Maggie’s Room (New)

スクリーンショット 2013-06-19 1.06.47

Hi everyone! Thank you for visiting Maggie’s room. (I reopened this room on Sept. 14th, 2018.)

Feel free to leave any message. I will try to answer your questions here. But please make it simple. I can handle one or two questions. (If they are not too complicated..) 

I love you all but please understand that  I don’t translate or dictate lyrics, your personal letters, messages or help your homework here. Hope you don’t take it personally. Though I’d like to help everyone, if  I do for one person, which means I have to do for thousands of people everyday. Thank you for understanding. ありがとう!

140 Comments

  1. Hello Maggie Sensei
    こんばんは
    いつもお世話になってありがとうございました

    もうちょっと質問がありますので聞いてもいいですか
    この下記の文章を校正していただけませんか?
    宜しくおねがいします

    「天丼」とか「カツ丼」のように、「OOどん」というのは、丼に盛ったご飯の上に具を載せたもので丼でなく

    “Like donburi and katsudon, the “don” menu are menu that is given an ingredient on the top of rice and served inside bowl, but it is not called “donburi”.

    私は「「天丼」とか「カツ丼」のように」という文章の部分に校正するのがちょっと間違えたと思った
    これで大丈夫ですか?添削していただけませんか?
    あとでこれからも私のタイプするのが何か間違いがあればすぐに添削してください
    悪い日本語を使うのがすみませんでした

    1. Your English translation is missing 「天丼」?

      「OOどん」というのは、「天丼」とか「カツ丼」のように丼に盛ったご飯の上に具を載せたものを言い、丼(どんぶり)とは呼ばれない。

      (いつもお世話になってありがとうございました→Just say いつもお世話になります。
      私は「天丼」とか「カツ丼」のように」という文章の部分に文章の部分に校正するのがちょっと間違えたと思った→「天丼」とか「カツ丼」のように」 の部分の訳がちょっと間違えていると思います。
      私のタイプするのが何か間違いがあれば→私が書いた日本語に何か間違いがあれば
      悪い日本語→下手な日本語 )

      1. So much mistakes I done.
        I never have any confidence in conversation.
        Thank you very much sensei.

        anyway this sentence –>
        「天丼」とか「カツ丼」のように、「OOどん」というのは、丼に盛ったご飯の上に具を載せたもので丼でなく

        Do this translation make sense?

        “Like tendon and katsudon, the “don” menu is the menu that is given an ingredient on the top of rice and served inside bowl, but it is not called “donburi”.

        I think i messed up in “「天丼」とか「カツ丼」のように” part

  2. Hello sensei please proofread below sentence

    ギフトを並べた特別コーナーが設ける
    (To prepare special corner of lining gift)

    ギフトを並べた特別コーナーが設けられる
    (Special corner of lining gift is prepared)

    Thank you before.

    1. Hi there

      ギフトを並べた特別コーナーが設ける
      (To prepare special corner of lining gift)
      →ギフトを並べた特別コーナーを設ける

      The second one is OK. :)

      1. Is there any freedom to choose between using “ga” or “wo”

        sometimes I hear in random conversation in construction working place
        they would say
        壁が壊すな
        instead of using 壁を壊すな

        can you explain the detail?

          1. Oh i See now,

            I mishear “wa” to “ga”

            So I must have heard 壁は壊すな back then
            Please let me ask only one more thing
            Let’s say I said
            私は走る –> it means “I run” right?
            what about
            壁は壊す –> does it still mean “I will destroy the wall”?
            or it is wrong usage after all.

            Appreciate for your answer

  3. Maggie先生! ナデナデ
    I’m having trouble understanding the nuance of “N+でいる(N)”, as in
    「ごきげんです」vs「ごきげんでいる」, or
    「~するつもりです」 vs 「~するつもりでいる」
    (I’ve inquired at other sites but of course, I can never get as good/thorough an answer as I would had I come to you first! 許してくれますか)
    I hope this is Maggie先生-worthy
    (Maggie先生-worthyって日本語では?)

    1. squidlydeux、なぜてくれてありがとう!

