New Maggie’s Room (2023)

Hi everyone! Thank you for visiting Maggie’s room. 
Feel free to leave a message (Even just say Hello! 👋 ) 
I don’t do translations, check your long writing or help your homework for school here but I can answer one or two simple Japanese questions.
Love you all! 🐶❤️


  1. Hi Maggie-sensei,

    Thank you for all your wonderful lessons as always.
    I am struggling with a few phrases and jut wanted to check if they sound correct and natural in Japanese?

    The more Japanese I study, the more confused I get.

    Is your baby sleeping well?

    Our little baby really does not like wearing his shoes.

    I guess all children develop differently.

    1. Hello Mini House

      Missing a particle after 日本語
      Two possibilities
      日本語を (object marker) or if it is a topic 日本語は

      For conversation, you can say that. For writing add a particle

      3) 〜靴をはくのがきらいです。

      4) 子供の成長のしかたはみな違うと思います。

  2. Maggie-sensei,

    Is this sentence correct? I want to say: My name is House. I am very sorry I am late. I am here to pick up my daughter.


    And also, how do I say: “I would like to pick up my daughter earlier today at 1 PM.”

    Thank you very much.

    1. Hi Mini
      OK, let me help you.

      I would like to pick up my daughter earlier today at 1 PM.”

  3. Hello maggie sensei,
    Can you please tell me how the “masen ka” form used to make invitations should be translate? I get a little bit confused. For exemple in the following sentence: bangohan o tabemasen ka? I have seen some explanations telling it can be translated as “won’t you eat?” And some instead translating it as ” would you like to eat?”. What is the correct translation?
    Also what is the différence between “masen ka” and “mashou ka”? Thanks in advance

  4. Hello maggie sensei,
    I am confused about the use and translation of “masen ka” when making an invitation. For exemple in the following sentence : bangohan o tabemasen ka? I’ve seen some translating it as won’t you eat? And some translating it as will you (like to) eat? What is the correct translation?
    Also can you tell me the difference between mashou, mashou ka and masen ka when used to make invitations? Thank you in advance

    1. Hello Yenicall
      OK, many people (especially when they have started to learn Japanese) seem to have a problem understanding the nuance difference between mashou, mashou ka masen ka, so I will make a lesson sometime.
      1) masen ka?

      Ex. Tabemasen ka? = It could be 1) You are not going to eat? or 2) Would you like to eat? (invitation) (invitation) depending on the context and the intonation.
      For example someone wouldn’t eat something, you ask これ、食べませんか? = Kore tabemasen ka? = You are not going to eat this?
      But if you offer some food to someone, you also say これ、食べませんか? = Kore tabemasen ka? = Would you like to eat this?

      2) mashou
      It means Let’s ~
      So imagine the food is already served in front of you and you tell someone at the table,
      So, Ex. さあ、食べましょう! =Saa, tabemashou! = Let’s eat.

      3) mashou ka?
      Again it changes the meaning depending on the context

      (1) Do you want me to do something for you?
      Ex. 手伝いましょうか? = Tetsudaimashou ka? = Do you need my help? / May I help you?

      (2) Shall we do ~ ?
      Ex. そろそろいきましょうか? = Sorosoro ikimashou ka? = Shall we go now? (But you may see the translation Let’s go)

  5. Hello Maggie Sensei,

    I want to ask you about one word here,

    What is the meaning of 中途半端男

    If I say “A half hearted man” would it be correct.

    1. Hello ホットサンド
      Yes you can translate that.
      中途半端男 It refers to a man who lacks dedication to a task, or who does things in a half-hearted or incomplete way.

  6. Good afternoon Maggie. I had some doubts about a phrase I found. The sentence is as follows: 発言の自由は政府支配の新しい触手によって年々むしばまれつつある。

    1 – What is the function of つつある?
    2 – Is 発言 only for written things? or just for spoken things?
    3 – What does むしばむ mean?
    4 – This word is not in the sentence, but I would like to know the meaning of: がっつく. I had a little trouble understanding.

