“〜らしい”(=rashii) +Bonus song lesson♪「どんなときも」=Donna toki mo

「先生、失恋したらしいよ…」

= Sensei shitsuren shitarashiiyo.

= I heard Sensei has a broken heart.

「マギーらしくないよ!元気だして!」

= That’s not like you, Maggie. Keep your chin up!

皆さん、今日は!= Minasan konnichiwa! = Hello, everyone!

This lesson is for my twitter follower, ユリヤ, who has recently asked me how to use らしい(=rashii)
She wants to know when/how to use it.  Actually I started making this lesson a year ago, but put it on the back burner until now. But now I actually have more to add, so that’s even better!

When you think about this word, basically there are two ways to use.

1) When you tell people what you have heard, seen, read — based on indirect information, you say:
I heard ~/ They say ~ / It seems like~ / It looks like/ apparently

:rrrr: Similar words : みたい(だ)(=mitai(da)),  様(だ)(= you(da)), そう(だ ) (= sou(da))

(Note : 様(だ)= みたい(だ)=mitai(da) is more colloquial than 様(だ)= you(da)

a) マギー先生は風邪をひいたらしい

= Maggie Sensei wa kaze wo hiita rashii.

= I heard (they say) Maggie Sensei had a cold.

You can also say

b ) マギー先生は風邪をひいた様だ。

= Maggie Sensei wa kaze wo hiita yō da.

c ) マギー先生は風邪をひいたみたいだ。

= Maggie Sensei wa kaze wo hiita mitaida.

d) マギー先生は風邪をひいたそうだ。

= Maggie Sensei wa kaze wo hiita sōda.


Note :
1) a) ~d) They all could mean “I heard” or “They said” but b) & c) could be based on your own assumption or conjecture. Like you have seen Maggie Sensei is sneezing, coughing etc. so you assume she has a cold. But a) & d) are based on indirect information.

2) While 様だ(=(da) ) and みたい(だ)(=mitai (da) ) can be used when you describe something about yourself, it sounds strange to use らしい( =rashii) or そうだ(= sōda) for yourself.

I think I have cold/It seems like I am catching a cold, so I will go home.

:u:

Ex. 風邪をひいたみたいなので帰ります。

= Kaze wo hiita mitai nanode kaerimasu.

Ex. 風邪をひいた様なので帰ります。

= Kaze wo hiita yō nanode kaerimasu.

X  風邪をひいたらしいので帰ります。

= Kaze wo hiita rashii node kaerimasu.

X 風邪をひいたそうなので帰ります。

= Kaze wo hiita sōnanode kaerimasu.

Ex. 今日、抜き打ち試験があるらしいよ。

= Kyō nukiuchi shiken ga arurashiiyo.

= I heard they are going to give us a pop quiz today.

Ex. この辺においしいラーメン屋があるらしいよ。

= Kono hen ni oishii raamenya ga arurashiiyo.

= I heard there is a good ramen shop around here.

Ex. その噂は本当らしい

= Sono uwasa wa hontō rashii.

= The rumor appears to be true.

Ex. お隣、来年、転勤らしいよ。

= Otonari, rainen tankin rashiiyo.

= I heard (It seems like) our next door neighbor will be transferred next year.

Ex. 今年の冬はいつもより寒くなるらしい

= Kotoshi no fuyu wa itsumo yori samuku narurashii.

= They said this winter is going to be colder than usual.

:maggie-small: From the picture above

「先生、失恋したらしいよ…」

= Sensei shitsuren shitarashiiyo.

= I heard Sensei has a broken heart.


2)  The second meaning of らしい (=rashii) is when you express something which represents its characteristic, quality or originality well. ~ like, It is really ~

You use it for something /someone ideally should be like ~ / Some condition that we all expect /  supposed to be / should be / ideally should be ~)

Ex. らしいファッション

= Harurashii fassion

= Springy fashion (describing clothes that looks to be very appropriate for spring)

Ex.  ずっと暑かったけれどもやっと秋らしくなってきた。

= Zutto atsukatta keredomo yatto akirashii tenki ni natte kita.

