=Watashi nani wo kite mo niau desho?
=Don’t I look good no matter what I wear?
Today we will learn how to say “wear” and “put on” in Japanese.
In English, “wear” and “put on” take many objects.
Ex. wear clothes, perfume, make up, pants, shoes, glasses… or put on a sweater, skirt, jacket, etc.
But in Japanese, we have to use different verbs depending on the items.
Are you ready?
First the most common verb to wear/to put on in Japanese is 着る ( = kiru)
~を着る = to wear, to put on something
Clothes is 服 = fuku so “to wear clothes” is
服を着る = fuku wo kiru
:i: *You need the particle を=o= to take an object.
The action of putting on the clothes is 服を着る ( = fuku wo kiru ) (the past tense is 服を着た ( = fuku wo kita). This can also be used as an adjective clause, 服を着た犬 ( = fuku wo kita inu) =a dog who is wearing clothes. )
And if you describe the condition, it will be 服を着ている ( = fuku wo kite iru) (the past tense is 服を着ていた (= fuku wo kite ita)
= Hayaku fuku wo kinasai!
= Hurry up and put on your clothes!
= Kanojo wa akai fuku wo kite ita.
= She was wearing red clothes.
= Kinou nani wo kite ita ka omoidasenai.
= I don’t remember what I was wearing yesterday.
Now let’s learn how the verb changes depending on the items.
•ドレスを着る = doresu wo kiru = to wear or put on a dress
•シャツを着る = shatsu wo kiru = to wear or put on a shirt
•パジャマを着る = pajama wo kiru = to wear or put on a pajamas
:l: The basic pattern → (item) を ( = wo) +verb
( :i: Don’t forget the particle を ( = wo) before the verb. )
Items that you wear on top of something,
•コート = kouto=a coat →+を ( = wo)+ 着る ( = kiru) or はおる ( = haoru) = to put on or slip on
•上着 = uwagi = jacket →+を ( = wo)+ 着る ( = kiru) or はおる ( = haoru) = to put on or slip on
•ジャケット=jaketto = jacket , →+を ( = wo)+着る ( = kiru) or はおる ( = haoru ) = to put on or slip on
•カーディガン = caadigan = cardigan →+を ( = wo)+ 着る ( = kiru) or はおる ( = haoru) = to put on or slip on
For the items you wear on your head,
かぶる= 被る= kaburu
• 帽子 = boushi = hat 被る = + を ( = wo) + かぶる ( = kaburu)
• かつら ( = katsura), ウィッグ ( = wiggu) , ズラ ( = zura) (slang) = wig
→+を ( = wo)+ 被る = かぶる ( = kaburu ) or つける ( = tsukeru) or する (= suru)
For the items you wear on your head but don’t use かぶる = kaburu for,
•ヘアーアクセサリー ( = heaa akusesarii ) = hair accessaries. → + を (=wo)+つける ( = tsukeru) ,する (= suru)
•イヤホーン ( = iyahon) =earphone→+を ( = wo)+つける ( = tsukeru) ,する (= suru)
On your face,
•お面 = omen = mask →+を ( = wo) + つける = tsukeru、被る = tsukeru/kaburu
•マスク * = masuku = mask→+ を ( = wo) +被る ( = kaburu ) , →つける ( = tsukeru) する ( = suru)
* When you are talking about surgical mask you don’t use 被る ( = kaburu )
•化粧 = keshou = make up →+ を ( = wo) +する ( = suru)
•口紅 = kuchibeni = lipstick →+ を ( = wo) + する ( = suru ) / つける ( = tsukeru) / 引く ( = hiku) / 塗る ( = nuru)
•ファンデーション = fandeeshon = foundation →+ を ( = wo)+つける ( = tsukeru) 、する ( = suru)
•アイライン = airain = eye line →+ を ( = wo) + 入れる ( = ireru)
•マスカラ = masukara = mascara = →+ を ( = wo) + つける ( = tsukeru) 、塗る ( = nuru)、する(= suru)
Lower body :
We use はく = haku for the items you wear on your lower body.
It has two kanji. 履く& 穿く
If the items are for your feet, use 履 and if they are for your lower body — from your waist down — but above your foot, use 穿.
Since 穿く is not 常用漢字 ( = jouyoukanjuji )=designated commonly used kanji, you can write in hiranaga.)
(Note : 履物 = hakimono = footwear ）
•ズボン = zubon=a pair of pants →+ を ( = wo) + はく = 穿く( = haku)
•スカート = skirt →+ を ( = wo) + はく = 穿く ( = haku), Sometimes people use 着る( = kiru) as well.