    1. Hi Sora

      1. Verb+ つつある = (literal expression) be in the process of doing something (expressing the on-going change)
      2. 発言 is for spoken thing
      3. むしばむ = to erode (passive form) むしばまれる to be eroded  (To be affected by something negative)
      4. がっつく  = eating like a pig. It can be used to express someone greedy

  7. Hi sensei

    1) Is the following sentence correct/natural?
    What is the difference betw と する and に する
    「貨物船」とは、貨物 を 輸送 する 船舶です。
    Kamotsusen is a vessel that carries cargo
    ライオン は にく を えさ と する。
    Lions feed on meat
    鯨くじら は プランクトン を えさ と する。
    Whales feed on plankton
    パンダ は ささ を えさ に する。
    Pandas feed on bamboo grass

    2) As for Hen is it pronounce as medori or mendori or ..,?
    ( google translate = mesudori )
    雄鶏 おんどり Rooster
    雌鶏 めんどり Hen


    1. Hi soleyman
      1) You can say both えさとする and えさにする
      にする is more conversational and とする is more formal.

      2) 雌鶏 can be read めどり or めんどり. (Originally めどり but I would say it is more common to say めんどり in conversation.)

  8. Good morning Maggie. I would like her help to understand the following sentence: 泥棒は盗むのが商売 、たとえそれが人の心だとしてもね。

    I understand the たとえ~ても structure, but why use とする?

  9. Good night Maggie. I would like to know what to put after 精神 in this sentence (が?は?を?): チベットの苦痛に耐えるのは不可能ですがチベットの人々のあがないの精神 見守るべきものです。

    1. (Sorry the first part of my previous message was missing so it could be confusing.)
      Let me answer again.

  10. Hello maggie. I found this sentence: 中止命令に従わない場合は、5万円以下の罰金が科せられます。

    The translation read: In case of non-compliance with the suspension order, a fine of up to 50,000 yen will be imposed.

    I would like to know why 科せられます is in potential form and not just passive and negative.

    1. Hello Leonardo

      科せられます is a passive form.
      The basic form is 科す or 科する
      The passive form is either 科される or 科せられる

  11. Hi everyone! Sorry that the site has been down and some of your recent comments were gone. I think I answered all your questions but if you haven’t read them yet, please ask me the questions again. I’ll be happy to answer your questions. Have a great weekend! いい週末を!🐶

    1. Welcome back!

      I had a question about the word 感じ, and I saw your answer. I learned something very interesting from your answer. First, this is what you said:

      そうですね、感じは、気持ちだけではなく、会話で「〜という感じ /(説明)+ こんな感じ」を加えることで直接的な言い方を和らげる時にも使います。
      この二つの文章をつなげてみると一領域につき5回各6分露出で写真を撮影して30分(A) という感じで時間の許す限り観測を繰り返します。


      The reason why I asked you to reply in Japanese is that I want to stop learning Japanese by using English. I am trying to connect Japanese language direct to the world and direct to my own thoughts/impressions etc., without English getting in the way.

      This is where the 「直接的な言い方を和らげる」 is important. In fact, a scientist was explaining a procedure to some students. I forgot to take that into account. In trying to make sense of what he said, I was putting myself in the position of the listener, and that was my mistake. When I put myself in the position of the scientist, talking to students, then I got closer to what I would be thinking/feeling (感じ?!) in that situation. When I did that, then the purpose of 「こんな感じで」starts to make more sense at a more intuitive level .. without the English translation.

      I think that answers your last question?

  12. Good afternoon Maggie. I found the following sentence and had difficulty getting a part of it and would like your help if possible.

    The sentence is as follows: それは氷のような砂糖菓子。


    I can’t understand the part: 痺れゆく. Can you explain to me?

