学校 (gakkou) : School related Japanese

October 6, 2009 in Vocabulary


SCHOOL

「何か、文句ありますか?」

(=Nanka (or Nanika) monku arimasu ka?)

“Any objection?”

I think many of you have taken Japanese or other language classes. Perhaps some of you have had experiences teaching English or other languages in Japan.

But I, Maggie-sensei, am your teacher here!! So please respect me!

So today we’ll learn about school related Japanese vocabulary.

<School>

学校 (=gakkou) school

語学学校(=gogaku gakkou) language school

cf. 英会話スクール(=eikaiwa sukuuru) English school

専門学校 (=senmon gakkou) professional training/ career college

Ex. 私は、語学学校に通っています。(=Watashi wa gogaku gakkou ni kayotte imasu.)

I go to a language school.

:rrrr: 通う(=kayou) = 通学(する)(=tsuugaku suru) = go to school, to commute


保育園 (=hoikuen) nursery school

幼稚園 (=youchien) kindergarten

小学校 (=shougakkou) elementary school

中学校 (=chuugakkou) junior high school

高校 (=koukou) high school

大学 (=daigaku) university

短期大学 (=tanki daigaku) junior colldege, 2 year colldege

short form 短大 (=tandai)

4年制大学 (=yonensei daigaku) 4 year colldege, university

大学院 (=daigakuin) graduate school

<Degrees>

学位 (=gakui) diploma

学士 (=gakushi) bachelor

学士 (=gakushi gou) bachelor degree

修士 (=shuushi) master

修士 (=shuushi gou) master degree

修士号を取る (=shuushi gou wo toru.) to get a master degree

博士(=hakase gou) Doctor of Philosophy degree

:mm: Note: Japanese education system:

義務教育(=gimu kyouiku) compulsory education :

:rrrr: 9 years (elementary and junior high school)

→• 6 years in elementary school (from age 6 to 12 years)

→• 3 years in junior high school (from age 13 to 15 years)

:u:

• 3 years in high school (from age 16 to 18)

:u:

• 2 years in junior college or

• 4 years in university

予備校 (=Yobikou) cram school for university

(=juku)(学習塾 =gakushuu juku)cram school

公立 (=kouritsu) public

Ex.立高校 (=kouritsu koukou) public high school

私立 (=shiritsu/watakushiritsu) private

男女共学 (=danjo kyougaku) co-education

中高一貫教育 (=chuukou ikkan kyouiku) unified school programs(continuous study from junior high school to high school)

教育 (=kyoiku) education

語学教育 (=gogaku kyouiku) language education

幼児教育 (=youji kyouiku) child education

<Teacher>

先生 (=sensei) teacher

Note 1): We always address teachers with their name + 先生.

Ex. マギー先生(=maggie sensei) They never call teacher with さん~san)like マギーさん (=Maggie san) “Miss Maggie”)

Also some other occupations could be called 先生 (=sensei) such as doctors, lawyers, politicians,novelists and artists, etc.

Note 2): If you are a techer, you are not supposed to address yourself to others ” 先生” because the word sensei has feeling of respect and we don’t use honorific expression for yourself. So you say or you write in a document 教師(=kyoushi) instead of 先生 for your occupation. But we do hear in daily conversation people addressing yourself 先生. (Ex. If you deal with children, you call yourself, your name+ 先生

担任(=tannin) teacher in charge/homeroom teacher

←担任の先生(=tannin no sensei) homeroom teacher

教授 (=kyouju) professor

助教授 (=jo kyouju) associate (assistant) professor

講師 (=koushi) an instructor

校長(先生)(=Kouchou (sensei)) principal

教頭(先生)(=Kyoutou (sensei)) vice principal

学長 (=gakuchou) president of the university

学部長 (=gakubuchou) dean

<Students>

学生 (=gakusei) student

生徒 (=seito) student

小学生 (=shougaku sei) elementary school student

中学生 (=chuugaku sei) junior high school student

高校生 (=koukou sei) high school student

大学生 (=daigaku sei) university student

大学院生(=daigakuin sei) graduate school student

予備校生 (=yobikou sei) preparatory school student

塾生 (=juku sei) cram school student

1年生 (=ichi nen sei) first year grade, first-year student, freshman

2年生 (=ni nen sei) second grader, second-year student, sophomore

Ex.「彼は高校2年生です。」(=kare wa koukou ni nen sei desu.) “He is a second-grader in high school.”

