Maggie’s Room (New)

スクリーンショット 2013-06-19 1.06.47

Hi everyone! Thank you for visiting Maggie’s room. (I reopened this room on Sept. 14th, 2018.)

Feel free to leave any message. I will try to answer your questions here. But please make it simple. I can handle one or two questions. (If they are not too complicated..) 

I love you all but please understand that  I don’t translate or dictate lyrics, your personal letters, messages or help your homework here. Hope you don’t take it personally. Though I’d like to help everyone, if  I do for one person, which means I have to do for thousands of people everyday. Thank you for understanding. ありがとう!


  1. Hello sensei, I wanna ask about how you would write these 2 in Japanese:

    1. People/someone who (Verb) me
    2. People/someone whom I (Verb)

    1. I think this is what you want to know…

      1. 私を〜する人

      Ex. A person who loves me.
       = 私を愛する人
      Ex. The fans who support me.
      = 私を応援してくれるファン

      2. 私が〜する人 (or 私の〜する人)

      Ex. A person whom I love.
      = 私が愛する人 (or 私の愛する人)

      Ex. The singer that I support.
      = 私が応援する歌手 (or 私の応援する歌手)

        1. Ah OK

          (You use が for わかる/できる/ potential form)
          But if you use わかってくれる

          1. ありがとうせんせい^^

            Your website has taught me so much and I’m sure many people feels the same way, thank you very much sensei. And keep it up^^

  2. せんせい、こんにちは。
    How do you read ‘嫌’ here?

    1. @mann


  3. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help to check my sentence.
    I am not sure it using なら is correct….

    If I want to say
    “If loving you is the Wrong, then I don’t need the Right”.

    Can I say


    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hi!

      君を愛するのが「不正」ならば、僕には「正」は必要ない or 僕は「正」なんか要らない。
      But the word choice,「不正」 「正」 are bit off because the word 「不正」 means “dishonest/illegal”.
      If you just want to say “wrong” and “right”
      For example, you could also say

  4. Hello Maggie sensei,

    If I want to say

    I don’t know why I have just met you but I’m missing you now.

    Is it たたころ or たばかり

    Could you correct my sentence please?


    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello, もう元気になりましたか?

      In that case, ばかり is better.

      (まだ*)会ったばかりだけど or 会ったばかりなのに、なんで(こんなに*)君に会いたくなるんだろう。
      (* I just added them to make it sound more natural.)

  5. こんにちは



    1. こんにちは!
      「胃袋をつかむ」 受け身は「胃袋をつかまれる」という表現があります。これは料理が上手な女性が男性の心ではなく”胃袋”を掴んでしまうということなのでつかまれた男性は美味しい料理が食べたいのでその女性と一緒にいたいなって思います。


      1. すみませんマギー先生




        1. 今回は、英語で書きます。
          A:昨日は大敗北は残念だよね (Umm something is wrong. 昨日の大敗北は残念だったよね。 works.)
          B:そんなことはないはずです OK
          A:サッカーに喩えるなら1対7の up to here is OK
          気持ち ???
          負けプリなんだよ What is プリ??? Ahhh I got it from your next line. Probably 負けっぷりなんだよ。
          B:(食事中) OK
          A:ところで凄い食べプリだな →食べっぷりだな

          Vぷり the way someone does something vigorously.
          食べっぷり (食べ方)eating a lot
          負けっぷり (負け方) to lose badly.

          1. 改めてありがとうございます


  6. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you please check my sentence.
    If I write


    Does it make sense.

    My second question is about くらい・ほど

    Since my friend told me that kurai and hodo are very complicated, I need to study them carefully.

    In this sentence, he told me not to use くらい

    But is it true Sensei?

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello!! 元気?
      → Good!

      →Your friend is right. You don’t use くらい here.
      ほど and くらい・ぐらい are very similar and a lot of time they are interchangeable (5分ほど待ってください。(more polite)/ 5分くらい待って)) but when 死ぬほど here means “very”/”extremely” and it is an expression to describe “the maximum degree of the state/condition”. In that case you don’t use くらい

      死ぬほどお腹がすいた。= I am extremely hungry.
      死ぬほどがんばった。= I tried really hard.

      1. Hello !

        I’m not 元気, Sensei. I have a severe flu….

        Thanks for helping me in study.

  7. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you please help to check my sentence.
    I am practicing によって

    1・Jaian- kun は場合によって友達を助けることもある。


    3. 雨によってハイキングを中止した

    I think によって has many meanings….

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello,

      I see. よって, “by”, indicates the reason/cause but it is mainly used in a formal writing/speech.

      1. Unless ジャイアン decides whether he helps his friends or not depending on certain cases, it doesn’t sound natural.
      If that what you meant, I would add は

      If he once in a while helps his friends, こともある is enough. Or you can add 時々

      2.  病気によって + outcome
      続いた→続出した。will be better.

      Or just use ために・せいで

      3. That sounds like “I cancelled hiking by/using rain.”
      雨によって+ what happened not what you did.
      (You state the fact objectively.)

      中止した involves the speaker’s will. So in that case,
      雨なのでハイキングを中止した。 will be more natural.

    1. Hello mann

      口より先に before one talks/tries to persuade (someone)
      So here 口 (= mouth) means “talking” →”giving an advice/warning/persuading)

      口より先に手を出す hit first and talk afterwards/resort to violence before trying to persuade

  8. Thank you for your generosity.
    What i want to know is why is 待った! used in the same way as 待て! 
    I don’t understand why the 過去形 is used this way.
    Thank you. Yoroshiku onegai itashimasu.

    1. Hello Ades,
      動詞の過去形 can also be used as an imperative from; this pattern is very colloquial and emphatic. Very often the verb becomes duplicated. The usage is limited.

      1. 買った、買った !(Buy it, just buy it!)
      2. どいた、どいた! (Out of my way, now!)


    2. Hi Ades and 天人
      Besides those repetitive usages that 天人 mentioned, you don’t usually use the past tense as an imperative form.
      待った is a special expression which came from Sumo (or shogi- Japanese chess, go = game which is like checkers.) when the wrestlers start the match with a false start, the judge calls “待った” (待ったをかける)and they start from the beginning.
      So there is an expression 待ったなし. (No do-overs. / Time is up)

      1. I think 待った can also be used as 待って.
        In the Japanese version of FF IX ジタン said:

        About the second usage I wasn’t aware of. It’s good to learn something new!

        1. 天人

          Yes, it is originally from 相撲 and now you use 待った as “Wait!” in conversation now.
          Actually you hear/use it a lot in daily conversation. またね〜♪

  9. Hello sensei
    thank you for your lesson

    i want know the meaning of idiom, 脳内日和 because i can’t seem to find it anywhere
    i think this mean something like “person with clumsy or naive personality” please help me

    1. I’ve never heard of it. You could be right but some people seem to use the expression when they are really into the world of comic book/cartoon “ギャグマンガ日和”. 脳内= inside of one’s head + 日和

      1. Thank you very much sensei.
        Do weblio has meaning for idiom?
        e.g. 血で血を洗う
        just tried to search but found nothing

        1. It’s an idiom. Blood will have blood. ≈Violent acts will be followed by more violent acts of vengeance.
          It is originally used for fight in a family/among relatives.
          The translation could be just “bloody”.

          1. that is some interesting idiom sensei, nice to know more about japanese. also nice to be taugh by sensei. thank you very much

  10. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help to check my sentences

    I want to say some sentences for a broken heart.

    1/ The more I stay away from you , the more I miss you.
    = 遠ければ遠いほど君に会いたい。

    2/ The more I try to forget you, the more I miss you.
    Is it OK if I say

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hi Frozenheart,
      how about:

      1) 忘れようとすればわすれようとするほど、君に会いたい。=> (君のことを)忘れようとすればするほど、(もっと)君に会いたくなる。 (or 会いたくなってしまう)

      2) 遠ければ遠いほど君に会いたい=> (君のことを)離れれば離れるほど、もっと君に会いたくなる。(or 会いたくなってしまう)

      What do you say, Maggie?

      1. Nice, 天人! :)
        Thank you for helping Frozenheart!


        Good! It will be more natural to say 会いたくなる instead of 会いたい.

        (1) ば (2) ほど

        You often use the shorter version in (2), especially ~する

        1. 離れていれば(離れて)いるほど、君に会いたくなる。→離れていればいるほど*君に会いたくなる。
        2. 忘れようとすれば(忘れようと)するほど、君に会いたくなる。 →忘れようとすればするほど、*君に会いたくなる。(This is much more common.)

        * If you want to add the nuance of “more”, you can say “ますます”

  11. せんせいこんにちは
    How do you read 止 in “どんなに止められようが、私はどうしても 行かねばならない” and what does this sentence mean?

    1. Hello mann,

      The sentence means: I have to keep going no matter what, no matter how hard you try to stop me.


  12. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about (よ)とする・(よ)としている。
    Are they interchangeable for the following sentences?

    1/家を 出ようとしたが、突然雨が降り出した。


    I think (1) is When I was about to leave home, it rained.
    But I’m not sure what (2) means.

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello,

      Yes, (1) is “When I was about to leave home, it started to rain.”
      (2) is not natural. It means “Someone was trying to leave the house but it started to rain.”
      You usually use ようとしていた when you describe how someone was trying to do something or the way someone was struggling to do something.

      1. Thanks Maggie sensei.
        I understand that point.

        One more question , if I say
        死のうとしています. Does it makes sense :)

  13. Hello Maggie Sensei

    I have a question, normally this is just one question but it seems to be lot because I want to know the right usage

    Please check whether those sentences are right or wrong?

    a. 昨日テレビで台風に飛ばされた家根を見た
    b. 昨日テレビで台風に揺すられた家根を見た
    c. 昨日テレビで台風に飛ぶ家根を見た
    d. 昨日テレビで台風に揺れる家根を見た
    e. 昨日テレビで台風が飛ばす家根を見た
    f. 昨日テレビで台風が揺する家根を見た

    Sensei can just answer by saying A wrong, B right, C wrong, etc

    1. Hello

      OK, first of all, you wanted to say “roof”, right? That’s 屋根 not 家根

      If you saw the roof which was blown away by typhoon a) is possible. (I would say 台風で飛ばされた屋根 is more common)

      If you saw the roof was blowing away by typhoon, you could also say 台風で屋根が飛ばされているのを見た。

      1. yes, but i wonder whether those sentences are correct or not
        of course after change them to 屋根

        sry for misunderstanding

      2. ah sry again sensei

        the point why I ask the question is not because i want to say that i saw the roof

        but i want to know various way to make “noun” just as the sentences above

        1. a. 昨日テレビで台風に飛ばされた屋根を見た possible
          b~f not natural

          The part of the reason is the verb 揺する・揺れる・揺すられる+屋根

  14. Hello. I think this site is wonderful, you’ve done a tremendous job here with all the Japanese grammar explanations. Thank you very much for your effort.

  15. Hi Maggie and company, I love you and your lessons. They always help me to improve my knowledge of Japanese and encourage me to take the JLPT.

    Well, I have a question regarding some grammar points:
    To me, the meaning of …ばかりでなく…も and …はもちろん…もare the same but I’m not very sure about my understanding of it😭😭
    The book seems to pretty difference them. (Nihongo sou-matome).

    Thanks for your help 😃😃

    1. Hi Sara,


      They are similar but there is a slight nuance difference.

      1) 彼は英語ばかりではなくフランス語も話せる。
      = He speaks not only English but also French.

      The speaker is suprised at that fact that he speaks two languages not just English but also French.

      2) 彼は英語はもちろんフランス語も話せる。
      = He speaks French not to mention English

      The speaker expects him to speak English and emphasizes that he also speaks French.

  16. Hello sensei

    i have some question.
    how do you say.
    random people i meet at street

    1. こんにちは!お久しぶりです。
      There are a few ways of saying that depending on the context
      たまたま街で出会った人, etc.

      どうでもいい人 has a negative connotation which means “people I don’t care much.”

        1. You can find the translation in the dictionary but you should change it depending on the word/context.
          random word 思いつきの言葉/どんな言葉でもいいから..
          random time 不定期に/どんな時間でもいいから, etc.