    1. Hi Matheus
      痺れゆく  is a written language and it means 痺れていく going numb
      (ていく→ゆく) expresses the change, getting, going, becoming ~

  13. Hi! Maggie sensei, I’m wondering about this sentence…..
    会いたかった なあ Does this mean “I’ve been wanting to meet you for long time”? and still looking forward to see you, right? Also what is the meaning of なあ? Someone told me that it’s like to show strong feeling of really wanted to meet. Is it? or actually it’s just suffix of the sentence, no emotional.

    1. Hi Luck
      会いたかったなあ I wish I could have seen you/him/her/them.
      So you wanted to see someone but you missed the chance/you couldn’t.
      By attaching な/なあ you can add the feelings (in this case regret)
      Please check my lesson on な/なあ. Link is this

  14. Good night Maggie. I came across a sentence and would like to know if it is grammatically correct. The sentence is as follows: 私はこの怪物の弱点をついに見つけました。その神経もいつも以上に高ぶっております。

  15. Hello Maggie-sensei!
    I have a simple question. If my dog is 7 years old, I can say 犬は七歳です, right? But what if my dog is only 7 months old? Do I say 犬は七月歳です?

  16. サイトの修理のため、1週間前のメッセージが消えてしまいました。全てのメッセージに返事を出しましてがもし読んでいなかったらまたいつでもメッセージを入れてくださいね。

  17. Hi Maggie, What is the difference between 角かど and 角かく ?
    Got the following example sentences from websites; all of them is かど right??
    とおり の 角 に たって いた。
    I stood at the corner of the street
    角 に おおきな 目印 が あります。
    There is a big sign at the corner
    角 で ひだり に 曲まがる。
    Turn left at the corner
    すいぎゅう は おおきな 角 を もって いる。
    Buffaloes have big horns
    すぐ 角、あかい の みせ です。
    It’s the red shop just at the corner

    Thank you せんせい
    ps google translate it as tsuno

    1. Hi soleyman!

      角 = かど = corner
      角 = つの = horn

      So from your example sentence only
      すいぎゅう は おおきな 角 を もって いる。
      Buffaloes have big horns
      is ”つの = horn”

      すぐ 角、あかい の みせ です。 →I think it missing の (すぐ角のあかいみせです。)

  18. ハロー、マギー先生!

    Do you know if there is a difference between using に and で with the verb 保存する?
    I would’ve guessed で、 but when I looked up native example sentences on Weblio, I saw examples using both に and で!
    例  ファイルをディスクに保存する。

    I can understand why に would be used. に often implies a destination or directionality. Basically, 「ディスクに保存する」implies that the disk is the destination of the file, or that the file is being moved to the disk in order to save it.

    But で also makes sense, as it marks the location of an action such as in a 冷暗ところ。

    Does this mean that both of these particles are interchangeable, and I can use either one?
    Can 「冷暗所で保存して下さい」 also be 「冷暗所に保存して下さい」?

    If so, is there a difference in nuance? For example, do these two sentences
    mean the exact same thing?


    1. Hi Sora

      Good. You figure out the function of に.
      You can use them both. The difference is
      に implies the object you put in 冷暗所 is somewhere else but you move it/them into the cold and dark place (ex. refrigerator)
      And you use で when you indicate the place where you keep/conserve something.

      画像をスマホに保存 (the file was somewhere else or even in the same cellphone, from where the pictures are to the file in the cellphone)
      画像をスマホで保存 (You save the pictures “with” (tool) your cellphone.)

  19. Hello sensei,

    i must admit i forget the basic counting in japanese, can you please check whether it is right or not?


      1. hello sensei

        so in here you cannot use another form? you cannot use 個? i hear that 個 can be used to anything.

        1. You can not use 個 with everything.
          You use it with small items and if it is something small but is obviously long, you use 本
          So 鉛筆一個, 箸一個、車一個 are not natural.

