位 = くらい/ぐらい ( = kurai / gurai)

「みんな、どのくらい私のこと好き?」

= Minna donokurai watashi no koto suki?

= How much does everyone love me?

Hi everyone! Sorry that I haven’t uploaded new lessons for a while.
I’ve been busy making a couple of long and tough lessons.

Meanwhile, I will make this lesson for my dear Twitter follower, Patrick.
He wants me to make a lesson on くらい/ぐらい ( =  kurai/ gurai)

 

Actually I mentioned it before in a frequency lesson in the past.

頻度 = hindo = frequency

but I will teach you various ways to use it in this lesson.

OK, 位 = くらい/ぐらい ( = kurai/gurai)  means approximately and it is used to describe degree, amount or extent of something.

We also use it when we ask rough numbers:  around, more or less, ballpark

:l: Note : 位 : you can read it either as ” kurai” or “gurai.”

frequency:

Ex. どのくらい(ぐらい)の割合で洗濯しますか?

= Dono kurai/gurai no wariai de sentaku shimasuka?

= How often do you do the laundry?

Ex. 一週間にどれくらい(ぐらい)彼に電話しますか?

= Isshuukan ni dore  kurai/gurai kare ni denwa wo shimasu ka?

= How often do you call him a week?

Note : どのくらい(ぐらい)( = dono kurai/gurai) = どれくらい(ぐらい)( = dorekurai/gurai) are the same meaning.

money :

Ex. その洋服どれくらい(ぐらい)したの?

= Sono youfuku dore kurai/gurai shitano?

= How much did that clothes cost you (more or less)?

(Note : If you ask for a precise number, you would say,

:rrrr: その洋服いくらしたの?

= Sono youfuku ikura shitano?

= How much did that clothes cost?

time:

Ex. どれくらい(ぐらい)待った?

= Dore kurai/gurai matta?

= How long did you wait?

Ex.10分くらい(ぐらい)かな?

= Juppun kurai/gurai kana?

= Around 10 minutes, I think.

Ex. 今、何時くらい(ぐらい)

= Ima nanji kurai/gurai?

= What time is it now?

Ex. 5時くらい(ぐらい)じゃない?

= Goji kurai/gurai janai?

= I think it’s 5-ish.

Note :

As I mentioned in my 曖昧表現 = aimai hyougen = ambiguous expression lesson, Japanese people tend to avoid direct expressions.

So instead of saying,

明日会わない?= Ashita awanai? = Do you want to get together tomorrow?

we often say,

:rrrr: Ex. 明日くらい(ぐらい)に会わない?

= Ashita kurai/gurai ni awanai?

= Do you want to see me tomorrow?


Note : The translation is the same but 明日くらい(ぐらい)( = ashita kurai/gurai) means sometime around tomorrow and it doesn’t have to be tomorrow.)

Ex. 何時くらい(ぐらい)にお電話をしたらよろしいでしょうか?

= Nanji kurai/gurai ni odenwa wo shitara yoroshii deshouka?

= Around what time could I call you?

amount:

Ex. お砂糖はどれくらい(ぐらい)入れたらいいですか?

= Osatou wa dorekurai/gurai iretara iidesu ka?

How much sugar should I put?

Ex.これくらい(ぐらい)でいいですか?

= Kore kurai/gurai de iidesu ka?

= Is this (much) OK?

Ex.はい、それくらい(ぐらい)でいいです。

= Hai, sore kurai/gurai de ii

= Yes, that (much) will be fine.

 


Ex. ちょっとくらい(ぐらい)教えてくれたっていいじゃない!

= Chotto  kurai/gurai oshitete kuretatte iijanai!

You can tell me just a little bit!

Ex. 少しくらい(ぐらい)は英語が話せる様になりたい。

= Sukoshi kurai/gurai wa eigo ga hanaseru you ni naritai.

= I would like to be able to speak English even a little.

Ex. そのくらい(ぐらい)私でも知ってる。

= Sono  kurai/gurai watashi demo shitteru.

= Even I know something like that.

Exこれくらい(ぐらい)でいいですか?

= Kore kurai/gurai de iidesu ka?