      ごきげんです = S is in a good mood.
      ごきでんでいる = S has been in a good mood.

      「~するつもりです」 I am going to do something.
      「~するつもりでいる」 I have been thinking about doing something.

      でいる you have been in the state/you have been thinking about doing something since a little while ago.

      I hope this is Maggie先生-worthy
      Hmm How about これはMaggie先生に聞くに値することだといいけど。

      1. So it’s similar to a continuous state like Vて+いる?
        「病気です」 = I’m sick vs 「病気でいる」= I’ve been sick ?

        So is it correct to say that it’s a current state that’s been continuing since a little while ago/for a period of time?

        Also, I was told that 「ご機嫌な人でいる」 means
        “The person is (trying to) stay to be in good mood.”
        or, 「元気で健康でいる」 “(trying to) stay fit and healthy” Is that correct – the trying to stay… part?

        1. So it’s similar to a continuous state like Vて+いる?
          「病気です」 = I’m sick vs 「病気でいる」= I’ve been sick ?

          → Yes.

          「ご機嫌な人でいる」
          Yes, I guess you could translate it as “trying to stay~”
          but it depends on the context. You can just translate it as, to stay/keep, etc.
          →元気で健康でいることが大切です。 = It is important to stay fit and healthy.

  4. Hello sensei,

    Can you please tell me the difference between
    “koto ka” and “mono ka”
    may be with some example sentences

    Thank you very much

    1. Ex. 負けるものか Showing one’s strong will.
      See more examples and explanation in this lesson.
      Check my ものか lesson.

      You use ことか in an exclamatory sentence or emphasize one’s feelings.

      Ex.どれだけ眠かったことか。
      = How sleepy I was. / I was so sleepy.
      Ex. 同じことを何度彼に言ったことか。
      = How many times have I said the same thing to him.

  5. Hello sensei,

    I kind of see this on advertisement

    what is
    日系人
    In the dictionary it is “Non japanese native”

    Please help me

    1. A person of “Japanese descent” as Maggie先生 stated.
      I think your dictionary should have said “a non-native Japanese” as it seems to be most often applied to people of Japanese ancestry who are not native Japanese (not born/living in Japan), such as Japanese-Americans –> 日系アメリカ人 (like me!)

  6. Hello sensei hope you are fine.

    I have a question in this below sentences.

    日本語と英語の違い、日本独特の言い回しがあり、日本語そのまま英語とはならぬことがあるのに気がつきました

    What is “ならぬ”

  7. Hello sensei,

    I have a question

    1. Let’s say that I want to say “because I eat fish on daily basis (everyday) I have become smart”

    2. Let’s say that I want to say “because I am now are eating fish I have become smart”
    which sentences is most appropriate to use?

    A. 魚を食べるから頭がよくになった
    B. 魚を食べたから頭がよくになった
    C. 魚を食べているから頭がよくになった
    D. 魚を食べていたから頭がよくになった

    My guess is
    1 to A
    2 to C

    please correct me if I’m wrong

    1. Hi

      First よくになった→よくなった

      1 ) 魚を毎日食べるから頭がよくなった。or 魚を食べているから頭がよくなった。
      both work.

      Sorry but I don’t quite understand your second English sentence.
      ”I am now are eating fish (→ talking about the current action) I have become smart (→describes how you have become) ”

      1. Yeah I’m sorry english is not my main language.

        I want to say.
        I am eating fish now and I can feel that my brain has became smart

        1. Hmm You are eating fish now (current situation) so I can feel that I will be smart? (talking about the future result)?
          If so 魚を食べているから頭がよくなるだろう。

  8. Hi sensei

    please see the example sentences below :

    地下鉄に乗っていて感じることは老人が割合少ないということである
    階段が多いから足の弱い人には無理なのであろう

    In the last sentences why using “あろう” instead of using normal “ある”
    I thought that the 「おう」 is like 「行こう」 = “let’s go”
    does this have the same meaning???

