New Maggie’s Room (2022)

Hi everyone! Thank you for visiting Maggie’s room. 
Feel free to leave a message (Even just say Hello! 😉 ) or one or two simple questions.  (I don’t do translations, checking your long writing or helping your homework for school here. ) 
Love you all! 🐶❤️



  1. Hello Maggie Sensei

    Thanks as always for your lesson

    Can you please tell me about 建前 and 本音
    If I only read dictionary I don’t understand
    Why it is important? Maybe give some example or case



    1. Hello ずんだモン

      本音 = one’s true feelings/opinion
      See if you express your real feelings or what you really thinks, you might hurt other people’s feelings or you may stand out being different from others.
      So you hide your 本音 and tell what please the listeners or what it sounds right for the others or society. That is 建前

  2. Hello Sensei,

    Thank you for your lesson

    I want to ask something, How do you say (Chewy) in japanese?


    Thank you very much.

    1. Hello,


      If you are describing meat, you say 歯ごたえがある (positive) or just かたい (negative) / かたくて噛(か)み切れない (negative)
      If you are describing noodles, 腰(こし)がある (positive)
      Hard snacks, fruits, baguette , 噛(か)みごたえがある

      1. I understand well what sensei has said but only one I don’t understand.
        When noodle why it is “Hip”? 腰?
        Literally means “There is a hip”
        This is actually right but what is the relation of food with “Hip (腰)”

        Maybe when you eat noodle because it is so smooth then it makes your hip vibrating or something?

        1. 腰/コシがある (you also say 腰/コシが強い) is an idiomatic expression to describe firm texture of noodles. (It is positive)
          I am not sure the etymology but your body is supported by your lower back.So if the noodle is nice and firm with chewy texture, it is like there is something like 腰 to support the firmness.

          1. Hello せんせい
            Is かみかみ also mean chewy?
            きょう は はじめて の スルメ かみかみ が ありました。
            Today is my first time eating dried squid.

            For the following words is it ok/natural to pronounce them without the i sound?
            おいしくない >> 「oishkunai」
            うつくしくない >> 「utsukushkunai」
            いそがしくない >> 「isogashkunai」
            たのしくない >> 「tanoshkunai」
            むずかしくない >> 「muzukashkunail」


          2. Hello soleyman
            Not sure where you found the word but かみかみする is a sort of cute word from よくかむ for small children which means to chew well. There is a dried squid snack called スルメカミカミ.
            I ate the dried squid, Surume kamikami, for the first time today = きょうはじめて「スルメカミカミ」をたべました。

            As for the pronunciation question, I need to hear how you pronounce with “sh” but you do pronounce “i” sound.

  3. こんにちは、マギー先生

    英語に訳すと「Appropriate, Suitable, Proper」と意味なりますがニュアンスが掴まなくて



    1. こんにちは そすんさー




      1. 日本語を丁寧に話したり書いたりするのはとても苦労したと思いますが先生のおかげで少しずつ自信が湧いてきました。下手な日本語ですみません。今後、ちゃんとした日本語で入力するよう頑張ります。

  4. Hi せんせい
    I got the following from a youtube video.
    It was a wedding ceremony.
    Priest 「おふたり は みず から すんで けっこん を のぞんで いますか」
    Couple「 はい、のぞんで いますか」

    What is the meaning for the first part? みず から すんで ?????
    Maybe I heard wrong for the first ???
    The second part should be [ Both of you wish to get married? ]


    1. Hi soleyman

      Did you dictate the dialogue?
      And the priest says
      みずからすすんで (自ら進んで) not すんで 
      自ら進んで means “willing to do something/volunteered to do something”
      So in this case, it means “Are you two willing to marry?
      And I think the couple say はい、のぞんでいます。 or はい、のぞんでいますが.. (Yes, we do.)

        1. OK
          誰もいない = There is nobody/ Nobody is here/there.
          誰でもない means “no one/nobody/nobody else ” and the usage depends on the context but for example

          The person I like is you. Nobody else.

  5. Hello Sensei,

    Thank as always

    Please check below sentence and correct it if it is wrong


      1. バランス is english word
        so there is no japanese word for this???
        if so I will use バランス from now on.

