How to use 限り ( = kagiri) ・限る ( = kagiru)

kagiri

日本語を勉強するなら猫の先生に限るよ。

= Nihongo wo benkyou suru nara neko no sensei ni kagiru yo.

= A cat teacher is the best to study Japanese with.


Hi everyone! I am your guest teacher today, Polly.

よろしく! (= Yoroshiku! ) Nice to meet you!

Today’s lesson is a request lesson.
I will teach you how to use the word 限り ( = かぎり)  kagiri and 限る ( = かぎる)kagiru.
It is listed as an N2 level word but once you learn how to use it, you’ll find it isn’t so hard to use.
Here we go!

限り ( = かぎり)  kagiri : (noun)  limit

:rrrr: (verb限る ( = kagiru) to limit

★How to use it:

★noun + ( = ni) + 限る ( = kagiru) /  (more polite) 限ります ( = kagirimasu) : = Something is only limited to ~

(1)  Something is only limited to ~

Ex. このゲームの購入は、お一人様1個に限ります。

= Kono geimu no kounyuu wa, ohitorisama ikko ni kagirimasu.

= (Literal translation: The purchase of this game is limited to one game per person.)

= One game per person per purchase.

Ex. この映画は15歳以上の人に限る

= Kono eiga wa juugosai  ijou no hito ni kagiru.

= This movie is for people 15 years old and older.

Ex. お申し込みはネットに限ります。

= Omoushikomi wa netto ni kagirimasu.

= We only accept applications through Internet.

 !Anapple! Net slang expression

ただしイケメンに限る 

= Tadashi ikemen ni kagiru

= Only if  you are  a cool handsome guy./ unless you are handsome/  Limited to a cute  guy

(written expression. You jokingly add this quote as a condition)

Ex. 夢がある男の人が好き。

ただしイケメンに限る

= Yume ga aru otokono hito ga suki.

= Tadashi ikemen ni kaigiru.

= I love a guy who has a dream.

 = But he has to be cute.

(2) noun/ verb present tense + 限る(= ni kagiru) nothing is better than ~ / ~ is the best

Ex. 寒い日は鍋に限る

= Samui hi wa nabe ni kagiru.

= There is nothing better than “hot-pot-cuisine” in winter.

Ex. 女の子が泣いていたらただ黙って話を聞いてあげるに限る

= Onnanoko ga naite itara tada damatte hanashi wo kiite ageru ni kagiru.

= When a girl is crying, it is best to just  listen to her.

Ex. 日本語の勉強は好きなアニメに限る

= Nihongo no benkyou wa sukina anime ni kagiru.

= There is nothing better than using favorite anime to study Japanese.

noun + 限り( = kagiri) = just ~/ limited in ~

noun + 限り ( = kagiri) +   ( = no) + noun

*To give some restrictions / conditions:

Ex. 力の限りがんばります。

= Chikara no kagiri ganbarimasu.

= I will do the best to my ability.

Ex. その場限りの言葉で慰めて欲しくない。

= Sonoba kagiri no kotoba de nagusamete hoshikunai.

= I don’t want them to console me with the words just for the occasion.

*time related word + 限り ( = kagiri)

*time related word + (wo) + 限り ( = kagiri) + ( = ni)  (more formal)

 :rrrr: as of the end of ~, some of the continuing action / event  will end, ~ will be the last day / week / month / year to do something

Ex. 制服を着るのも今日限りだ。

= Seifuku wo kiru no mo kyou kagiri da.

= Today is the last day wearing a uniform.

( I won’t wear it from tomorrow.)

Ex. 彼は今年限りで相撲を引退する。

= Kare wa kotoshi kagiri de sumou wo intai shimasu.

= He will retire from Sumo wrestling after this year.

Ex. 今日限りで彼と付き合うのをやめます。

= Kyou kagiri de kare to tsukiau no wo yamemasu.

= I won’t see him again after today.

(Today is the last day to see him.)

