Blood types 血液型 (=Ketsueki gata) Japanese culture

November 28, 2009 in Japanese culture


ketsuekigata

血液型 (=ketsueki gata) Blood type

:) 「マギー先生の血液型は何ですか?」

(=Maggie sensei no ketsuekigata wa nan desu ka?)

“What is your blood type, Miss Maggie?”

:maggie-small: 「え〜と、A? B? C???」(=Eeto, ei? bii? cii???)

“Let me see, A? B? C???”


Today I will talk about 血液型 (= ketsueki gata). But it has nothing to do with medicine.

As always, let’s look at the kanji first!

血液型 (=ketsueki gata) blood type

(chi/ketsu) blood

Ex. 輸血 (=yuketsu) blood transfusion

(eki) liquid, fluid

Ex. 液体 (=ekitai) liquid

(kei/kata/gata) mold, pattern, type, form, design

Ex. A型インフルエンザ (=Ei gata infuruenza) type A influenza

Ex.型にはまった(=kata ni hamatta) conventional

Blood in Japanese is either 血液 (=ketsueki) or (=chi). While 血液 (=ketsueki) is formal and can be used as a medical term, we use (=chi) in a daily conversation.

Ex. “I am bleeding!” 血が出た(=chi ga deta)

(past tense but we also use it when we are bleeding.)

血が出ている(=chiga dete iru)→(more formal) 血が出ています (=chiga dete imasu.)

(We also say 出血 (=shukketsu) for bleeding. 出血している。(=Shukketsu shiteiru.) to be bleeing )


:ee: <Culture Note>

If you live in Japan, you may occasionally hear this question:

「あなたの血液型は何ですか?」 (=”Anata no ketsueki gata wa nan desu ka?)

“What is your blood type?”

or simply 「血液型何?」(=”Ketsueki gata nani?)

(It has the same meaning but is more casual.)

And when you answer, they might say,

「やっぱり!」(=”Yappari!”) “I thought so. “/ “I knew it. “/ “As I guessed.”

Many Japanese love to analyze your personality by blood type — just for fun.

There is no scientific evidence to support the correlation between someone’s blood type and their personality, but some people seem to be quite sure that our personalities are actually based on our blood type. There are stereo-typical personalities for each blood type. Try to search on internet with a word “血液型”(=ketsueki gata ). You will get tons of sites of液型占い(=ketsueki gata uranai) a fortune teller who goes by your blood type. 血液型性格判断(=ketsueki gata seikaku handan) a blood type based personality test. 血液型相性診断 (=ketsueki gata aishou shindan.) a blood type based (love-partner) compatibility test.

Here are some stereo-typed personalities for each blood type :

:u:
•A型 (=ei gata) type A

*几帳面 (=kichoumen) well organized

*細かい (=komakai) meticulous

*気がつく (=kiga tsuku) attentive

*繊細 (=sensai ) sensitive

*時間に厳しい (=jikan ni kibishii) punctual

*綺麗好き(=kireizuki ) tidy

O型 (=ou gata) type O

*大ざっぱ (=ouzappa) rough in their ways (opposite of meticulous)

*大らか (=ouraka) easy going  

*誰とでも上手くやれる(=dareto demo umaku yareru) get along with anybody

B型 (=bii gata)  type B

*マイペース (=maipeesu)do things or live at one’s pace

*変わり者 (=kawarimono) eccentric

*短気 (=tanki) short tempered

*移り気 (=utsurigi) capricious

AB型 (=aibii gata) Type AB

*二重人格 (=nijuu jinkaku) double personalities

*変わり者 (=kawari mono) eccentric

*芸術の才能がある (=geijutsu no saino ga aru) gifted as an artist ,

many *天才(=tensai) genious people are AB. etc.

You can see they are totally biased.

There is a best seller book called 「A (B, O or AB)型自分の説明書(A (B, O or AB) gata jibun no setsumeisho) “A manual for Blood type “A” (B, O or AB)” Many people say it is よく当たる!/当たってる (=”Yoku ataru/ atatteru) , very accurate.

This just goes to show just how much we believe in the accuracy of blood-type based personality analysis.

Many of us think the blood type is important factor to know our 相性 (=aishou) compatibility like 星占い (=hoshiuranai) or 占星術 (=senseijutsu) horoscope. Some blood personality checks also astrology.

There are even some companies that take the blood type so seriously that they decide their personnel based on the blood type and some people chose their partners by blood types.

Example sentences regarding the blood types.

:u:
「彼はB型だから、私と相性が合わないの。

(=”Kare wa bii gata dakara watashi to aishou ga awanai no.)


“His blood type is B so I don’t get along with him.”


あの人はいい加減だからきっとO型だよ。

(=”Ano hito wa iikagen dakara kitto oogata dayo.)


“He is irresponsible so his blood type must be O.”

彼女って血液型ABじゃない?だってちょっと掴みどころがないもの。

(“Kanojo tte ketsueki gata eibii janai? Datte chotto tsukamidokoro ga nai mono.)

“Her blood type must be AB because she is a bit enigmatic.”


私は、A型だから何でもきちっとしていないと嫌だ。

(=”Watashi wa ei gata dakara nandemo kichitto shite inai to iya da.)

“My blood type is A so I can’t stand it if things are not in order.”


上司はB型の人間とは相性が合わないと言っている。

(=Joushi wa bii gata no ningen towa aishou ga awanai to itte iru.)

“My boss says he doesn’t get along with blood type B people.”


あなたの血液型ってA型じゃない?何か細かいから…

(=”Anata no kestuki gata tte ei gata janai ? Nanika komakai kara…)

“Isn’t your blood type A? You seem somehow meticulous to me.”


彼がB型って言うのは意外だ。大らかだからO型かと思った。

(=”Kare ga bii gata tte iu no wa igai da. Ooraka dakara ou gata ka to omotta.)

“I didn’t expect his blood type was B. I thought he was type “O” because he is easy going.”

:u:

:ee: <Related words>


性格 (=seikaku) personality


性格がいい (=seikaku ga ii.)

to have a nice personality

性格が悪い (=seikaku ga warui.)

to have a bad personality

相性 (=aishou) chemistry


相性がいい

(=aishou ga ii)

to have good chemistry


Ex.
私達は相性がいい

(=Watashitashi wa aishou ga ii.)

We have a good chemistry.


相性が悪い

(=aishou ga warui.)


to have a bad chemistry


Ex. 父と彼は相性が悪い。


My dad and my boyfriend don’t get along well. (My dad and my boyfriend have bad chemistry.)


相性が合う

(=aishou ga au.)

to get along well


Ex.
マギーとクッキーは相性が合わない

(=Maggie to Cookie towa aishou ga awanai.)

Maggie and Cookie don’t get along well.


frenchbulldogマギー先生より (=Maggie sensei yori) From Maggie-sensei

犬の血液型は全部で13種類以上もあるんですって。

(=Inu no ketsueki gata wa zenbu de juusan shurui ijou mo arun desutte.)

I heard there are more than 13 dog blood types.

私の血液型は知らないけど、きっと優しくて可愛い性格の血液型だと思うの…

(=Watashi no ketsueki gata wa shiranai kedo, kitto yasashikute kawaii seikaku no ketsueki gata dato omou no.)

I don’t know what my blood type is but I bet it is the one for “sweet” and “cute” personalities.