Katakana chart = カタカナチャート with sound files

「ねえ、マッギー」

= Nee Maggii,

= Hey, Maggii,

「わたしマギーだし…」

= Watashi Maggie dashi….

= I am MAGGIE! (not Maggii)

Today I will post a katakana chart.   We usually use katakana for foreign words and names.

As I explained in my previous katakana lesson , writing proper katakana words is not so easy because we changed the original

sound and convert the words into a Japanized version of the origianal.

From the picture above :

「ねえ、マッギー

= Nee Maggii,

Many people have written my name, マギー as マッギー in the picture above.

「わたしマギー

= Watashi Maggie dashi..

= I am Maggie.

〜し ending is very colloquial and it is grammatically wrong. (The correct way isわたしはマギーです。= Watashi wa Maggie desu.)

Even people who have lived in Japan for a long time have difficulties writing katakana words.

Especially tricky for most students are the stretch marker that looks like a dash: .  And the small tsu:.

We call the them=bou (or describe it saying  伸ばす= nobasu= to stretch)  and 小さいツ=chisaii tsu), respectively.


!onpu! Katakana Chart!!

ア イ ウ エ オ

a   i    u    e   o

カ キ ク  ケ   コ

ka  ki  ku  ke  ko

サ シ ス セ ソ

sa   shi     su    se      so

タ チ ツ テ ト

ta     chi   tsu   te      to

Note : has a small letter

ナ ニ ヌ ネ ノ

na   ni   nu  ne      no

 

ハ ヒ フ ヘ ホ

ha  hi  fu   he   ho

マ ミ ム メ モ

ma   mi    mu  me  mo

ヤ      ユ     ヨ

ya     yu     yo

ラ    リ    ル    レ    ロ

ra     ri      ru     re    ro

ワ      ヲ  ン

wa  wo  n

Note : the pronunciation of =wo is the same as = o.

***************************

ガ ギ  グ  ゲ ゴ

ga gi     gu  ge    go

ザ ジ ズ ゼ ゾ

za    zi     zu     ze     zo

 

ダ ヂ ヅ デ ド

da  di   du    de     do


バ    ビ    ブ    ベ    ボ

ba    bi    bu    be    bo

 

パ ピ プ ペ ポ

pa  pi    pu   pe    po

************************************


キャ キュ キョ

kya   kyu       kyo

シャ シュ  ショ

sha   shu    sho

チャ チュ チョ

cha   chu  cho

ニャ ニュ ニョ

nya  nyu  nyo

ミャ ミュ ミョ

mya  myu  myo

ヒャ ヒュ ヒョ

hya    hyu  hyo

リャ リュ リョ

rya       ryu      ryo

拗音 (=youon) Digraphs with diacritics

ギャ ギュ ギョ

gya   gyu  gyo

ジャ ジュ ジョ

ja   ju      jo

 

ビャ ビュ ビョ

bya  byu   byo

ピャ ピュ ピョ

pya     pyu      pyo

*********************************************

 

Spelling tips :

1) How to write a word with V.

In the old days, we just used バビブベボ. So there was no difference between writing a word with V andB.

But a lot of people use now.

Ex. Victorヴィクター (Some still spell it ビクター

Ex. Violin ヴァイオリン (Some still spells バイオリン

2) Modern Japanese uses small アイウエオヤユヨand combine with other letters to express various foreign words (not just

English).

 

* Tea:

* Tooth: ース

* Fusion: ージョン

* week = ーク (or ウイーク)

* wet = ット (or ウエット)

* wash = ッシュ (or ウオッシュ)

* quick = ック (or クイック

* shade = ード

* jar =

* jet = ット

* Zermatt= ルマット (German : name of a place)

* canzone =カンツーネ (Italian)

* fur =

* fee =

* face = イス (or ース)

* fork = ーク

* Disney = ズニー

* Louis Vuitton = ルイ•ヴトン (French)

* vocal = ーカル (or ボーカル)

* Cirque de Soleil = シルク•ド•ソレイユ (French)

etc.

3) There are a lot of Japanese words and abbreviations that look like English but exist only in Japan. Be careful because

they often mean something a little or even completely different from the original English.

You just have to remember these as new words.

ウインカー(or ウィンカー)= winkaa = blinker, turning signal

マクド = makudo = McDonald’s

リモコン = rimokon = remote control

パソコン = pasokon = personal computer

And some of the words are not originally from English.

ホッチキス = hocchikisu = stapler

ランドセル = randoseru  = school bag for Japanese elementary school students


パン = pan = bread

Also we have tons of 和製英語= wasei eigo = Japanese English = coined katakana words.

