How to use つく / ついている= tsuku/ tsuite iru (Mini Lesson)

April 23, 2015 in Beginners, Mini Lesson from No.124


tsuiteiru1

「なんか鼻についてるよ!」

= Nanka hana ni tsuiteruyo!

= You have something on your nose!

tsuiteiru2

「マギー先生の頭にもなにかついていますよ。」

= Maggie sensei no atama nimo nanika tsuite imasuyo.

= You have something on your head, too, Maggie Sensei.

「取って!」

= Totte!

= Get rid of it!



Hi everyone,

Today’s lesson is a verb ついている(= 付いている)( = tsuite iru)

 :rrrr: dictionary form : 付く= つく= tsuku)

There are so many meanings and idioms using つく(=tsuku) but I will focus on a few major usages in this lesson.

1) to stick to something, to have something on the surface, to leave some mark, to stain,

See the pictures? There is something on the bear’s nose.

「なんか鼻についてるよ!」

=Nanka hana ni tsuiteruyo!

= You have something on your nose

Note : casual contraction called  い抜き言葉= inuki kotoba=the words which skips (=i)

In casual conversation, we sometimes drop (=i) so instead of the standard 「ついてる」 you’ll see 「ついてる」.

It is considered grammatically wrong but people say that all the time so  I will use it in this lesson.

ついている (=tsuite iru)

 :rrrr: casual contraction

*ついてる(=tsuiteru)

(negative form

ついていない (=tsuite inai)

:rrrr: casual contraction

*ついてない (=tsuitenai)

******
「マギー先生の頭にもなにかついていますよ。」

= Maggie sensei no atama nimo nanika tsuite imasuyo.

= You have something on your head, too, Maggie Sensei.

「取って!」

= Totte!

= Get rid of it!

******

Ex. ドレスにクリーニングのタグがついているのを知らずに一日過ごした。

= Doresu ni kuriiningu no tagu ga tsuiteiru no wo shirazu ni ichinichi sugoshita.

= I spent the whole day — never noticing that I had a dry cleaner’s tag on my dress.

Ex. ほっぺたにご飯粒がついてるよ。

=Hoppeta ni gohantsubu ga tsuiteruyo.

= You have a grain of rice on your cheek.

Note: ついてる(=tsuiteru) ←(casual contraction) ついている(=tsuite iru)

If you want to stress the stickiness, you use くっつく(=kuttsuku)

Ex. 靴の底にガムがついた

= Kutsu no soko ni gamu ga tsuita.

= Gum stuck to the bottom of my shoes.

:u:

* 靴の底にガムがくっついた。

= Kustu no soko ni gamu ga kuttsuita.

Ex. コートにシミがついていますよ。

= Kooto ni shimi ga tsuite imasu yo.

= You got a stain on your  coat.

Ex. 手にペンキがついた

= Te ni penki ga tsuita.

= I got some paint on my hand.

2) to accompany, to come with something extra, to be attached

Ex. この車にはナビがついている

=Kono kuruma niwa  nabi ga tsuite iru.

= This car has a navigation system.

Note: You could also say:

この車にはナビがある。/ ない。

= Kono kuruma niwa nabi ga aru.

= There is/isn’t  a navigation system in this car.

= This car has a navigation system.

The translation is the same but ある means ” to have ~ , there is / are ~ “.  We use them when we talk about the existence or possession of something.

When something is attached to ~, installed,  included,  comes with ~ or contains ~, you use, ついている (=tsuite iru)

So この車にはナビがついている means  “This car got the navigation system “attached” . (=This car has a navigation system.)

Ex. このホテルの部屋にはテレビがついていない

= Kono hoteru no heya niwa terebi ga tsuite inai.

= This hotel room doesn’t come with a TV.

When you just talk about whether or not you have a TV in your house, you  can simply say:

*うちにはテレビがない。

= Uchi ni wa terebi ga nai.

= We don’t have a  TV in my house. /  There isn’t a TV in my house.

When you just talk about if you have a TV or not in your house.

If you say

*うちにはテレビがついていない

= Uchi ni wa terebi ga tsuite inai.

= My house doesn’t come with a TV.

It sounds funny because ついている (=tsuiteiru) means “to come with” and often used for an additional service.

Ex. 私の携帯(電話)にはカメラがついていない

= Watashi no keitai (denwa) niwa kamera ga tsuite inai.

= My cell phone doesn’t have a camera. (←My cell phone doesn’t come with a camera.)

Ex. 新しいモデルにはたくさんの機能がついています

= Atarashii moderu niwa takusan no kinou ga tuite imasu.

= A new model has a lot of features.

Ex. その部屋にはお風呂がついていますか?

= Sono heya niwa ofuro ga tsuite imasuka?

= Does that room have a bathroom?

Note: If you say ありますか(=arimasuka), you simply asks the existence of the bathroom in the room. (Is there a bathroom in the room?)

Ex. どの製品にもバーコードがついています

= Dono seihin nimo baakoodo ga tsuite imasu.

= Do all products have barcodes. (←Bar-codes are attached to any products.)

Ex. このメニューにはドリンクがついていますか?

= Kono menuu niwa dorinku ga tuite imasuka?

= Does this dish come with a drink?

Ex. 「味噌煮込みうどんにはご飯がついています。」

= Misonikomi udon niwa gohan ga tsuite imasu.

= This miso noodle come with rice.

:u: (If you come to Nagoya, try this noodle! ) :)

misonikomi-350x250

Ex. この雑誌には化粧ポーチがついています

= Kono zasshi niwa keshou pouchi ga tsuite imasu.

= This magazine comes with a makeup bag (as a gift).

Note:  You can use ついてくる(=tsuite kuru)  to come with ~

Ex. 今、この雑誌を買うと化粧ポーチがついてきます

= Ima, kono zasshi wo kau to keshou pouchi ga tsuite kimasu.

= (Literally) If you buy this magazine, it comes with a makeup bag.

= If you buy this magazine now, you can get a makeup bag as a gift.

Ex. このDVDプレーヤーには保障がついていない

= Kono DVD pureiyaa niwa hoshou ga tsuite inai.

= This DVD players didn’t come with a guarantee.

= This DVD doesn’t have a guarantee.

Ex.朝食はついていますか?

= Choushoku wa tsuite imasu ka?

= Does it come with breakfast? / Is breakfast included?

You can use it with people (or a dog!?)

Ex. みんなにはマギー先生がついています

= Minna niwa Maggie sensei ga tsuite imasu.

= Maggie Sensei has all of your backs.

Ex.  母がずっとついて看病をしてくれた。

= Haha ga zutto tsuite kanbyou wo shite kureta.

= My mother was taking care of me the whole time.

3) to be lucky, to be in luck

Ex. 今日はなんだかついている

= Kyou wa nandaka tsuiteiru.

= I am somehow lucky today.

Ex. ホテルの部屋、アップグレードしてもらっちゃった!ついてるなあ。

= Hoteru no heya, appugureido shite moracchatta! Tsuiterunaa.

= I got my hotel room upgraded. I am so lucky.

Note : ついてる(=tsuiteru) ←(Casual contraction) ついている(=tsuiteiru)

 

***********************
maggie-senseiマギー先生より= Maggie Sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei

みんなには私が先生としてついていますからね!だから絶対に日本語上手になりますよ♩

= Minna niwa watashi ga sensei to shite tsuite imasu kara ne.Dakara zettai ni nihongo, jouzu ni narimasuyo.

= You have me as a teacher so I can guarantee that your Japanese will improve for sure!