3年生(=san nen sei) third grader, third-year student, junior

4年生(=yo nen sei) fourth grader, fourth-year student, senior


留年(=ryuunen) to repeat a year (the same grade)

留年する(=ryuunen suru)

浪人生(=rounin sei) a student who failed an entrance examination for university

浪人(=rounin) originally a samurai who doesn’t have their masters and wander around, now refers to students between high school and university — who are studying in order to pass university exams.

Ex. 彼の息子は浪人している。(=kare no musuko wa rounin shiteiru.)

一浪 (=ichi rou) first year after you failed2浪(=ni rou) 2nd years after you failed..

Ex.一浪する。(= ich rou suru.)

クラスメート (=kurasu meeto) classmate

同級生 (=doukyuu sei) classmate

先輩 (=senpai) senior, It refers to an older grade student

後輩 (=kouhai) junior It refers to an younger grade student

Cultural note: Traditionally they have to show respect to older people in Japan. They have built this senpai-kouhai (superior-inferior, older-younger) relations in schools, companies and society in Japan. Sometimes it is very strict especially in sports clubs in schools. Kouhai (juniors) have to obey their senpai, seniors.

<To enter or graduate from a school>

入学 (=nyuugaku) entrance、enter a school

卒業 (=sotsugyou) graduate

Ex.マギーは「ワンワン小学校」をやっと卒業した。(=Maggie wa “Wanwan shougakkou” wo yatto sotsugyou shita.)

“Maggie finally graduated “bowwow elementary school.”

入学式 (=nyuugaku shiki) entrance ceremony

卒業式 (=sotsugyou shiki) graduation ceremony

Culture note :
In Japan, they sing as graduation songs, 「蛍の光」(=hotaru no hikari) (“Auld Lang Syne”,a Scottish folk song) or 「仰げば尊し 」(=Aogeba toutoshi, which shows gratitude and respect to your teachers.) in graduation ceremonies.
They also play 「蛍の光」(=hotaru no hikari) (“Auld Lang Syne” ) when they close department stores.

大学卒 (=daigaku sotsu) college graduate

高卒 (=kousotsu) high school graduate

彼女は高卒だ。(=Kanojo wa kousotsu da.) She is high school graduate.
中卒 (=chuusotsu) junior-high graduate
首席 (=shuseki) summa cum laude、top of the class

Ex. 首席で卒業する(=shuseki de sotsugyou suru.) to graduate summa cum laude

Ex. 彼は〜大学を優秀な成績で卒業しました。(=Kare wa ~ daigaku wo yuushuu na seiseki de sotsugyou shimashita.)
He graduated ~ University with excellent grades.

<Classroom>

教室 (=kyoushitsu) classroom

黒板 (=kokuban) black board

ホワイトボード (=howaito boodo) white board

Ex.「ホワイトボードが光って見えません(=howaito boodo ga hikatte miemasen.)

(=tsukue) desk

椅子 (=isu) chair

ロッカー (=rokkaa) locker

クラス (=kurasu) class

レッスン (=ressun) lesson

<Subjects>

• 科目(=kamoku) <Subjects>

国語 (=kokugo) Japanese study

算数 (=sansuu) arithmetic

数学 (=suugaku) math

理科 (=rika) science

化学 (=kagaku) chemistry

科学 (=kagaku) science

社会科 (=shakaika) social studies

体育 (=taiiku) gymnastics

<University>

ゼミ (=zemi) seminar (Usually you have to make a group under a professor to study or research something in University.