  17. 先生、すみませんが、下のような文章の中で「それと知られた」はどういう意味であるか、教えていただけますでしょうか?
    「今回の不買運動の口火を切ったのは、中小商人自営業者総連合会。ソウルの日本大使館の前で、日本メーカーのロゴを付けたパッケージを踏みつけた連中だ。その指導者は、それと知られた文在寅(ムン・ジェイン)支持派の人物だ。」( より)

  18. こんにちはマギー先生

    例えば、北西=西北? 北東=東北? 南東=東南? 南西=西南?


    1. 1)上から三段目の一番右の箱


      1. ありがとうございますマギー先生


        1. 一番左、左から二つ目、右から二つ目、一番右+の箱

          縦4つ、横4つ 合計16個の箱
          縦X横 4つずつ 合計16個の箱

          1. 全部の説明は分かりました。でも一つだけ疑問があります
            今回は縦3つ、横3つ 合計9個の箱

            1A 1B 1C
            2A 2B 2C
            3A 3B 3C

            3B の箱について先生は今の感じで説明してもらえますか
            (using row … and column 段) I don’t know what is row in japanese T_T

          2. 普通に表を見ている時は


          3. ありがとうございます

          4. どういたしまして!

  19. Hello Maggie sensei.
    Please help me, what meaning “夏だやい”?
    And can you explain about “だやい”?

    Thank you as always

    1. Hello Kid,
      だやい in 富山弁(dialect of とやま) means だるい.
      夏だやい = summer is like pain in the ass.


      1. Thank you for your reply sensei. Like sensei said, when i search on google, i found だやい is dialect which mean “Darui” or ” Mendokusai”, but it just make me so confused what “natsu yadai” meaning for 😂

        1. Could you provide us with a deeper context to that?
          Maybe it’s just a neologism.

          Sounds like だよ/だね to me.

          1. It’s 堀未央奈’s blog title.
            you can type “堀未央奈 夏だやい” on google (since i don’t know can i put the link in here)

      2. You read the title of 堀未央奈’s blog, right?
        She is from Gifu so it confused some people why she said だやい which is other area’s dialect and it means “something bothering” but it doesn’t make a sense because she didn’t say anything negative in her post about summer. Either way, it is not common or important Japanese expression so I wouldn’t worry about it so much.

        1. Yes sensei, “夏だやい” is 堀未央奈’s blog title :D
          Understood sensei. Once again, thanks for your kindness to reply my question.

  20. Hello Lily,

    I will help to answer the question since maggie sensei is still on the trip.

    It has two translations
    1. I am angry because I can’t deny it.
    2. Somehow you will angry because you can’t deny it, right?
    There is no subject involved here, the speaker is seeking for approval and it is just used as description

    So what to do to differ them?
    You must see the context
    Is the speaker is speaking with certain person or everyone in general?
    If the case is in the latter then you would translate it the same as number 2

    P.S. to Maggie sensei I mistype my email so please delete the previous comment

      1. おかえりなさいマギー先生

        1. Maggie’s roomの名前を Ismi’s roomに変えた方がよかったですね。


          1. それはさすがに良くないと思います。変更すると、この部屋は滅茶苦茶になり兼ねません。やめるほうがいいと思います。私もまだ先生に頼ります T_T

          2. ありがとうございますマギー先生。では私はこれからも頑張ります。先生に役に立つため。

  21. Hi sensei,

    So A and B is talking and there’s this sentence “否定できないのが腹立つぜ” but I don’t know who says it. Does it mean “I’m angry because I can’t deny it” or “You’re angry because you can’t deny it”. Since there’s no subject, does it automatically refer to “I” (the one speaking)? I get this problem all the time, not knowing which one is speaking when there’s no context.

    Thank you~

  22. マギー先生こんにちは。

    1. Hello Mann

      Since Maggie sensei is still going on the trip I will answer the question instead

      You read 仕事中 as “shigotochuu”(しごとちゅう)

      He is always mumbling alone while working

  23. みなさん、Maggieの部屋に来てくれてありがとう!

    Thank you for visiting Maggie’s room.
    I will be gone for summer vacation until August.
    Looking forward to helping you from August again. See you soon!

    1. Hello sensei, thank you for your hard effort.
      another announcenment may be better made english so everybody can understand.


  24. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Sorry for my question during your travelling time.
    But I just write question here. Please answer me when you’re back.

    Regarding the advice using たらどうか, is it possible if I use たらどうか for negative form.


    Wouldn’t it be better not to talk about it?
    Is it OK to say


    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hi, you caught me before my trip. (^_−)−☆
      言わなかったら is used for hypothetical condition but you don’t use verb negative form with たらどう to give advice.
      So when you give someone some suggestions, you just use verb affirmative form.

  25. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about かと思うと and たとたん。

    I wonder if there’s any difference (or trouble) if I use

    1/ 夫は結婚したとたん、態度が変わった。

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Let me also help on these

      Both are bunpou

      you translate it like this
      かと思うと = just when (you use to speak of your own idea : just when I think that)
      たとたん = at the very moment

      At the very moment my father married, his attitude has changed
      Just when I think of marriage, My father’s attitude changed

      So the difference will be in sentences 1 just describing something
      while in sentences 2 you put your own thought

      1. Althought grammatially correct, I think that
        At the very moment my father married, his attitude has changed

        Is not make any sense btw, because personality is not something that changes in the count of second

        this たとたん put an action that happen very fast

        1. たとたん と かと思うと についてですが、

          II. 話者自身については使えぬ。
          III. 後件に意志表現はとれぬ。

          I. 前件と後件には何かの関係性があることが多い。
          II. 後件はマイナスの事/瞬間的な変化が多い。
          III. 後件に意志表現もとれぬ。


          1. Haha, I am still here but thank you for helping Frozenheart.
            I can go traveling anytime. There are nice people here helping each other.


        2. Thanks Ismi. You’re very nice !

          @ Maggie sensei : I’m also waiting for youuuuuu. Please don’t go travelling so long. Please teach me that when you’re back.
          Thanks my Lady.

  26. Hello Maggie-Sensei!

    I’m having a little trouble with these 2 sentences and would like your help again. The middle part is what’s giving me trouble in this one:


    “I usually do weight training at my personal gym, but I didn’t do enough breathing exercises, so it felt like “I exercised for the first time in a while” (laughs).”

    In the next sentence, I wasn’t sure about my translation. I can’t tell if the person is talking about random women she saw in Hokkaido or women that she knew. Maybe it’s something that’s implied and I missed it.


    “When I went to Hokkaido to shoot a DVD, I thought it was wonderful to see girls from my generation who were living completely different lives from me.”

    Thank you.

    1. Since Maggie sensei will go on trip, let her have a peace of mind.
      Let me help you instead


      I usually do weight training at personal gym but because I haven’t done any heavy exercises that puts out my breath, I felt that I has been a long time since I do this (the training) (LoL)


      When I was sent to Hokkaido due to DVD shooting , I saw another girl of the same generation was living on a completely different lifestyle as me, then I thought it was awesome.

      I’m not japanese btw I’m on N1 level

      P.S Maggie Sensei : Have a safe trip

      1. I usually do weight training at personal gym but because I haven’t done any heavy exercises that puts out my breath, I felt that it has been a long time since I do this (the training) (LoL)

        you see some typo* there (I has been –> It has been)
        here is the correction

  27. Hello sensei

    Thank you as always

    Can I ask you something?
    which kanji is used in those sentences?

    嘘をつく –> tsuku
    クレームをつく –> tsuku
    はきそうな目眩がする –> haku

    thank you

    1. Hi again,
      嘘をつく You usually use hiragana but the kanji is 吐く

      You don’t say クレームをつく
      I think you meant クレームをつける (付ける)

      はく = 吐く

  28. Hello sensei

    Thank you as always
    Still learning on your lesson
    Need help for this sentence
    can I use ?

    Please advise the need word to replace the comma

    Thank you very much

    1. Good morning!
      Wow, that was an old lesson.
      Just so you know, I translated “or” in that sentence but it could be “and” depending on the context.

      You can say

      but it shows contrast in a strong way.

      それとも shows much stronger contrast so it is not natural in this case.
      You can use それとも for example
      日本では電話に出る時に「もしもし」と言いますか? それとも電話をかける時に言いますか?

      1. Yes sensei I am starting from scratch, Well there is SOO much exception in Japanese to the point that makes me confused, My target is to speak naturally, even if it takes a long hard way.

        That was excellent, thank you very much

        1. No problem!
          がんばって! And I can see you very motivated asking me many questions today but FYI I will be gone for a couple of weeks. I can answer your questions until this Wednesday. :)

          1. ほう、まさかポーランドへ行くんじゃないよな^^

          2. ヨーロッパ大陸のどこかって?

  29. Hello sensei
    Nice to meet you again

    I am learning from your past lesson
    There’s is some lesson called 草食系男子
    I just take some example sentence from it,


    My question from the context

    野心や出世欲に乏しい can be modified to 野心や出世欲が乏しい

    but can甘いものや料理が好き be modified to 甘いものや料理に好き ????

      1. Is there any specific rule to differ them?
        may be I should give focus on what kind of adjective that suit to particle?
        or sensei can say I can learn by instinct? by hearing a lot of people talking or else?

  30. Hello sensei,

    Long time no see,
    Good day to sensei

    Having done JLPT test with まあまあペース
    I want to ask something

    Can you help me differ the usage of 定義、意味、意義
    by example sentences?

    Thank you as always

    1. Hi, お疲れ様 for the JLPT test.

      定義 definition verb define
      意味 meaning
      意義 significance, purpose

      Try using Weblio or ALC to find the meaning and example sentences.

      1. Yes I have search through weblio before but I don’t really understand. Just in my case, i think it is hard to differ the nuance from weblio but they do provide a lot of example sentences which is good I think.

        But now I understand

        意味 = what
        意義 = why
        定義 = for specific meaning

        Thank you for your help sensei

  31. please, could you explain the difference between these 2 sentences?
    Omoi no kienai basho de
    Omoi ga kienai basho de

    Both mean “in a place where memories do not disappear”. but why “no” is used in a sentence while in the other “ga”?

  32. こんにちは








    1. こんにちは
      相変わらず、いつもお世話になります →Just いつもお世話になります。
      1. 「うい」を使う言葉は限られていますね。初産(ういざん) one’s first childbirth.
      Ex. 初産だからなにかと心配だ。

      2. 先生風人?? You mean 先生などの目上の人?

      3. 文の中の状況は日本語に言い換えるそれとも英語で説明してどちらかいい都合で教えてもらえませんか


      1. Ah thank you sensei

        So if in case there a situation
        You know some person from another university and you want to ask him whether he is sensei or not
        can I use this
        I always taught to avoid using あなた

        btw how to say –> a person who looks like a teacher
        it is not 先生風の方・人??

        1. You are right. Avoid using あなた.
          Just skip the subject.

          A person who looks like a reacher

          先生風の is teacher”ish”

  33. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about ように

    I think I will use ように for the following sentences. Could you help me to check them


    But if I just want to say
    She’s like an angel
    Is it 彼女は天使のように。

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello,

      彼女は天使のように踊っている OK
      彼女は天使のようにきれいだ OK

      She’s like an angel is 彼女は天使のようだ。

  34. Hello Maggie sensei,
    Could you explain to me the meaning of ふーん族 and めっちゃ族, please? I found these expressions on various blogs but I cannot understand properly what they refer to.
    Thank you!

    1. I did a little research. It looks like the terms that a famous psychology counselor,心屋仁之助(こころやじんのすけ) made.
      ふーん族 is a type of people reacts in low key. They don’t show much emotion.
      めっちゃ族 is opposite type of people who react in an exaggerating way.
      So let’s say when they see the same thing, while ふーん族 reacts in a calm way or doesn’t show much interest,
      Ex. ふーん いいね。Oh…that’s nice, isn’t it
      めっちゃ族 overreacts. Ex. めっちゃいい! (Wow! This is INCREDIBLE! It’s super great!)

