着る=kiru, How to say wear or put on in Japanese

September 15, 2010 in Vocabulary


KIRU

「私、何を着ても似合うでしょ?」

=Watashi nani wo kite mo niau desho?

=Don’t I look good no matter what I wear?

Today we will learn how to say “wear” and “put on” in Japanese.

In English, “wear” and “put on” take many objects.

Ex. wear clothes, perfume, make up, pants, shoes, glasses… or put on a sweater, skirt,  jacket, etc.

But in Japanese, we have to use different verbs depending on the items.
Are you ready?

First the most common verb to wear/to put on in Japanese is 着る=kiru

~を着る=to wear, to put on something

Clothes is =fuku so “to wear clothes” is

:rrrr: 服を着る=fuku wo kiru

:i: *You need the particle =o= to take an object.

The action of putting on the clothes is 服を着る=fuku wo kiru  (the past tense is 服を着た=fuku wo kita. This can also be used as an adjective clause, 服を着た犬 = fuku wo  kita inu=a dog who is wearing clothes. )
And if you describe the condition, it will be 服を着ている = fuku wo kite iru (the past tense is 服を着ていた = fuku wo kite ita)

Ex. 早く服を着なさい!
= Hayaku fuku wo kinasai!
= Hurry up and put on your clothes!

Ex. 彼女は赤い服を着ていた。
= Kanojo wa akai fuku wo kite ita.
= She was wearing red clothes.

Ex. 昨日、何を着ていたか思い出せない。

= Kinou nani wo kite ita ka omoidasenai.

= I don’t remember what I was wearing  yesterday.

Now let’s learn how the verb changes depending on the items.

ドレス着る = doresu wo kiru = to wear or put on a dress

シャツ着る = shatsu wo kiru = to wear or put on a shirt

パジャマ着る = pajama wo kiru = to wear or put on a pajamas


**************************************************************

:l: The basic pattern → (item) (=wo) +verb

( :i: Don’t forget the particle =wo before the verb. )

Items that you wear on top of something,

コート = kouto=a coat →+(=wo)+ 着る= kiru  or はおる = haoru = to put on or slip on

上着 = uwagi = jacket →+(=wo)+ 着る = kiru or はおる = haoru = to put on or slip on

ジャケット=jaketto = jacket , →+(=wo)+着る = kiru or  はおる = haoru = to put on or slip on

カーディガン = caadigan = cardigan →+(=wo)+ 着る = kiru  or はおる = haoru = to put on or slip on

For the items you wear on your head,

:rrrr: かぶる= 被る= kaburu

帽子 = boushi = hat 被る =+(=wo)+ かぶる=kaburu


かつら
= katsura, ウィッグ = wiggu , ズラ= zura (slang) = wig

+(=wo)+ 被る = かぶる= kaburu  or つけ = tsukeru  or  する = suru

For the items you wear on your head but don’t use かぶる = kaburu for,

ヘアーアクセサリー = heaa akusesarii = hair accessaries→+(=wo)+つける = tsukeru ,する = suru

イヤホーン = iyahon=earphone→+(=wo)+つける = tsukeru ,する = suru

On your face,

お面 = omen = mask →+(=wo)+つける = tsukeru、被る = tsukeru/kaburu

マスク * = masuku = mask→+ (=wo)+被る=kaburu, つける = tsukeru する = suru

* When you are talking about surgical mask  you don’t use  被る=kaburu

Make up,

化粧 = keshou = make up →+ (=wo)+する = suru

口紅 = kuchibeni = lipstick →+ (=wo)+する =suru / つける = tsukeru / 引く= hiku /  塗る =nuru

ファンデーション = fandeeshon = foundation →+ (=wo)+つける=tsukeru、する = suru

アイライン = airain = eye line →+ (=wo)+入れる=ireru

マスカラ = masukara = mascara = →+ (=wo)+つける = tsukeru、塗る = nuru、する=suru

Lower body :

We use はく = haku  for the items you wear on your lower body.
It has two kanji.  履く& 穿く
If the items are for your feet, use and if they are for your lower body — from your waist down — but above your foot, use 穿.
Since 穿く is not 常用漢字 = jouyoukanjuji=designated commonly used kanji, you can write in hiranaga.

