〜をした/している ( = ~ wo shita/ shiteiru ) Describing one’s features/shapes/color


= Kiiro to orenji to aoi iro wo shita kireina sensei wa, daaare da?

= Who is the beautiful yellow, orange, and blue teacher?


無断転載禁止(All rights reserved)

Hi everyone!

I am your guest teacher, Yuppy.

Look at my beautiful feathers!


= Kireina iro wo shite iru desho?

= The colors are beautiful, aren’t they?

So today I am going to teach you how to describe features with the verb forms, した ( = shita) and している ( = shiteiru) 

〜を ( = wo) した ( – shita) /している ( = shiteiru)

1. Describe person’s or animal’s physical feature or facial expressions:

1) physical feature, facial expression + body part + ( = wo) + した ( = shita) + person

For example, when you describe a girl with blue eyes, you say

physical feature + ( = no) + noun (person ) 


= aoi me no onna no ko

You can also say


= Aoi me wo shita onnna no ko

You usually use it for people but occasionally you can use it for a personalized object.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

There is an old song in Japan


= Aoi me wo shita oningyou

= A doll with blue eyes

Ex. 細い腕をした子供

= Hosoi ude wo shita kodomo.

= A child with thin arms. 

Ex. 長い髪をした女の子が好きだ。

= Nagai kami wo shita onnanoko ga suki da.

= I like a girl with long hair.

Ex. パッチリした目をした赤ちゃんですね。

= pacchiri shita me wo shita akachan desune.

= Your baby has big eyes! 

Ex. 太い眉をした男の人

= Futoi mayu wo shita otoko no hito.

= A man with thick eyebrows.

Ex. きれいな色をした鳥が毎朝、庭に飛んでくる。

= Kireina iro wo shita tori ga maiasa, niwa ni tonde kuru.

= A beautifully colored bird flies into the yard every morning. 

2) Someone + ( = wa) + physical feature /facial expression + body part + ( = wo ) している ( = shiteiru) /(past tense) していた ( = shiteita) 

Ex. きれいな目をしているね。

= Kireina me wo shite iru ne.

= You have beautiful eyes, don’t you?

Ex. 妹は大きな目をしているが僕の目は小さい。

= Imouto wa ookina me wo shite iru ga boku no me wa chiisai.

= My little sister has big eyes but my eyes are small.

Ex. 長い爪をしているとタイプがしにくいんじゃない?

= Nagai tsume wo shiteiru to taipu ga shinikuin janai?

= Isn’t it hard to type with long nails?

Ex. 彼はがっしりした体格をしている

= Kare wa gashiri shita taikaku wo shite iru.

= He is muscular and well-built.

Ex. 赤ちゃんは、プクプクしたほっぺたをしている

= Akachan wa, pukupuku shita hoppeta wo shiteiru.

= Babies have chubby cheeks.  

Ex. どうしたの?真っ青な顔色をして

= Doushita no? Massao na kaoiro wo shite.

= What’s wrong? You look pale….

Ex. 彼女は、あんなに細い指をしているのにピアノの演奏はとても力強い。

= Kanojo wa, annnani hosoi yubi wo shite iru noni piano no ensou wa totemo chikarazuyoi.

= Even though she has such thin fingers, the way she plays the piano is so powerful. 

Ex. あの子、何かあったのかなあ。泣きそうな顔をしていたよ。

= Anoko, nanni ka atta no kanaa. Nakisouna kao wo shite ita yo.

= I wonder if something happened to him/her. He/She looked like he/she was about to cry. 

Ex. 浮かない顔をしてどうしたの?

= Ukanai kao wo shite dou shita no?

= Why the long face? 

Idiomatic expression

Ex. あまり大きな顔をしないで。

= Amai ookina kao wo shinaide.

= Don’t act big! 

3) physical feature / facial expression + body part + ( = wo ) して ( = shite) + verb 

You see lots of expressions with ( = kao) face and ( = me) eyes because you express your emotions with your face and eyes.

Ex. 子供: 「お父さん、お願い! このゲーム買って!」

= Kodomo: Otousan, onegai! Kono geemu katte! 