= It was very hot for a long time but it finally seems like autumn.

Ex. らしい

= onna rashii)

= feminine

Ex. らしい仕草

= Onnarashii shigusa

= feminine gesture

:qq: Note :

It is very similar to 女っぽい(=onnappoi)
(Please check my っぽい (=ppoi) lesson I also explained the difference between っぽい(=ppoi) and みたいな(=mitaina) in that lesson.)

女々しい(=memeshii) or 女みたいな(=onna mitaina)  are used towards men and it is negative.

towards men, it is negative.

Ex. 女々しいぞ!   (ぞ(=zo) ending is a male speech/ blunt)

= Memeshiizo!

= Don’t be a sissy!

Ex. なに、女みたいなこと言ってるんだ!(male speech/ blunt)

= Nani, onnnamitai na koto itterunda.

= You are talking like a girl!

Ex. 彼は男らしい人ですね。

= Kare wa otokorashi hito desune.

= He is masculine, isn’t he?

*人間らしい = ningenrashii = humanly

Ex.もっと人間らしい生活をしたら?

= Motto ningen rashii seikatsu wo shitara?

= Why don’t you live like a real person? (This use implies the person is living improperly in some way — maybe working too much and not enjoying their life.)

*子供らしい = kodomo rashii = childlike

Ex. あの子は子供らしいね。

= Ano ko wa kodomo rashii ne.

= That child is very childlike.

We usually use it with a pronoun and express the quality that represents that person or place.

*マギーらしい =  Maggei rashii = very Maggie, Maggie-like

:rrrr: Ex. マギーらしいね。

= Maggie rashii ne.
= It is typical of Maggie. / It is so Maggie.

:maggie-small: From the picture above :

「マギーらしくないよ!元気だして!」

= It’s not like you, Maggie. Keep your chin up!

*あなたらしい= anata rashii = very you

:rrrr: Ex. これはあなたらしい作品ですね。

= Korewa anata rashii sakuhin desune.

= This work is very you.

:s: Negative form:

:rrrr: らしくない = rashikunai

Ex.そんなことを言うなんてあの人らしくない。

= Sonna koto wo iu nante anohito rashiku nai.

= It is not typical of him/her to say things like that.

:ii: Adverb:

:rrrr: ~らしく= rashiku

*自分らしく
= jibun rashiku = to be like oneself

Ex. 自分らしく生きる

= jibun rashiku ikiru

= to live by one’s own values

Ex. 自分らしくしなさい

= jibun rashiku shinasai

= Be yourself!

Ex. もっと自分らしく振る舞いなさい。

= Motto jibunrashiku furumai nasai.

= Act yourself more.

:mm: Cultural note :

Japanese people are often considered to live in a group.
We are tied up in a society and we have learned how to follow society.
Although we want to be ourselves, sometimes we have to do things against our will in order to be adapted in the society.

So there are many young people who want to live acccording to their own values without worrying about society.
wishing to live being yourself, 自分らしく生きたい= Jibun rashiku ikitai.

!onpu! Bonus lesson : Learn Japanese through a song!! !onpu!

Do you know the song 「どんなときも(= Donna tokimo) by 槙原敬之 (= Makihara Noriyuki) ? It’s very motivational.

It is not a new song, but it’s his signature song and many people have covered this song.

It has a famous line, 僕がらしくあるために…(=boku ga boku rashiku aru tameni) in the lyrics.


僕の背中は自分が
= Boku no senaka jibun ga

思うより正直かい?
= omō yori shōjikikai

:rrrr:Is my back as honest as I think it is?

誰かに聞かなきゃ
= darekani kikanakya

不安になってしまうよ
=fuan ni natte shimauyo

:rrrr: If I don’t ask someone, I will feel uneasy.