        1. Right.
          均衡にする means “to equalize” and you use it to divide something equally. If you are talking about the time for your life and work more precisely calculating the time, then you use it. But in conversation, バランス is more common.

          1. ありがとうございます

  6. Hello Maggie Sensei,
    Thank you for this lovely site and for all that you do! I was learning a grammar point and I have a question:
    What is the difference between に比べて and と比べて?

    Thanks in advance!

    1. Hello Fluffy Books
      I would say they are a lot of time interchangeable.


      They both compare A and B but the nuance difference is
      You are talking about A using B as a reference.
      A is >B or A is <B

      (Bは~ ) AはBと比べて〜
      Emphasizing the contrast comparing A and B.

  7. こんにちは、Maggie先生!

    So there’s this song I quite like called 『心という名の不可解』 by Ado (the singer of the super-popular song うっせぇわ). I don’t know your taste in music, but I do recommend you give it a listen!

    Anyway, I’ve been listening to it since it came out back in January, but yesterday I finally decided to sit down, write out the lyrics and try translating the ones that I couldn’t immediately translate while listening. Of course, I almost immediately got stuck on this lyric:
    For a bit of background in case you don’t know, the song kind of talks about the heart as a medical mystery that can’t be understood. So I translated those words as
     ”So no matter what kind of face you make to smile, anything that’s not written on your patient chart isn’t worth believing.”

    I guess my first mini-question is, why does she say 書かれない instead of 書かれてない?

    My second mini-question is, is どんな~おうと just another way of saying どんな~ても? That’s what I assumed.

    But the big thing that had gotten me stuck was the last part: 「信じるに値しない」.
    Since 値する means (at least I think it means) “to give worth to something,” shouldn’t that ‘something’ be a noun? That is, shouldn’t 信じる be nominalized and we should have 「信じる【こと・の】に値しない」instead? Was this another case of song lyrics omitting words and particles for poeticness??

    After searching Jisho, Weblio and Reverso for sentence examples, I realized that using the dictionary form with に値する is just how it is for some reason.
      尊敬に値する – a noun is being used
      読むに値する – a verb is being used, and it doesn’t need to be nominalized
    But other than this, I’ve never come across に being used directly after the dictionary form of a verb. It’s always either
      Verb-Stem に (行く, etc)

    I guess my question is: is ~に値する a special case? Or are there other cases in which に can come directly after the dictionary form of a verb?
    If there are such cases, is it a grammatical concept that I can look up (like ‘Nominalization’ or ‘どんな~ても’)? Or are there just special verbs that happen to allow weird things with their particles?

    It’s a doozy of a question 😅 but thanks for your help if you can!

    1. Hi Sora

      Yes, I knot that song. 😉
      1) 書かれていない is more general but 書かれない is more poetic.

      Here’s the grammatical difference.
      書かれない things that are not going to be written
      書かれてない things that are not actually written

      2) ~おうと is a volitional form. どんなに〜おうと No matter how much you are trying to ~

      3) 信じるに値しない

      When it is used with a noun,
      noun + に値しない
      but when you use it with a verb,
      verb dictionary form + に値しない


      1. Thanks so much, Maggie先生!

        Do you know if there’s any particular reason why the dictionary form of the verb is used before に in this case? Usually, you have to say Verb + ことに
          e.g 人類は宇宙に乗り出すことに成功した。
        or Verb + ように
          e.g 毎日運動するようになった。
        or Verb stem form + に
          e.g 先週公開された映画を見に行くつもりです。
        My point is, usually に is never used directly after the dictionary form of a verb.

        Does 【Verb (dictionary form) + に】 mean something specific?
        Or is 値する the only case in which we can use Verb(dictionary form) + に?