      1. Ah I see! everything makes more sense!! ^_^

        Thank you so much for your explanation Maggie sensei, I love your site and the way you teach and explain things! ^_^


  35. Maggie sensei I would like to thank you for every help that you have given to me.

    Thanks for wonderful site,
    Thanks for being kind to teach everyone,
    Thanks for being a good sensei

    I still want to give a try on december JLPT because I am not satisfied with what I have done on the test. I tend to think I bombed the test today

    I was hoping that I can past n1 so I can go to your place just to say hello or something like that.

    from now on I will continuously visit your site to check sentences,
    dokkai part was hilarious to me T_T


    1. Hi, Ismi
      And Thank YOU for your heartwarming message.
      I am always here for you! これからもがんばってくださいね!

  36. Hi Maggie Sensei!

    Can I ask some questions?
    What is the difference of :

    1. 命じる vs 指図する
    2. 訪問する vs 来訪する
    3. 如く vs みたい/ように

    Thanks in advance! ^ ^

    1. Hi Sno

      They are all synonyms but

      1. 命じる (to order) is stronger command. 指図 is more like to instruct someone what to do.
      2. 来訪 is a polite form of 訪問. You used it when someone superior visits you.
      3. 如く is literal way to say みたい・ように. You hear/see it in old saying. For conversation, みたい・ように are much more common.

        1. You’re welcome!
          The best way to find the difference of synonym words is to find how they use. Use Google and check the example sentences.

  37. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about つもり.
    つもり has 2 meanings, one is related to “our plan” and the other is related to “what we think inside us”.

    I know how to distinguish them when it comes to Verb
    (a)メールを送ったつもり。。。: Tsumori here refers to what we think
    (b) 就職するつもり。。。: つもり here refers to the plan

    But I don’t know how to distinguish them when it comes to adj and noun.
    Could you give me some examples with Adj and Noun + tsumori ?

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. What a coincidence! I am just working on つもり lesson.

      noun+ の+ つもり / adjective + つもり
      to think/believe one is ~ (But the reality is different.) / pretend to be ~

      = My child thinks/believes she/he is already an adult. (But the reality is different. He/She is still a child.)

      I believe I am still young. (But the reality is different. I am not young)

      1. Thanks my Lady.
        Will wait for the つもり lesson from you !!!

        So, a phrase such as 医者のつもり can both have 2 meanings
        (a) Plan to be a doctor
        (b) Believe that one is a doctor.

        How to distinguish them, sensei ?

  38. hello maggie sensei,
    i always visit your page everytime i have difficulties on explaining a certain japanese grammar pattern to my students studying japanese.
    im hoping this time you can help me understand whats the difference and how to use the verb tazuneru in the sentence which both means to ask and to visit .
    thank you in advance

    1. in this sentence ….you need to select the same meaning
      昨日 山田さんを訪ねました。
      my answer was number 4 but according to the the key answer the correct one is number 2.
      why number 2 over number 4?
      thank you

      1. Hi, shi-ra sensei

        Where did you get these questions? Textbook?
        Isn’t 2) 昨日、山田さんの家をたずねました。
        家にたずねました is not natural.

        The key to answer this question is the meaning of たずねる. It changes depending on kanji and particle.

        訪ねる visit  someone/some place+を+たずねる
        尋ねる/訊ねる ask questions  someone+に+たずねる

        So 昨日、山田さんを訪ねました。 means “visited Yamada-san yesterday.
        So the closest answer will be 2. 家をたずねました。

        if the original sentence is
        昨日、山田さんに(都合を)尋ねました。 the answer will be 4)

  39. Hello sensei

    always nice to see you again
    Thank you for always helping me

    I have a question in this sentence here

    Not sure if this is natural but more or less if I translate this it will become
    “I am who are bad at sport can do at least acting as the tree which is blown by the wind”

    Now about the question what is the difference if I change the verb to this?

    Please also tell me which one is natural because I have an impression that above sentences means the same

    1. Hello,
      Hmm that sentence is not natural.
      You mean “Even I who is bad at sports can act as a tree which is blown by the wind?”
      If so,
      運動が苦手な(or 運動音痴の)私でも、風に揺れる/風に揺れている木の演技ができる。
      or 風に揺れる/風に揺れている木の演技は、運動が苦手な(or 運動音痴の)私でもできる。


      The natural one is the second one. 1) and 3) are not natural.

    1. Hi
      余韻 means “aftereffect”. When you see a concert or movie or have a great experience, you still feel happy, excited. 収まりそうにない in this case means “to feel like that aftereffects never end.”

  40. Hello sensei

    nice to meet you again

    have some question

    I want to know what does this mean

    Thank you as always

    1. Hello, Ismi!

      Which part you don’t understand?
      This person is visiting some companies or people to say hello and inform them that he/she is retiring or quitting the company.

      1. このたび会社を辞めることになり
        this one i understand
        (at this occasion I will ended up quitting the company) this on I understand


        this こうして to which it refer??
        this 挨拶に伺った次第です
        if I want to translate to ”depend to my greetings (that i do on my visit)
        somehow it doesn’t make sense

        1. この度 the literal meaning is “this time” but you don’t need to translate it. It is a formal expression that you use when you talk about your present situation.
          こうして refers to “coming to visit you” = 挨拶に伺った
          次第 This 次第 doesn’t mean “depend on”. It is used when you explain something (in this case the reason why he/she come visits the listener.”
          This is why I am here to greet you.

  41. Hello sensei

    It is always good to see you again

    i have a question about this sentences


    I only want to know about 抽選 in context please tell me thank you very much

      1. So this part means

        There’s also many case that the participant is decided by lottery?

        By the way sensei if you don’t mind
        before JLPT test at 7th july
        I want to check the sentences with you

        All you have to do just to reply with “correct” or “not correct”
        You don’t have to fix the sentence or anythinh, if sensei is Okay with it I will be very happy.
        Will it be Okay with sensei?? :)
        If not then it’s okay, sensei has helped me so much already, I am really grateful for it.

          1. yes please until 7th i plan to ask two sentences a day at maximum

            thank very much sensei よろしくお願いします

  42. 予約日 2012/11/13
    Hello sensei

    many thanks to you

    I have a question here only for certain part


    タイトル 日本歴史
    取り置き期限 2012/12/10
    山田市立中央図書館  電話番号 012-3456-7890


    I don’t understand the 取り置き期限 part in here please tell me what does it mean?
    also the 了承 part in which situation it is often used?

    1. Hello,

      Let me help you on behalf of Maggie sensei

      取り置き期限 means “reservation time limit”
      so this library give limit for reservation for public

      了承 means “understanding” almost same with 納得する

  43. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Forgive me for the second question !

    My second question is about the difference between ことにする・ことにした。

    To be more specific, what is the difference between:

    1/ 娘 「お父さん、今度の休みにDisneylandにつれていってよ。」

    父 「よし、わかった。じゃ友達とゴルフに行く約束はことわることにするよ」


    2/ 娘 「お父さん、今度の休みにDisneylandにつれていってよ。」

    父 「よし、わかった。じゃ友達とゴルフに行く約束はことわることにしたよ」

    Thanks my Lady!

    1. Hell again,
      Ah good question. The slight nuance difference.
      The father says he will decline the golf event in both 1) and 2) but
      The father is more determined with 1). I already made up my mind. I am not going!

  44. Hello Maggie sensei,

    After studying your lesson about ことにしている・ようにしている、my understanding about the difference is as follows. Could you please help me to check. Thanks my Lady.

    2/ 毎週、金曜日はジムに行くよにしている。

    My understanding is
    For (1), we are going to gym every Friday. And we already made a habit of it.
    For (2), we are not going to gym every Friday. But we will make an effort to make it a habit.

    Thanks my Lady.

  45. Greetings sensei.
    Your website is my lifeline for Japanese, so thanks for that.
    My question: I came across this phrase – 寂しくなくなりました. I understand it means ‘stopped being lonely’, but I”m confused about the term なくなりました.

    I’ve seen it in your adjective +suru/naru page, but I don’t understand the なく part. How does it fit in with the adverb and なりました?

    Is it a grammar term or a verb or something else? I’m confused. Please clarify this for me.

    Thanks for your help!

    1. Hi Kantar,

      なくなる means “to become not ~”
      寂しくなる to become lonely (to feel lonely / to start to miss something/someone)
      寂しくなくなる to become “not” lonely (to (be in the state) not feeling lonely / to start not to miss something/someone)
      So ~ なる is to be/to become in certain state and
      なくなる is to be/to become in the state not ~~

      エアコンを入れたら涼しくなった。 (to start to feel cool after turning on the air conditioner)
      エアコンが自動に切れて涼しくなくなった。(The air conditioner turned off automatically and it has become not cool.)

  46. Hello sensei
    Thank you as always

    I have a question

    what is the difference between


    the context here is 身につける

    1. Hi
      自分で持っている  to hold/carry something on your own (by yourself)
      Ex. その子供は自分でバッグを持っている。
      That child carries the bag on his/her own.

      1) to take possession of something/someone by force /to obtain something

      2) to acquire something.

      So 身につける means 1) to put on/ to wear (clothes, accessary, etc.) 2) to acquire (similar to 自分のものにする)

  47. Hello, Maggie-sensei. What does this mean? 言い出された次の日には離婚届け持って出て行っちまったから誰にも言うヒマなくてさ

    I was reading this about this famous guy who was getting divorce so that’s the context, btw. And I’m just so confused with all those -te forms ;;

    Thanks in advance!

    1. Hi Kano,

      My wife left me with the divorce paper on the next day she told me that she wanted to get divorced so I have no chance to tell anybody about it.

    2. Hello @Kano,
      all this ~て forms are telling about the order/sequence of events.
      So we have 1. 離婚届け持って=> she was holding in her hands the divorce registration papers and 2. 出て行っちまった => left (it’s from 出て行く, can be considered as one verb) .


  48. Hello sensei

    Thank you from before

    I have a question as before


    Please give me a hint why those 2 sentences is wrong?

    1. Hi,
      味わう enjoy the taste or experience something (It could be a negative experience.)
      If you say 海の水を味わう, you enjoy the taste of the ocean.
      You can say for example, コーヒーを味わう。

      As for the second sentence, you say 楽しい時間を過ごした
      You use 味わう to experience joy or pain but you don’t say 時間を味わう。

        1. There is a verb 味見する/味を見る for regular food but in this case, you just say
          海水を飲んでみたら/なめてみたら塩辛かった。(casual しょっからかった)

          You only use 味わう for food, when the food tastes good and you enjoy the taste.

  49. Hello sensei

    Thank you as always for your help

    have some question here
    how do i differ the usage?
    安易 容易 簡単 単純 簡潔


    1. I can just give you commoon usages here. (I am available one or two simple questions here.)

      容易 and 安易 are similar but for example you say
      安易に考える(underestimate) but you don’t say 容易に考える.
      You tend to use 容易 when you can do things easily.

      When you talk about the quality of things, something is easy, Ex. easy/simple cooking, Ex. easy book, you use 簡単

      単純: to describe some monotonous, simple work, 単純作業、or personality simple minded
      簡潔: to summarize a long story/writing in a simple way.

  50. Hello sensei

    Always nice to see you again
    I have question on this sentence


    How to read 凶き and what is this meaning?
    Source is from the mystery novel I read

    Thank :)

        1. You usually use the kanji 悪しき for “あしき ” now and you don’t use the kanji 凶
          It is a classic Japanese.
          Though there is a reading of まが as kun reading but unless the writer is trying to make you read in a special way, the most natural way to read it is あしき, I think.

  51. Hello sensei


    I have a question

    1. 新聞記事に知っている人の名前があったので、目を止める(right)
    2. あの人の行動は面白いので、いつもみんなが目を止めている(wrong)

    Can you give a hint why number 2 is wrong?

    thank you

    1. おはよう!
      Good, your name is getting more positive. 😁

      2) works if it talking about one’s particular behavior or action.
      あの人の行動は+いつも implies that person’s regular behavior so you don’t use 目を止める(留める)

  52. Hello sensei

    glad to meet you again

    please help me on this sentence


    の in 通行のじゃま
    normally I would use
    But is there any difference in meaning?
    why use の

    1. Hello again,

      It depends on what comes after じゃま

      In this case both are possible but

      通行のじゃまになる。 (If you say 通行に邪魔になる。 ~に〜に double に so it will be better to use の)

      Also when you use a verb, you use
      verb dictionary form + の+に


      1. Bunpou is hard Sensei.

        From your answer another question comes up.