= About this much will do?

degree:

Ex. 彼の秘密どれくらい(ぐらい)知ってるの?

= Kare no himitsu dore kurai/gurai shitteru no?

= How much do you know about his secret?

Ex. 今日はもうそれくらい(ぐらい)にしといてあげる。

= Kyou wa mou sore  kurai/gurai ni shiteoite ageru

= It is enough for today. I will let you go now.

Ex. あなたと同じくらい(ぐらい)彼のことが好きです。

= Anata to onaji kurai/gurai kare no koto ga suki desu.

= I love him as much as you.

Or it could be
:rrrr: = I love him as much as you do.

Ex. そんなことくらい(ぐらい)で落ち込まないで。

= Sonna koto  kurai/gurai de ochikomanaide.

= Don’t get depressed over such a thing.


as much as:

Ex. 彼は、私のお父さんと同じくらい(ぐらい)の背丈です。

= Kare wa watashi no otousan to onaji kurai/gurai no setake desu.

= He is as tall as my father.

Ex. 僕の先生がマギー先生くらい(ぐらい) 綺麗だったらいいのに… :)

= Boku no sensei ga Maggie sensei kurai/gurai kirei dattara ii noni. www

= I wish my teacher was as beautiful as Maggie Sensei…

age:

Ex. 5歳くらい(ぐらい)の子供が迷子になっています。

= Gosai kurai/gurai no kodomo ga maigo ni natte imasu.

= A child around five years old is wandering off (his/her parents.)

size:

Ex. これと同じくらい(ぐらい)の大きさのダイヤが欲しい!

= Kore to onaji kurai/gurai no ookisa no daiya ga hoshii.

= I would like to have a diamond as big as this one.

space/ distance:

Ex.これくらい(ぐらい)広い家に住みたい。

= Kore kurai/gurai hiroi ie ni sumitai.

= I would like to live in a house as big as this one.

Ex. 学校から家までどのくらい(ぐらい)の距離ですか?

= Gakkou kara ie made dono kurai/gurai no kyori desuka?

= How far is it from the school to your house?

capacity:

Ex. あと10名くらい(ぐらい)入れます。

= Ato juumei kurai/gurai hairemasu.

= Around 10 more people will fit.

only

:mm: Pattern :

(description) Aくらい(ぐらい)

= (description) no wa A kurai/gurai da.

The only one who the speaker could think of for (description) is A.

Ex. こんなものを食べれるのはマギーくらい/ぐらいだ。

= Konna mono wo tabereru no wa Maggie kurai/gurai da.

= The only one who could eat such a thing is Maggie.

Ex.この不景気の中、もうかっている遊園地は東京ディズニーくらい(ぐらい)だろう。

= Kono fukeiki no naka moukatte iru yuuenchi  Toukyou Dezunii kurai/gurai darou.

=The only amusement park which is making profits in this recession must be Tokyo Disneyland.

at least:

Ex. 御礼くらい(ぐらい)言ったら?

= Orei kurai/gurai ittara?

= You could at least say, “Thank you”.

Ex. せめてこれくらい(ぐらい)ご馳走させて下さい。

= Semete kore kurai/gurai gochisou sasete kudasai.

= At least let me treat you here.

Ex.くらい(ぐらい)かけてくれたらよかったのに。

= Koe kurai/gurai kakete kuretara yokatta noni.

= You could have at least talked to me.

Ex.一緒にお茶くらい(ぐらい)飲んでくれたっていいじゅない!

= Issho ni ocha kurai/gurai nonde kuretatte iijanai?

= You could at least have a cup of tea with me!

so …. that it would ….

Ex. うれしくて叫びたいくらい(ぐらい)

= Ureshikute sakebi kurai/gurai!

= I feel so happy that I almost shouted.

Ex.彼はかわいそうなくらい(ぐらい)しょげていた。

= Kare wa kawaisou na kurai/gurai shogete ita.

= He was so disappointed that we felt sorry for him.

Ex. 屋根が落ちそうなくらい(ぐらい雪が積もった。

= Yane ga ochisou na kurai/gurai yuki ga tsumotta.

