意地悪 = いじわる= ijiwaru

ijiwaru-final

!JYANE!おもちゃ貸してくれる?

= Omocha kashite kureru? 

= Can I play with your toys?

:maggie-small: だめ!

= Dame!

= No way!

Today’s word is 意地悪  = いじわる  ( = ijiwaru) 

(意地 = いじ ( =  iji )  in this case “cast of mind”,    =  わる ( = waru)  = bad, evil )

It means “mean” “ill-natured” “wicked”  “bitch” or “nasty”.

Ex.マギー は意地悪だ。

= Maggie wa ijiwaru da.

= Maggie is mean!

Ex.マギー は意地悪です。

= Maggie wa ijiwaru desu.

= Maggie is mean!

(Note: if you end the sentence with  です ( = desu) , it is more polite than ending the sentence with ( = da) )

You can also say 意地が悪い   ( = iji ga warui)

Ex. マギー は意地が悪い。

= Maggie wa iji ga warui.

= Maggie is mean!

Ex. マギー は意地が悪いです。

= Maggie wa iji ga warui desu.

= Maggie is mean!

Ex. 意地悪しないで!more casual

= Ijiwaru shinai de.

= Don’t be mean.

Ex. 意地悪しないで下さい。

= Ijiwaru shinai de kudasai.

= Please don’t be mean.

:mm: modifying a noun

:rrrr: 意地の悪い / 意地悪な/ 意地が悪い ( = iji no warui/ijiwaru na/ iji ga warui ) + noun

:u:

Ex.  彼女 は意地の悪い人です。

Kanojyo wa iji no warui hito desu.

She is a mean person.

Ex. 彼女 は意地悪な人です。

Kanojyo wa ijiwaruna hito desu.

She is a mean person.

Ex. 彼女 は意地が悪い人です。

= Kanojyo wa iji ga warui hito desu.

= She is a mean person.

:jjj: to be mean / to do something mean

:rrrr: 意地悪 (を)する

= Ijiwaru (wo) suru.  

= to do something mean to someone.

Ex. 意地悪(を)しないで!

= Ijiwaru (wo) shinaide!

= ”Don’t do mean things.”

Ex. 意地悪なことを言う。

= Ijiwaru na koto wo iu.

= To say something mean.

Ex. 意地の悪いことを言う

= Iji no warui koto wo iu.

Ex. 意地の悪いことを言わないで!(feminine) 

= Iji no warui koto wo iwanai de!

= ”Don’t say mean things.”

 :rrrr: 「意地の悪いこと言うなよ!(male speech) 

= Iji no warui koto iunayo. 

:ee: おもちゃ貸してくれる?

= Omocha kashite kureru?

= Can I play with your toys?

貸す = kasu = to lend

Verb くれる  = Verb te + kureru =  to do something for a speaker for his/her favor.

:rrrr: 貸しくれる  = Kashite kureru

:rrrr: 貸しくれますか? = Kashite kuremasuka?   (more polite)

= Can you lend me~? / Can I borrow ~?

Please check my あげる  ( = ageru) , くれる( = kureru) and もらう ( = morau)  lesson. 

:ii: “だめ!”Dame = “No!” :

You say that when you tell people (especially to kids) not to do something.

You can also say 「いや(だ) ( = Iya (da) )  or “やだ ( = Yada) when you don’t want to do certain things although it sounds a bit childish.

frenchbulldogマギー先生より = Maggie Sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei 

「誰か私におもちゃを貸してくれる?

= Dare ga watashi ni omocha wo kashite kureru?

= Now, who’s gonna let me use your toys?

 

 



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6 Comments

  1. ah so if I wanna say someone’s mean but still wanna sound “cute” about it and not sound like I m calling them a total “b*tch” then “ijiwaruchatta ><" ii deshou?

    1. @Aki
      Haha If someone is mean to you and you want to say something in a cute way, you say「意地悪!」 ”ijiwaru!”, 「意地悪ね!」 “Ijiwaru ne!” 「意地悪しないで!」”Ijiwaru shinaide!”

      And if you were mean to someone and want to apologize for that in a cute way, you say
      「意地悪してごめんね。」= Ijiwaru shite gomenne.

  2. Thanks for this as well.
    So basically only なadj can end with だ?
    知らなかった。新しいことを習いました。^^,)

    1. @アリナ

      That’s right. na-ajective can end with だ
      きれいな→きれいだ
      しずかな→しずかだ
      にぎやか→にぎやかだ
      げんき→げんきだ

    1. Hi vitoreiji-san!

      Sorry! But you can’t say 意地が悪いだ。But you can say 意地が悪いです。
      意地悪です(ijiwaru desu)/意地悪だ。(ijiwaru da)->They are both OK!

      1)きれいです。
      2)きたないです。
      3)うつくしいです。
      4)かわいいです。
      5)しずかです。
      Can you tell which one can end with “da”?

      Answer : 1) きれいだ kireida. 5) しずかだ shizukada. They are ナ(na)ーadjetive.
      And the rest are イ(i)ーadjective

      ijiga warui / Kitanai / Utsukushii / Kawaii : i adjective
      ijiwaruna / kireina / shizukana : na adjective

      Good question! I will make a test sometime!
      有り難う!
      From Maggie

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