        I also think that I would use

        Please also tell me the difference

          1. I see sensei

            Then let me change the sentence to full sentences
            please corret me if Im’m wrong


            I think this may be not natural since I just start learning Japanese
            Maybe sensei can change it to a better sentence

  53. Hello sensei

    Please help me again
    thank you

    how do you use です and である?
    how to differ them


  54. Hello sensei
    Nice to meet you again
    May God bless you

    Learning Japanese sure is hard,
    I understanf that the question from textbook is rarely used in daily conversation but we foreigner needs to pass JLPT for many reason therefore, I will try to post my anxiety 不安 here

    I have some question to you

    1.全 2.多 3.諸 4.者
    In here I cut the answer to two (全・諸)
    I was really sure 全 is the right answer because in sentence it mention 集まって・世界 but the fact is 諸 is the right one.
    How to differ it, please tell me

    Above sentence is appear to be wrong, what is wrong here?

    I really appreciate your help as always,
    thank you

    1. Hi!

      1. The answer is 諸外国
      諸国/諸外国 various/several foreign countries

      You say 多くの国 for many countries but you don’t say 多外国
      全: If you want to say all the countries, it will be 全世界の国々 but you don’t say 全外国
      (FYI 全国 usually refer to the whole country. 日本全国 throughout Japan)
      者 refers to people so it is out.

      2. It should be 強く (adverb which modifies a verb 感心させられる)

      I hope you pass JLPT!いい結果が出ますように。

      1. Ah sorry sensei for number two.

        Actually it comes from textbook

        here is the original sentence

        オリンピックやパラリンピックを見ていると、選手たち 1 2 3 4 感心させられる
        1.精神力 2.の 3.に 4.強い

        or maybe this question is wrong?
        please advise

        1. The answer is,
          強い is an adjective which modifies 精神力

          But if the option is 強く, you say

  55. Hello sensei

    Thank you for as always

    I have question from the paragraph

    1. 口だけで行動をがともなっていないときや下を育てる立場にいながら、後輩の力不足を嘆いているだけのとき(そこを伸ばすのが自分の使命だとわかっていない)
    What is いながら in here?

    What is ほんのつい in here?

    1. こんにちは、
      1. This ながら means, “although, though” い is from a verb (立場に)いる = to be (in the position)

      2. ほんの emphasize the following word to add the meaning of “just ” (ほんの少し = just a little)
      つい = very close (talking about the distance or certain time)
      ほんのつい最近まで = until just/quite recently

  56. Hello sensei

    glad to see you again I seek some explanation from this passage
    please help me


    What is simple meaning of this?
    In japanese is OK

    Thank you as always

    1. Hi nangryo,


  57. Hello sensei
    Nice to see you again

    have some question here

    1.公衆電話等 koushuu denwa tou (What is 等 in here?)

    2. 言葉の壁を越え、今や新たなコミュニケーション手段として、世界に広がっている
    (what is 今や in here?)

    Thank you as always

  58. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you teach me how to say
    I want you to let me be by your side

    I did write the sentence

    I don’t remember exactly but
    Is the verb なります possible to convert into ならせる。

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello!!!
      なる means “to become ~” →ならせて 
      You should use the verb いる


  59. Hello sensei
    thank you as always for your help

    i have some question here


    please tell me what やって and つきあって means in those paragraph

    1. Hello, 元気でしたか?

      It might be easier to find the object of those words to figure out the meaning.

      やって → te form of やる (= to do/ to try to do) the object is 研究
      研究をやる = 研究をする = to do the research

      つきあって → te form of 付き合う = つきあう = to associate (with)
      The object is 人間 = to associate with people

      1. はい、元気です。お陰様で。


  60. こんにちは






    1. こんにちは!
      Where did you get this sentence? I have no idea why they want to tie the desk with rope…
      Anyway 「ドアを片側に寄せて二重にしとけば」: If we open the sliding door and make it double. (See when you open a sliding door, the door which you open will be on the same side as the other door and gets double.)

      1. actually it is from game i am playing. they want to escape from the building by rope.

        now i understand that it is sliding door they mean. thank you very much

    1. Hello again, mann.

      When it is in a compound word, you read it がっぴ Ex. 生年月日(せいねんがっぴ)

      1. Mann is testing your kanji reading skills, Maggie ^^

        @Mann – there are many free online Japanese dictionaries with ローマ字・平仮名・片仮名 transcriptions.
        Besides, google translator can also read kanji characters in ローマ字.
        Try it out.

          1. うむ、ぼっちぼっちでんな ヾ ^_^♪

    2. 先生、
      How do we say “I want you to make him do his home work \make him send his report ”
      Boss says this to Subordinate A . Subordinate A should make B do the work.
      Will it be a combination of causative, tai and also hoshii because it is the want of Boss .

      1. Hi Pavithara,

        I would drop わたし and あなた to avoid the confusion. (You are talking to that person so you don’t need to say わたし and あなた )
        “want to” is 〜たい/〜てほしい but the most natural way to say that is

        1. Thank you Sensei.
          させてくださいーMy understanding so far has been that ” let me do it “. But it can also be used as ” let/make HIM do it “.
          Same way,
          させてほしいー”I want you to allow ME/HIM to do it”.
          B さんにレポートをかかせてほしいです。(I want you to make him write the report)
          If I am telling directly to B, I may say “Bさんにレポートをかいてほしいです”and other polite versions.
          Bさんにレポートを書かせたいです。(I/You want to make B write the report”depending on the context.- Please tell me if my understanding is correct.

          1. Hello again,
            I think your understanding is correct.
            As you said させてください has two meanings, 1) let or allow me to do something 2) please make someone do something
            And translation-wise, your sentences are correct.

  61. Hello Maggie sensei,

    How to differ たとえ。。。ても and ても, Sensei?
    I feel both are the same but some cases I wrote sentences with たとえ…ても and I got 0 point ….

    For example, may I use たとえ…ても in the following sentences


    2. たとえどんなに誤っても彼にゆるしてくれなかった

    Thanks my Lady

    Thanks Maggie sensei

    1. Frozenheart

      You use たとえ when you talk about hypothetical situation
      So 1 & 2 use the past tense in the following sentences, so without たとえ is more natural.
      Let change the tense a little.

      3. たとえどんなに働いてもお金なんて貯まらない。
      4. たとえどんなに謝っても彼は許してくれないだろう。

      Now 3 & 4 are talking about future so you can use たとえ.

  62. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help to check some sentences I wrote by using というより

    1/ これは歩くというより走行です。
    I mean this is not walk but run.

    I mean “This is not called “Loved” but “Controlled””

    Thanks Maggie sensei

  63. マギー先生





    1. こんにちは!
      兼 = けん = and / slash という意味です。
      psychic/writer/high school student
      psychic, a writer and also a high school student

  64. Hello, Maggie! Thank you so much for answering everyone’s questions.

    I’m currently studying abroad in Japan on a yearlong program. Five years ago, I stayed with a host family for two months in a different city from where I’m living now.

    Since I need to go back to that city to do research, I recently contacted my old host family to ask if I could visit them while I was there. My host father kindly wrote back saying I could actually stay with them! However, since I’m planning to stay in their city for a week, I don’t want to inconvenience them for that long. I’d be happy to stay in a hotel nearby and visit their house instead. How can I express this politely?

    This is what I have written:

    Thank you for your time!

    1. Hi Panikulata,

      First you really don’t want to stay there?
      Your Japanese sentences are just fine.Another possibility is
      And I would add some line such as

      1. Thanks for your reply, Maggie! I’m going to write to them right now.

        I think it would be easier for everyone if I stayed in a hotel, since I could focus on my research work without disrupting my host family’s schedule. Also, I don’t know if they were aware I’d be staying in their city for so long, so I wouldn’t want to put them in the position of having to host me for a week when they only expected me to stay 1-2 days!

  65. Hello sensei,

    thank you before
    have some question here.


    what is ミリ

      1. Thank you very much sensei

        One more thing,
        what is this mean


        there is やしない

          1. im really sorry now im confused between 連れて行く and 連れて来る

            can sensei explain in what case we use it?

          2. Hello again,
            連れて行く to take someone somewhere
            連れてくる to bring someone
            For example
            友達を家に連れてくる to bring my friend home
            子供を遊園地に連れて行く to take my children to an amusement park

  66. Hello sensei,

    Thank you for your lesson

    I have a question in below sentences

    what is the differences between


    after all how to differ the usage of  に and  には

    1. Hello, John

      They mean the same but you use は to show the contrast or emphasize what comes before.
      メッセージにはならない (But it could be something else.)

      1. one more thing sensei
        how to differ には、にとって

        also i always see にて what is the difference with に

        1. The nuance difference is には to someone/にとって for someone

          私には高い It is expensive to me.
          私にとっては高い It is expensive for me.

          にて at ~ / to have some event/some event is held in some place (formal way to say で)
          a picture which was taken at a hotel, you write ホテルにて at the hotel
          (= ホテルで撮られた写真)

          に is used when you talk about the existence.

  67. こんにちは


    英語に訳すと「Urgently after searching it, I wish so that you can arrange the preparation」とになっていますと思いますが、それは合いますか?


    1. ~の上は、ビジネスなどのフォーマルな文章で使います。
      文章の中に「至急お調べの上」と部分があります  →という部分があります。

  68. Hello sensei
    nice to see you again

    what is the meaning of

    thank you for your help

          1. sry, sensei i want to ask one more thing.
            how do you say
            “let me start a thread”
            in internet forum

            “please post something”

            both are internet term it is very familiar but saying it in japanese is kind of hard

          2. OK,
            to start a thread is スレッドを立てる
            so スレッドを立てさせてください。

            There are a few ways of saying “post” depending on what you post.

        1. してやったり is an expression and たり/り is a classic (old) Japanese auxiliary verb.
          Vたり/り have done ~ た/してしまった (in modern Japaneese)

  69. こんにちは






    1. こんにちは。
      終わる 自動詞 授業が終わる/他動詞 授業を終わる/
      終える 他動詞 授業を終える


      例えば I left before the class was over だったら



      1. 人は日本語で話すとき大抵分かりますでも私は日本語で話すときには大変難しいと感じます



        1. どういたしまして!これからもがんばってください。
          (I think you meant 人が日本語で話していることは大抵わかります。でも自分が話すのは大変難しいと感じます。

          1. yes please correct me every time i make mistake. in my head speaking japanese is really hard instead of reading or listening

          2. OK, then you can also say


  70. Hello Maggie sensei :)

    I’m confusing between から and のだから。
    Which case to use から and which case to use のだから、sensei?

    Thanks Maggie sensei!

    1. OK for example let’s compare the following sentences.
      1) 忙しいから行けません。
      2) 忙しいのだから行けません。
      They both explain the reason why you can’t go somewhere.
      1) is simply telling why you can’t go.
      but 2) sounds much stronger. It sounds like “I am telling you, I am busy! ”
      の emphasize one’s feelings more (in this case frustration)

  71. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about 反面
    When using 反面, there is one good side and the other is bad side. I want to ask about the order of arranging these two sides

    Is it …
    Good side 反面、Bad side
    Or any order is OK?

    For example


    Is it OK if

    Thanks Maggie sensei !

    1. Hello,

      It doesn’t have to be one positive and the negative side. You use 反面 to introduce two opposite qualities/opinions/facts, etc.
      The order can be both ways.
      A反面B A⇄B
      The speaker/writer wants to tell the listener/readers that there is an aspect of B regardless A.

      1. いつもありがとうございます!


  72. Hello sensei,
    nice to meet you again

    have some problem here hope you can help me

    1. please tell how to differ the use of そうに、ように in sentences

    2. please tell how to differ ことか、ものかin sentences

    3. please tell me how to use 手繰り寄せる

    as always, I thank you for always helping me

    1. Hi nangryo

      1. OK,
      彼の顔を見て笑いそうになった。 I almost laughed when I saw his face. (not laughing yet but almost laughed.)
      そうに you almost did something
      辛くても笑うようにしています。I try to smile even if it’s hard.
      ように here involves speaker’s will.

      2. OK it’s complicated so I just show you one example.

      Ex. 彼は一人でどれだけ寂しかったことか。
      =He must have been so lonely.

      Ex. どれだけお腹がすいていたことか。
      = I was incredibly hungry/How hungry I was.

      (expressing or assuming the degree of one’s state/emotion.)

      Ex. 負けるものか。
      = There is no way that I would lose. (showing one’s strong will.)

      ものか check this lesson.