• 靴 = kutsu = shoes →+ を ( = wo) + はく ＝ 履く ( = haku)
•靴下 = kutsushita = socks → + を ( = wo) +履く ( = haku)
•ストッキング = pantyhose → + を ( = wo) +はく = 穿く ( = haku)
Hands and fingers,
•指輪 = yubiwa = ring →+ を ( = wo) + はめる ( = hameru) or つける ( = tsukeru) ／ する ( = suru)
•手袋 = tebukuro = gloves → + を ( = wo) + はめる ( = hameru) or する ( = suru)
(Note : As you might have noticed, we use 〜をする ( = ~ wo suru) for many items. But they are very conversational.
If you have to take an exam, I would say stick to the first verb I listed.)
•下着 = shitagi = underwear if it is the bottom underwear → を ( = wo) + はく ( = haku) or つける ( = tsukeru)
If it is ブラ (= bura) bra,
→+ を ( = wo )+つける ( = tsukeru) (or する = suru)
•香水 = kousui = perfume →+ を ( = wo) + つける ( = tsukeru)
Eyeglasses and sunglasses,
•めがね ( = megane )= eye glasses →+を (=wo)+かける ( = kakeru)
•サングラス ( = sangurasu )= sunglasses →+を ( = wo) + かける ( = kakeru)
•マフラー ( = mafuraa )= a muffler →+を ( = wo) + する ( = suru) → 巻く ( = maku )= to wrap, put something around
•スカーフ ( = sukaafu ) = a scarf →+を ( = wo) + する ( = suru)、巻く ( = maku )= to wrap, put something around
•ネックレス ( = nekkureru)= necklace → + を ( = wo) + つける ( = tsukeru) = put on or する ( = suru) = wear
•ネクタイ ( = nekutai ) = necktie →+を ( = wo)+締める ( = shimeru) / する ( = suru)
:qq: When you describe the condition,
★〜を着る ( = ~ wo kiru) → 〜を着ている ( = ~ wo kite iru)
★〜をかぶる ( = ~ wo kaburu ) →〜をかぶっている ( = ~ wo kabutte iru)
★〜をつける ( = ~ wo tsukeru ) →〜をつけている ( = ~ wo tsukete iru)
★〜をする ( = ~ wo suru )→〜をしている ( = ~ wo shiteiru)
★〜を履く/穿く = (~ wo haku )→〜を履／穿いている ( = ~ wo haite iru)
★〜を巻く （= ~ wo maku →〜を巻いている (= ~ wo maite iru)
★〜を塗る ( = ~ wo nuru →〜を塗っている ( = ~ wo nutte iru)
★〜を入れる ( = ~ wo ireru ) →〜を入れている ( = ~ wo irete iru)
= Maggie wa kyou nani wo kite imasuka?
= What is Maggie wearing today?
= Kanojo no kabutte iru boushi ga hoshii!
= I want the hat that she is wearing!
= Ii yubiwa wo hamete (or shite) imasune.
= That’s a nice ring (you’re have on)!
Do you wanna learn more?
着= kiru, chaku, ki, gi = to wear, to arrive, to stick
•着物 (= kimono) = Kimono
•重ね着 ( = kasanegi) = layered clothing
→verb = 重ね着（を）する( = kasanegi (wo) suru)
•厚着 ( = atsugi) = heavy clothing
→verb = 厚着（を）する( = atsugi (wo) suru)
•薄着 ( = usug) light clothing
→ verb = 薄着（を）する ( = usugi (wo) suru)
•オシャレ(お洒落）着 = osharegi = fancy (fine) clothes
マギー先生より= Maggie sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei
Be careful if you say パンツをかぶる ( = pantsu wo kaburu) it means to wear underwear “on your
head” and people would think you are 変態 ( = hentai ) pervert! !
Will you be my Patron?
I appreciate your support! サポートありがとう！
Hi Maggie-sensei, I have a question. You mentioned 服を着た犬 can be used as an adjective clause and on the other hand, 服を着ている is used to describe condition.
What is the difference? If I saw a dog wearing clothes walked past, do I say 服を着た犬を見かけた or 服を着ている犬を見かけた?
The translation could be the same.
Maybe it will be easier to understand the difference if I translated as follows.
服を来た犬 = a dressed dog / 服を着ている犬 a dog who is wearing clothes
thank you for your reply.
dressed dog and dog who is wearing clothes sound similar. does that mean 服を着た犬 and 服を着ている犬 are same and interchangeable?
and if i saw the dog yesterday, do i say 服を着ている犬を見かけた or 服を着ていた犬を見かけた?
