How to use 方 (=kata)

January 19, 2015 in Beginners, Grammar, Sentence pattern


kata

「ねえ、眉毛の描き、間違っていない?」

= Nee,  mayuge no kakikata, machigatte inai?

= Hey,  isn’t  the way you draw your eyebrows wrong ?


Hello everyone!

Today’s guest teacher is from Hokkaido.

He taught you how to do 自己紹介(=jikoshoukai)  the other day. Remember him?

I don’t know what his real name is but since he has funny eyebrows let’s call him 眉先生(=Mayu Sensei) Eyebrows-Sensei.

 眉先生、お願いします!! !JYANE! 

= Mayu-Sensei, onegai shimasu!!

= Mayu-Sensei, please go ahead!

 

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Hello! I am your guest teacher again today and I am VERY happy to be back here.

But why does Maggie keep calling me ” 眉先生 (= Mayu Sensei) Eyebrow-Sensei“?

What is wrong with my eyebrows? Wait! Do I have eyebrows???

Anyway,  today‘s lesson is for beginners and we will learn how to use (=kata).

 !star! How to form:

*verb + (=kata)

Ex.  verb 歌う(=utau) to sing

1) verb ます (=masu) form

 :rrrr:  歌います (=utaimasu)

2) delete ます (=masu)

 :rrrr:  歌い (=utai)

3)  add (=かた= kata)

 :rrrr: 歌い(=utaikata) 

Ex. 歌いが上手い

= Utaikata ga umai

to sing well (The song someone sings is good.)

Simple isn’t it?

Now I will show you some examples.

遊ぶ (= asobu) to play

:rrrr: 遊び(= asobikata ) how to play

Ex. このゲームの遊びは複雑だ。

= Kono geimu no asobikata wa fukuzatsuda.

= The way you play this game is very complicated.

書く (=kaku) to write

:rrrr: 書き(=kakikata)  the way you write, how to write

Ex. 手紙の書きがわからない。

= tegami no kakikata ga wakaranai.

= I don’t know how to write a letter

使う (= tsukau) to use

:rrrr: 使い(=tsukai kata) how to use ~ , the way you use ~

Ex. このソフトの使いについて聞いてもいいですか?

= Kono sofuto no tsukai kata ni tsuite kiite mo ii desu ka?

= May I ask you how to use this software?

やる (=yaru) to do

:rrrr: やり方  (=yarikata ) how to do something, the way you do something.

Ex. 仕事のやりを変えたい。

= Shigoto no yarikata wo kaetai.

= I would like to change the way I work.

結ぶ (=musubu) to tie

 :rrrr: 結び(=musubikata ) the way you tie ~ / how to tie ~

Ex. 蝶ネクタイの結びを誰か知っていますか?

= Chounekutai no musubikata wo dare ka shitte imasuka?

= Does anybody know how to tie a bow tie?

読む (=yomu )  to read

 :rrrr: 読み(=yomikata)

Ex. この漢字の読みを教えて下さい。

= Kono kanji no yomikata wo oshiete kudasai.

= Please tell me how to read this kanji.

持つ (=motsu) to hold

 :rrrr: 持ち(= mochikata )  the way you hold ~ / how to hold ~

Ex. 箸の持ちが上手くなってきましたね。

= Hashi no mochikata ga umaku natte kimashitane.

= The way you use (hold) the chopsticks has gotten better, hasn’t it?

考える (=kangaeru) to think

 :rrrr: 考え方  (=kangaekata ) the way you think, how to think, one’s mindset, opinion

Ex. 彼に出会ってから考えが変わりました。

= Kare ni deatte kara kangaekata ga kawarimashita.

= Since I met him the way I think has changed.

食べる (= taberu) to eat

 :rrrr: 食べ方  (=tabekata) the way you eat, how to eat

Ex. 蟹の上手な食べを教えてあげます。

= Kani no jouzuna tabekata wo oshiete agemasu.

= I will show you how to eat crab properly.

する (=suru) to do

 :rrrr:  かた / We also write in it kanji, (=shikata ) how to do things

Ex. 日本語の勉強のしかた/仕を教えて下さい。

= Nihongo no benkyou no shikata wo oshiete kudasai.

= Please tell me how to study Japanese.

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It is very useful to know how to use (=kata) when you are traveling in Japan,too.

Ex. 地下鉄の乗りを教えて下さい。

= Chikatetsu no norikata wo oshiete kudasai.

= Can you tell me how to ride a subway?

Ex. チケットの買いを教えて頂けますか? (polite)

= Chiketto no kaikata wo oshiete itadakemasu ka?

= Could you tell me how to buy tickets?

Ex. 浴衣の着を教えて下さい。

= Yukata no kikata wo oshiete kudasai.

= Please teach me how to put on a Yukata (casual summer kimono).

Ex. 六本木(まで)の行きを教えて下さい。

= Roppongi (made) no ikikata wo oshiete kudasai.

= Can you show me how to get to Roppongi?

Ex. Suicaのチャージの仕がわかりません。

= Suica no chaaji no shikata ga wakarimasen.

= I don’t know how to recharge a *Suica card?

(*Suica is a prepaid IC card for JR trains)

OK, that’s about it. I guess I’ll go remove my eyebrows.

誰か眉ペンで描いた眉毛の消し知ってる?

= Dareka mayupen de kaita mayuge no keshikata, shitteru?

= Anybody knows how to remove pencil eyebrow makeup?

 

maggie-senseiマギー先生より= Maggie sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei

眉先生の教えはどうでしたか?

= Mayu Sensei no oshiekata wa dou deshitaka?

= How do you like the way Mayu Sensei teaches?

もう「」の使いはわかりましたか?

= Mou “kata” no tsukaikata wa wakarimashitaka?

= Now you know how to use “kata”?