  20. Hello Sensei,

    Thank you as always

    Can you please check this sentence?

    I see how He is an inspiration to you. Your mindset towards life are really similar with him.

    1. Hello ビーフレンダン

      霊感 is something more spiritual (Ex. being psychic)
      How about 彼がどれだけあなたに刺激を与えているのか (or 刺激を与える存在なのか) わかります。
      We just say インスピレーション as well.


      The second sentence is fine but I would change よく酷似 (よく & 酷似 are redundant) to よく似ています。

      1. Hello sensei,

        i agree with you and want to add some point.

        if i change 霊感 with 触発 will it be correct ?


        1. Yes, it sounds more literal but you can say 触発
          But I would say あなたが彼に触発された (or if it is still going on →されている)ことがわかります。

  21. Sorry Maggie. I forgot to put the phrase. The phrase is this: ガキはガキらしくよ、ニカーッと笑っていこうや。

  22. Good night Maggie teacher

    I would like to clear up some doubts regarding the following sentence:

    Why is らしく in adverbial form? and why is よ in the middle of the sentence and not at the end? What is the function of the や at the end of the sentence?

    1. This is a rough male speech
      1) It is similar to さ・さあ (子供は子供らしくさあ) →rough ガキはガキらしくよ・よう

      2) The last や is another rough way to say よ (→This よ is to encourage someone to do something. It is not rough like the one in 1).
      笑っていこうよ →(rough) 笑っていこうよ

  23. マギー先生、こんにちは!

    1. こんにちは ルナ

      日本の今ですか? コロナはまだありますが、他の国と同じぐらい安全だと思います。

  24. Good morning Maggie, I found a phrase and would like to understand something.

    The sentence is as follows: あれもこれも、色々と興味深いものが目の前に現れる。

    I would like to know the role of と (after 色々) in this sentence?

  25. Hello Maggie-sensei.
    Could you tell me what じゃんじゃんやっちゃう means?
    I see じゃんじゃん means continuously, but I’m not sure what this expression means.

    1. Hi Miki
      じゃんじゃん is onomatopoeia to express doing something heavily, vigorously, keep doing something a lot.
      じゃんじゃんやっちゃう = Keep doing something more and more
      じゃんじゃん飲んで = Keep drinking a lot!

  26. Hello Sensei,

    My previous post got deleted by the maintenance

    I need your help to check the sentence

    My locker is far away from my English classes. That is the reason why I carry all my books with me. Is it going to rain hard or just a drizzle?

    1. Hi Alex

      Sorry. I answered your question but the message was gone.

      →OK (Or 大雨(土砂降り)になるのか 〜)

  27. Good night Maggie. I came across a sentence and would like to know if it is right.

    The phrase is this: 私たちはこれまで明日のことを皆はなしてきたから、さて、現実に戻って、今日のことを話そう

    I had doubts if the kanji 皆 should be removed or if it is fulfilling some function

    1. Hello i will answer on maggie sensei behalf.

      it has function as adverb, it can mean
      1. everyone 2. All

      just translate it one by one

      Because we all have talked the matter about tomorrow until now,
      for now, let’s go back to reality and talk about today

      in sentence one you can see i translate 皆 as “all” and 私たち as “we”

  28. Hi Sensei !

    Thank you so much for everything you do for us, I’m studying and hope I’ll pass the JLPT this year and your website is so useful, I feel so grateful for everything you put here!
    Best regards from France !

  29. Hello, maggie sensei

    thank you as always.

    If the illustration is not really good I will not pay the fee.

    1. Hi ビーフレンダン


      〜限りは、 as long asという意味になります。

      FYI さっと quickly / ざっと = roughly

  30. Hello, Maggie.

    Japanese has been an interest of mine for some time and while some may suspect it is my interest in Japanese media, like anime and manga, which sparked my interest. Such interests came later to me in life while my interest in the language was pre-existing.

