Super Basic Words Review (Twitter follow up lesson) Part 4

「これ勉強したら遊んであげる!」

= Kore benkyou shitara asonde ageru.

= I will play with you after you study this!

皆さん、今日は!

= Minasan Konnichiwa!

Hi everyone!

もう11月ですね。

= Mou juuichigatsu desune.

= It’s already November.

いうことは今年もあと2ヶ月しかないのですね。

= To iu koto wa kotoshi mo ato nikagetsu shika nai no desu ne.

= That means there are only two more months left this year.

Oh my! Time sure does fly!

OK, this lesson is a review of all the Super Basic Words that I tweeted in past 7 weeks on Twitter (Maggie Sensei).

If you don’t know, check my previous Super Basic Words Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3 lessons. You can start from any lesson. They are all random.  I also tweet a weekly quiz every Sunday.  So if you want to try, please follow me on Twitter.


!CHECKHEART! Week 29

1) to read  =  読む = よむ = yomu

:rrrr: to read the newspaper

= 新聞を読む

= しんぶんをよむ

= shinbun wo yomu

2) to write = 書く = かく = kaku

:rrrr: to write sentences

= 文章を書く

= ぶんしょうをかく

= bunshou wo kaku

:rrrr: to write a letter

手紙を書く

= てがみをかく

= tegami wo kaku

3) to open = 開けるあける = akeru

:rrrr:to open a package

= 包みを開ける

= つつみをあける

= tsutsumi wo akeru

4) to close = 閉める = しめる = shimeru

:rrrr: to close the windows

= 窓を閉める

= まどをしめる

= mado wo shimeru

5) to buy = 買う = かう = kau

:rrrr: to buy  a picture

= 絵を買う

= えをかう

= e wo kau

6) to sell = 売る = うる = uru

:rrrr:  to sell a used car

= 中古車を売る

= ちゅうこしゃをうる

= chuukosha wo uru

***************************************

!CHECKHEART! Week 30

7) to dry  =  乾かす = かわかす = kawakasu

:rrrr:to dry one’s hair

= 髪を乾かす

= かみをかわかす

=kami wo kawakasu

8) to see someone, to meet someone = 会う = あう= au

:rrrr: to meet Maggie by chance

= マギーに偶然会う

= マギーにぐうぜんあう

= Maggie ni guuzen au

9) to sing = 歌う = うたう= utau

:rrrr: to sing well

= 上手に歌う

じょうずにうたう

= jouzu ni utau

10) to finish = 終える = おえる = oeru

:rrrr:to finish one’s homework

= 宿題を終える

= しゅくだいをおえる

= shukudai wo oeru

11)  to push, to press押す = おす = osu

:rrrr: to press firmly

= 強く押す

= つよくおす

= tsuyoku osu

12) to pull, to draw, to take away = 引く = ひく = hiku

:rrrr: to catch to the eye, eye-catching

= 人目を引く

= ひとめをひく

= hitome wo hiku

***************************************

!CHECKHEART! Week 31

13) to drive = 運転する = うんてんする = untensuru

:rrrr:to drive a car

= 車を運転する

= くるまをうんてんする

= kuruma wo untensuru

14) to drink = 飲む = のむ = nomu

:rrrr: to drink beer

= ビールを飲む

= ビールをのむ

= biiru wo nomu

15) to eat = 食べる = たべる = taberu

:rrrr: to eat snacks

= おやつを食べる

= おやつをたべる

= oyatsu wo taberu

16) to draw = 描く = かく= kaku

:rrrr: to draw a picture

= 絵を描く

=えをかく

= e wo kaku

***************************************

!CHECKHEART! Week 32

 