(Note : 履物 = hakimono = footwear

ズボン = zubon=a pair of pants →+(=wo)+はく=穿く=haku

スカート = skirt →+ (=wo)+はく= 穿く = haku, Sometimes people use 着る(=kiru) as well.

= kutsu = shoes →+ (=wo)+はく履く = haku

靴下 = kutsushita = socks → + (=wo)+履く = haku

ストッキング = pantyhose →+ (=wo)+はく = 穿く = haku

Hands and fingers,


指輪 = yubiwa = ring →+ (=wo)+はめる =  hameru or つける= tsukeruする = suru

手袋 = tebukuro = gloves →+ (=wo)+はめる = hameru  or する = suru

(Note : As you might have noticed, we use する= ~ wo suru for many items. But they are very conversational.

If you have to take an exam, I would say stick to the first verb I listed.)

Underwear


下着 = shitagi = underwear if it is the bottom underwear (=wo) + はく = shitagi wo haku/tsukeru

If it is bra, →+ (=wo)+つける=bura (or する=suru)

Perfume,

香水 = kousui = perfume →+ (=wo)+つける = tsukeru

Eyeglasses and sunglasses,

めがね = megane = eye glasses →+(=wo)+かける = kakeru

サングラス = sangurasu = sunglasses →+(=wo)+かける = kakeru

Neck area,

マフラー = mafuraa = a muffler →+(=wo)+する = suru巻く = maku = to wrap, put something around

スカーフ = sukaafu = a scarf →+(=wo)+する = suru、巻く = maku= to wrap, put something around

ネックレス = nekkureru =  necklace →+(=wo)+つける = tsukeru = put on or する = suru = wear

 

ネクタイ = nekutai = necktie →+(=wo)+締める shimeru / する = suru

:qq: When you describe the condition,

=  ~ wo kiru→ 着ている =  ~ wo kite iru

かぶる =  ~ wo kaburu  →かぶっている =  ~ wo kabutte iru

つける =  ~ wo tsukeru →つけている =  ~ wo tsukete iru

する =  ~ wo suru →している =  ~ wo shiteiru

履く =  ~ wo haku →履いている =  ~ wo haite iru

巻く = ~ wo maku →巻いている =  ~ wo maite iru

塗る =  ~ wo nuru →塗っている =  ~ wo nutte iru

入れる = ~ wo ireru →入れている =  ~ wo irete iru

Ex. マギーは今日、何を着ていますか?
=  Maggie wa kyou nani wo kite imasuka?

= What is Maggie wearing today?

Ex. 彼女のかぶっている帽子が欲しい!

=Kanojo no kabutte iru boushi ga hoshii!

=I want the hat that she is wearing!

Ex.いい指輪をはめて(or して)いますね。

=Ii yubiwa wo hamete (or shite) imasune.

=That’s a nice ring (you’re have on)!

Do you wanna learn more?


= kiru, chaku, ki, gi = to wear, to arrive, to stick

着物 = kimono = Kimono

重ね着 = kasanegi = layered clothing verb = 重ね着(を)する= kasanegi  (wo) suru

厚着 = atsugi = heavy clothing verb = 厚着(を)する= atsugi (wo) suru

薄着 = usugi= light clothing verb = 薄着(を)する=usugi (wo) suru

オシャレ(お洒落)着 = osharegi  = fancy (fine) clothes


maggie-senseiFrom Maggie Sensei

Be careful if you say パンツをかぶる = pantsu wo kaburu, it means to wear underwear “on your

head” and people would think you are 変態 = hentai = pervert! !ase!