    It wasn’t until an old friend of mine suggested an educational video game series called “Learn Japanese to Survive” that I really started picking up the basics of the language and encouraged me to practice outside of the game. Now I feel like I have all of the Hiragana characters memories though my Katakana and Kanji could use some work. Though I am able to recognize some Kanji characters as well.

    Besides Japanese, I’ve also enrolled in a beginner’s Spanish course as well so I feel confident that I could potentially read and write in that language at an early early level too. However, when it comes to speaking and hearing, as well as writing or reading for the case of Japanese, I feel slow.

    It took me awhile before I feel like I could say I achieved mastery in the English language, my native tongue, and even then I still am prone to forgetfulness of certain grammar rules. Like those matter anymore in English speaking countries. lol The reason I believe for my difficulties in learning English and other languages like Spanish and Japanese is because I was a special needs student. I am a slow learner. So I guess I am writing this message to you to ask… do you know anyone willing to work with me in one-on-one sessions until I could attend a fluent level? I don’t have much money so my budget is limited, but I would forever be appreciative of you if you could point me in the direction of someone who could help teach me.


    1. Hi Aliyah
      It is a great idea to work on your speaking and taking a class on line. That way you can improve your Japanese. There are many Japanese on-line schools. Google “On line Japanese lesson”. The price is not that expensive, I believe. I hope it fits your budget.
      And if you still can’t find a good teacher, write to me
      through an email on the following page.

  31. こんにちは、マギー先生

    1. 「雨が降りそうな天気」と「雨が降りだしそうな天気」、両方の言い方があるのですがどう違いますか


    1. こんにちはビーフレンダン



      (1) 雨が降りそうな天気
      (2) 雨が降りだしそうな天気

      So if you looking up the sky and it is cloudy, you say (1) but you won’t probably say (2)
      If you see the sky is getting really dark and it looks like it’s gonna rain any minute, you say (2) because 降り出す has a meaning of “It is about to rain”

      (3) 「街灯にぶつかりそうになった女性」
      (4) 「街灯にぶつかりそうになる女性」

      If you are describing what has just happened more vividly, I would say (3) is more natural.

  32. Hello sensei, Thank you as always

    can i ask you about something i don’t really understand in this sentence?

    人手不足や気候変動など日本企業の経営のリスク開示 (3面きょうのことば)が海外勢に比べ遅れている。

    What i don’t understand

    1. 3面きょうのことば
    2. 海外勢の勢の意味?


    1. Hi, ビーフレンダン

      1. The newspaper has several pages. The front page is called 一面 and 3面 technically means “the third page” but it refers to the social news page.
      So you probably got the article from 日経新聞 but it refers to the section called きょうのことば where they explained a trend word of the day on the third page.

      2. 勢 means “companies, entities, group” so 海外勢 means “foreign companies” in this context.

  33. Hello sensei, thank a always

    I wonder how you say “Japanese Native Resident”



    1. こんにちは Beef Rendang


      在日+ Nationality + 人 (Ex.在日

    1. こんにちはルナ!
      やっぱりピカチュウが好きです💕 イーブイもかわいいです。

        1. ウパーもかわいい〜〜💕

  34. Good night Maggie. I have doubts about two sentences and I would like you to answer these doubts.

    The first sentence is: アラビア語を独習したいのですが良い参考書を教えてください。I would like to know the が function in this sentence.

    The second sentence is: 台湾はグルメも良し、観光も良し、ショッピングも良しと、魅力たっぷりの観光地だ。I would like to know the function of と in this sentence.

    1. Hi Mutuio

      1) が has many different functions but this が is just to connect the sentence. “so”/”and”
      You often leave the sentence with が without finishing it.
      Vたいのですが + (what should I do/Do you have any advice?/ Can you help me?, etc.)

      2) と in that sentence is to give examples and quote them.
      I think you know the pattern AというB B which is A
      You sometimes omit という/といった

  35. Hello sensei,

    Thanks as always

    can i ask you what is the meaning (まんざら)


    tried dictionary but nothing make sense.