17) to bake, to roast, to pan-fry, to grill= 焼く =やく= yaku

:rrrr: to grill (roast) meat

= 肉を焼く

= にくをやく

= niku wo yaku

18) to chop = 刻む = きざむ = kizamu

:rrrr: to chop onions

= 玉ねぎを刻む
= たまねぎをきざむ
= tamanegi wo kizamu

19) to boil up, to cook = 煮る = にる

:rrrr: to simmer

= とろ火で煮る
= とろびでにる
= torobi de niru

20) to stir-fry, to saute = 炒める = いためる = itameru

:rrrr: to saute (stir-fry) vegetables

= 野菜を炒める
= やさいをいためる
= yasai wo itameru

21 ) to chill / to cool = 冷やす = ひやす= hiyasu

:rrrr: to chill something with ice

= 氷で冷やす
= こおりでひやす
= koori de hiyasu

22) to burn s.t. = 焦がす = こがす = kogasu

:rrrr: to burn fish

= 魚を焦がす
= さかなをこがす
= sakana wo kogasu

***************************************

!CHECKHEART! Week 33

23) to heal, to cure = 治す = なおす = naosu

:rrrr: to heal someone’s disease

= 病気を治す

= びょうきをなおす

= byouki wo naosu

24) to stop s.t. / s.o. = 止める とめる = tomeru

:rrrr: to stop the car

= 車を止める
= くるまをとめる
= kuruma wo tomeru

25) to drop = 落とす= おとす = otosu

:rrrr: to drop a ring

=指輪を落とす
= ゆびわをおとす
= yubiwa wo otosu

26) to throw = 投げる = なげる = nageru

:rrrr: to throw a ball

= 球を投げる
=まをなげる
= tama wo nageru

27) to look for, to search for = 探す = さがす = sagasu

:rrrr: to look for a new job

= 新しい仕事を探す

= あたらしいしごとをさがす

= atarashii shigoto wo sagasu

28) to feel = 感じる = かんじる = kanjiru

:rrrr: to feel happy

= 幸せを感じる

= しあわせをかんじる

= shiawase wo kanjiru

***************************************

!CHECKHEART! Week 34

29) to take a walk = 散歩する = さんぽする= sanpo suru

:rrrr: to take a walk in the neighborhood

= 近所を散歩する

= きんじょをさんぽする

= kinjo wo sanpo suru

30) to exercise, to work out運動する = うんどうする = undousuru

:rrrr:to work out  everyday

= 毎日運動する

= まいにちうんどうする

= mainichi undousuru

31) to compare = 比べる = くらべる = kuraberu

:rrrr: to compare the prices

= 値段を比べる

= ねだんをくらべる

= nedan wo kuraberu

32) to make a mistake = 間違える = まちがえる = machigaeru

:rrrr: to go the wrong way

= 道を間違える

= みちをまちがえる

= michi wo machigaeru

33) to translate = 訳す = やくす = yakusu

:rrrr: to translate into Japanese

= 日本語に訳す

= にほんごにやくす

= nihongo ni yakusu

34)  to check, to examine = 調べる= しらべる = shiraberu
:rrrr: to check the answer(s)

= 答えを調べる
= こたえをしらべる
=kotae wo shiraberu

***************************************

!CHECKHEART! Week 35

35) to protect = 守る = まもる = mamoru

:rrrr: to protect one’s family

= 家族を守る

= かぞくをまもる

= kazoku wo mamoru

36) to deposit = 預ける= あずける

:rrrr: to deposit money

= お金を預ける

= おかねをあずける

= okane wo azukeru

to travel = 旅する = たびする = tabisuru

:rrrr: to travel alone

= 一人旅をする

= ひとりたびをする

= hitoritabi wo suru

38) to receive, to take = 受ける = うける= ukeru

:rrrr: to receive orders

= 注文を受ける

= ちゅうもんをうける

= chuumon wo ukeru

39) to borrow = 借りる =かりる = kariru

:rrrr: to borrow a lot of money

= 大金を借りる

= たいきんをかりる

= taikin wo kariru

40) to lend , to rent 貸す= かす= kasu

:rrrr: to lend a book

= 本を貸す

= ほんをかす

= hon wo kasu

マギー先生より = Maggie Sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei

いつもTwitterでがんばって勉強してくれるみんな、ありがとう!

= Itsumo Twitter de ganbatte benkyou shitekureru minna arigatou!

= Thank you for all the people who are trying hard to study Japanese with me on Twitter!

これからも役に立つことをつぶやいていきたいと思いますので宜しくね!

= Korekara mo yaku ni tatsu koto wo tsubu

= I will try to tweet something useful for you so keep supporting me!

フェースブックも始めて2ヶ月になります。

= Facebook mo hajimete nikagetsu ni narimasu.

= I’ve been on Facebook for about two months.

遊びに来てね!

= Asobi ni kitene!

= Visit me!

 

Maggie Sensei Facebook




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4 Comments

  1. こんにちは、マギー先生!

    「終える」について質問なんですが、
    「宿題を終える」と「宿題を終わらせる」はどうやって違いますか?後は「宿題を済ませる」

    1. @Lava
      この3つはよく似ていますね。同じ様に使うことも多いのですが、一応意味の違いを下に英語でしておきますね。

      「終える」is simply “to finish”. You have been working on your homework and as a result you have done/finished your homework.
      Ex. 2時間机にむかい、宿題をやっと終えることができた。

      「終わらせる」is “to make/force something over/finish””to put an end” “make an end”

      Ex. 遊びたいので宿題を早く終わらせる

      「済ませる」is “to get something done/to complete something” It implies nothing left. It sounds very similar to 終わらせる but usually 済ませる is used for something that you have to do.
      Ex. 支払いを済ませる
      Ex.. 用を済ませる

      1. 詳しく説明してくれてありがとうございます!
        よく分かってきました(^^)
        使役形は難しいと思うんですけどね。

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