旅立つ僕の為に

= tabidatsu boku no tame ni

誓ったあの夢は
= chikatta ano yume wa

古ぼけた教室の
= furuboketa kyōshitu no

隅に置き去りのまま
= sumi ni okizari no mama

:rrrr:I left the dream I promised to myself before my journey  in the corner of my old classroom

あの泥だらけのスニーカーじゃ
= ano dorodake no suniikaa ja

追い越せないのは
= oikosenai nowa

:rrrr:The thing that I can’t pass with those muddy sneakers are

電車でも時間でもなく
= densha dmeo jikan demo naku

:rrrr:neither train or time

僕かもしれないけど

= boku kamo shirenai kedo

:rrrr:but it could be myself.

****
どんなときも どんなときも

= donna toki mo donna tokimo

:rrrr:Through hard times and good times

僕が僕らしくあるために
= boku ga bokurashiku aru tameni

:rrrr:In order to be myself

「好きなものは好き!」と

= sukina mono wa suki to

言える気持ち 抱きしめてたい
= ieru kimochi dakishimetetai

:rrrr:I would like to embrace the feelings to be able to say “I just love it!”

どんなときも どんなときも
= donna toki mo donna toki mo
Through hard times and good times

迷い探し続ける日々が

= mayoi sagashitudukeru hibi ga

答えになること 僕は知ってるから

= kotae ni naru koto boku washitteru kara

:rrrr:Because I know those days that I keep searching and wondering will be my answer.

****
もしも他の誰かを

= moshi mo hoka no dareka wo

知らずに傷つけても

= shirazu ni kizutsukete mo

Even if I hurt someone’s feeling without knowing,

絶対ゆずれない
= zettai yuzurenai

夢が僕にはあるよ

= yume ga boku niwa aru yo

:rrrr:I have dreams that I can never give up


“昔は良かったね”と
= “Mukashi wa yokattane” to

いつも口にしながら
=itsumo kuchi ni shinagara

生きて行くのは
= ikite yuku no wa

本当に嫌だから
= hont
ō ni iyadakara

:rrrr: I really don’t want to live looking back at my past saying it was great back then.

消えたいくらい辛い気持ち
= kietai kurai tsurai kimochi

抱えていても

= kakaete itemo

鏡の前 笑ってみる
= kagami no mae warattemiru

まだ平気みたいだよ
= mada heiki mitai dayo

:rrrr:So even though I hold onto this painful feeling — a feeling so painful that I want to disappear — I try to smile in front of the mirror.
I still look OK.

どんなときも どんなときも
= donna toki mo donna toki mo

ビルの間きゅうくつそうに
= biru no aida ky
ūktsusou ni

落ちて行く夕陽に

= ochiteyuku yuuhi ni

焦る気持ち 溶かして行こう
= aseru kimochi tokashite yukou

:rrrr:Through hard times and good times
I will  dissolve my frustration into the sunset in the small spaces between the buildings.


そしていつか 誰かを愛し

= soshite itsuka dareka wo aishi

その人を守れる強さを
= sono hito wo mamoreru tsuyosa wo

自分の力に変えて行けるように
= jibun no chikara ni kaete yukeru y
ō ni

:rrrr: Some day I will love someone and hope to get the strength to protect that person myself.

**** repeat ****

Hope you like this song as much as I do! :)

マギー先生より = Maggie sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei

これからもマギーらしいレッスンを一杯作っていきますね。

= Korekaramo Maggie rashii ressun wo ippai tsukutte ikimasune.

= I will keep making lessons that represent me.

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34 Comments

  1. Hi Maggie! Did you miss me? ^ ^
    I’m just wondering, if there’s a difference between らしい and ~めく and っぱい in the context of “-like”?

    EX. 春らしい日 vs 春めいた日 vs 春っぽい日.

    Btw, what’s the most natural way to say in Japanese “Did you miss me?” / “Have you missed me?”
    1. 私がいなくて寂しかった?
    2. 私が恋しかった?
    3. Maybe something else?

    ヨロシク!