        1. You are right. You usually have to use verb + こと/ の to nominalize a verb.
          I don’t think there are many but I believe there are a few more expressions that you use a verb dictionary form as a noun form with に
          I believe they are from old Japanese patterns.
          For example, verb dictionary form (or sometimes you add の)に相応しい
          Ex. 信頼される(+の)に相応しい

          And this is not 〜に but in
          好きにするがいい (literal) = 好きにしなさい (Do whatever you like)

          1. I see, thank you so much as always Maggie先生! I love the way you explain things, and I’ve made a list of some of your old posts to go back and study this summer. I hope you also have a great summer!♡


  8. Hello 先生
    When speaking which one is correct? Can I use both?
    1) ふゆ の 後あと に はる が くる。
    2) ふゆ の 後のち に はる が くる。

  9. Hello sensei, thank you as always

    I want to ask what is the meaning of いずれにする


    1. Hello,
      OK いずれ is a literal way to say どちらにする
      for example if you ask someone to choose either A or B, you say
      Please pick either A or B.

      (日本語で教えても構いません→日本語でも結構です。 is more natural)

      1. thank you for pointing my mistake, also thank you for the explanation.

  10. 先生、こんにちは。

    1000円の読み方は せん円です。
    51000の読み方は ごまんせんえんです。あるいは ごまんいっせんえんです。
    どちら 正しいですか。

    1. こんにちは、Ha Thao!

      1. 先生、こんにちは。

  11. Hello maggie sensei,

    I want to ask something, how can I say “consistent” in Japanese?
    let me write a sentence to make you understand better about my question


    So is this 一貫して means “consistent”?
    If I’m wrong please tell how to say “consistent” in japanese

  12. Hi Maggie, What is the difference between 悪業 and 悪行 ?
    しかし、「悪業」が、主に前世での悪事をいう点 が違います。
    Please help me to understand the second sentence. Google translate don’t make sense.

  13. Maggie Sensei,
    Can you please tell me what’s differences of
    I’m so confused because their meaning looks like similar…

    1. HI ルアン
      OK, did you check my lesson? ことになる・する

      Let me change one of my example sentence from that lesson.
      Ex. 1) 毎朝、ジョギングをすることにしている = I make a habit of jogging every morning.
      (focusing on your current habit)

      You decided to jog every morning and you have been jogging for certain period of time.
      Ex. 2) 毎朝、ジョギングをすることにしていた
      = I used to jog every morning.
      (talking about the past habit) You used to jog every morning but not anymore.
      Ex. 3) 毎朝、ジョギングをすることにする
      = I am going to jog every morning.
      (expressing your decision “now”) You decided to go jogging every morning from now on.
      Ex. 4) 毎朝、ジョギングをするすることにした
      = I decided to jog every morning.
      (expressing your decision that you made in past)
      You have made up your mind (recently) to go jogging every morning from now on.

  14. Hello Maggie Sensei! Your lessons are on point and very helpful. This is what I really need to enjoy Japanese, unlike the one from textbook which is I guess more needed if you want to pass JLPT.

    I have a question. What Japanese term is used to address the taxi driver? or someone on the street say for example you will ask something?

    1. Hello jerikku

      Happy to read your comment! :)
      to address a taxi driver
      If you talk to the driver directly, you say
      運転手さん = うんてんしゅさん

  15. Hello Maggie sensei
    can you tell me the difference between ”nikui” and ”gatai”?

    For example: 信じがたいことだが、これは事実だ。can i use this sentece with nikui?

    Thanks you again!

    1. Hello Rafael

      にくい is more general.
      がたい is more literal and you use it when something is extremely hard to do. The verb that you can use with がたい is very limited.

  16. Hello Maggie Sensei,
    can you tell me if my meaning is correct.


    He likes to do a job, that he has not given permission to do, but he could be fulfilled doing this job.

    1. Hi Mark
      OK,I’ll make this sentence more simple first so that you can see the structure.
      The writer doubts that kind of job makes him satisfied or not.

      ( ~ という ) 仕事は、本当に満足できる仕事なのだろうか
      I wonder if the job ( ) really makes him satisfied.