    1. ~(で)あろう is a literal expression of だろう
      無理なのだろう *(This だろう is for assuming)
      →more literal 無理なのであろう

  9. Hello sensei,

    It seems that there’s a slight difference between the usage of
    1. mitai
    2. -ppoi
    3. teki (na)
    4. -rashii
    5. – gimi

    If you would. Please can you explain it to me. I prefer to know it by example sentences. Thank you very much

      1. Sorry, I mean you have 2 different lesson
        First about -Ppoi usage that cover (mitai, -ppoi, -rashii, -gimi)
        Second about -teki usage

        but it is not clearly stated about the difference between the usage in first lesson and second lesson.

        May be you could tell me shortly about the difference or may be it can be used interchangeably so it only has a slight difference. Why bother to differentiate it anyway?

        Thank you for your best effort.
        本当にありがとうございました

        1. Sorry I can’t explain the whole difference with example sentences here. It is going to be long and this comment section is very limited. It will be the best to check each lesson or of course other great sites to understand well.

          But just a little, as I already I explained the difference mitai/rashii/ppoi in my mitai lesson.

          Ex. Aは、子供らしい A is a child (positive: wholesome image )
          Ex. Aは、子供みたいだ A is an adult and acts/looks like a child.
          Ex. Aは、子供っぽい A is an adult and childish (negative)

          But ぎみ and 的 are different from mitai/rashii/ppoi

          You never say あの子は子供ぎみ・あの子は子供的

          ぎみ means to have a sign of something.a little ~
          Ex. 風邪気味だ to have a slight cold.
          and 的 is very limited and you can’t use with any noun.
          Those I had in the lesson are very common ones.

          1. This little explanation helps me a lot to get the general idea.
            Nice job for you maggie sensei.
            Anyway I know you are well known in this field and good at English too.
            That is what is most needed for the student here.
            If the teacher can only speak Japanese, the information can’t be conveyed well to the student.

            ありがとうございました

  10. Maggie sensei, sorry for the confusion, about the first question, I forgot to include the translation referring to必死に私たちを守ろうとしてくれている方たち

    What kind of feelings do they have when facing such dangerous place? Though THEIR HEARTS ACHE, I couldn’t thank enough those people who desperately protect us”

    So my question now are

    1. Areどんな想いで危険な場所に立ち向かっているのか… and 胸が痛くなりますが、are included in 1 sentence:

    My heart aches wondering what kind of feeling do they have when facing such dangerous place

    or胸が痛くなりますが is connected with the next sentence:

    Though my heart aches (given that there were earthquakes), I couldn’t thank enough those people who desperately protect us”

    2. Was she referring to her own feeling/chest when shed said“胸が痛くなりますが” or she was referring to the feeling/chest of ”必死に私たちを守ろうとしてくれている方たち”?

    1. Hi Obakasan000!
      How have you been?
      Whenever I hear ℃-ute, I think of you. 😊

      1) 胸が痛くなりますが、

      It is her own feelings.

      So we can assume what comes after 立ち向かっているのか
      どんな想いで危険な場所に立ち向かっているのか…(想像しただけで・考えただけで)胸が痛くなります。

      (想像しただけで・考えただけで) = Just thinking about/Just imagining how they ~~

      2) You are right.
      話してみても
      一緒にいても
      These ても will be more natural to translate when/whenever.

      Good guess!

      1. It’s an honor to be remembered by Maggie sensei. :)

        I’m still sad but at least, 矢島様 is still in show business and still active.

        After the disbandment, her activities have been lessened so I see to it to listen to her regular radio show (through youtube) to hear her voice (though I can only understand 10-30%).

        I’m still figuring out how can I buy her goods from here (Philippines), without too much hassle though.

        Just a follow up question about ても. Can I safely assume that it somewhat emphasized the verbs for said sentences?

        1. Of course I remember you! 
          I think °C-ute are very lucky to have a fan like you!

          Yes, you use ても to emphasize / giving some examples.
          I mentioned the usage in my ても lesson.

          Ex. この魚は煮ても焼いても美味しいです。
          = Kono sakana wa nitemo yaitemo oishii desu.
          = This fish is delicious whether you boil it or grill it.

          So 一緒にいても楽しい。 She is a fun person to hang out and so on.

          1. Thank you so much dear Maggie sensei. :) :) :)

            By the way, I have another question.