Ex. 本日限りで*退職いたします。

= Honjitsu kagiri de taishoku itashimasu.

= As of today, I am leaving this company.

* You can also say 本日を限り(= honjitsu wo kagiri ni) (more formal)

★  noun + ( = ni) + 限り ( = kagiri)/限って ( = kagitte):

(1) limited to ~, something happens,  you do something at a particular time

Ex. いつも日曜日はお休みですが、明日に限って仕事があります。

= Itsumo nichiyoubi wa oyasumi desu ga, ashita ni kagitte shigoto ga arimasu.

= I usually have a day off on Sundays but tomorrow is an exception. (I have to work tomorrow.)

Ex. この3日間に限り全品50%オフです。

= Kono mikka kan ni kagiri zenpin gojuppasento ofu desu.

= All the products are 50 percent off limited to these three days.

Ex. 今日に限って一万円札が財布に入っていない。

= Kyou ni kagitte ichiman-en satsu ga saifu ni haitte inai.

= Today of all days is the day I don’t have a 10,000 yen bill in my wallet.

(2) S is the last one to do something

Ex. うちの子に限ってそんなことをするはずはありません。

= Uchi no ko ni kagitte sonna koto wo suru hazu wa arimasen.

= My child is the last person who would do such a thing.
( My child would never do such a thing.)

Ex. 彼に限ってそんなことをするわけがない。

= Kare ni kagitte sonna koto wo suru wake ga nai.

= He is the last person who would do such a thing.

★  verb/adj + noun + ( = ni) + 限り ( = kagiri)/限って ( = kagitte) + something happens 

 :rrrr:   only when ~ , whenever ~ Just when, ~ ,

Ex. 夫はいつもは家にいないのに友達が来るときに限って出かけない。

= Otto wa itsumo wa ie ni inai noni tomodachi ga kuru toki ni kagitte dekakenai.

= My husband is usually not home but whenever my friends come over, he’s home.

Ex. いつも暇なのに今日に限って忙しい。

= Itsumo hima nano ni kyou ni kagitte isogashii.

= I am usually free, but today of all days I am busy.

Ex. 忙しい時に限って母から電話がある。

= Isogashii toki ni kagitte haha kara denwa ga aru.

= My mother calls me whenever I am busy.

Ex. 威張っている人に限って気が弱い。

= Ibatte iru hito ni kagitte  ki ga yowai.

= Those who are arrogant  tend to be cowards.

verb (present) plain form + 限り( = kagiri): as long as/as far as / unless

Ex. 自分が変わらない限り何も変わらない。

= Jibun ga kawaranai kagiri nanimo kawaranai.

= As long as you don’t change yourself, nothing will change.

Ex. マギー先生のサイトがある限り私は日本語の勉強を続けます。 :) 

= Maggie sensei no saito ga aru kagiri watashi wa nihongo no benkyou wo tsuzukemasu.

= As long as there Maggie Sensei’s exists, I will keep studying Japanese.

Ex. 僕は命がある限り、君のことを守ります。

= Boku wa inochi ga aru kagiri, kimi no koto wo mamorimasu.

= I will protect you as long as I am alive. ( = my whole my life)

Ex. 私の知る限り、それはありません。

= Watashi no shiru kagiri, sore wa arimasen.

= Not that what I know of.

verb (present) plain form + 限り( = kagiri) + ( = no) + noun

Ex. 私が知っている限りのことをお話します。

= Watashi ga shitte iru kagiri no koto wo ohanashi shimasu.

= I will tell you as much as I know.

Ex. 見渡す限りの雪景色

= Miwatasu kagiri no yukigeshiki

= There is nothing but snowscapes as far as the eye can see.

Ex. 出来る限りのことをします。

= Dekiru kagiri no koto wo shimasu.