      And the description of the job is
      the job that he wants to do but not allowed to do

  17. Hello Maggie sensei

    Thank you for your lesson

    I am sorry I want to ask you what is difference between
    ふう and よう
    In english it translates into same word (Seems or like)

    I see that Japanese use it interchangeably in conversation
    But in test (mostly JLPT), if you have to pick between those two choices
    how do you differ them

    1. Hello,

      ふう = 風
      1) style
      和風 = わふう = Japanese style
      フランス風 = French style
      今風 = いまふう= modern (style)

      X 和よう・フランスよう・ 今よう
      2) way
      こんな風に+ verb = to do something this way
      どんな風に+verb = どんなふうに + verb = how to do something

      Xこんなように X こんなように

      のように + verb = to be/do like ~
      マギーのようになりたい = I want to be like Maggie.
      X マギーの風に

      verb + ように + verb = to do something as someone does/did
      I will work hard as Maggie told me.

      For more details  ように, you can check my lesson

  18. お久しぶりです、Maggie先生!遅いけど、明けましておめでとうございます!

    For the sentence below:


    I was told that the first が (the one after 違い) should be a は instead.

    It’s been a while since I’ve struggled to differentiate between は and が、but I’m really stumped this time. I can’t tell why が is wrong. Are we only supposed to use は in the phrase before 「ですが」 or something? If you’re able to explain, that’d be really awesome. Thank you!

    1. Hi Sora!

      The basic difference is
      〜がわかる   Focusing on the fact that you know something
      〜はわかる Focusing on what you know. (or showing the contrast. Maybe I don’t know ~ but I KNOW ~ )

      So when the two sentences are connected with “but” (ですが・ますが・けど) you show the contrast of the idea so you use は

  19. Hello Maggie Sensei, I have a question about this phrase: 出来上がった料理を、お客さんのところに持っていってください。How can I use this ”agaru”? I thought it was just an verb, but i saw some other examples and i’m a bit confused. Other example: 研究のレポートを一日で書き上げた。
    終わる and 上がる has the same meaning?

    Thank you!

    1. Hello Matt,
      Verb+ 上がる: means ” finish up (doing something) /completed something
      出来る to finish
      出来上がる to finish up/to be completed

      書く to write
      書き上げる finish writing / complete one’s writing
      You can say 書き終える as well.
      書き上げる adds the nuance of “after all one’s work, it is finally done.”

  20. Hello, Sensei :) I need help (help regarding the use of “made”). I tried to post the comment in your lesson post, but it doesn’t make me post the comment (the error page comes out, saying my message is spam ), for this reason I write it here

    I thought I understood the meaning of made, but I found a sentence where I can’t understand the meaning of “made”
    The sentence is as follows: Yaku wo kimeru made owaraseru
    what does it mean?
    I thought it could mean “until …”, but the verb that follows it (owaraseru) confuses me.
    (I don’t think it makes much sense to “let it finish until the role is decided”…..or does it mean “let me finish, until I decide the roles”? )

    I’m so sorry for asking for help, but I would really like to understand everything well during my studies

    1. Hi luli

      Sorry that you couldn’t post your comment in “made” lesson.
      Yaku wo kimeru made owaraseru
      Where did you see the sentence? In your textbook??
      “owaraseru” means “to make it finish/let it finish” so as you said, it doesn’t make sense.
      It should be

      役を決めるまで終われない/終わらない = Yaku wo kimeru made owarenai / owaranai
      役が決まるまで終われない/終わらない = Yaku ga kimaru made owarenai/owaranai
      = We can’t/won’t finish (this meeting) until we decide the roles.

  21. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Thanks for your lesson again

    can you explain the differences between みたい・らしい and とか(で)?
    For example: 二人は来年結婚するらしいです。


    1. Hi Rafael

      They all could be the same but the basic differences are

      〜らしい You heard/saw the information from someone.
      ~みたい You heard/saw the information from someone. Or you assume from what you have heard/saw. So it involves one’s assumption/judgement more. Compared to らしい, you are less certain about the fact.

      〜とか simply means “I heard ~” and it doesn’t involves one’s judgement/assumption.

  22. Hello Maggie-sensei!
    I just want to ask about differences between
    ― になる and になっている
    ー になった and になってきた
    for example
    – 明日から寒くなります
    – 明日から寒くなっていきます
    both of them mean “it will be more cold from tomorrow” right?
    – 日本に来てから、日本語が上手になってきた
    – 日本に来てから、日本語が上手になった
    “since i came to Japan, my Japanese become better”

    it seems like the same :((, can you tell me how and when to use each of them please?