            大分前に録画して1人じゃ絶対見られないから親友がくるまで待ってたやつを一緒に見たんです‼︎(^▽^;)

            I would like to ask where 大分 applies to? Is to 前に or to the video?

            前に:

            I have recorded the video/s “long” time ago, but because I couldn’t watch it/them by myself, I waited for my friend to come first and we watched it together.

            Video (thought it is not stated in the sentence):

            I have recorded “a lot”of videos before, but because I couldn’t watch it/them by myself, I waited for my friend to come first and we watched it together.

            Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei.

  11. Good day dear Maggie sensei,

    I hope you are doing well today :)

    My first question is, I would like to know if she was referring to her own feeling/chest when shed said“胸が痛くなりますが” or she was referring to the feeling/chest of ”必死に私たちを守ろうとしてくれている方たち”

    At first I thought, “どんな想いで危険な場所に立ち向かっているのか…
    胸が痛くなりますが “, could mean, “my heart aches wondering what kind of feeling do they have when facing such dangerous place”. But then, after reading it many times, it appears that it could also mean, “What kind of feelings do they have when facing such dangerous place? Though my heart aches (given that there were earthquakes), I couldn’t thank enough those people who desperately protect us”

    また、今、国民の為に命がけで闘っている人たちがいます。
    その人たちにも、大切な家族や守りたい人がいると思います。
    どんな想いで危険な場所に立ち向かっているのか…
    胸が痛くなりますが、
    必死に私たちを守ろうとしてくれている方たちに
    しきれない感謝の気持ちでいっぱいです。

    http://gree.jp/c_ute/blog/entry/562968724

    My second question is, about the usage of ても here.

    いろーんな事考えてて、
    責任感が強くて、
    日々、周りの人たちへの感謝を忘れない姿が、
    話していても素敵だなー って思うの

    それに、ファンの方は誰もが知っていて
    え?今更??って言われちゃうかもしれないけど、

    一緒にいても、凄く心が綺麗だな…と思う。

    The given translation is:
    she takes a loooot of things into consideration,
    she has a strong sense of responsibility,
    she never forgets her gratitude to those around her every day,
    and I think “What a wonderful person ” whenever I talk to her too
    I’m sure all of the fans already know that and are saying
    “Eh? You just now noticed??”,
    but when we’re together, I feel she has a really beautiful heart.

    This is the first I have seen ても translated without, “even/even if”. But then when I tried to translate it:

    日々、周りの人たちへの感謝を忘れない姿が、
    話していても素敵だなー って思うの

    Even I talk about her always remembering to show gratitude to the people around her, I think it is wonderful.

    一緒にいても、凄く心が綺麗だな…と思う。

    Even if we are together, I think he has a really beautiful heart.

    It appears that “even” won’t fit here because during their C-ute days, they were always together and she always praised her. So I would like to ask, what could be the purpose of usingても (話していても/一緒にいても) in this particular sentences where in it has been translated as “whenever/when”?

    https://ameblo.jp/c-ute-official/entry-12125213636.html

    But If I completely understood this wrong, please correct me.

    Thank you so much in advance.

    1. It’s an honor to be remembered by Maggie sensei. :)

      I’m still sad but at least, 矢島様 is still in show business and still active.

      After the disbandment, her activities have been lessened so I see to it to listen to her regular radio show (through youtube) to hear her voice (though I can only understand 10-30%).

      I’m still figuring out how can I buy her goods from here (Philippines), without too much hassle though.

      Just a follow up question about ても. Can I safely assume that it somewhat emphasized the verbs for said sentences?

  12. Hello sensei,

    can u please explain to me the difference between “tame” and “tameni”
    by example sentences

    Thank you

    1. ため・ために you can omit に but the meaning is the same

      1) cause
      キャンプ雨のために中止となった。 = キャンプは雨のため、中止となった。

      2) purpose

      試験に合格するために毎日勉強している。= 試験に合格するため、毎日勉強している。

      3) to do something for someone’s sake

      家族のために車を買った。= 家族のため、車を買った。

      ため sounds a little more formal.
      I will add more examples when I think of the cases you can’t use one of them.