      1) physically pull something towards you
      Ex. 網を手繰り寄せる to haul in a fishing net
      2) idiomatic expression
      Ex. 記憶を手繰り寄せる to try to recall something

      1. i am really grateful
        after your explanation it is not as complicated as i think it would

        thank you very much

  73. Hello, Mayumi-sensei.

    There’s a word that keeps coming up in the interviews I’ve been translating. The interviews are with music groups, so that might help for the context. It’s 引っ張る(ひっぱる). When there’s a Japanese word or phrase I don’t understand, I can usually find an explanation using Japanese sites like Kotobank. However, this one has always given me trouble.

    Here is how it’s used in a sentence:


    The only meaning I can find is “to pull/to stretch”, but I still don’t understand. I’ve wondered if it means to challenge yourself.

    One additional question. I’m not very good at reading numbers, so I don’t know how to translate this 2列なら2列. It’s used in this sentence:


    As always, I would appreciate your help.

    1. Hi Joji

      1) 引っ張り in that context means “to lead someone” (I have to lead the other members in the performance)
      2) 2列 = にれつ = niretsu

      1. Thanks for clearing up the meaning of 引っ張り. I’ll keep that in mind when I’m translating :)

        Since れつ means “row/column”, if it’s written 2列なら2列, would that mean “2 rows of 2”?

        1. AならA is a pattern to show an example. Let’s say it’s A. / For example A,
          They never lined up side by side before for example lining up in two rows.

  74. Hello Maggie sensei,

    I have a question related to hanmen and ippode

    I feel that 反面  and 一方で are very very similar and I’m confusing.
    Which cases they are interchangeable and which case they arenot, sensei?

    Thanks Maggie sensei :)

    1. Hi,
      I see. The both 反面 and 一方 mean “meanwhile” “on the other hand” and very similar.

      The difference is,
      To show the contrast of two opposite qualities

      一方 can be used to show the contrast as well but it can be also used to introduce other aspect which is not necessary opposite quality.

      Ex. 彼女は子育てをする一方、大学院で勉強もしている。
      (She is raising a child and (at the same time) she is studying at the graduate school.)
      raising a child and studying are not contradicted.

      You can’t use 反面 here.

  75. hello sensei
    nice to meet you again
    may God bless you and best wishes for you.

    I have a confusing question
    how to differ the usage of

    as long i know 非 is often used with 的
    but i dont have a clue for the other.
    may be it must be learned one by one in dictionary?

    hope sensei can give suggestion

    1. 無 absence, there is no ~ , ~ doesn’t exist
      無人 uninhabited (←no people)
      無休 no holidays , without taking a day off
      無給 unpaid (← no salary ) 

      不 simple negation
      不満 dissatisfaction Not 満足
      不安 anxiety  Not 安心

      未 incomplete, hasn’t done something yet
      未納 unpaid (←hasn’t paid yet)
      未婚 unmarried (←hasn’t married yet)

      非 injustice, it is supposed to be ~ but it’s not
      非常識 lack of common sense
      非人道的 inhumane

  76. Hello sensei,


    I have a questions here
    1. あまり無理強いすなよ
    (don’t force him too much)
    how to read 強い there? not really sure but i think it sounds like (じ~なんとか)
    2. can sensei help me to differ usage of よく and あまり
    e.g. よくわかりません、あまり近づくな

    thank you as always

    1. こんにちは!

      1. むりじい
      or あまり無理強(むりじ)いすんなよ

      2. You can combine them both

      あまり is often used with other adjective or verb (so much/ that much)
      あまりおいしくない Not that delicious
      あまり大したことない Not that big deal
      あまり困らせないでください。Don’t trouble me so much
      あまり個人的なことは聞かないで。Don’t ask me personal questions so much.

      よく means “well”
      You use よく in positive and negative sentences.
      よくわかりました。I understand well.
      よくわかりません。I don’t understand well.
      But you don’t say

      (Note for you→いつもお世話になります。先生がお元気なら何よりです)

  77. Hello sensei.
    thank you for your help
    i have a question

    how to differ the use of ことだ and ものだ

    1. Hi!
      Ah it is confusing, huh?
      It should be ことだ there.
      You use ことだ to give an advice, suggestions.
      You should/have to rest well today (the speaker is giving an advice to the listener)

      ものだ It is customary to do something (When you talk about something customary/referring some common sense in the society)
      It is customary to rest well taking medicine when you have a cold.

  78. Hello, Maggi-sensei!

    I have another question. I think I’ve translated this correctly, but I’m not sure.

    This is from an interview. The first person says:

    (This isn’t the only way you talk?)

    What makes me unsure about my translation is the response from the second person:

    (With clothes too. Ones that are super soft. I’m thinking of imitating Spring.)

    I might just be missing something in the context, so I’d appreciate your advice.


    1. Hi Joji

      It means “Isn’t it just the way of talking?” →I think it’s just the way of talking*.
      * how you/I,she …. talk: I can’t really tell whose way of talking just from this sentence.

      They way you dress as well. Very fluffy.. I would like to copy the style in spring.

      1. Now I understand. The second person was actually referring the first person, not herself. Sometimes, I have a problem understanding who the subject is in a sentence like this.

        The first sentence makes more sense now too. The person must be referring to their own way of speaking.

        Thanks again for your help!

    1. こんにちは、mann :)
      物知り顔 is to pretend that you know something.
      So it means “to talk to someone as if you know everything.”

  79. Hello sensei, konnichiwa

    Nice to see you

    I have a question what is the difference between

    Thank you before

    1. 久しぶり! How have you been?
      天気 is a common word for the weather in general, sunny, rainy, cloudy, snowy, etc. for a particular area for the particular time.
      Ex. 今日は天気がいい。It’s nice weather today.
      Ex. 天気予報 weather forecast

      天候 is similar to 天気 but it is slightly more formal and you tend to use it for a short period of time.

      気候 is climate (the general condition of weather in certain area over a year

      気象 atmospheric phenomena and it involves natural phenomenon.
      When you talk about the weather in general, you don’t use this word.
      気象現象 meteorological phenomena
      気象庁 Meteorological Agency
      気象観測 weather observation

      1. arigatougizaimasu
        I want to confirm this sentence


        which one should i choose?

        1. いまの冬は?
          Did you get it from your textbook??
          The question itself is not natural.
          Maybe 今年の冬は
          Before I answer, which one do you think you should choose?

          1. no it just crossed in my mind. it is not really from textbook.
            i think im wrong.
            i guess if use 今年 then it should be 気候

          2. could i ask one more question. the level is hard for me. got from textbook actually.
            玄人、大家、巨匠、逸材 difference?

            the answer is 逸材 but i dont know the reason.

          3. 逸材 is for someone outstanding and rare.
            玄人 professional
            大家 landlord
            巨匠 a master

            When you get confused, try using Japanese Google and search for the example sentences to see the difference.

  80. Hello, Maggie Sensei.

    I had a question regarding this sentence.

    英語は Discord で話すくらいで、実生活で使う機会はほとんどありません。
    I assume the second part is “There are few opportunities to use English in real life”. However, I am unsure how the first part fits in because of くらいで. What exactly is this doing here? I cannot really find much about this usage. Thank you in advance.

    1. Hello Danny,

      くらい expresses the degree (how much you do something). (Related lesson is here.)
      It also has a function to emphasize the degree, “only/just”.
      So “I just chat on Discord in English”

      The basic pattern
      Topicは、〜Vぐらい・くらい As for ~, I just do ~ and not much.

      I just cook once in a while and I don’t cook everyday.

      As for Japanese, I just can speak a little and I can’t write kanji at all.

      1. Hello again, Maggie Sensei.

        Thank you for your reply, yet I still have one thing I am wondering about. Would it not be possible to just replace this usage of ぐらい for だけ?

        For instance 本語は少し話せるだけで、漢字はまったく書けません。?
        Thanks in advance.

        1. Hi Danny,
          Yes, it’s possible.
          a) 日本語は少し話せるぐらいで漢字はまったく書けません。
          b) 日本語は少し話せるだけで漢字はまったく書けません。

          a) describes the degree (how much one can speak Japanese.)
          b) emphasizing “JUST to be able to speak Japanese a little”

  81. Hello sensei,
    its a long time
    hope you are fine.

    i have a question in the sentence

    what is 天使でいられるのに
    i dont understand how it is connected to 君から笑いかけてくれたなら

    if you would tell me, i really appreciate it. thank you very much


    1. Hi nangryo
      天使でいられるのに いられる is a potential form of いる (to be able to be)
      If you smile at me, I could be an angel.

  82. Hello maggie sensei

    Good day and best wished to you.
    Thank you for always taking care of me.

    I have questions
    1. What is the difference between -me and -mi ending?
    Example –> 高め、高み

    2. 私みたいな子供体型な人にどうこうしようなんて人はいないと思うんですけどね。。
    What is どうこうしよう ?


    1. Hello, Ismi! 元気?

      1. 高め = kind of/sort of expensive/high/tall
      Ex. 値段が高めだ。= It is kind of expensive.
      高み = height/ high (point) You often use it for something spiritual.
      Ex. 高みを目指す = to aim high

      2. どうこうする・どうにかこうにかする to do something
      I don’t think nobody would do something to me.

  83. Hello, Maggie sensei, if I want to say that I want to see once more my (late) grandfather, is this a correct way? もう一度おじいさんに会いたいと思っています…

    Also, is there a way to make it sound less… robotic? Thank you.

    1. Hi Kano,
      Your sentence is correct but to show your emotion more, you can just say
      (できることなら)もう一度おじいさんに会いたい or 会ってみたい + です (polite)

      できることなら (I know it is hard/impossible but) if possible.

      Formal way
      (できることなら)亡き祖父にに会いたい or 会ってみたい + です (polite)

      亡き = late

  84. Thank you so much for your site. I’ve been in love with the Japanese language for a long time now, but I am completely self-taught, choosing to learn my own way through media and my own research and studying. Textbook and school-style teaching is both boring and confusing to me. When I come across something I don’t know that I can’t figure out through a dictionary or translator, it’s almost always your site I end up on! You explain things so thoroughly, yet simple enough to easily understand. I greatly appreciate the wealth of information on the Japanese language and how it works that you have graciously provided us. Just the other day, I came across せっかくだから and was completely stumped on how to translate it. I know what せっかく and だから mean, but I was unfamiliar with the phrase せっかくだから. Dictionaries and translators were too literal to get this phrase, but sure enough, your site had it clearly and easily explained! I often use your site for things like that. I appreciate that you have so much information about conversational Japanese. You can’t always get that with other Japanese learning sites. 本当にありがとうございました!

    1. Hello Brittany

      Thank you so much for your nice message. It means a lot to me.
      I know a quite few people who have been studying Japanese on their own and their Japanese is just amazing. I believe your Japanese is great too. Most importantly, you enjoy learning it. That is sooo neat!!!

      Love 💕

  85. Hello maggie sensei
    thank you for your help as always

    just a short question

    1. im not sure in which situation do i use 敬遠

    2. 授業を終える

    the two sentences feel the same to me.
    is there any differences?

    thank you as always

    1. こんにちは、Ismi

      1) 敬遠 = to avoid / to keep distance from someone
      You can use it both for people or events.

      * 若者は肉体労働を敬遠する
      Young people avoid manual labor.

      The boss is avoided by his subordinators.

      2) They both mean “to finish the class” but the nuance difference is

      授業を終える to finish the lesson. (the finishing time comes and you finish the class)
      授業を終わらせる The teacher (or someone) tries to finish the class (involves one’s intention)

    1. Sorry for the late reply. Just found your question.
      あだや (lightly) is a kind of classic Japanese.
      It means “I shouldn’t make a light of this kindness.”

  86. こんばんは、





    2. 動ます形



    そうした方が私にとって上手になるかもしれません (<– この文にも間違っていると思います)


    1. こんにちは!!

      1. A:マイクを庇うと→はい、「マイクを庇って声を吹き込む」と言い換えることができます。

      B: 声を出すとは少し違います。声を吹き込むは録音するという意味です。

      2. そのままよむと「どうますけい」ですが、動は動詞の省略形になるので読むときも動詞ます形(どうしますけい)と読んだ方がわかりやるいと思います。

        1. 3.私はその本を翻訳するのを手伝ってくれるように彼に頼む


          1. いつも、ありがとうございます

  87. Hello Maggie Sensei,

    Nice to see you again.
    I have some question as below:

    1. 一応俺も作るに作ってはみたのだが、一生懸命こねた肉塊はただの炭となってゴミ箱の中
    Please tell me more about 作るに作ってはみた this is kind of grammar structure that is new to me.