専攻 (=senkou) major

Ex.「専攻は何ですか?」(=Senkou wa nan desu ka?) “What is your major?”

学部 (=gakubu) faculty, department

Ex. 文学部 (=bungakubu)faculty of letters

Ex. 医学部 (=igakubu)faculty of medicine

Ex. 法学部 (=hougakubu)faculty of law

Ex. 経営部 (=keieigakubu) faculty of business administration

文系 (=bunkei) humanities

理系 (=rikei) science course

Ex. 彼は理系だ。(=Kare wa rikei da) He is in the science ( and engineering) majors

<School events>

遠足 (=ensoku) excursion

修学旅行 (=shuugaku ryokou) school trip

運動会 (=undoukai) athletics meets, sports festival

体育祭(=taiku sai) athletics meets, sports festival

学芸会(=gakugeikai) school play

文化祭(=bunka sai) cultural festival

大学祭 (=daigaku sai)(学祭=gakusai)school festivals in university

研修旅行 (=kenshuu ryokou) study/research tour

父兄参観日 (=fukei sankan bi) the day when parents can observe the class.

給食 (=kyuushoku) school lunch (Mainly for elementary school.)

学食 (=gakushoku) school cafeteria

:mm: Cultural note:

In Japanese schools (besides universities and cram schools), usually students stand up, bow and sit down beginning of the class all together for .
A student on a daily duty is called 日直(=Nicchoku) and he/she say the followings:

「起立(=kiritsu) “All rise!”

(=rei) “Bow!”

着席(=chakuseki) “Sit down!”

Ex.着席して下さい。(=Chakuseki shite kudasai.) “Please sit down!”


放課(=houka) break time

放課後(=houka go) after school

職員室(=shokuin shitsu) teachers’ room

チャイム(=chaimu) bell

Ex.チャイムが鳴る(=chaimu) ring the bell
(In many Japanese schools, when class starts or ends, you hear the bell.)

<Grades>

成績(=seiseki) grades

Ex.よい成績を取る(=yoi seiseki wo toru) to get a good grade

Ex.成績が悪い(=seiseki ga warui) bad grade

オール5(=ooru go) A+ (Note: 5 is the best grade in Japanese elementary school.)

A+ = エープラ (=ei purasu or ei pura)

<Exams>

 •試験 (=shiken) exams

テスト (=tesuto) test

期末テスト (=kimatsu tesuto) end-of-term exam

中間テスト (=chuukan tesuto) mid-term exam

小テスト (=shou tesuto) quiz

抜き打ちテスト (=nukiuchi tesuto) pop quiz

追試 (=tsuishi) make-up exam

入学試験 (=nyuugaku shiken)(入試=nyuushi short form

卒業試験 (=sotugyou shiken) graduation exam

受験する (=juken suru) to take an (entrance) exam.

受験勉強 (=juken benkyou) studying for entrance exam.

受験戦争 (=juken sensou) entrance exam war、 race

受験地獄 (=juken zikoku) examination hell

:jjj: Cultural note:

The competicion for entrance exams has been very severe in Japan. If you get in a good high school, there is more chance to get in a good university and get a good job in future. It has spreaded to even preschool ages. 「お受験」(=ojuken) is a word for those children who are forced to take an entrance exams for a good elementary school. There is a special school for those lower aged children to pass the exam and they teach social manners and specific knowledges to get in a good elementary schools.

合格 (=goukaku) to pass (the exam)

合格する (=goukaku suru) to pass (the exam)

受かる (=ukaru) to pass

有名高校に受かった。(=Yuumei koukou ni ukatta.) “I have passed a famous high school.”

Also パスする (=pasu suru) to pass

試験にパスする (=Shiken ni pasu suru.) to pass the exam.

不合格 (=fugoukaku) to fail

落ちる (=ochiru) to fail

Ex. 試験に落ちる (=shiken ni ochiru) to fail the exam.