= I will do as much as possible.

verb (present) plain form / noun++ 限り( = kagiri)+では ( = dewa)

Ex. 辞書を見た限りでは、そんな言葉はないようだ。

= Jisho wo mita kagiri dewa, sonna kotoba wa nai you da.

= As far as the dictionary, there seems to be no such a word.

Ex. 彼の様子を見たきた限りでは、別におかしなところはない。

=Kare no yousu wo mite kita kagiri dewa, betsu ni okashina tokoro wa nai.

= As far as I have been observing him, there is nothing strange about him.

~からといって~ とは限らない ( = to wa kagiranai) Just because ~ , it doesn’t mean ~

Ex. 毎日メールをくれるからといって彼が私のことを好きとは限らない

= Mainichi meiru wo kureru kara to itte kare ga watashi no koto wo suki towa kagiranai.

= Just because he texts me everyday, doesn’t mean he loves me.

Ex. いい大学を出たからといっていい会社に就職できるとは限らない

= Ii daigaku wo deta kara to itte ii kaisha ni shuushoku dekiru to wa kagiranai.

= Just because you graduated from a good university, doesn’t mean you’ll get a job at a nice company.

Ex. お金持ちだからといって気前がいいとは限らない

= Okanemochi dakara to itte kimae ga ii towa kagiranai.

= Just because being rich doesn’t mean being generous.

Ex. 彼から連絡がないからといって彼になにかあったとは限らない

= Kare kara renraku ga naikara to itte kare ni nani ka atta to wa kagiranai.

= Just because you haven’t heard from him, it doesn’t mean something happened to him.

~とは限らない ( = ~ to wa kagiranai.) to deny some common belief / suggesting other possibilities

Ex. 「100円のケーキと600円のケーキだったら600円のケーキの方が美味しいに決まっているじゃない。」

= Hyaku-en no keiki to roppyaku en no keiki dattara roppyaku en no keiki no hou ga oishii ni kimatte iru janai.

= If you compare 100 yen cake and 600 yen cake, it is obvious that the 600 yen cake is more delicious.

「でも高い方が美味しいとは限らないよ。」

= Demo takai hou ga oishii to wa kagiranai yo.

= But it is not necessarily true that the more expensive ones are more delicious.

Ex. 親が言うことがいつも正しいとは限らない

= Oya ga iu koto ga itsumo tadashii towa kagiranai.

= What parents say is not always right.

Ex. 日本人だから日本語を教えられるとは限らない

= Nihonjin dakara nihongo wo oshierareru towa kagiranai.

= Just because someone is Japanese, it doesn’t mean they can teach Japanese.

adjective + 限り( = kagiri) very ~

Ex. 試験にやっと合格したのは嬉しい限りです。

= Shiken ni yatto goukaku shita no wa ureshii kagiri desu.

= I am extremely happy that I finally passed the exam.

Ex. これからのことを考えると心細い限りだ。

= Korekara no koto wo kangaeru to kokoro bosoi kagiri da.

= Just thinking about my future makes me feel extremely uneasy.

*****
maggie-senseiマギー先生より = Maggie Sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei

Polly先生ありがとう!= Polly Sensei arigatou! = Thank you, Polly sensei.

みんながこのサイトに来てくれる限り、日本語のレッスンを作り続けます。

= Minna ga kono saito ni kite kureru kagiri, nihongo no ressun wo tsukuri tsuzukemasu.

= As long as you come visit this site, I will keep making Japanese lessons here.

***

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I appreciate your support!  サポートありがとう!

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27 Comments

  1. Maggie sensei,

    毎日の朝、Maggie先生のサイトを読むことになっています。
    (It becomes my habit (a rule) that I will read Maggie sensei site every morning). I write the English here for worrying of my bad Japanese , ひひ)

    だから、毎日質問が来ているです。。。
    で、毎日私からのコメントを見えますね。ごめん、先生。

    Today, my question is about this sentence

    彼に限ってそんなことをするわけがない。

    = Kare ni kagitte sonna koto wo suru wake ga nai.