    1. Hello ルアン

      明日から寒くなります(focusing on the result more)
      明日から寒くなっていきます(focusing on the process more)
      They both can be translated “It will be cold from tomorrow” but なっていきます describes the gradual changes more vividly
      So, “It will get colder from tomorrow” might work better.

      The same thing you can say about these two sentences as well.
      日本に来てから、日本語が上手になった My Japanese got better since I came to Japan. (focusing on the result more)
      日本に来てから、日本語が上手になってきた My Japanese has been getting better since I came to Japan. (focusing on the process more)

  23. Hello maggie sensei

    thank you for your lesson
    I want to ask something

    when you meet the word 親等
    I don’t really understand what it means

    let’s say

    If I am a child of my father/mother
    that means my grandfather/grandmother is 2親等の親族 ??
    so where is 3親等の親族

    1. Hi 貴教くん
      親等 is the degree of relationship. Think you are “Zero”
      The relationship between you and your parents is 1親等
      The relationship between you and your spouse, you and your children is 1親等 as well.
      2親等 is the relationship between you and your grandparents, you and your brothers/sisters
      3親等 is the relationship between you and your uncle/aunt, their spouse, you and your nephew/niece. You and your great-grandparents

  24. Hi Maggie-sensei! I wanted some advice on phrases that I could say in order to protect myself in case something happens, as I might be doing a solo trip to Japan once Covid has calmed and I’ve seen some worrying videos/comments. Any suggestions would be great, though how does one also go about saying “I’ll call the police”? どうもありがとう!

    1. Hello Wulf
      I don’t know what kind of situations but

      Keisatsu wo yobimasu yo
      = I’ll call the police, OK?

      誰か警察を呼んでください (to people around you)
      = Dareka keisatsu wo yonde kudasai
      = Call the police, please.

      = Dare ka tasukete kudasai
      = Somebody help!/ Help me!

  25. Hello Maggie Sensei

    I have a question about Verb takei form and Verb て+ある
    Ex: 宿題はもうやってあります and 宿題はもうやった. if there is any difference, in what situation do I use it?

    1. Hello Rafael

      やってあります focuses on the result.→ The homework is done already.
      And もうやった focuses on the action.→ I finished my homework.

  26. Hello Maggie Sensei

    Thank you for your lesson
    Can I ask the polite word to say something like


    or is it already polite?

    example >

    1. Hello,
      First, you can’t say this to 田中さん directly because it implies 田中さん is not motivated now and it sounds impolite but if you are talking to the third person and 田中さん is not your boss, you can say
      田中さんにやる気を出してもらいたいです→more polite 田中さんにやる気を出していただきたいです。

      1. Thank you very much maggie sensei

        regarding to question
        I’m still confuse about how to use 貰う・頂く・呉れる

        I will try to translate random sentences and please check whether it is correct or not based on Sensei opinion

        (I want to have Tanaka san to be motivated)
        (I want to have my girfriend to feed me)
        (Can you show your hand?)

        1. 彼女に食べさせて頂きたいです
          If you are talking about your girlfriend, いただきます is strange.
          彼女に食べさせてもらいたいです。is more natural.
          The rest of them are good! :)

          1. 少し違和感があったのは多分文法的なではなくて風習かな?


  27. Hello Maggie Sensei,

    What I like most about your website is that you give lots of example sentences for what you are discussing. It is very difficult to give exact translations from one language to another. Often, exact translations do not exist. So, you need many examples to learn to understand how a word or piece of grammar is used.

    I have been learning Japanese for about 1 year, and I use your method to figure out the meaning of words used in anime. For example, one word which gave me some problems was 別に. A dictionary translation didn’t cover all of the situations where 別に was being used. I collected a page of examples from different anime, using both the target sentence as well as the previous sentence, to understand the context, and then figured out what all the different situations had in common. Success!

    Another fun example was こらこら (usually said twice in this way). In this case, it is the tone of voice of the speaker which carries the subtle differences in meaning. I get a sense of progress when I begin to understand a language at the emotional level.