    2. さっきまで家事にてんてこまいだったのも、すっかりどこへやらだ
    what is やら

    there is 微動だにしない
    is it the same pattern like –> 使えそうにない
    but because it is followed by Noun so it uses だ instead of そう?

    Thank you as always

    1. Hi Ismi
      1. I think it should be 作るには作ってみたのだが
      VにはVってみた I tried something anyway (so will see what is going too happen or but + not favorable result or no change.)
      作るには作ってみた I tried making it anyway but (the meat turned out to be burnt…)

      2. You use やら when you wonder something or no idea what has happened.

      どこへいったのだろう →どこへいったのやら I wonder where it has gone/it went.

      3. It means “Not even move a little.”
      The same as 微動すらしない
      noun + だにしない 
      Though 微動だにしない is a quite common expression, you may not see a lot of expressions with noun+ だにしない

  88. Hi Maggie Sensei :)
    I ask for help again, please
    The problem is this sentence
    愛するがゆえに言葉にできないこともあるし 、言わぬが花ということ も あります

    I understood almost the whole sentence, the problem is only “愛するがゆえに”

    ゆえにthe online dictionary says it means “therefore”…but with the rest of the sentence it does not seem to coincide

    (言わぬが花 I realized that is the way we use to say some things are better left unsaid/silence is golden..or am I wrong?)

    if I don’t give too much trouble, I would also like to ask another thing
    What is the difference between “Jitsu wa” and “Jitsu ni”?

    1. Hi Lucia,
      The translation is
      “My love for you won’t let me tell you everything. Some things are better left unsaid.”
      but from this translation it might be difficult to understand the usage of ゆえに
      A ゆえに B
      → A is a reason for B.
      = 愛しているから(こそ)言葉にできないこともある
      I love you so much that (there are times that) I can’t put my love into words.

      Your interpretation of 言わぬが花 is correct.

      実は actually, to tell you the truth

      Ex. 実は首になったばかりです。
      = Actually I just got fired.

      実に really, pretty, very, quite
      Ex.彼の考え方は実に面白い His way of thinking is quite interesting.

  89. Hi Maggie Sensei (•ө•)♡
    Please could you help me with the translation of this sentence?
    He sent me into confusion


    1. Hi, I don’t do the translation here but let me break it down.


      いける・イケる is a slang and it changes the meaning depending on the context but “I can manage/I can do something/Things work out”
      気がする feel like

      I feel like things will work out.

      なぜか somehow
      チョーis another slang word 超(ちょう)very, so much
      してるの is probably repeating (気が)する
      I don’t know why but I really feel that.

  90. Good morning dear Maggie sensei. Thank you so much as always. :)


    I would like to ask if you about this word


    I’ve been trying to figure out the meaning of this word for some time now but with no luck.

    I don’t know which sentences I need include to build a context, but if one is necessary for this word, I’ve included the the links where I encountered the word


    Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei

    1. Hello,
      Actually it is not a Japanese question. You have to know about them more. Sorry.
      It is not a Japanese word which you can find in the dictionary because it is their coined word.
      There is a part the mentioned in their blog,

      They made a name for the duo ”Emuuzu”. It is their thing. It could be from the alphabet “M”→ two people so M-s. (s is for plural)
      I don’t know their names. Do they have “M” in their name?

      1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei :)

        Thank you very much… their names start with M. it didn’t occur to me that they were referring to an English character.. i really thought it has something to do with 笑む

        I’ve been trying to figure this out for weeks I think. hahaha. I just can’t help but to feel happy now that it’s clear

        thank you very much dear Maggie sensei❤️❤️❤️

  91. Hello again, Maggie-sensei!

    I have a cultural question: I will be going to work in Japan soon. I know it is polite to bring small gifts from my home country (USA) to share with new friends that I may make, but I don’t know what kind of thing I should bring. Do you have a suggestion as to what to bring for guys, gals or anyone else? That is, I don’t know if there is a particular thing people in Japan REALLY like. For instance, when I worked in China, the girls liked makeup and jewelry accessories (small things) the best; the guys liked snacks.

    Thank you!

    1. Hi Chan

      Sorry for the late reply.
      Everything you mentioned sounds good but how about fun American snacks. They are easy to share.
      When I go to the US, I usually bring back See’s candies, Ghirardelli chocolates but some typical American snacks, such as colorful JELLY BEANS, REESE’S Peanut Butter Cups, Fruit Pop Tarts, assorted American snacks, etc.
      Also cute American stationeries are fun, too.

  92. Hello Maggie Sensei!

    Can you explain the difference of 慌てる, 焦る and 急ぐ ?
    And could they interchangeable with each other?

    Thank you in advance! :D

    1. Hello Sno!

      急ぐ to hurry (It doesn’t involve one’s feelings)

      慌てる to do something in hurry losing one’s cool

      焦る to feel panic

      1) 急いで家に帰る。
      2) 慌てて家に帰る。
      3) 焦って家に帰る。

      1) is just going home in hurry
      2) There was something that psychologically upsets you and you hurry home.
      3) You go home panicked.

        1. For example when you unwrap a present and fold the wrapping paper to put it back,
          When you fold a piece of paper in half or fold a piece of paper into the figure of something (Ex. crane)

  93. Hello sensei, Good Night.

    I have some question for you


    There are some part that i don’t understand in the text
    ハードル means (hurdle, obstacle, etc)
    Basically ハードル = 邪魔モノ I am not really sure about this but, 
    why is it connected to 基準? –> (ここでは、基準)

    2.what is どうしよもなく?

    Thank you beforehand :)

    1. Hi,
      1) So if your standard (基準) of happiness is high, you raise the bar (ハードル).
      If you lower the bar, (in this case lower your standard of happiness), you won’t suffer so much because your expectation is low.
      So this person learned the trick how to go through the hard time at work.

      2) どうしようもなく (not どうしよもなく) means you don’t know what to do. You are in the state of hopeless.

  94. こんばんは、





    京都に行くなら、せめて1泊はしたい (これは正答)


    自分の店を持つという夢が、とうとうかなった (これは正答)


    1. OK, I will do this just this time but as I wrote it in the description above, I can only answer one or two simple questions here and don’t do the whole proofreading. ごめんね。

      Also one thing

      →Just say 質問に答えてくれますか? お願いします。
      答えるように is a bit too strong.




      利益になる →ためにいい
      利益→Right 効果



      1. 本当に助かった

    1. ~そう looks ~
      〜そうにしている looking ~

      彼は悲しそうだ He looks sad.
      彼は悲しそうにしている He is looking sad.

  95. Hello maggie sensei,
    I hope you have a good day and bless upon you

    there are some question I would like to confirm

    1. Use 何とか to this sentence
    (wrong change 何とか to どうか)

    (wrong change 何とか to どこか)


    (wrong change 何とか to なんとなく)

    私の判断が正解かどうか自分でも解りませんが、正解の答えを教えて頂けませんか, できれば理由も教えてください

    2. Some simple question, If you say 君だけ少しテンポがずれても平気よ

    I have two perceptions

    a. Even if it is only you who miss the tempo it’s all right
    (Nobody missed the tempo, only you who missed it)

    b. Even if you only miss tempo a little it’s all right 
    (The tempo is the one you missed)

    which one is the right?

    I have already know the answer but want to know the reason behind it so this is my reason

    いずれ is used for future tenses so using (continuous tenses in option a. 続いている is wrong, also using past tenses in option d. 好きになった is also wrong)

    In option c. いずれに来よう is grammatically wrong (it is better to use いずれにしよう)

    The only remaining answer is C. so the right one is C.

    Thank you before,マギー先生

    1. Hello lsmi! I hope you are having a good day,too!

      1. Ah I guess you might have seen the translation of 何とか is something.

      A dog called Maggie something.

      But 何とか also means “somehow”

      Let me check your setences.



      もうだめかと思ったが、何とか助かった (1)
      もうだめかと思ったが、なんとなく助かった (2)

      何とか/なんとなく They both mean “somehow” but (1) means “barely” (2) somehow (I don’t know how/why but somehow I was OK)

      When I have a chance, I will make a lesson on なんとか for you.

      2. That means,
      Even if you are the only one who is off the tempo

      3. It is one way to choose the answer by tense but you should know there are two いずれ

      いずれも means “both” or if it is used in a negative sentence, “neither one”
      いずれ also means “sometimes/eventually” (talking about the future)

      As you said c) is the correct answer but it is because いずれも there means “both (Chinese and Japanese)”
      And if the sentence could be with a past tense.

      Hope it helps.

      1. Thank you sensei, I am still not clear about this





        Between those sentences which one sensei thinks is correct?

        2. What makes おいしいレストランですね。いずれに来よう wrong here?

        1. 1. The last one もうだめかと思ったが、何とか助かった is correct but the rest of them are all wrong. You have to say なんか instead of 何とか
          2. It is wrong. It should be いずれ (someday)

  96. こんにちは,

    I have a question.

    Is there a difference between 持つだけand 持てるだけ (辞書形だけ vs可能動詞だけ)
    I encounter a question in which one would be correct and the other not.
    “両手に持てるだけのミカンをもらって帰った。” (here 持つ would be the wrong answer)

    Why is this? Also, does it also apply to 限り(辞書形限りvs可能動詞限り)? (since I find the two grammar to be similar)


    1. こんにちは!
      Yes, that’s right. You don’t say 持つだけ in that context.
      持つ is simply “you hold oranges”
      持てる is “you can hold”
      So if you say 持つだけ, it means “just holding oranges.”
      持つだけ is used in a sentence like
      Ex. 彼はバッグを持つだけで買い物を手伝ってくれなかった。
      = He just held a bag and didn’t help my shopping.

      両手に持てるだけのミカン means “as many oranges as I could hold with my both hands” so you need a potential form.

      1. But the thing is of the grammar where だけ means as much as one can, or in grammatical term (~の範囲の限界まであることをする)、there are example sentences of both 辞書形 verb and 可能動詞。


        The example above is given under this grammar (which I believe is correct since it’s a reliable book, the same book which handed out the question that I seek your help with). So, what do you think?

        1. Ah yes, you are right, だけ can be used “just doing something and~” or “as much/many as one can”

          1) V (dictionary form) だけVて〜 Just ~~ / at least do something.

          2) V(potential form)だけ + V dictionary form (present/past) / Vて as much/many as one can

          Usually you can tell which one to use by the context like your original example but I will give you some confusing cases,

          やるだけやってみます。 I will at least give it a try.
          やれるだけやってみます。 I will try as much as I can.

          I cooked this so…
          料理を作ったから食べるだけ食べてみてください。 please at least taste it.
          料理を作ったから食べられるだけ食べてください。 eat as much as possible/as much as you can.

          1. in the two example sentences you give, you translate it as “~at least” and I kinda understand the nuance here, but.. how would you translate


            I don’t think “at least” would work here. If I switch働く to 働ける, will the meaning be exactly the same? Or there’s something I’ve missed, if so, please kindly show me, thanks

          2. “父は働くだけ働いて、定年前に退職してしまった。”
            This だけ is “just” and emphasizing the verb 働く. So the translation could be something like
            My father just worked and worked and ended up quitting job before he reached his retirement age.
            If you say 働くだけ働いて the following sentence usually have some negative consequence.

            When you use the potential form, you have to change the following sentence a little.

            I would like to save money (by) working as much as possible while I am young.

  97. お早うございます






    1. おはよう!!
      引きずる to drag something (毛布を引きずる Linus is dragging his comfort blanket everywhere )
      引きずり出す means “to pull or yank something(in this case someone) out”

      1. 英語で訳すと

        Having dragged out by her father, Mia who has her back being pulled with all might has escaped.


        1. 英語の文章はチェックしませんが、一つだけ
          背中を押された is not “being pulled”. Her back was pushed

  98. Hello sensei,
    Thank you for your hard work

    I have some question
    there are 2 words 効果 and 結果

    I found some explanation online that say that
    結果 is used when you know the result after the action
    効果 is used when you don’t really know the result after the action

    so I want to check it with you by a sentence here, I don’t know the answer yet


    which one from 効果 and 結果 do i need to use?


    1. Hi ニートおじさん!

      結果 is result and 効果 is effect

      効果がある to be effective
      効果がない ineffective

      So this person has tried many things to quit smoking but “No effect”. So 効果 is the answer.