単位(=tan-i) credit

Ex.単位を取る (=tan-i wo toru) to get courses credit

Ex.単位が足らない (=tan-i ga tarinai) not earn sufficient credits

Ex.単位を落とす (=tan-i wo otosu) to fail a class

<Assignment>

レポート (=repooto) report

作文 (=sakubun) composition

論文 (=ronbun) thesis

卒業論文 (=sotsugyou ronbun) graduation thesis

宿題 (=shukudai) homework

予習 (=yoshuu) prep

復習 (=fukushuu) review

研究 (=kenkyuu) study, research

研究する (=kenkyuu suru) to study, to research

リサーチ (=resaachi) research

<Attendance>

出席する (=shusseki suru) to attend

欠席する (=kesseki suru) to be absent

ずる休み (=zuru yasumi) play hooky

:mm: Useful sentences for teachers!

「さあ、今日のレッスンを始めましょう。」

=”Saa, kyou no ressun wo hajimemashou.”

= “OK, let’s start today’s lesson”

「それでは出席を取ります。」

=”Soredewa shusseki wo torimasu.

= “OK, I’ll have a roll call.”

「〜さんは今日は欠席ですか?」

=~san wa kyou wa kesseki desu ka?

(お休みですか?)

(=oyasumi desu ka?)

“Is ~ absent today?”

「プリントを配ります。」

=Purinto wo kubari masu.

= “I’ll pass out the handouts!”

「繰り返して言って下さい。」

=Kurikaeshite itte kudasai.

= “Please repeat!”

「後について言って下さい

=Ato ni tsuite itte kudasai.

= “Repeat after me!”

「〜は日本語(〜語)で何と言いますか?」

=~ wa nihongo (~ go) de nanto iimasu ka?

= “How do you say ~ in Japanese (other language)?”

:rrrr: 言語 (=gengo) language(s)

~(~go) language

フランス(=furansu go) Frenchスペイン(=supein go) Spanish(=eigo) English中国(=chuugoku go) Chinese韓国 (=kankokugo) Koreanオランダ=oranda go) Dutchドイツ(=doitsu go)German

「合っています。」

=Atte imasu.

= “It’s correct.”

「間違っています。」

=Machigatte imasu.

= “It’s not correct.”

「見て下さい。」

=Mite kudasai.

= ”Please look!”

「聞いて下さい。」

=Kiite kudasai.

= “Please listen!”

「言って下さい。」

=Itte kudasai.

= “Please say/speak”

「読んで下さい。」

=Yonde kudasai.

= “Please read!”

「しっかり勉強してきて下さい。」

=Shikkari benkyou shitekite kudasai.

= “Please study hard!”

「もう少し大きな声で言って下さい。」

=Mou sukoshi ookina koe de itte kudasai.

= “Please speak a bit louder.”

「はっきり発音して下さい。」

=Hakkiri hatsuon shite kudasai.”

= “Please pronounce clearly.” “Please enunciate!”

「必ず復習をして来て下さい。」

=Kanarazu fukushuu wo shitekite kudasai.

= “Please be sure to review!”

「宿題は34ページです。/34ページをやって来て下さい。」

=Shukudai wa sanjuu yon peiji wo yatte kite kudasai.

= Please study p.34 for homework.”

「何か質問はありますか?」(ありませんか?」)

=Nani ka shitsumon wa arimasuka?) (arimasenka?)

= “Do you have any questions?”

「先週のところで何か質問はありませんか?」

=Senshuu no tokoro de nanika shitsumon wa arimasenka?)

= “Do you have any questions about last week class?”

「これで終わります。」

=Kore de owari masu.)

= “Let’s finish here.”

:w: Useful phrases for students:

遅刻(=chikoku) to be late

Ex.「遅刻してすみません。」

=Chikoku shite sumimasen.

= “I am sorry I am late.”