    Here is something that I am not sure about. You almost never hear 私達 in anime. The more frequent word is 我々. At first I thought this is just rude/tough guy or casual language used in anime. 我々 in anime is used by crime bosses and demons from another dimension saying how they and their minions are going to take over the planet. But I have recently also heard the word being used in the real world (on television .. sports broadcasts). Now I wonder if 我々 is used when the speaker is representing, or speaking for, an organization. The word ‘we’ is used in this way in English, where ‘we’ = ‘the team’. F1 race drivers often talk this way in interviews. But English doesn’t have a separate word for this usage.

    Is this an appropriate way to understand 我々 in the real (Japanese) world?

    Yes, I know. Simple question, but big introduction. Sorry.


    1. Hello Michael
      Yes!! You are right.
      You rarely hear people use 我々 in daily conversation except when a group member/representative (usually a man) refers to themselves, the group or an organization they represent 我々 in a formal speech.

      (I like your introduction. Very interesting. )

      1. Thanks for your reply, and for your patience with my long introduction.

        It isn’t easy to learn how to use any language when you do not have exposure to that language in everyday life. I have been watching “unscripted” television programs (talk shows, game shows) to get a sense of how people talk normally, and also how different people talk differently. Language is a lot more fluid than a set of rules …

    1. Hi Otabek

      ようと: Verb volitional form
      ~ようとする trying to do ~
      逃げようとする = nigeyou to suru = trying to escape
      Check this lesson.

      ような and ように both mean “like” the difference is
      ような + noun
      ように + verb

      Check this lesson I explained the whole difference there. :)

  28. Sry wrong sentences please delete the previous




    1. Hello
      OK, I don’t proofread/translate the sentences here but
      来月になったら〜行きました doesn’t make sense. 来月になったら + future
      That means, you wanted to pay back money to him.
      So →返してもらおうと思って

      →Again, this sentence implies that you borrow the money.
      Also 借りっぱなしにしたいかのよう is not natural.

      How about 彼はお金を返すつもりはないようです。

  29. Hi Maggie sensei!
    Thank you for your quick reply!
    My question was solved perfectly, thanks a lot!
    Your explanations are always helpful to understand Japanese grammar well.
    Thanks again!

  30. Hello Maggie Sensei.
    what does


    I thought it means:
    “The food has been prepared already”

  31. Hello Maggie Sensei


    I want to ask something

    Is there any difference between



    1. Hello 黒雲祓う春聯

       まず、「犠牲する」 と「犠牲させる」 とは言いません。

      犠牲になる: to be sacrificed, to fall victim to
      犠牲にする:make a sacrifice of ~


      1. ありがとうございますマギー先生




        1. 黒雲祓う春聯

          「緊張する」 to be nervous
          「緊張させる」 to make someone nervous
          「緊張になる」 「緊張にする」 とは言いません。

          1. 承知しました。


    1. Hello Maggie,

      Is your website working correctly? I sometimes use VPN for my web browsing.
      When I use a Japanese or Australian server, then I can see this page (Maggie’s room 2022). However, when I log in from Europe or North America, then this page is empty .. I cannot see the comment field.

      I do have a question/comment about Japanese language, but I will wait until I know your site is working correctly.


      1. Hello Michael
        Thank you for letting me know the problem.
        Hmm I don’t know why but it must be some kind of glitch.
        But please feel free to leave a comment/question anyway.

    2. あけましておめでとうございます、maggie sensei!!
      Thank you for your explanation about the difference between わざわざ&せっかく.
      But I have one question about the example sentence below.
      ❌ 彼はせっかく東京まで会いに来てくれたのに私は大阪にいて会えなかった。
      Is this sentence still ❌(no good)? I think this sentence was revised from 「✖️彼はせっかく東京まで私に会いに来た。」(wrong sentence). I think the revised one seems correct.

      1. Hello kkchn

        明けましておめでとうございます! :)
        Ahh that ❌ was a mistake. I must have copied the part of the sentence and forgot to erase ❌
        彼はせっかく東京まで会いに来てくれたのに私は大阪にいて会えなかった。 is a correct sentence.
        Thank you for spotting the mistake and sorry to make you confused.
        I will fix the lesson right away.

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