= It snowed enough to make the roof practically fall in. (But it the roof didn’t fall.)


would rather do B than do A

* Pattern : A (verb)くらい (ぐらい)なら ( = A (verb) kurai nara) B (verb) の方がまし ( = B  (verb) no hou ga mashi)

or B (verb) 方がいい (B (verb) hou ga ii)

would rather do B than do A

Ex. あなたと別れるくらい(ぐらい)なら死んだ方がましよ!(female talk)

= Anna to wakareru  kurai/gurai nara shindahou ga mashi!

= I would rather die than break up with you.

Ex. 途中であきらめるくらい(ぐらい)なら最初からやらない方がいい。

= Tochuu de akirarameru kurai/gurai nara saisho kara yaranai hou ga mashida

= If you give up in the half way through, it is better not to even start in the first place.


マギー先生より = Maggie Sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei

今日のレッスンはこのくらい(ぐらい)にしておきます。

= Kyou no ressun wa kono kurai/gurai ni shite okimasu.

= Let’s stop here for today. (Literally:I will stop today’s lesson around here.)

保存



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50 Comments

  1. Maggie sensei こんにちは!
    I’m sorry to bother you one more time… :roll:
    I was wondering what are the differences among あ/そ/こ/どれぐらい/ほど/だけ?
    失礼だとしたら、すみませんでした!
    お願いいたします!

    1. @Daniele

      Hi Daniele,
      To be honest the difference is a bit complicated. I don’t know how much I can explain in this comment section but…

      the translation could be the same, this much, that much, that much (when you refer to something far / talk about the past) and in some cases they are interchangeable.

      When you are talking about the vague degree/amount of something.

      (Please tell me how much money it will cost me (more or less)/ About this much.)
      どれぐらいお金がかかるか教えてください。 これぐらいかかります。
      どれだけお金がかかるか教えてください。 これだけかかります。(more conversational)
      どれほどお金がかかるか教えてください。△ これほどかかります。△ (You may hear people say these and they may sound polite but I would say you use ぐらい・だけ more)

      1) あれぐらい・それぐらい・ これぐらい・ どれぐらい

      *talking about the amount
      As in my example sentences you can use it for something tangible.

      Ex. 砂糖をどれだけいれますか?How much sugar…
      Ex. 砂糖は、これだけ入れてください。this much sugar…

      and also something intangible

      Ex. 私も勉強をあれぐらいやらないといけない。
      = I should study that much.

      2) あれだけ・それだけ・ これだけ・ どれだけ

      (1) “only” or “just”
      Just this much/ that much/ that much (further than それだけ)

      I just have this much money.
      お金がこれだけしかない。

      えっ?それだけしかないの?
      What? That’s all you have?

      If you are looking at the sugar bag which is far from you or recalling certain time in the past.

      彼、お金、あれだけしかないんだって。
      = I heard he just has that much money.

      (2) emphasizing the amount.

      Although I told him this/that much, he just doesn’t get it.
      彼は、これだけ私が言ってもわからない。 Refering to the event which happened just recently.
      あなたが、それだけ言ってもわからないの? The listener just heard what happened.

      あれだけ言ってもわからない。 Recalling the past event.

      Sometimes they are interchangeable with ほど
      あれだけ・ほど言ってもわからないなんて
      I can’t believe they don’t understand me even though I told them that much.

      3) あれほど・それほど・ これほど・ どれほど
      It indicates the degrees.

      あれほどの人はいない There is nobody like that person. (He/She is great.)
      それほどでもないです It is not that big deal. (You can’t replace it with ぐらい/だけ)

      I have a lesson on ほど so please check that lesson to know the functions more.

  2. Maggie-sensei! I love your lessons and all the time you take to help explain things. Thank you very much for all your work and effort! Perhaps you can help me with a sentence. I’m trying to translate it, but I’m not sure how accurate it is.

    ひとりぐらい増えても構いません。

    I’m wondering why the ‘gurai’ word is used with a noun (hitori). I understand the sentence to mean something like “It doesn’t matter that I’m alone more often”, but I’m not sure why ‘gurai’ is used in conjunction with ‘hitori’.

    Maybe you can help me explain! よろしくお願いします!