    1. @天人

      Hi 天人!
      Yes, I missed you. :D

      らしい and ~めく and っぽい

      らしい= something/someone is like what the speaker expect
      めく= something is getting certain state (It is becoming like ~ = “〜らしくなる”)
      っぽい= ~ ish : Similar to らしい but more conversational

      EX. 春らしい日 vs 春めいた日 vs 春っぽい日.

      春っぽい日 is very conversational. Spring-ish day

      春らしい日 springlike When you see/feel something that represents spring, such as flowers, air, weather,etc.

      春めいた日 to describe a day which is in the process of getting spring

      ***

      to miss

      You have to change depending on the context

      I miss you.
      1) 彼がいなくて寂しい (You are talking about his presence. expressing one’s loneliness)
      2) 彼が恋しい (You are attracted to him and miss his presence badly.)
      3) 彼に会いたい (I want to see him. While 1) expresses one’s loneliness, you focus on wanting to see him more.)

      But for example, if I miss you because you haven’t come here for a long time,
      I can’t say 天人さんがいなくて寂しい・寂しかった
      You have to add more information
      天人さんがこのサイトにずっと来なくて寂しかった。

      If this site hasn’t uploaded for a long time, some might say (hopefully)

      このサイトがずっと更新されなかったから(更新されなくて)寂しかった。

      So the typical pattern is
      reason + から・くて+寂しかった

      Ex. 天人さんが2日間、コメントをくれなくて寂しかった。

      (I will make a mini lesson on Facebook sometime.)

  2. マギー先生、こんにちは
    面白く、分かりやすいレッソン、ありがとうございます !happyface!
    しかし、質問があるんですが… 「らしい」と「そうだ」は、どちらが違いますか?「らしい」も「そうだ」も「人々から聞きました」という意味がありますので… :?:

    1. @jolie
      こんにちは、Jolie,

      「そう」のレッスンがあるからそちらをみてくださいね。

      Ex.1) 今日は雨が降るらしい。
      Ex.2) 今日は雨が降るそうだ。

      この二つはよく似ていますね。どちらも人から聞いたり、天気予報で見たり、読んだりした情報を伝えています。

      しかし
      Ex.3) 今日は雨が降りそうだ。(It looks like it is going to rain today.)
      というと、話している人が空をみて雨が降るかもしれないと推量している時に使います。

      「らしい」の方が、推量の気持ちが強いと思います。

      これも話し手が聞いた情報を伝言しています。

      というと話している人の

  3. Hello!!! Merry Xmas!!
    I need help with two different subjects. First, There’s this song, Kurage by Kanjani8, that has this phrase: いつも 何を考えてるのか
    分からない君の横顔の先に
    誰が見えてるんだろう 夏休みが来るんだよ
    しばらく会えない日々 想像すると一人へこんだ
    Where 分からない君の横顔の先に was translated (into Spanish) as ”I don’t Know, It’s a Part of Your self” and I’ve been trying to understand it but I just Cannot. Is it ”君の横顔の先に” an expression? and that is why I cannot get the literal meaning?

    My other question is: What does 卒業らしい mean? This is from the first sentence of Nobuta Wo produce novel. It says: 辻ちゃんと加護ちゃんが卒業らしい。For what I understand is that This kids look like senior students to the narrator. Or it could mean that they act like typical senior students. Am I right?

    Thank you so much for your help!

    1. @R.deM.

      Merry Christmas, R.deM.!!
      Since it is from lyrics, 横顔の先に is a very poetic expression and it means “beyond one’s profile”

      This guy (the singer) is looking at a mysterious profile of a girl wondering who she is seeing (= who she actually likes) beyond her profile.

      ****
      卒業らしい means 卒業するらしい= It seems like Tsuji-chan and Kago-chan are going to graduate (leaving) from the group, モー娘 ,an idol group

      looking at the profile (=side face) of this person wondering who she is actually seeing.

  4. i have a question, i’ve been reading this book on japanese and there is a sentence : べスは大学を出たらしい and it translates as : beth seems to have graduated from college is the use of rashii correct?