:rrrr: Ex. チャック = chakku = zipper, トランプ = toranpu = cards, マンション = condominium,

ガッツポーズ = victory pose, ペアルックWhen a couple wears the same matching outfits., etc.


We tend to assume katakana is easy compared to Kanji. That’s true. But writing katakana properly is not that easy, especially

knowing when to add and and when not to!

Many people have written my name, マギー as マッギー as in the picture.

It’s a small difference but mistakes like these are sure giveaways that the writer is not a native.

 

We adapt foreign words and convert the pronunciation to make it easier for Japanese to pronounce them. We often alter them to

avoid consonant sounds that Japanese often difficulty pronouncing.

I suggest you think of these katakana words as new words and pay special attention to the spelling. But there are some tricks to

writing katakana. Here are a few of the most common patterns that I figured out.

 = dash is used to stretch the sound

:rrrr: If  the words has (or end with) ar, au, oa, er, ur, ir, or, ee, oo, ea, ey, ie, y , you add


* car

* sauce

* speaker スピ

* dresserドレッサ

*number ナンバ

*shoot シュ

*work

*recorderレコ

*moon

*school スク

*fork フォ

*boat

*Maggieマギ

*meat

*heat

*sheet

*seat

*feet → フィ

*noodle ドル

*key → キ

*heart =

(This is a general rule and there are exceptions so be careful!)

:rrrr: Ex. cook is not it is クック

Coffee has only one “o” but we stretch the sound コーヒー

* Other than the above rules, if you think the word has a extended vowel sound, add an

Ex. coat =コート, note = ノート, computer = コンピューター

:l: When to use small

Before ap, ip, up, op, ck, ot, it, ic,tt

(Note : There are exceptions.)

* skip = スキ

* shop = ショ

* shock= ショ

* cup =

* map =

* kick =

* mop =

* tack =

*ship = シ

* Be sure to convert the sound to Japanese pronunciation. Do not pronounce it in proper English. There’s a good bet no one will

understand you:

If a word finishes with the following letters, write,

t , tt pk, ck l, r , le s

fd,ddxクス g m


*mitt ミッ

*spoon プーン

*setセッ

*potポッ

*mapマッ

*talkトー

*book ブッ

*hotelホテ

*mall モー

*middle

*meatミー

*footフッ

*socksソックス

*leaf リー

*cardカー

*maidメイ

*fax ファックス

*mixックス

*egg

*ham

:d:  Now test yourself.

1) keyboard 2) book 3) cutter 4) hat 5) deliver 6) popular music 7) six 8) park 9) dog 10) custom

(Check the answers below)

 

 

マギーせんせいより = Maggie Sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei

カタカナのテストをよくツイッターでしています。れんしゅうしたかったらフォローしてね。

= Katakana no tesuto wo yoku tuittaa de shiteimasu. Renshuu shitakattara forou shitene.

= I often give katakana quizzes on Twitter so if you want to practice, follow me!

Maggie Sensei

Answers :

1) キーボード 2) ブック 3) カッター 4) ハット 5) デリバー 6) ポピュラー ミュージック 7) シックス   8) パーク 9) ドッグ

10) カスタム

保存



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14 Comments

  1. Maggie Sensei, how do you write Fernan and Donelle in katakana? Is it

    Fernan – ペルナン or フェルナン
    Donelle -ドネリ or ドネリー or ドネッレ

    I’m really confused

  2. Hi. Rules are quite helpful. I was not quite sure how to translate Joaquin into Katakana though. Pronounced sort of like Wakkin It has oa in it so ー should fit in there somewhere

    Before ap, ip, up, op, ck, ot, it, ic,tt

    None of that isn’t there though. But it sounds like a ツ should be there. Help would be appreciated.

    Seems hard to convert words that don’t sound as they are written.

  3. Another great blog 「マッギー」先生 (LOL, you see what I did there:p). You didn’t give any examples on ヮ though:/

    1. @ゾモチ
      Ughhhh!! (`ε´) (Yes! You are learning!!)

      ヮ :Not that common but you can use it when you write クヮ or グヮ to express some sound instead of クワ or グワ

      Ex. シークヮーサー (=Shii kuwaa saa) : A citrus drink in Okinawa
      Ex. グヮ〜!= Guaa!  (instead of グアー or ガー) to express loud sound.

      You can use them when you write some foreign word which has kwa or gwa sound.

  4. Yay! You guys made it!! :) I only have one question as weird as that sounds. Which would you guys prefer to learn first hiragan or katakana? I feel like learning Kata first is better but i already know a lot of hiragana cause i see it so much. Should i just continue finishing hiragana first? Thanks so much for this lesson as always. -Itsu

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