    1. @AC

      こんにちは、AC! メッセージありがとう!

      ひとりぐらい増えても構いません。
      →It will be easier to think this sentence as a conditional
      (人数は)ひとりぐらい(なら)増えても構いません。
      (Literal translation)ひとりぐらい(なら)= If just one person, 増えても構いません。= it doesn’t matter if we have more.
      (You can increase the number of people, if it is just one person or so. It doesn’t matter.)
      →I don’t mind (It doesn’t matter) if we have one more person.

      1. Oh, I think I understand now. It’s very tricky, but I’ll keep trying to learn. Thank you very much for your help!

        Is this kind of sentence construction considered very ‘casual’? The context of where this is from is from dialogue, so maybe it is different from how it would be in print.

  3. マギー先生、
    こんにちは。

    下の文の場合は、「ぐらい」の意味は何ですか?
    1)持ち帰れないぐらいのお土産を頂いた。
    2)あの人ぐらい日本語が上手に話せたらいい。

    よろしくお願いします!

    1. @Selene

      こんにちは、Selene

      1) Indicates a lot of amount of omiyage that I can’t even hold.

      2) Indicates the level of Japanese speaking ability.
      I would be happy if I can speak Japanese as well as that person.

  4. Maggie-sensei こんにちは!
    Thanks for all the useful lessons you posted so far!

    I’d like to ask, if it’s not of too much trouble, if it’s correct to say (among all the available ways…I would like to use ぐらいの+Noun):

    ここから美術館まで30分ぐらいの道はそちらですか

    when asking “The way crossing which from here to the art museum needs about 30 minutes, is over there?”.
    Then if I need to say “From here to the art museum there are more than 30 minutes”, which one I should use in 以上も and 以上に?

    ここから美術館まで30分以上もかかります。

    Thanks a lot Maggie-sensei!

    1. @Daniele

      ここから美術館まで30分ぐらいの道はそちらですか

      when asking “The way crossing which from here to the art museum needs about 30 minutes, is over there?”.

      →Hmm it is grammatically correct but somehow it doesn’t sound natural because you usually ask
      * how long does it take to the museum
      * how long does it take to the museum if you take this street
      * which way is the shortest to go to the museum.

      The second question
      ここから美術館まで30分以上かかります。

      If the speaker thinks 30 minutes is way too long to take, you say
      30分以上もかかります。

  5. Oh, I see.

    Thank you Maggie Sensei, I really appreciate your help. I also feel amazed that you’re keeping to reply all of our questions on the same day. :)

  6. Hello Maggie Sensei!

    Are “dore kurai/gurai” and “dono kurai/gurai” interchangeable?

    Using your example, “dore gurai matta?”, can I also say “dono gurai matta?” ?

    Thank you very much :)

  7. Could you help me with this sentence?

    ふいに見渡す世界は
    美しいくらいに静かだ

    I thought it might be “Unexpectedly, the world I’m looking out over/ Is so beautiful I become quiet.” But that’s filling in a lot of words that don’t seem to be there. And I’m not sure about the first part; looking out over the world would make sense, but isn’t 見渡す modifying 世界?

    Anyways, please help! I would really appreciate it! :)

    1. @Smoothie Made of Fruits
      The subject of the sentence is 世界 and ふいに見渡す modifies 世界
      The word ふいに means unexpectedly but it has more meanings “suddenly, casually, unintentionally, happened to ~ etc.”
      So you can choose your own words to translate but to get a general idea, it will be something like “the world I suddenly look around is beautifully quiet.”

      1. So in this case, you wouldn’t even translate the くらい? Does it just mean “so” in this case, like “so beautifully quiet” and not “so beautiful that I was quiet”? How can you tell which way it is being used?

        And, if you don’t mind, could you help me with these, too?

        君が唄う その愛を
        この手に広げて
        (these are the lines after the other ones, by the way)
        I’m confused about the space. I couldn’t find anything about that; I assumed it was just used to indicate that the 君が唄う was part of a different thought than the rest. So I thought it meant, “As you sing, I broaden that love with this hand.” But if the space didn’t mean it was a separate thought, then it could “You sing of that love.”
        Basically, I’m asking: What is the significance of the space?