    1. @虎

      Yes, it is correct.
      べスは大学を出たらしい can be translated as,
      Beth seems to have graduated from college.
      It seems like Beth graduated from college.
      I heard that Beth graduated from college.

  5. Dear Maggie-Sensei,

    Thank you for the great lesson! And for introducing me to such a great and inspirational song!
    I’ve been trying to study the song with your translation. However, there are a few points regarding the last sentence that I still don’t understand after much searching. If it’s not too much trouble, could you please explain these for me please?

    その人を守れる強さを自分の力に変えて行けるように

    1. What does “行ける” mean? Is it just the potential form of “行く”? Or something entirely different?
    2. If I had to translate “その人を守れる強さを自分の力に変えて” by myself, it would go along the line of “change the strength to protect that person to my own strength”. Could you tell me where I went wrong here?
    3. What would the literal translation for the whole sentence be?

    I’m still a beginner so I hope I’m not annoying you too much with these questions.
    Thank you!

    1. Hello Monica!

      Maggie先生 is probably sleeping right now, but I am still awake, so I will answer your question.

      1. ~ていける is the potential form of ~ていく. You can read about ~ていく here: http://www.maggiesensei.com/jp/2010/03/13/requested-lesson-「〜ていく+〜てくる」teiku-tekuru/
      2-3. Your translation is quite good! But it’s better to know the whole context, otherwise a translation mistake can easily be done.

      どんなときもどんなときも
      ビルの間窮屈そうに
      落ちて行く夕陽に
      焦る気持ち溶かして行こう
      そしていつか誰かを愛し
      その人を守れる強さを
      自分の力に変えて行けるように

      My interpretation:

      Anytime, anytime
      The space between buildings feels [so] tight (/seems to be [so] tight)
      In the setting sun
      I’m gonna melt my frustration down
      And some day I shall love someone
      And I hope, I will be able to
      change the strength that protects her
      into my own power (/strength).

      日本語、頑張ってください!
      ヨロシク

    2. @Monica & @天人

      Oh wow…while I was sleeping 天人 answered Monica’s question. Thank you, 天人!
      Monica, is it clear now?
      I love this song. I am glad you like it,too!

      1. Hi 天人!

        Thank you so very much for your response, and wonderful interpretation. It’s all clear now.
        I’m sorry for the late reply. I kept thinking I’d receive an email notification if I got a reply but apparently not. Lucky for me I checked! =)

        Maggie先生,

        I love the song! Been replaying it again and again for the past few days!

        ありがとうございます!

        Monica

  6. やっと「-らしい」レッスンを学んで終わりました!

    小さな間違いがあるかどうか分かりません。。。
    「Ex. この辺においしいラーメン屋があるらしいよ。
    = Kono hen ni oishii raamenyasan ga arurashiiyo.
    = I heard there is a good ramen shop around here.」
    あの「屋」の読み方は「やさん」か「や」だけですか?

    いつもありがとうございます、先生^^

    1. @Orti

      間違いを見つけてくれてありがとう!!直しました。
      読み方はramen-ya です。
      最初「ラーメン屋さん」て書いてあとから「ラーメン屋」に変えました。(”ラーメン屋さん”の方が丁寧(ていねい)です。)
      ありがとう!

        1. @Orti

          親しみをこめて「〜屋さん」という言い方をよくしますよ。(特に女性がよく使いますが男性でも使います。)
          Ex. お米屋さん・魚屋さん、郵便屋さん

  7. 失恋する=to have one’s heart broken??
    マギー先生のレッスン最高だから変えないでね!
    <333

    1. @Aki
      Yes, 失恋する literally means “to lose love” so it means “to get one’s heart broken” /”to get brokenhearted”
      ン?
      いつもありがと、Aki! !CHECKHEART!

        1. @majoringram3636
          I am happy to hear that. It is very catchy! I am still singing “どんなときも〜♫” on and on in my head after I made this lesson. !happyface!

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