      You use 結果 for example
      試験の結果 test resultが悪かった。

  99. Hello sensei
    thank you as always
    I need ur help to check both of sentences

    1 is wrong because 過ぎる comes with を
    so 2 is right

    Is this right???
    please tell me

    1. Hello,

      The correct answer is 過ぎても

      伸びる means “to stretch/extend/to grow / to get longer” and you don’t say 時間を伸びる

      過ぎる is a special verb that you can say either
      時間が過ぎる the time passes
      時間を過ぎる to pass the (particular) time

      1. It was for sure another tricky answer. because I was searching in the dictionary but cannot find any explanation that tells 過ぎる as transitive verb

        Again thank you very much sensei

        1. You’re welcome!
          You usually use 〜を過ぎる with
          to pass the certain time
          期限(きげん)を過ぎる deadline
          締め切り(しめきり)を過ぎる deadline
          You can also use が過ぎる as well.


  100. Hello sensei
    thank you for your hard work

    please help me to arrange this sentences


    thank you before

    1. Hi nang!

      (Just imagining how they felt when they bought it for me) makes me cry.

      Hope this is not your homework. 😉

      1. あらま。。

          1. お恥ずかしいながら何も浮かべなかった。自分は当てて見ると答えは「1-2-3-4」としか浮かべない。

          2. お恥ずかしいながら何も浮かべなかった。→ 恥ずかしながら何も浮かばなかった。
            (But you usually use 浮かぶ when you come up with some kind of idea/ image. In this case there are four choices already so how about 考えつかなかった/考えつきませんでした or simply わからなかった・わかりませんでした。)
            自分は当てて見ると答えは「1-2-3-4」としか浮かべない。→当てる is to guess ~ right 「1-2-3-4」としか考えられなかった・考えられませんでした

          3. Thank you sensei
            there’s one more question actually
            I wonder if Japanese themselves having trouble when talking because so many same pronounciation

            for example:
            you can say it in 優しい and 易しい
            you can say it in 武道 and 葡萄
            –> 階層、改装、回想、回送、快走
            (Actually just by thinking of it, makes my head hurt a lot)

            How do Japanese differ all of them when in conversation the Kanji doesn’t show up right? (This is for my reference to prepare N1 listening)

            Also to me who is foreigner, when I hear そ、そう、しょ、しょう
            they feel the same to me (because in N1 people talk really fast)

            PS: I’m sorry due to my carelessness I accidentally make double post just below this comment.

          4. No problem. I deleted the previous comment.
            You usually tell which one by the context.
            For example, when you are talking about the exam,
            今日の試験はやさしかったね。→易しい easy
            When you are talking about people.
            あの先生はやさしいから心配しないで。→優しい personality

            If you are talking about food, it is obviously 葡萄 not 武道, etc.


            You are right. When someone is talking fast you won’t hear all the sound clearly.
            Stretching sound そ→そう、 しょ→しょう こ→こう and hearing a little っ must be hard.
            But remember, if you are a native speaker, you don’t pay attention to all the sound so much but you know or you can guess the words by the context.
            So don’t stress you out even if you can’t hear all the sound.

  101. 今日は、




    1.In there “normally” unchanging everyday appearances was exist.
    2.In there appearances of everyday that is unchanging “with” normal was exist



    1. こんにちは!


      普段と変わらない the same as usual
      昔と変わらない the same as before

      心身にうっとうしいほど ???
      この文章ご覧になてください この文章をご覧になってください。→But you can just say 次の文章を見てください with me. :)

      よろしく申し上げます→よろしくお願い申し上げます。→Again, with me just say よろしくお願いします。
      わざわざ質問に答えてくれてありがとうございます →You can say わざわざ質問に答えてくれてありがとうございます。after I answer your question but I haven’t answered you anything so it is unnatural. If you say よろしくお願いします then that would be enough.

      1. Thank you very much sensei
        After learning nihongo for 2 years.

        I was trying to put effort to make harder sentences to japanese
        I was trying to say (A question that makes my heart and body to the point of getting irritated –> 心身にうっとうしいほど ???)

        I admit maybe even if someone passing N1, they won’t have a good chance to speak properly as native. (or may be it is just me)


        1. 二年間の勉強でそこまで日本語が書けるのはすごいことですよ〜。

          A question that makes my heart and body to the point of getting irritated



  102. hello maggie sensei
    nice to see you again

    some question for you, I got it from news

    I was arrested for being a pervert, because i dont have any memories about it I deny it to the police station and investigation bureau, so i have been released.
    from now on, how should i respond to the calling from investigation office?

    the question is the で in 身に覚えがないため警察署および検察庁で否認し
    i wonder this means, (I deny “to” the police station and investigaion bureau)


    1. Hello

      That で is a location marker. You do something at ~
      否認する is a verb
      So “I denied (the charge) at the police station and investigation bureau.”

  103. Good morning dear Maggie sensei :)
    Thank you so much as always

    My questions for today are:


    I’m having a hard time understanding 速度制限 here..

    I came with:

    I reached the speed limit so I had a hard time writing a blog update

    but it seems that speed limit has nothing to do with writing

    I made a memo on the calendar thinking I had to celebrate it/greet him/her

    She just learned about the birthday recently and it seems that メモしておいた is just a one time action

    I would like to know what could be the role of ずっと here


    What could be the more logical translation for 前 here?

    She is no longer a student starting this April 1

    At first I though this could mean something like:

    I wonder when I used my student discount for the last time

    Surprising, its probably yesterday/the other day/ few days ago

    but because of 意外と, I also think maybe she is referring to ‘a long time ago’


    Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensie ❤️❤️❤️

    1. Hello

      1. Can’t really tell what exactly happened but I assume this person has been working so much that her body (or someone she works with, her boss, etc.) told me to slow down.

      2. You are right, メモをしておいた is one time action but for preparing for future (in this case someone’s birthday to say Happy Birthday)
      Another example
      夕食を作った = cooked dinner.
      夕食を作っておいた。= cooked something for the dinner.

      3. It means “much before”

  104. Hello sensei.
    good to see u again

    i wonder if u can help me with this sentences


    1.what is 一にんぐ to read it


  105. Hello Maggie Sensei.

    I wanted to say something but I am not sure if it is correct…
    “Those in America who do not want to join the army are increasing more and more. I think it is because they were raised as children feeling that it might not have anything to do with them”.

    I don’t think this is right but its the best I came up with. Any help? Thank you.

    1. Hello Hexelis,

      I think your translation is pretty good. Just fix the minor things.
      アメリカでは、入隊したくない人は→The particle は is to show the contrast. So use が 入隊したくない人が
      増えていく this tense is for future or something habitual →どんどん増えてきている。

      The second sentence. You quoted 『関係がないんじゃないか』 but you can also say


  106. Hello Maggie-sensei,
    I am studing くらい・ぐらい
    In the book the definition states:
    The example sentence they have is:

    So from reading the sentence I think of the translation as:
    Its Sunday, take a holiday.
    But how does 軽い程度・最低限を示す fit into the translation? Is my translation correct?

    Thx in advance

  107. Hello Maggie.
    I have a question regarding なんか、なで
    In the book I am readin it states these meanings:
    The first part I understand it means you give little care for something,
    but the second part I do not understand at all, in google translate it says: “Express the feeling of jealousy”
    However when I read 謙遜の気持ちを表す-> the direct reading to me seems to be to express being humble.

    Which one is it?


    1. Hello,
      Ah OK, 謙遜の気持ち means “being humble/modest” (Don’t trust Google translation)

      The usage is similar to なんて and I explained
      2) When you look down, belittle someone or something or lack of confidence.

      Ex. 彼には私なんてふさわしくありません。
      = Kare niwa watashi nante fusawashiku arimasen.
      = I don’t deserve him.

      Ex. 私なんて…
      = Watashi nante…
      = What good am I? (I am good for nothing. I don’t deserve it.)

  108. Hello, Maggie Sensei.

    I was wondering the difference between 時には and 時は in the following examples.

    寿司を食べる時には お箸は使わなくてもいい。
    and the very common
    If I were to replace one for the other, what would the difference be? Its been confusing me because they both sound like there is no real difference.
    Thank you in advance.

  109. Hello, Maggie Sensei


    I want to say “I’m sorry to always ask question”


    1. こんばんは!

      1. はい、文章は合っています。ただ、友達と話すのだったら「申し訳ございません」は丁寧すぎるので
      ごめんなさい(more casual) ごめんね。

      2. この間、「聞くばかりごめんなさい」と言いましたがそれで合っていますか?

      3. 同じような意味になるときもありますが、

      事故を起こした。had an accident
      事故を招いた Something caused an accident


      幸運を招く  bring good luck
      幸運を起こす Not natural

    2. Hi Dan
      Sorry for the late reply. Just read your question. It means the same so they are interchangeable.

      時には emphasizes what comes before more.

  110. Hello Maggie Sensei,
    I had a question on the following sentence:

    In the N3 book I am reading, it is talking about まで meaning: Emphasizes unexpected extent or scope of something ‘even’

    After reading the sentence is my translation incorrect:
    If a car is expensive you should not even buy it in a loan”
    Am I correct?


    1. Hi fynx
      Your translation “even buy it” emphasize the action of buying.
      The part you emphasize with まで in that sentence is 借金をする
      You shouldn’t go so far as to borrow money to buy an expensive car.

  111. Good day dear Maggie sensei. Thank you so much as always❤️❤️❤️

    My questions for today are
    At first I thought it would mean something like “changing/substituting business card” but when I pasted on google, it appears it’s an object? I would like to ask what does this mean?


    Can this be translated as :

    Until the song reached its chorus, I was silently listening while thinking “everyone might hear the sound”
    Is this some sort of method or belief? Or just a title of movie/program?

    Can this be translated as:

    When the song reached its chorus, the girl… (beside me)
    I tried to translate it word per word and came up with:

    I think it is a “thing/event” where in they told me the action of saying ‘I read your blog’ but..

    Can this be summarized to be:

    They said “I read your blog” but..
    The photo regarding my question about (急にw) can be found through this link
    Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei

    1. Hello

      1. 名刺かわりに is an expression.
      When you meet someone for the first time, you greet them by exchanging the businesscard in business situation.
      But instead of giving someone your business card, you give that person a little gift saying 名刺がわりにどうぞ (Here’s small something for you instead of giving you my business card.)

      2. That みんな is people around her. They were listening to the music without saying anything until it got to the chorus part.

      3. That’s her coind word. She has decided it is OK to eat snacks on the 4th.

      4. Yes

      5. This けど is not “but”. (Pelase read my けど lesson).
      I guess this person is trying to tell me “I read your blog”.

      6. Mao called Musubu’s name

      Musubu chaaaaaan
      And Mao couldn’t help saying Musubu’s name is cute. She must have written 急に because it was kind of out of blue.

  112. Hello Maggie Sensei!
    can I ask for advice on the translation of a sentence?

    can this phrase be translated as “spending time as if I were blinded” or is it wrong?

    1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei :)
      Thank you so much as always ❤️❤️❤️

      My questions for today are:

      1. A-sanがこのリップ、『結構いいのよ〜!』って言った事に乗っかってB-sanが、

      I think this can be translated as after A-san said that “this lipstick is pretty good, B-san…

      But what could be the role of 乗っかって?
      The dictionary says 乗っかる is to climb on​ but I am unable to relate it to the context
      2. I tried to read the 感じ lesson but just to make sure, I want to ask:
      Can this be translated as:

      My image/impression her of being a little sister has gotten stronger
      3. Another 感じ related question
      In this event she was wearing a school uniform
      Can this be translated as:

      They told me many times that they had an impression of me attending school
      Can this be translated as:

      I don’t usually have an image of her speaking in Osaka dialect but when she talks to me, I get attracted to her and when she occasionally speaks in Osaka dialect, my heart stops (I’m gross lol) That is something cute about her

      Above this sentence is a photo of an ice with toppings/sprinkles
      then the next day, there was a sentence 今日は浮気なしです (a photo of a plain ice is above the said sentence)

      So, these sentences, can they have these meanings:
      浮気 = with toppings (not plain)
      浮気なし = just plain

      Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei :) ❤️❤️❤️

      1. Hello,

        1) That のる means to “go along”
        Check my ノリ lesson

        2) 妹感 means その人が自分の妹のような気がする “You feel like someone is your own little sister.”
        “you feel so close to that girl and feel like protecting her or taking care of her. ”

        3) 現役 means “active/current”
        現役の学生= a person who is currently a student.
        I don’t know that person is a real student but she looks authentic student in that uniform.