    = He is the last person who would do such a thing.

    Does it mean 彼以外に他の人がそんなことをするわけがない, my sensei ?

    1. Hi
      彼に限ってそんなことをするわけがない。 means “There is no way that he would do such a thing.”
      Maybe other people would do but not him.
      So it doesn’t mean 彼以外に他の人がそんなことをするわけがない because that means he would do that but not other people.

      OK, let me help your Japanese sentences a little.

      毎日の朝、Maggie先生のサイトを読むことになっています。
      →毎朝、Maggie先生のサイトを読むことにしています。or 読むようになりました。
      だから、毎日質問が来ているです。。。→I guess it’s OK…How about 毎日、質問が出てきます。
      で、毎日私からのコメントを見えますね。→だから毎日、私からのコメントがあります。

      毎日、ここで勉強してくれてうれしいです。 ☺️

      1. Thank you sensei for correcting my Japanese.

        I understand that sentence now.
        But how about replacing にかぎってhere with にかぎり

        彼に限りそんなことをするわけがない。

        I am confused about にかぎって here. Since I think にかぎって is used to compare the situation in the 範囲 with にかぎって and the normal situation.

        Like
        彼は今日にかぎってかなり飲んだ。どうなたったかな。
        It means “普段はかれはあまり飲まないですけど今日だけかなりのんだ”

        Thank you sensei.

        1. Aさんに限り/限って〜Vない
          That would be the last thing that A would do.
          A won’t do such a thing.
          When you use (someoneに)限り/限って in a negative sentence, it means “someone” is the last person who would do that.

          今日に限ってかなり飲んだ
          It is an affirmative sentence. 限って modifies 今日 and it means “limited to /Only ~”
          →Just today

          1. Thank you sensei,
            わかりました。

            Ah sensei, 今N3を勉強していますけど、ちょっとN2の項目を読んでみました。で、サイトにN2の文法レッソンがあまり多くないと思います。N2の文法はどこにのせたですか、先生?

          2. N2はまだ少ないと思いますが、どのレッスンにもN2レベルの人が見ても何かを学んでもらえるような情報をいれています。

            最近、JLPTのレベル分けのTAGを入れましたが、About Usのページに書いてあるように、このサイトはJLPTのためのサイトではないのでもしJLPTの勉強だったらきちんとテキストを使って勉強した方がいいですよ。がんばってね。

  2. Hello Maggie Sensei, could you help me figure out the meaning of the following sentence:

    “自分は悪くないって言い張ってる人間に限って悪いんだよなあってのは一般論としてある点はマジで各位気をつけてくれな”

    If my interpretation is correct, it says something like
    “Since there’s a common opinion that the people who insist they’re not “bad” tend to be the “bad” ones, you have to be really careful (i.e.it implies that there’s a lot of such people out there?)”
    I’m not 100% sure what part of the setence “は一般論としてある点は” refers to.

    1. Maggie sensei,

      ありがとうございます!
      JLPTではないサイトですけど、Maggie先生のサイトを読んだら、きっと勝つはずですよ!覚えやすいのはこつです。
      ありがとうございます。

  3. Maggie Sensei, Thank you for your lessons. Please don’t tire making japanese lessons. I see your lessons very helpful since I am studying for my JLPT exams. In fact,I am making your site my default site.

    1. @Jodel Quijano

      Hi Jodel,
      Thank you so much for your nice message. I am happy to hear you find my lessons helpful.
      Don’t worry! I’ll never get tired of making lessons! :)

  4. マギー先生

    はじめまして、インドネシアから来ました。
    別のことですが、
    お聞きところがありますが、宜しいでしょうか。
    Written Warning is given up to twice every15days since the obligation is not fulfilled。
    義務が果たせない時からの15日間に2回まで警告された場合、書面での警告は与えられる」正しいでしょうか。
    教えて頂けませんか。御願いします。

    1. @Herlina

      こんにちは Herlina
      ちょっと語順を変えた方がいいと思いますよ。
      義務が果たされなくなってから15日に2回まで〜

  5. Hi Maggie Sensei! Thank you for all your lessons! When you use adjective + 限り and you wanted to make it past tense, you would say, for instance “うれしい限りだった” right?

