal →盗まれやすい= nusumareyasui = easy to be stolen / 盗まれにくい(=nusumare nikui) hard to be stolen

      Ex. この自転車は盗まれやすい= Kono jitensha wa nusumare yasui = This bicycle is easy to be stolen.

      So if you want to say “It’s easy to see snow in winter”, you just say

      雪は冬に見られることが多い。
      = Yuki wa fuyu ni mirareru koto ga ooi.

      But we usually say

      雪は冬に降ることが多い。
      = Yuki wa fuyu ni furu koto ga ooi.

      1. Sensei, thank you so much ^^

        Through your explaining, I understand the meaning of passive form + yasui/nikui, but here come one more question. Even though “yuki ga mirareyasui” here literally means “Snow can easily be seen”, I guess it still can’t be used to express the likeliness of seeing snow in winter, right Sensei? (i’m a little bit confused here :roll: )

        And a little more, can I say “Yuki wa fuyu ni mirarerukoto ga yasashii”?

        Nice day Sensei ^w^

        1. @Jolie

          Still I would say 雪は冬に見られやすい doesn’t sound natural.
          And you don’t say 雪は冬にみられることがやさしい (“Yuki wa fuyu ni mirarerukoto ga yasashii)

  5. I love reading your lessons so much!! Thank you! I used to think I was learning Nihongo like a turtle but now I am learning many useful and practical lessons in Nihongo. Arigatou, Maggie Sensei~ > u<

    1. @Isay

      Hello Isay! このサイトに来てくれてありがとう!Thank you for visiting this site.
      Learning Japanese like a turtle is good as long as you enjoy learning it. :)
      Hope you come back here to learn more!

      1. Wow, you replied so fast! Your site has become one of my relaxation activities after a long day at work. I love it! And yes, I enjoy learning Japanese, each new word I learn is so colorful, especially when I learn more about the kanji that comprise them. But words are weak without regular usage.. your site shows precisely how to do so correctly, so again, thank you!! <3

  6. なんてすばらしいレッスンなんでしょう!(*⌒∇⌒*)

    マギー先生, ただいま! お久しぶりですね? 私は悪い生徒でごめんなさい。o(╥﹏╥)o 最近、毎日仕事で忙しいですから。 でも, 日本語を上達することを一所懸命に頑張ります!

    ミツ先生がかわいい!もちろんマギー先生も!

    1. @Remi Ayumi Lee
      久しぶり!またこのサイトに来てくれてうれしいです。ミツ先生、かわいいでしょ〜❤(大丈夫!どのレッスンにコメント入れてくれても必ず読みます!)
      これからも日本語楽しいんで続けてくださいね!

  7. マギー先生、教えたことは本当に分かりやすいです。特に「は」と「を」の使い方。それを知るのが便利だと思います。ありがとうございます。

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