        4) I think you got the idea.
        Did you get the part つられて?
        When she talkes with me, she occasionally speaks in Osaka dialect “being influenced by my Osaka dialect”.

        4) the literal meaning of 浮気 is having an affair or cheating but you use it with things/food jokingly.
        So she usually likes A but she tries other things. That is 浮気
        浮気なし No cheating. (Stick to her usual plane icecream)

        1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei
          Thank you so much again :) ❤️

          My questions for today are

          today after work, i went to a cafe with a-chan

          but im clueless about the meaning of the 最多です私
          maybe it will become like:
          i am the most…excited?

          2 there was a special ticket
          it’s an event where you will need a handshake ticket

          would 気軽に参加できる! mean something like:

          can you participate cheerfully?

          3 she was talking about a cell phone app

          im clueless about おもしろ系.
          at first i thought it would be 系がほとんど面白いだから

          but when i pasted おもしろ系. on google, videos related to apps came out

          then i saw 系 can also mean-ish and read its usage in 草食系男子 but im still having a hard time figuring it out with おもしろ
          thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei

          1. Hello!

            1) She has been there many times. (Maybe she meant she goes there more than anybody in the group.)

            2) 気軽に means “casually” So it implies it is not a formal event but a very friendly event.

            3) おもしろ系 means something categorized as something fun. There are many sorts of apps but many of the apps that she has are fun ones.

  113. こんにちは、




    潜在的= potential
    記号学= sign study
    体系= organization
    もちうる射程= used range
    全部に纏めて、range that is used in organization for potential sign study,



    1. 1. はい、その解釈でいいと思います。
      2. 意味はすべて同じです。(と/そして/そしてまた)を省略した文学的な表現です。

      ここに来て聞いて貰うかなんて→ の意味がよくわかりません。
      例えば、1つつ英語でこういうになります →一つずつ英語に訳すとこうなります。

      文章にありますですね →文章にありますね
      (If you use masu-form in the rest of the sentence, stick to masu form)

      私はてっきり「深さと豊かさと厳密に」と書いてほうが良いと思います →「思います」は現在形なので「てっきり」は使えません。(Ex. てっきり〜思いました)
      全文を書くのは下手な日本語で申し訳ございません→全文、下手な日本語で書いて〜 (そんなことないですよ)
      すぐに添削してください? →くれますか? / くださいますか?
      忙しいのところ →お忙しいところ

      1. 私は人が日本語で喋るとき大抵わかります

        1. 返す言葉は→言葉を返すことが


  114. Hi Sensei :)

    what is the difference between Go, Ato and Nochi?
    since they all mean “after”, but can they be interchangeable or not?

    1. Hi Kira,

      You use ご in a compound word.
      食後 shokugo
      午後 gogo

      You say
      食べた後 = tabeta ato(= after you eat) but not “tabeta go”

      “nochi” is a formal/literal way to say “ato”

      But there are some words that can be read in three ways.
      その後= sono go/ sono ato / sono nochi = after that.

      They all mean the same but the formality level is

      1) sono nochi 2) sonogo 3) sono ato (more conversational)

  115. hello maggie sensei.
    thanks as always

    i have a question
    how is the best way to differ adverb using と or に



    the question is should i look in the dictionary one by one, or is there any special trick

    1. Good question:
      It is hard and I am sure there are tons of exceptions but you may able to guess which one to use depending on the following verb.

      ~ にする・なる + other verbs that express some change
      ~ と + action verbs

  116. Hello, Maggie Sensei! I was hoping you could help me again. I’m translating an interview and was having trouble with this sentence, mainly the second part:


    This is what I have so far:

    “Depending on the song, it can be difficult to express the emotions,”

    1. Hi Joji

      そういうときでも refers to the previous part ( “some songs are hard to express our feelings/emotions” )
      Even so, it is still important to convey the emotions to the audience well.

  117. Good morning dear Maggie sensei
    Thank so much as always :)
    My questions today are:


    I don’ usually do ‘fake’ so it was fun

    I would like ask what could be the thing she was referring to when she said fake? Was she referring to things related to girls’stuff like fake lashes?


    A. Was she telling that she had been to Kyoto before but this time, it was her first time to go there for a release event?

    B. It was her first time to be there at Kyoto?


    日々 – everyday
    周りの人たちへの感謝を忘れない姿 – figure showing how one don’t forget to show gratitude to everyone

    話していても – (even) when someone talks/is talking/while talking

    素敵だなーって思うの – to think something is wonderful

    the dictionary shows that 話す is transitive so it appears that 姿 is the one that was talking ? or was she saying 姿 was the one she was talking about?

    Can this be translated as:

    Whenever I talk about on how she never forgets to express her gratitude to people around her everyday, it makes me think how wonderful a person she is?
    What could be the meaning of たのち? is it a variation of 楽しい?

    At the top of this message there was a photo of 5 of them but the A-chan’s face was blurred

    Can this be translated as:

    Hey A-chan don’t show yourself!
    Her funny side is (also) interesting/funny

    先行受付が始まりました would mean something like:

    pre order (of tickets) has begun, but I’m clueless on what FC2次・NEXT means?

    At the latter part of the update there was something like this:

    M-line club  2次

    Hello! Project  NEXT先行

    which makes me think FC probably means fan club
    What does ギリ mean?
    Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei :) ❤️❤️❤️

    Lastly, this is somewhat unrelated but it’s just that, I want to share this joy first to the person (I mean French Teacher Bulldog) who made this possible

    I wrote a letter to Yajima-sama and I just can’t believe she read my letter to her on air 4:23 to 5:33

    I know my letter was not that good especially the unnecessary ら for 知れる, (which I realized days after I sent the letter haha) but nevertheless, I’m really really happy and I’m really really grateful to you dear Maggie sensei


    1. Hello
      1. I checkd their blog and did a little research.
      フェイク(fake) could be some singing technique.

      2. リリイベ is an abbreviation of リリースイベント( release event) which mean some event that they do when they launch a new song or CD.
      So she has been to Kyoto but not in the event.

      1) 姿 here means “the way/attitude someone does something”
      So whenever she talks to this person, she is impressed with her grateful attitude towards people.

      2) I really can’t tell by this.
      It depends on the context.
      If “fun” fits in the context, it could be たのち〜
      But V past tense〜た+ のち means after doing something

      3. Yes, the translation is correct. A-chan was not in the picture.

      4. Not sure. FC is fan club for sure.
      When their fan buy a ticket, there must have certain period of time that fan club members can buy tickets earlier than other people.
      That is 先行販売 presale.

      5.ギリ means ギリギリ barely, nearly
      ギリ泣いていない = She almost cried but she didn’t.

      I am sooo happy to hear Maimi read your message. Your message was amazing and well written. GREAT job!
      I am very proud of you!

      1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei

        Thank you so much for always supporting me :) ❤️❤️❤️

        My questions today are:

        What does 起きとこか mean?

        I translated this as “I remember a variety of things like the outfit she wore which was intended for our lesson and other stuff”

        But I think “outfit intended for lesson” is not the equivalent of レッスン着, so I would like to ask what is the meaning of レッスン着?

        Could this be translated as:

        She (the host) talked about us (our group) the way we would talk about ourselves (our group)?


        Could this be translated as:

        Her name is cute (I suddenly smiled/laughed)

        or (急にw)would mean something like (suddenly, lol) and “suddenly” has something to do with that is showing on the photo?
        5. What does 仲間思い mean?

        To describe someone who thinks of his/her friends carefully?

        Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei❤️❤️❤️

        1. Hello,

          1. 起きておこうか try to get up once →casual contraction 起きとこか

          2. Lesson is for dancing? Then “dance practice outfits.”

          3. Good

          4. I have to see the picture but maybe that picture makes her laugh suddenly for some reason.

          5. careing about the members

  118. Hello Maggie sensei! How are you? I hope you are well! I have a few questions today as well :)

    These are both a continuation of a question I had last time, but I think you must have missed it because you’re so busy, and also that question got really long, so I will just ask again here if you don’t mind!

    1. You said に習う is passive, which makes sense if you look at the dictionary definition for it of ‘to be taught/ to take lessons in’, but what about it meaning ‘to learn’? Or would it only be translated as ‘to learn’ if there was an を before 習う, and then as ‘to be taught’ if it was preceded by a に?

    2. We were also talking about 教える and you said ‘The verb 教える is something positive or you appreciate so if you don’t usually use a passive form,教えられる. Instead you use くれる/もらう.’ (I will copy paste so you don’t have to go hunting for it!!) I was wondering, does this mean you don’t use passive form when you are trying to let someone know that it is positive or something you appreciate? I was a little confused!

    3. You also gave me the examples:

    My teacher taught me is

    I was taught by my teacher will be

    In these sentences can くれる and もらう be used interchangeably?? I was just wondering if there was a rule I was unaware of there!!

    Thank you so much Maggie sensei! I’m so so grateful that you take the time to answer my questions, even when I take a long time to understand, and I’m sure everyone else is too! <3 Lots of love :)

    1. Hi Eva!
      I am so sorry that I missed your questions.

      1) Sorry but you miunderstood. I didn’t say 習う is a passive form.

      Let’s get back to your questions.

      My answer: Someoneに/から+ 日本語を+ 習う/教わる/教えてもらう
      (You can use に even もらう isn’t involved.)

      Your question Q: Is that a general rule or does it only apply to some verbs? And if so could you please give me a few examples?

      My answer: Not many. 〜に習う and other are passive form. 〜に叱られる・ 〜にほめられる etc.

      OK, what I meant here was not 習う is a passive form.
      習う AND “some other passive forms such as 〜叱られる・ 〜ほめられる

      叱られる・ほめられる are passive form but not 習う

      = I learned English at school.

      = I learnd Japanese from Maggie Sensei.

      = I am taking a piano lesson/I am learning piano.

      2) As I said, you usually don’t say
      instead you say
      = Someone taught me for my favor.

      However, there are cases that you use the pasive form
      教えられた. I didn’t mention because it may make you confuse more.
      When you just state some factualy thing

      Do you think things that you were taught at school are useful in the socity?

      3) The fact is the same in English “The teacher taught me Japanese.” so technically they are interchangeable.
      You choose which one to use who you want to focus on.

      a) My teacher taught me. (The teacher is nice. * the focus is “the teacher” )
      b) I was taught by my teacher (I am lucky. I had a chance to be taught by my teacher* the focus is myself.)

      I don’t remember well but I have a lesson on this subject. Click here


      1. Maggie sensei I think I finally understand!!

        For 2, I was confused because I thought you meant passive form itself was ungrateful! I didn’t realise that you just meant that if you wanted to express your gratitude you add くれ/もらう, but that passive form isn’t inherently ungrateful in itself!

        I understand it all now! 教えてくれてありがとう!(I will use the 教える we have been talking about! 😉😘)
        Also: don’t worry at all about missing some questions! I am already so grateful to you for even taking the time to help me at all!! And I know you must be flooded with questions all the time. Please look after your own health as well. 😚😌
        Wishing you lots of love! ❤

  119. hello maggiesensei
    please teach me how to use ものの in sentence
    in dictionary in found the meaning as (although, but) i think it doesnt make sense

    thank you before

    1. Hi,
      It is a little formal expression.

      I think you already know how to use けれども/が
      Although I studied hard, I failed the exam.

      You can use ものの

      So even though you did something, you get some contradicted result.

  120. Hello Maggie sensei,


    Let me tell the story first. I will go to Turkey from Japan with my wife in April. But we are expecting a baby in the third week of March.So I would like to tell tourism agency that:
    “We will have a baby in March so we need you to make a reservation for him after he is born ”

    Here is my sentence:

    I would appreciate if you could check and give feedback.

    1. Hi Burak,

      How exciting! You are going to be お父さん soon!!
      The sentence itself is good. You can also ask them more politely
      But what kind of reservation? Flight? Hotel?
      Are you going to add the number of reservation?

      1. Maggie sensei,

        Thank you very much for your reply.

        It is a flight reservation. Yes, we are going to addan infant to the already booked flight ticket. We can not make a reservation for him now because he is not born yet :)

        1. OK, in that case you can tell them