    1. Hi Beef Rendang

      まんざらでもない is a vague Japanese expression and it means “not so bad/ not totally bad and actually something is good” ./someone seems kind of satisfied or happy with something.

      I don’t know the situation but
      It seems like the girl’s outfits are not so bad.or The person who is wearing girl’s outfits seems to like wearing them.

      1. Ah, thank you much sensei

        The reason i got confused is because in some site i found an explanation that say まんざら=必ずしも。

        The scene is the tomboy girl is trying the dress, She is usually using boy clothes and when she tried to try skirt, She said to herself (女の子の服もまんざらじゃなさそうだし)


        1. まんざら is not exactly the same as 必ずしも.
          You often use まんざらじゃない/ まんざらでもない in the situation like you expect someone would be unhappy with something but actually they actually kind of like it.
          So in your example sentence, you assume the girl would hate that skirt because she was complaining or she usually hates wearing a skirt.
          But once she puts it on, she looks rather happy with it. Though she is not saying anything, you can see she is thinking “Hey, this is not that bad. I actually like it.”

  36. Maggie-sensei,

    Happy New Year! 今年もよろしくお願いします。

    I find your blog extremely helpful and one of the most useful out there. Thank you for all your work and effort.
    I wondered if you could create a lesson on
    こじんめんだん at Japanese kindergartens. It’s something that I am really struggling with.

    Any phrases/vocabulary similar to the below would be super appreciated!
    *My child has been toilet-trained.
    *She goes to the potty by herself at home, but cannot go by herself outside the house.
    *She speaks English at home and can only say a few single Japanese words.
    *How is she doing at school.
    *Ways to talk about one’s child: She is stubborn/independent/sociable/scared of strangers/quiet/very active at home.
    *She holds food in her mouth./ I am worried about choking hazards.
    and so on.

    Thank you so much.

    1. Hi Mini

      I’m happy to hear you find this site useful.
      OK, let me help you.

      *My child has been toilet-trained.
      = Uchi no ko wa toire no shitsuke ga dekite imasu./ omutsu ga toremashita.

      *She goes to the potty by herself at home, but cannot go by herself outside the house.
      Ie dewa hitori de toire ni ikemaseuga, ie no soto dewa hitori de ikemasen.

      *She speaks English at home and can only say a few single Japanese words.

      家では英語を話していますので1) 日本語は一言、二言しか話しません。/ 2) 日本語はほとんど話せません。(2) She barely speaks Japanese.)
      = Iedewa eigo wo shnashite imasu node 1) nihongo wa hitokoto futakoto shika hanasemasen / 2) Nihongo ưa Hotondo hanasemasen .

      *How is she doing at school?

      = Musume wa youchien de wa donna kanji desu ka? / Chanto yatte imasu ka?

      *Ways to talk about one’s child: 1) She is stubborn/2) independent/3) sociable/4 ) scared of strangers/ 5) quiet/ 6) very active at home.

      1) (娘は)頑固(がんこ)です。/ 2) 自立心があります。/ 3) 人懐っこいです。/ 人見知りしません/ 4) 人見知りをします 5) 大人しいです/ 6) 家ではとても活発です。
      =1) (Musume wa) ganko desu./ 2) Jiritsushin ga arimasu. /3) Hitonatsukkoi desu. / Hitomishiri shimasen ./ 4) Hitomishiri wo shimasu 5) Otonashii desu 6) Ie de wa totemo kappatsu desu

      *She holds food in her mouth./ I am worried about choking hazards.
      and so on.