  13. Hello Maggie Sensei, I hope you are well. I have a small suggestion with regard to your lessons. I would like to suggest that at the beginning of lessons, a summary of the purpose or usage of the topic (verb, adjective, phrase, etc…) be included.

    I just personally find it useful in that it establishes a context for all your (always) fantastic examples of usage.

    何から何までありがとうございます。

    Sincerely,
    Tim.

    1. Hi Tim,
      Thank you for your suggestion.

      Right now, my style is

      1) How to form (verb/adjective/noun/particle, etc.)
      (I occasionally include rough summary of the purpose )
      2) classified by the usage.
      3) colloquial usage
      4) advanced usage

      So you want me to write 2) (just the usage of the topic) first?

      1. Hi Maggie Sensei,

        Thank you for your very prompt reply. So, my suggestion is sort of like you said, a rough summary of the usage first. I’ll just explain my thought sequence behind my suggestion.

        It is like a synopsis of a movie or book. Sort of giving the general idea of what is to follow. An example of your lesson that does this early on is your lesson on ‘aida/aida ni’. Right at the beginning, you give 3 usages of the word. So if it comes later, I will try to deduce the usage from the examples. Nothing wrong with that, of course. So, I just find that if there is a summary like “today, we are going to learn XXX which is used to express YYY”, would give context to the content early on.

        Again, this is just me, and I thought I’d make the suggestion. In no way does this take anything away from your system. I sincerely appreciate very much what you have been doing here. Thank you very much for that.

        Thank you again.

  14. Hello Maggie Sensei!

    First, I want to say thanks for all your work you put into this site, I’ve been studying Japanese for about a year and your lessons are pretty easy to digest.

    I mostly practice reading by playing games and chatting with a native Japanese acquaintance. For the most part, I can easily understand normal writing, but when it comes to fictional character speech styles I have a lot of trouble reading sometimes. This is pretty troublesome since it appears in the stuff I read a lot but I haven’t been able to find any resource that lists and explains these speech styles.

    I’m not sure if this is too much to ask for, but would you consider making a lesson on fictional character speech styles such as thug speech, upper class woman speech, samurai speech, classical speech, etc?

    1. Hi Gin

      Thank you for visiting my room!

      FYI I made a male speech lesson. Click the link
      I don’t have “thug speech” which I have been trying to avoid making one because it has lots of cursing words and I am a lady. 😉

      But it is a kind of fun idea to make a general fictional character speech lesson including samurai speech.
      I will add it to the request list.

  15. ‎Why are the potential forms of verbs used with が and intransitive, while the dictionary form of the same verbs are transitive?

    食べる > Transitive.
    食べられる > Intransitive.

    「日本語を話す」, but potentially… 「日本語が話せます。」

    1. As you know, you need an object marker を when you use a transitive verb.
      日本語を話す
      納豆を食べる

      However, you use が or は with verb potential form to emphasize what you can do.

      1) 日本語ができる / 日本語はできる
      (X日本語をできる)

      2) 納豆が食べられる /納豆は食べられる
      X納豆を食べられる

      Note
      You use は when you show the contrast.
      1) I can speak Japanese but not other languages.
      2) I can eat Nattou but maybe not other special Japanese food.

      There are cases that you can use を with potential form.
      For example when it modify a noun

      日本語を話せる人はいませんか?
      日本語が話せる人はいませんか?

  16. Hello sensei

    could you explain what is the difference between

    植木を垂直に並べて庭を作るということだ
    植木を垂直に並べる庭を作るということだ
    植木を垂直に並べた庭を作るということだ

    1. Hi nangryo

      1) 植木を垂直に並べて庭を作るということだ making a garden (by) planting the tress vertically

      2)植木を垂直に並べる庭を作るということだ making a garden which you are going to plant the trees vertically

      The purpose of the garden is you are going to plant the trees vertically

      3) 植木を垂直に並べた庭を作るということだ making a garden which trees are planted vertically

    1. だけのことはある to deserve ~ because + some convincing reason (~is qualified/works hard, etc.) / No wonder ~
      (You use this expression positively)

      彼はテストで満点を取ったそうだ。毎日、がんばって勉強しただけのことはあるね。
      = He got perfect score on the test. He deserves it because he studied hard every day.

