〜的 ( = 〜teki)

teki

私、ちょっと知的にみえるでしょ!」

= Watashi chotto chiteki ni mieru desho!

I look a bit intelligent, right?

Today’s word is =teki=~tic, ~al, ~ine, ~able, ~ive, like~, ~ wise

We add this suffix to a noun to make an adjective that decribes a characteristic.

Noun +  的 ( = teki)→

:rrrr: ( = teki)+ auxiliary verb( = da) or です  ( = desu) : to be ~

:rrrr: Adjective : 〜的な (  = teki na)

:rrrr: Adverb : 〜的に ( = teki ni)

:u:

Ex. 開放 = kaihou =openness

:rrrr: 開放 = kaihouteki =open, open-minded

:rrrr: 開放 = kaihouteki da or 開放です= kaihouteki desu = to be open, to be open-minded

:rrrr: adjective 開放 = kaihouteki na = open-minded

:rrrr: adverb 開放 = kaihouteki ni = open-mindly, openly

From the pic.

:rrrr:= chiteki = intelligent

Ex. 彼は知な人だ。

= Kare wa chitekina hito da.

= He is intelligent.

You can’t just add this suffix to any noun. It only works with certain nouns.

Here is a list for some of the words that will take 的 = teki.

:u:

積極 = sekkyokuteki = positive, vigorous, aggressive

Ex. 彼女、積極だね。

=Kanojo sekkyokuteki dane.

=She is aggressive, isn’t she?


消極 = shoukyokuteki  = passive

Ex. あまり消極だと友達ができないよ。

= Amari shoukyokuteki dato tomodachi ga dekinai yo!

= If you are too passive, you won’t be able to make any friends.

攻撃 = kougekiteki is used for more aggressive character.

感情 = kanjouteki = emotional

Ex. ここは感情にならないで冷静に話し合おう。

= Koko wa kanjouteki ni naranai de reisei ni hanashiaou.

= Let’s not get too emotional and talk about it calmly.

現実 = genjitsuteki = realistic

Ex. ここは現実に考えてみましょう。

= Kokowa genjitsuteki ni kangaete mimashou.

=Let’s be realistic here.

非現実 =higenjitsuteki =unrealistic

行動 = koudouteki = active

Ex. 行動的な人ほど、運が切り開ける。

= Koudoutekina hito hodo un ga kirihirakeru.

= Active people make their luck.

具体 = gutaiteki = concrete, practical

Ex. もっと具体的なアイディアを出して下さい。

= Motto gutaitekina aidea wo dashite kudasai.

= Please give me more specific ideas.

抽象 = chuushouteki = abstract

Ex. 彼の言うことはいつも抽象だ。

=Kare no iu koto wa itsumo chuushouteki da.
=What he says is always abstract.

一般= ippanteki = general

Ex. この言葉はあまり一般ではない。
= Kono kotoba wa amari ippanteki dewa nai.
= This word is not that common.

実践 = jissenteki = practical

Ex. この仕事には、実践な経験が必要だ。

=Kono shigoto niwa jissenteki na keiken ga hitsuyou da.

= You need practical experiences for this job.

論理 =ronritkei =logical

Ex. 論理に言うと…

=Ronriteki ni iu to…

=Logically speaking…

否定= hiteiteki = negative

Ex. 彼は私の意見にいつも否定だ。

= Kare wa watashi no iken ni itsumo hiteiteki da.

= He is always against my opinions.

技術= gijyutsuteki =technical

Ex. 技術的なことはわからない。

= Gijutsuteki na koto wa wakaranai.

=I don’t know anything about technical things.

= biteki=aesthetic

Ex. 彼女には美感覚が全くない。

= Kanojo niwa biteki kankaku ga mattaku nai.

= She has no sense of beauty.

定期 = teikiteki = periodical

Ex. 定期に会議を開く。

=Teikiteki ni kaigi wo hiraku

= To have periodical meetings.

科学 = kagakuteki = scientific

Ex. 科学な根拠は何もない。

=Kagakuteki na konkyo wa nani mo nai.

=There is no scientific proof.

心理 = shinriteki = psychological


Ex. この事件が及ぼす子供たちへの心理な影響が心配だ。

= Kono jiken ga oyobosu kodomotachi heno shinriteki na eikyou ga shinpai da.

= I am worried this incident would have a psychological impact on children.

経済= keizaiteki =economical

Ex. 経済(な)理由で旅行に行くのを断念した。

= Keizaiteki(na) riyuu de ryokou ni iku no wo dannen shita.

=For economical reason, I gave up on my trip.

金銭=kinsenteki = financial

Ex. 金銭に苦しい

=Kinsenteki ni kurushii

=It is hard financially.

理想 = risouteki = ideal

Ex. 理想的な家庭を築く

=Risoutekina katei wo kizuku

=To make  an ideal family.

=shiteki = personal

客観 = kyakkanteki = objectively

主観 = shukanteki = subjectively

文化 = bunkateki= cultural

芸術 =geijutsuteki = artful, artistic

友好 =yuukouteki = friendly

生産 =seisanteki = productive

科学 =kagakuteki = scientific


Ex. 感情はまじえず客観対処して下さい。

= Shiteki kanjou wa majiezu kyakkanteki ni taisho shite kudasai.

= Please deal with it objectively without mixing your personal emotion.

日本*= nihonteki = Japanese, something typical or representative

Ex. 海外へのお土産には何か日本なものを持っていった方がいいです。

= Kaigai eno omiyage niwa nanika nihontekina mono wo motte itta hou ga ii desu.