      = Kuchi no naka ni tabemono wo iremasu / Nodo ni tsukaenai ka shinpai desu. (Or Chissoku shinai ka shinpai desu)

    1. Hi Topaz
      So this person followed you first and you follow him/her back, right?
      Did you say thank you for following before? If not, you can say
      こちらこそフォローありがとうございます。And you can continue これからもよろしくお願いします。

    2. Maggie-sensei,
      Thank you so much for taking the time to reply.
      This is very helpful.
      Huge fan of your blog – thank you!

  37. Hello! I have a question about one grammar aspect, because my 先生 told me one thing and my workbook keeps mistaking those two (well, maybe the workbook is wrong)
    「思っていたより」と 「期待していたより」の違いはなんですか。
    先生 told me that 「思っていたより」is used when the outcome is better than expected, for example このケーキは思っていたよりおいしかった。 (You expected it to taste bad)
    And 「期待していたより」is used when the outcome is worse than you expected, for example 試験の点数は期待していたより悪かった。

    Is this right? Because when I searched in the internet, the opinions vary a lot and I don’t know anymore :((

    1. Hi Alioth

      Very good questions.
      思う = to think
      期待する = to expect
      And they both can be translated “to think” but 期待する means “to hope” and it is used for something one is looking forward to.
      So your teacher is right. The outcome should be good when you use 期待したより ~
      You can say このケーキは思っていたよりおいしかった/おいしくなかった。 but it sound unnatural to say このケーキは期待していたよりおいしかった。
      If it is a negative sentence, you can say

      I will give you other verbs that are often used in this pattern.
      予想する = to fore
      想像する= imagine
      考える = to think (logically)

      Among these verbs, only 期待する is used is used when the outcome is good.

  38. 新年明けましておめでとうマギー先生!

    No matter how many years pass, I always find myself visiting and revisiting your blog posts😂 Your quality is unrivaled.

    I have a vocab question: how do you say the word “interchangeable” in Japanese?
     ”Jealous” and “envious” mean the exact same thing. They are interchangeable. 
     ”Wanna” is interchangeable with “want to,” with the former being more casual.

    I typically wouldn’t want to bother you with words I can just look up in the dictionary, but I just can’t seem to find it.

    On jisho, 「同意語」and 「同義語」show up, but being interchangeable is a bit different from being synonyms. For example, “while” and “during” are synonyms, but they aren’t interchangeable.
     While I was sleeping, an earthquake happened.
     During I was sleeping, an earthquake happened. ❌

    The word that always comes up on DeepL is 「互換性」
     ”Wanna “は “want to “と互換性があります。
    However, when I look up example sentences, it’s used with computers and devices and is translated as “compatible.”

    Thank you as always!

    1. Hi Sora

      I’m happy to hear you have been visiting this site for many years. :)

      OK, the most common way to say “A and B are interchangeable” in Japanese is

      (You also say 置き換えることができる)

  39. Hello Maggie Sensei, Happy New Year and Wish you be Blessed with Good Health and Fortune

    This the first question on this year.

    1. What is the meaning of 僻む(ひがむ)
    2. What is the meaning of 振り回す in the sentence (彼女はいつも友達に振り回されていてイライラする)
    3. Are they have a same meaning : 取り繕う・決め込む・偽装

    Thank you very much

    1. Happy New Year! 明けましておめでとうございます! いい年になりますように🙏

      1. to have an inferiority complex feeling jealous of someone.

      2. 振り回す to involve someone into something for one’s own convenience in a selfish manner.
      For example, her friend says, “Let’s go out tomorrow and do something.” And though you were busy you arranged your schedule to go out with her. Then she said she changed her mind and she doesn’t want to go out anymore. So you rearrange your schedule. Then she said you should meet her somewhere instead. In this kind of situation you are 振り回されている.

      3. No, they are different.
      取り繕う to mend something/keep up with lies
      決め込む persist in doing something/make up one’s mind
      偽装 disguise


      1. sensei thank to explain in detailed manner. 改めてあけましておめでとうございます。

  40. みなさん、明けましておめでとうございます!
    Happy New Year, everyone! 🐶

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