  17. Hello Maggie,
    I am back studying for N3 and I came across these 3 similar phrases but do not really know the difference between them ( they all seem the same to me ):
    1.~ためだ・~ため(に)。。
    2.~によって。。・~による
    3.~から。。。・~ことから。。。

    I understand the basic meaning, the reason/ cause / because of, but they all seem same to me. Can you give reason ands possible examples where a sentance will work only with each of the above and not the others?

    Thanx in advance

    1. Hi Fynx

      I can’t give you all the details here but hope you get the idea by the example sentences.

      Vため to do ~ / for ~
      Vために+ verb do/did something in order to do ~
      Noun + のために  = for something/someone

      purpose / for / in order to
      お金を貯めているのは日本に行くためだ。
      日本に行くためにお金を貯めている。

      によって+ verb ~ is/was done by ~
      による + noun Something by ~

      この作品は有名な芸術家によって作られた。
      これは、有名な芸術家による作品だ。

      Vから reason / because
      時間があるからどこかに連れていってあげる。

      sentence + ことから ~: based on ~/ from the fact ~ (literal/formal)

      参加者が誰もいないことからこの企画は中止になった。

      1. Thank you Maggie,
        the reason why I asked the question is because I got this sentence but it does not follow the rules you listed.
        I have this example for the によって, or による, that I cannot quite understand, it does not fit in your examples above:

        今年のインフルエンザは、今までにない型のウイルスによるものである。

        What is the due to and effect in the above sentence?
        It seems like the cause is that there has never been a virus until now, and the effect is that its Infuenza? Or whats the due to?
        Can you explain please?

        Thanks in advance
        Fynx

        1. Ah OK, that ~による “to be caused by ~ ” due to ~ ”

          * Sentence pattern:
          Something は〜によるものだ。
          = Something is caused by ~

          The flu this year is caused by the new type* of virus.

          the cause is the new type of virus which hasn’t existed before.
          The effect/result is “influenza”

  18. マギー先生

    お早うございます。ちょっと質問が有るのですが、「優先」と「優先順位」の違いは何ですか。

    また、一覧表を作ったら、次の方法は正しいですか:高、中、低

    I am thinking of a structure similar to that of bowls when I order ラーメン。 On the menu they have sizes listed in brief form: 大 (だい)、中 (?)、小 (?)。

    有難うございます。

    1. こんにちは、ロバート
      優先 priority
      (verb form 優先する/優先させる= to prioritize)
      Ex. 優先席= priority seating
      Ex. 友達を優先する= to prioritize one’s friends

      優先順位 can be translated as “priority” but it means “the order of priority”

      Ex. ~に優先順位をつける
      = give priority to ~ = to decide what comes first and what comes after

      一覧表 for 優先順位?
      If so, how about
      1番
      2番
      3番

      1. こんばんは、マギー先生

        速く答えを書いてくれて有難うございます。

        詰まり、「high priority」と「medium priority」は「優先が高い」と「優先が中?」ではなくて、「優先順位が一番」という事ですか。

        1. 優先順位が高い・低いとも言います。
          なにかのアンケートでしょうか?
          「番」はorder 「高い・低い」は程度 degree を表します。

          例えば、質問が「あなたの人生の優先順位はなんですか?」という質問だったら
          1番 家族
          2番 友達
          3番 仕事
          などと順位をつけるときは「番」を使えます。

          でも例えば「家族」優先順位の程度を伝えるときは、

          優先順位の高い

          などという答え方ができます。

          1. そうなのですか。複雑質問してすみません。

            私はいつでも、日本語を使うつもりなのですが、今回はちょっと予定を作成したいと思います。

            I would like to order things that I have to do. For example, if there is something that needs to be done immediately (and given the most effort), I would give it “high” priority. However, if something did not require as much effort or if it were not required for my work-life, I would give it “low” priority. Finally, if it were something required for my work-life but was not as important, I would give it “normal”/”medium” priority.