Yes, they are very similar and the difference is very subtle. (Just 着ている is focusing on the current state and 着た is “a dog in clothes.” ) so I guess they are interchangeable.
As for the past tense, 服を着ている犬を見かけた is more natural.
How would I ask someone if I am wearing something correctly?
Example: I am wearing a yukata for the first time. How would I ask someone if I am wearing the yukata correctly?
You can use the word
着方=きかた=kikata =the way you wear
= Yukata no kikata wa kore de atte imasu ka?
How would you say “i like girls who wear makeup?” boucingheart!
You say →お化粧をしている女の子が好きです/好きだ。
Hi sensei maggie. Would you please tell me how to ask for clothes suggestion to a japanese ?
Sure. I can help you. What kind of expressions would you like to know?
= Kono burausu niwa donna sukaato ga aimasu ka?
= What kind of skirt will go well with this blouse.
hi can you please give me a sample in presenting new clothing line in nihonggo? we are having a japanese presentation in class and our group is tasked to present new era of kimonos. It includes the history of kimonos and how we came up with such an idea of revising the kimonos into a fashionable way. Our sensei wants everything in japanese and i am having a trouble in this project. pls reply. i would really appreciate it.
It is hard to help you because I don’t know how you want to present new type of kimono.
something like that?
My suggestion : Use Japanese google and go check modern kimono sites and see how they introduce kimono.
How can you say, “I want to wear a yukata,” in the context of talking about yukatas. I’m writing to my Japanese friend in Tokyo, and I want to reply back. Thank you, Kaylie.
You say 浴衣を着たいです。
If you meant to tell your friend, “I would love to try wearing yukata” you say 浴衣を着てみたいです。= Yukata wo kite mitai desu. (Between friends 浴衣を着てみたいな。= Yukata wo kite mitai na)
Thank you so much, Maggie! I’m going to tell my Japanese classmates about this site!
You’re welcome! boucingheart!
Thanks for the lesson!)
But there is one thing that’s not clear to me… For example, I need the say: “In winter, I usually wear a coat and boots.”
What word should I use when I wear different things at the same time?
Would it be correct to say 冬に私はよくコートやブーツをきます? Or I need something else here instead of きます？
Ahh good question. You have to use the difference verbs.
This may sound crazy but if you wear a coat, gloves, a cap and a pair of boots, you say
This question has been bothered me for the past few days already.
Japanese is such a crazy language:D But in the good way!
どういたしまして！I know sometimes it is a pain to learn all the different verbs and stuff but I am glad to hear you like learning Japanese.
Wow! This helps alot! But can you help, I want to know how to say I bought a new shirt yesterday? Thank you so much!
I bought a new shirt yesterday
Hi I’m trying to figure out how to say ” I wore shorts” the context being “it was very warm so I wore shorts” I have all of it up until the wore shorts bit. Also I’m taught by a Japanese man who grew up in japan and is fluent and according to him to wear on the lower body or footwear is はいています, so if you could sete straight that would be a great help.
You say 履く(=haku) for shorts.
“it was very warm so I wore shorts”
暖かかったからショーツ（we also say 短パン(=tanpan))を履いた。
= Atatakakatta kara shootsu (or tanpan) wo haita.
This has helped me a lot with my homework.
This site is very informative and helpful.
ありがとうございました Maggie 先生。
Thank you for the nice comment!! I am very happy to hear that! ありがとう！ !happyface!
This is a very nice lesson, however, may I suggest that you perhaps either make a small change to, or, add a note in order to make it easier for your readers regarding お面/マスク?
Unless I’m terribly mistaken, お面 descibes just about any kind of mask that you can put on your face (e.g. a Pikachu-mask, etc.). マスク, on the other hand, seems to only be used for surgical masks.
Anyway, thank you very much for your very useful site. :-)
Thank you for your comment.
Though マスク is not only be used for surgical masks (Ex プロレスラーマスク、キャッチャーマスク, 仮面, etc), it might be confusing so I added a little note.
I’m just starting out learning and was wondering if I want to say “I want to wear sandals” would it be サンダルを履くしたい? Is that way ok?
“I want to wear sandals” is サンダルを履きたい
I was looking through your website last night and stumbled across this lesson^^ I always thought that this part of japanese with wearing clothes was SOOO complicated, but now that I read your lesson nanka simple-ppoi ne…. u are such a great sensei Maggie!!! you could make anything seem plain and clear ^_^ arigatou :)
oh and so would it be tsukematsuge o tsukeru/suru then?
Good! Now you know the trick!
Right! つけまつげ will be つけまつげをする or つける