        Sorry for all the questions, but I really need help and I can’t find anything about this on the internet!

        Thank you so much. :D

        1. @Smoothie Made of Fruits
          You can just type 君が唄うその愛を but you often see that kind of space in lyrics or poems.

          It gives a reader to enjoy the meaning of the words more. (They can read between the lines.)

          1. With くらい, how could you tell that in that sentence, it meant “so beautifully quiet” and not “so beautiful that I/it was quiet?”

          2. @Smoothie Made of Fruits

            美しいくらいに is just an expression to describe something (which you usually don’t describe the word, 美しい in this case 静けさ) is beautiful.
            So I would just translate is “beautifully”

          3. And also, do you think the “その愛を” is the direct object for “君が唄う” before it or “この手に広げて” after it? And how can you tell which one?

            Thanks!

          4. @Smoothie Made of Fruit
            Here is the structure
            (君が唄う)その愛をこの手に広げる
            君が唄う modifying その愛 The love you sing
            The object of the verb 広げる is その愛

  8. 彼は、私のお父さんと同じくらい(ぐらい)の背丈です。
    I misunderstood this one. Without reading the translation and with my poor Japanese I thought it said “he is may father and the about the same height as me”.

      1. Yus particles are difficult for me.So i was asking if you have a lesson on particles yet. If not then yus please it is a request.

  9. hi
    i was wondering if kurai could be used to say ‘this school has about 800 students’ and if so how would that sentence look? im really struggling on where to sentence layout.
    arigatou gozaimasu. :-D

  10. !JYANE! Hello, could you explain the meaning of GURAI in this sentence ? :)
    Sono sora ippai no kamihikouki gurai ni natte.
    Thank you in advance :)

    1. Arigatou ! Yes, it is from a lyrics:
      Ima, tada shiritai no eien ja nai
      kono mama zutto mite itai kedo
      sono sora ippai no kami hikouki kurai ni natte
      hitotsu dake mitsukete

      So, basically, the GURAI here marks the amount of the airplane he/she wants to become?

      1. @Mina

        OK,let me try again. I am still not sure what this lyrics means but
        “gurai” there modifies “kami hikouki” (paper plane).
        Becoming (like) a paper airplane (in the sky)

        “Sora ippai no kamihikouki” could be wither the sky is filled with paper planes or a big paper airplane which covers the sky fully.

  11. Maggie-sensei ohayou! Is this a correct sentence? どのくらいとおく東京がひろしまから? How far is Tokyo from Hiroshima?

  12. eto I feel much smarter now ww I didn’t know this expresion before^^
    maggie sensei, could you explain the use of -tara verbs? like shitara, iretara…. Cause I see them once in a while but I don’t quite get when to use them and in what situations to use them @_@
    Arigatou ^O^

    1. @Aki
      Hi Aki!! Genki? I’m glad to hear you “feel” smarter! :)
      As for your request, I got the same request last December and I have been working on it. So it will be done hopefully soon.
      I’ve been currently making 5 or 6 lessons simultaneously.
      待っててね〜!

      1. haai meccha genki yo ^O^
        ah okie patience is a virtue ne :3 tsugino ressun no tanoshimi ~~~
        I was supposed to be doing my homework when I read this lesson… Ano shukudai o suru kurai nara nihongo o benkyou shimasu hou ga mashi (??)
        I m SO in love with Japanese !!!
        ・:*:・:┣¨キ(*゚Д゚*)┣¨キ:・:*:・
        haha ;)

        1. @Aki

          Hope you have finished your homework.
          Good! You made a sentence.
          Ano shukudai o suru kurai nara nihongo o benkyou shimasu hou ga mashi
          →Almost!!!! shimasu hou ga →shita hou ga
          あの宿題をするくらいなら”Maggie先生のサイトで”日本語を勉強した方がまし。(^○^)

  13. こんな有用なレッソンを作ったのはマギー先生ぐらいだよ!
    「Aぐらいなら・・・B方がまし」のパターンを使ってみる・・・
    日本語の授業に行くぐらいならマギー先生のサイトから勉強した方がまし。

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