            I tried to make a chart, but maybe マギー先生の方法の方が良いかも知れません。(マギー先生の方法は「優先順位」と「一番、二番、三番、など」でしょう。)

            高(読み方は?)
            中(読み方は?)
            低(読み方は?)

            I was trying to imitate the menu when ordering ラーメン、 where I see the different sizes (大(ダイ)、中(チュウ)、 and 小(ショウ))。

            沢山英語を使って申し訳有りません。

          2. Yes, I would use 1) 2) 3) for 優先順位 but if you want to use 高/中/低 , you can say “優先順位の高さ”
            The kanji for one word is
            高(こう) 中(ちゅう) 低(てい) but in this case it is just an abbreviation of 高い たかい/中くらい ちゅうくらい or 普通 ふつう/低い ひくい
            The problem is if you say 高/中/低, low 低(てい) means “low” so it doesn’t sound like priority anymore.

          3. 私は間違ってしまいました。

            I am not trying to make the order in which I perform tasks; I just want to establish their level of priority so that I can decide the order.順位を決める為です。

            再度、英語を使って申し訳有りません。

  19. Hello sensei I have come again,
    Thank you for your help before

    I need a specific answer for this question

    A. スーパーで健康食品を買えます

    B. スーパーで食品を買うことができます

    C. スーパーで食品を買われます

    1. My question is If I want to say “Healthy food can bought on the supermarket”
    Which option fit best? I think B would be the best but I’m not sure.
    If none are right please give some example

    2. Is option A is best translated as “I can buy healthy food on the supermarket?”

    ご多忙中でこの質問に答えてくれて心からありがとうございます

      1. Thank you sensei
        I’m sorry for being not good enough to understand this. Let me confirm again
        Do you mean that
        “スーパーで健康食品を買えます”
        can be said as:
        1. I can buy healthy food on the supermarket
        2. You can buy healthy food on the supermarket
        3. Healthy food can be bought on the supermarket

        So in many case of reading I need to find the context to match the closest meaning. Is this right?

        1. Hello Bryan,
          スーパーで健康食品を買えます = スーパーで食品を買うことができます = I/you can buy healthy food in the supermarket (depends from the context). The second one sounds more polite.
          スーパーで食品を買われます sounds a little odd in normal conversation for me (if it’s passive honorific, then OK).

          ヨロシク!

          PS 二番目の部屋を作るってなかなかいい考えだぜ~、マギー!

          1. Sorry Bryan. I didn’t read your question but you are lucky! 天人 helped you! 😉

            Hi 天人! Thank you for always helping people here while I am busy chasing a cat in heaven.
            明日からOriginal Maggie Room見えなくなります。この部屋が一杯になったらまた第3の部屋を作りますね。

          2. とんでもないっすよ^^
            へぇ~、まったく見えなくなるのん?でもこの部屋はほんまに役に立つ答え・情報がいっぱいあるから、それを削除するのっていい考えとは思わんよ。それに人がGoogleで何か日本語の文法の説明を調べると、マギー先生の部屋がよく現れてな・・・
            それをもう一度考えといてや、マギーちゃん!

          3. こちらで消すことはないから記録は全部残っていますが、サイトがまたまた重くなるかも。
            では、年内は残すことにします〜♪ 

          4. I posted this a long time ago. If i don’t scroll down the comment section, I wouldn’t notice it.

            Thank you for replying even though this was posted a long time ago.
            Both 天人さんとマギー先生
            ありがとうございました

  20. Hi, I have a question,

    In a wedding, someone is making a speech and she said this (taken from Minna no nihongo book)

    “会って、すぐ、お二人は相手をすてきな人だと思われたそうです。”

    I thought it should be

    お二人は相手がすてきな人だと思われたそうです。
    Why do they use をhere instead of が? And what action does を implying in this sentence?

    よろしくお願いいたします。

    1. to think A as ~
      You can both say
      Aを〜と思う
      Aが〜と思う
      When you stress A, you use が

      I thought Maggie was cute.
      マギーを可愛いと思った。 (simply “Maggie” is an object.)
      マギーが可愛いと思った。 (emphasizing “Maggie”. Nobody else but Maggie!)