=You should take some typical Japanese souvenir to abroad.

*We also say =wateki for Japanese style)

(Conversational)

「マギーにはどう思うの?

= Maggieteki niwa dou omou no?

= So what do you think as Maggie?

そうね、私には別に悪くないと思うの。」

= Soune, watashiteki niwa betsu ni waruku nai to omou no.

=Let see.. In my personal opinion, I don’t think this is such bad idea..

Can you recognize all the words with (= teki) ?


maggie-sensei マギー先生より= Maggie Sensei yori = From Maggie Sensei

 

他にもを使った言葉が一杯ありますよ。探してみてね。

=Hoka ni mo teki wo tsukatta kotoba ga ippai arimasu yo. Sagashite mitene.

=There are a lot more. Try to find them!

何?マギー先生は「魅力ですって? :)

=Nani? Maggie Sensei wa miryokuteki desutte?

=What? MaggieSensei is attractive?



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24 Comments

  1. Hello!!

    thank you for the lesson.
    I see this word a lot, I somehow understood the lesson but I still need to practice ^^”.

    so I read this in a manga but I still can’t get the meaning?
    ” 気持ち的” and “頭的”
    な came after them which means the are “adjectives” right?

    but I still don’t know how to translate them into English.

    the whole sentence is:

    「なんかこういろいろ追いつかないから!! 気持ち的なことも頭的なことも!!」

    looking forward to your reply!

    Thank you in advance.

    1. @FatimahBHR

      Hi FatimahBHR!

      There are a lot of colloquial ways of using 的.
      In general, the most proper translation of 的 is “~ wise” or “~ ly” but you have to pick the right translation depending on the context.

      気持ち的なこと = mental things / 頭的なこと= logical things
      But to translate them more naturally, it will be something like
      I can’t catch up with many things somehow, mentally and also logically.

  2. Hi Maggie sensei,

    As always thanks for another great lesson.

    I know you said that you can’t just add 的 to any nouns. How about する-nouns? Are they usually used with 的? I noticed a bunch of your examples were する-nouns.

    1. @アル

      Hi アル?
      Hmmm…You mean like a noun such as 開放(+する)、実践(+する)、行動(+する)?
      It may work with some of them but not all of them.
      勉強(+する)料理(+する)旅行(+する) ,They all won’t work with 的

  3. hi Maggie sensei.. I wanna let you know your lessons are very very useful…
    btw, i got a question. how to use noun with的 and noun w/o 的 +ni/. For example
    自動的に/自動に
    実際的に/実際に

    appreciate your help

    1. @Jim

      Hello Jim,
      First the words you can use with 的 are limited so you can’t add 的 to any words.
      And 基本的に(= basically) you can’t make adverbs just deleting 的 and replacing it with に or で

      Ex. 基本的に x 基本に/で
      Ex.客観的に x 客観に/で

      However, we can use certain words without 的

      Ex. ファイルを自動的に開く = to open a file automatically
      Ex. ファイルを自動で/に開く = to open a file automatically (で is more common)
      Ex. ファイルが自動的に/自動に/自動で開く = A file opens automatically

      *****

      実際的に and 実際に
      There are cases you can replace them but there is a difference

      実際的には実現が難しい (It is practically difficult to make it come true.
      実際には実現が難しい (It is difficult to make it come true in reality.)

      実際的に means “practically/ in a practical way”
      But 実際に has a meaning of “for real, in fact, actual, in reality” and a lot of time can’t replace it with 実際的に

      Ex. これは実際にあった話です。(x 実際的)
      = This is a true story.

    1. I’ve read the usage of -teki comes from the English -tic. Japanese grammar got changed a bit since the influence of Western languages, especially English. 精力的 energetic, 映画的 cinematic, etc…

      1. Sorry to say but that’s completely wrong. Although the genitive in Classical Chinese was 之 zhi, 的 (pronounced “de”, which isn’t で but sort of like “dø;” in old Chinese it was pronounced “dak” or “duhk” and thus became “teki” in Japanese ) was still used as an attributive marker and was passed to Japanese and given a Japanese-style grammar. Basically 的 means “of” and な is what is used in Japanese to attach it to words.

        1. @risu
          Thank you for your comment. I don’t know any Chinese so I can’t answer the similarity or difference between Japanese and Chinese but the equivalent English word depends on the words, I think.
          ~ic/ ish, wise, etc.

  4. Thank you so much for the correction and clarification, sensei^^
    I love it when you include a CM at the end. It’s a nice way to remember new words too^^

  5. @Top-san
    Thank you for the comment!
    All the words with 的 in this lesson are pretty common. So we use all of them. And there are lots more.. As I wrote in the lesson, you can’t just add 的 to all the nouns. So it will be faster to memorize the words with 的. For example we always use 積極的、消極的 and we don’t usually use just 積極 or 消極 without 的.

    ”Can you use 好き in this case too?”
    魔法好き→It may work for a person who looooves magic like Harry Potter!
    ~好き=~ zuki is another word which works for certain nouns. 
    (things you like) + 好き(=zuki)
    Ex.子供好き=kodomo zuki = a person who likes children
    コーヒー好き=koohii zuki = coffee lover

    ( a little katakana correction : レッスン, マギー)

  6. 素敵なレッソン、マッギー先生!
    Can I say that?
    How do we know which one to use? I guess we have to remember it right? If I didn’t know, I would probably use 魔法的. Can you use 好き in this case too?

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