早退(=soutai) to leave early

Ex.「今日は、早退させて下さい。」

= “Kyou wa soutai sasete kudasai.

= “Please let me leave early today.”

「綴り(スペル)が違っています。」

=tsuzuri (or superu) ga chigatte imasu.

= “The spelling is wrong.”

「綴り(スペル)を教えて下さい。」

=Tsuzuri (or superu) wo oshiete kudasai.)

= “Please tell me how to spell ~.”

「綴り(スペル)はどう書けばいいですか?」

=tsuzuri (or superu) wa dou kakeba ii desu ka?

= “How do you spell ~?”

「〜はどういう意味ですか?」

=~ wa douiu imi desu ka?

= 〜はどういう意味か、教えて頂けますでしょうか? more polite

=~ wa douiu imi ka oshiete itadakemasu de shouka?

= “What does ~ mean?” (“Could you tell me the meaning of ~, please?”)

「〜の意味を教えて下さい。」

=~ no imi wo oshiete kudasai.

= 〜の意味を教えて頂けますでしょうか? more polite

=~no imi wo oshiete itadakemasu de shouka?


“Please give me the meaning of ~. ” (“Could you~ tell me the meaning of ~, please?”)

「〜について教えて下さい。」

=~ni tsuite oshiete kudasai.

•〜について教えて頂けますでしょうか?)more polite

=~ni tsuite oshiete itadakemasu deshouka?

“Please teach me about ~” (“Could you~”)


「今週の宿題は何ですか?」

=Konshuu no shukudai wa nan desu ka?

=“What is this week homework?”

「どこからどこまでが宿題でしょうか?

=Dokokara dokomade ga shukudai de shou ka?

= “From where to where is our homework?
「すみません。宿題を忘れました。」

=Sumimasen. Shukudai wo wasure mashita.

= “Excuse me. I forgot my homework.”

「ノートを忘れました。」

=Nouto wo wasure mashita.

= “I left /forgot my note book”

「先生、質問があります。」

=Sensei, shitsumon ga arimasu

= “Mr. /Ms. ~, I have a question! “

「質問してもいいですか?」

=Shitumon shitemo iidesu ka?

= “Can I ask you a question? “

「質問してもよろしいでしょうか?」

=Shitsumon shitemo yoroshii deshou ka?

= “May I ask you a question?”

「発音をもう一度教えて下さい。」

=Hatsuon wo mou ichido oshiete kudasai.

= “Please teach me/us the pronunciation again.”

「〜の意味がよくわかりません。」

=~ no imi ga wakarimasen.

= “I don’t understand the meaning of ~ “

「すみません。全くわかりません。もう一度教えて頂けますか?」

=Sumimasen,. Mattaku wakarimasen. Mou ichido oshiete itadakemasu ka?

=”Excuse me. I don’t understand at all. Could you teach me again?”

:maggie-small: says in the picture above:

「何か文句ありますか?

(=Nanka (or Nanika) monku arimasu ka?)

“Any objection?” “Any complaints?” ” Do you have something to say?”

文句(=monku) complaints

Ex. 文句がある。(=Monku ga aru.) I have a bone to pick.

Ex. 彼女はいつも文句ばかり言っている。(=Kanojo wa itsumo monku bakari itte iru.)

She is always complaining (bitching).


frenchbulldog Maggie先生より (=Maggie sensei yori) From Maggie-sensei

それでは今日のレッスンはこれで終わります。何か質問はありませんか?

えっ?「マギー先生は何でそんなに美しいのですかって?それは自分でもわかりません。自然にこうなんです。

(=Soredewa kyou no ressun wa kore de owarimasu. Nanika shitsumon wa arimasen ka?

Eh? Maggie sensei wa nande sonnani utsukushii no desu ka tte? Sore wa jibun demo wakarimasen. Shizen ni kou nan desu.)

OK, we will finish today’s lesson now. Any questions? What? How come Maggie-sensei is so beautiful? Well, I don’t know the answer myself. That’s the way I am….