= Child:  Dad, please! Buy me this game.


= Chichi: Sonna kawaii kao wo shite tanomaretara iya to ienai naa.

= Father: I guess I can’t say no if you beg me with such a cute face.

Ex. 彼女にお金を貸してといったら渋い顔をして千円貸してくれた。

= Kanojo ni okane wo kashite to ittara shibui kao wo shite senen kashite kureta.

= She lent me 1,000 yen with a sour face when I asked her to lend me some money.

Ex. あそこに困った顔をして立っている男の子がいるよ。話しかけてきたら?

= Asoko ni komatta kao wo shite tatte iru otokonoko ga iru yo. Hanashikakete kitara?

= There is a boy with a worried look. Why don’t you go talk to him?

Ex. 子猫は怯えた目をしてこちらを見ていた。

= Koneko wa obieta me wo shite kochira wo mite ita.

= The kitten looked this way with with frightened eyes.

Right after taking a picture

Ex. あっ、もう一枚写真撮って!変な顔*しちゃった

= Ah, mou ichimai shashin totte! Henna kao shichatta.

= Ah, can you take one more picture? I made a funny face by accident. 

(You sometimes drop ( = wo) in casual speech.) 


2: Describe the color or shape of objects

It is not so common  but you sometimes describe the color or shape of objects with ~をした ( = wo shita)

1) Description of color/shape をした ( = ~ wo shita) + object 

四角いスイカ = Shikakui suika = square watermelon


= Shikakui katachi wo shita suika

= Square shaped watermelon 

Ex. あそこに四角い形をしたすいかが売ってるよ。

= Asoko ni shikakui katachi wo shita suika ga utteru yo.

= They are selling square shaped watermelons over there.

Ex. フレンチブルの形をしたクッキーをもらった。

= Furenchiburu no katachi wo shita kukkii wo moratta.

= I got French bulldog shaped cookies.

2) something ( = wa) + description + shape / color + ( = wo) + している ( = shite iru) / (past tense) していた ( = shiteita) 

Ex. 夕暮れ時、空は燃えるようなオレンジ色をしていた

= Yuuguredoki, sora wa moeru you na orenji iro wo shiteita.

= The dusk sky looked like a flaming orange.


= Kono happa, haato mitai na katachi wo shite irune.

= The shape of this leaf looks like a heart.


マギー先生より = Maggie Sensei yori  = From Maggie Sensei


= Yuppy Sensei, arigatou!

= Thank you, Yuppy Sensei!


= Watashi ni mo sonnna ni kireina hane ga attara ii noni…

= I wish I had such beautiful wings…


= Jaa, minna ni shitsumon desu.

= OK, I have a question for all of you.


= Mijikai shippo wo shita kawaii sensei wa dare?

= Who is the cute teacher with short tail?

 :rrrr: 答え= Kotae = The answer

 :rrrr: = Watashi = Me!  😉


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  1. Hello マギー先生
    I wanted to know what is the difference between these sentences –



    And also
    “Someone + は ( = wa) + physical feature /facial expression + body part + を ( = wo ) している ( = shiteiru) /(past tense) していた ( = shiteita) ”

    Why do we use は instead of が here?

    1. Hello Milk,

      They mean the same and the English translation is the same. A girl with blue eyes.
      But generally している describes the state more vividly compared to した.

      When you are talking about someone as a topic, you use は
      As for him, he has blue eyes.

      You use が only when you emphasize what comes before in this case.
      For example, the listener wasn’t sure who has blue eyes.
      The listener: 誰が青い目をしているって言った? Aさんが青い目をしているの?
      You: 違うよ。Bさんが青い目をしているんだよ。

  2. Hello Sensei, by the way, thank you for the lesson. I loved it :)
    Sensei do you have a Telegram group or something like that, so we can asking questions directly to you sensei?

    1. Hi oden

      I’m happy to hear you liked this lesson.
      Sorry I don’t have a Telegram group.
      But if it is not too personal, feel free to use Maggie’s Room or any comment section. :)

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