    Another question that I tried to ask before but I’m not sure if my comment ever went through:
    What’s the difference between V+きる/V+きれない and V+おわる? I know V+きる has a meaning “to have successfully done/completely finished doing something” like I saw in that lesson, but so does V+おわる. Can you explain how they differ? Thanks!

    1. @Shi

      Sorry for the late reply, Shi.
      Your comment went through. I couldn’t activate your comment because I was away from home.
      うれしい限りだった →Yes, you use adjective+限り+だった for the past tense.

      V 終わる is focusing on the action, finish doing something.
      V きる is finish doing something with all your energy, power or focusing on completion until the last part of it.

      For example
      食べ終わる = finish eating. (simply you finish the action of eating.)
      食べ切る = You focus on what you are eating. It is usually use for large portion. When you finish eating until the last piece, you say 食べ切る。

  6. is it OK to say Okashii tokoro wa nai instead of okashina tokoro wa nai
    上にある文章には、おかしなところはないってよりも、おかしいところはない言っても正解ですか

    what I wanted to say is:
    Is it OK to say Okashii tokoro wa nai instead of okashina tokoro wa nai?

    If my sentence is wrong, can you teach me?

    thank you Maggie sensei :w:

    1. @Roro

      Hi Roro,
      You can use “代わりに” for “instead of”
      上の文章で「おかしなところはない」の代わりに「おかしいところはない」と言っても正解ですか(正しいですか)?

      1. oh yes.. I remembered that I studied ( kawari ni) before :)
        your sentence is much easier to understand than mine :(
        My problem is I forget to use such easy words but I recognize them quickly.. I guess it is because I know so many word that I even forget the easiest ones….

        but still you didn’t answer my question. is it right to say okashii tokoro instead of okashi na tokoro?

        thank you again Maggie sensei

  7. マギー先生、ご機嫌はいかが。

    Thank you very much for this lesson, this grammar was totally new to me. I love grammarlessons. Thats why I tested your explanations on a hundred or so sentences, and could translate all of them. Which officially makes this lesson a great one. !happyface!

    私の見る限りでは、二三の誤りだけです。

    “Tadasih ikemen ni kaigiru.” :rrrr: “tadashi” “kagiru”

    “Ex. 日本人だからと日本語を教えられるとは限らない。
    = Nihonjin dakara nihongo wo oshierareru towa kagiranai.” :rrrr: There’s a “と” thats not in the romaji

    “= Just because being rich doesn’t mean being generous.” Now thats difficult english grammar. You either need a subject (just because you’re rich doesn’t mean you’re generous), or omit “just because”.

    Since you didn’t cover na-adjectives+kagiri, I tried to search for combinations of -na+kagiri, but they seem to be rare, I could only find a few examples like 必要な限り(as long as necessary), 可能な限り (as much as possible), お金持ちな限り (as long as you are rich). I’m wondering, could one use other na-adjectives or nouns in this way and would “as … as” be the general translation pattern for these cases?

    事前にご苦労様です。

    1. @Zetsuboumanadeshi

      こんにちは! 早速、スペルチェックしてくれてありがとう!!!(As for the English translation, “it” was missing as a subject.)
      You can say 必要な限り, 可能な限り お金持ちな限り
      You also say
      必要である限り
      可能である限り
      お金持ちである限り

      I wouldn’t say na-adjecitve + 限り is rare compared to i-adjecitve+限り
      元気な限り
      静かな限り
      好きな限り
      You can also use with katakana word
      ハッピーな限り…etc.

      (事前のご苦労様です→I know you meant “Thank you for your work in advance but “よろしくお願いします” is more natural.)

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