いじわる (意地悪)i : ijiwaru

ijiwaru-final

!JYANE!おもちゃ貸してくれる?

= Omocha kashite kureru? 

= Can I play with your toys?

:maggie-small: だめ!

=Dame!

= No way!

Today’s word is 意地悪 Ijiwaru .

(意地 iji = in this case “cast of mind”, waru = bad)

It means “mean” “ill-natured” “wicked” “jxrk” “bitch” or “nasty”.

Ex.マギー は意地悪だ。

Maggie wa ijiwaru da.

Maggie is mean!

Ex.マギー は意地悪す。

Maggie wa ijiwaru desu.

Maggie is mean!

(Note: if you end the sentence with “desu”, it is more polite than ending the sentence with “da”)

You can also say 意地が悪いIji ga warui.

Ex. マギー は意地が悪い。

Maggie wa iji ga warui.

Maggie is mean!

Ex. マギー は意地が悪いです。

Maggie wa iji ga warui desu.

Maggie is mean!

Ex. 意地悪しないで!more casual

Ijiwaru shinai de.

Don’t be mean.

Ex. 意地悪しないで下さい。

Ijiwaru shinai de kudasai.

Please don’t be mean.

:mm: Adjetive :

:rrrr:意地の悪い / 意地悪な(Iji no warui/ijiwaru na) + noun

:u:

Ex. 彼女 は意地の悪い人です。

Kanojyo wa iji no warui hito desu.

She is a mean person.

Ex. 彼女 は意地悪な人です。

Kanojyo wa ijiwaruna hito desu.

She is a mean person.

:jjj: Verb : 

:rrrr: 意地悪をする Ijiwaru wo suru.  

To do something mean to someone.

Ex. 意地悪をしないで!

Ijiwaru wo shinaide!

”Don’t do mean things.”

Ex. 意地悪なことを言う。

Ijiwaru na koto wo iu.

To say something mean.

Ex. 意地の悪いことを言う

Iji no warui koto wo iu.

Ex. 意地の悪いことを言わないで!

Iji no warui koto wo iwanai de!

”Don’t say mean things.”

( :jjj: Used by woman.

Men would say

「意地の悪いこと言うなよ!

Iji no warui koto iunayo. )

:ee: おもちゃ貸してくれる?

= Omocha kashite kureru?

= Can I play with your toys?

貸す Kasu to lend

くれる Kureru to do something for a speaker for his/her favor.

貸してくれる Kashite kureru

貸してくれますか? Kashite kuremasuka?(more polite)

Can you lend me your toys?

= Can I borrow your toys?

= Can I play with your toys?

(Please check the former lesson, “(shi)tekite kureru”. I will make a new lesson with Ageru vs Kureru sometime.)

:ii: “だめ!”Dame = “No!” :

You say that when you tell people (especially to kids) not to do something.

You can also say 「いや(だ) Iya ” or “やだ Yada!” when you don’t want to do certain things although it sounds a bit childish.

frenchbulldogFrom Maggie

「誰か私におもちゃを貸してくれる?

Dare ga watashi ni omocha wo kashite kureru?

Now, who’s gonna let me use your toys?

 

 

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6 Comments

  1. ah so if I wanna say someone’s mean but still wanna sound “cute” about it and not sound like I m calling them a total “b*tch” then “ijiwaruchatta ><" ii deshou?

    1. @Aki
      Haha If someone is mean to you and you want to say something in a cute way, you say「意地悪!」 ”ijiwaru!”, 「意地悪ね!」 “Ijiwaru ne!” 「意地悪しないで!」”Ijiwaru shinaide!”

      And if you were mean to someone and want to apologize for that in a cute way, you say
      「意地悪してごめんね。」= Ijiwaru shite gomenne.

  2. Thanks for this as well.
    So basically only なadj can end with だ?
    知らなかった。新しいことを習いました。^^,)

    1. @アリナ

      That’s right. na-ajective can end with だ
      きれいな→きれいだ
      しずかな→しずかだ
      にぎやか→にぎやかだ
      げんき→げんきだ

    1. Hi vitoreiji-san!

      Sorry! But you can’t say 意地が悪いだ。But you can say 意地が悪いです。
      意地悪です(ijiwaru desu)/意地悪だ。(ijiwaru da)->They are both OK!

      1)きれいです。
      2)きたないです。
      3)うつくしいです。
      4)かわいいです。
      5)しずかです。
      Can you tell which one can end with “da”?

      Answer : 1) きれいだ kireida. 5) しずかだ shizukada. They are ナ(na)ーadjetive.
      And the rest are イ(i)ーadjective

      ijiga warui / Kitanai / Utsukushii / Kawaii : i adjective
      ijiwaruna / kireina / shizukana : na adjective

      Good question! I will make a test sometime!
      有り難う!
      From Maggie

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