  21. hello sensei hope you are well,

    I recently have found new words.
    協調 and 協調性
    they are both noun so in which situation do I use one of them?
    What makes them different to each other?
    I hope you can give me example sentences

    thank you as always

    1. Hi Bryan
      協調 cooperation
      協調性 cooperative (describing one’s personality)

      A国との協調が必要だ。
      To need the cooperation with a country A.
      彼は協調性がない。
      = He is not cooperative.

      1. Thank you マギー先生

        one more thing,
        I made some finding and decided to check it with you
        is there any difference between

        ”みたいに”
        ”みたいな”
        ”みたいで”
        From what I have known,
        みたいに end with verb
        みたいな end with noun
        みたいで end with na-adjective

        Is this right? Thank you

        1. You got みたいに and みたいな right.
          みたいに + verb 
          みたいな + noun

          But where did you get the idea of
          みたいで end with na-adjective?

          みたいで this で is “and”/ “so” (to give a reason)

          I’ll show you some examples.

          あの子は、大人みたいに話す。 That child talks like an adult.
          あの子は、大人みたいな洋服を着ている。 That child wearing adult-like clothes.

          あの子は困っているみたいで助けてあげたかった。
          That child seemed to be in trouble so I wanted to help him.

  22. Hi, Maggie!

    I have question for you, but it isn’t exactly about Japanese language. I would like some advice please. I really want to find some sort of Japanese mentor (for language and information on some cultural history or modern culture), but I am not sure where to look/who to trust. I don’t mind paying for services, but I would like a nudge in the right direction. Do you know of a site or company or any good place that I could contact a native Japanese that would be willing to answer all my deeper questions? I know you are very knowledgeable of course, but I can’t ask you millions of questions, and I know it isn’t your policy to do personal translations and such. But that is what I am looking for: a personal teacher. I don’t have time to take a university class or anything like that because of my work schedule, so I’m looking for someone I can negotiate some times with. Please let me know if you have any suggestions. Thank you.

    1. Hi Chan

      I understand you well.
      I think you are already motivated enough to study Japanese.
      Though I have never tried language exchange sites/apps,I heard many people use it to make friends or teach languages each other. Have you tried any of them? That would be the cheapest way.
      It would be ideal for you to find the right Japanese friends who are willing to help your Japanese but not all the Japanese people could answer your deep questions.
      Or it is going to cost you some money but you could take a Skype lesson. I bet there are many Skype lesson sites out there.

      Wish you lived close to us so that we could give you a personal class. All our students can ask questions all the time.
      So far my “paws” are full but when we have more time, we will offer some tutor service on Patreon in future.

      1. Thanks for the advice!

        And I wish I lived close, too! I have studied a lot about Japanese culture for years now, but I am always looking for better clarity on different topics or personal opinions from Japanese people themselves and not just textbook stuff or things I see on the internet. I really love the culture and want to…treat it properly? I am not trying to be a “fangirl.” I know that Japanese language and Japanese culture isn’t some sort of “cool trend,” so I don’t want to make mistakes. That’s why I want a tutor so badly.

        I have seen a few language exchange sites, and I did try one before, but many of the people I talked to only wanted to learn English ><. I enjoyed helping them out with their questions, but I wanted to learn some Japanese, too! I will try another (:

        And I will try to look for some Skype lesson websites. That's a really good idea. I didn't think of that. Thanks!

        <3

      1. Sorry I don’t know why but my question got deleted :/
        Some days ago I studied the ようになる topic and there was this sentence 最近、揚げ物を食べたると胃がもたれるようになった。 I was wondering why there was a る after 食べた.

        Thank you

        1. Hi Angela,

          最近、揚げ物を食べたると胃がもたれるようになった。
          It must be a typo.
          It should be 揚げ物を食べると~ (Not 食べたると)

  23. Hello maggie sensei,

    It is maybe simple but I want to know what is the difference between
    「繋いで手」と「繋いだ手」
    why using 繋いで手 instead of 繋いでる手

    Thank you very much

    1. Hi Bryan

      Where did you see 繋いで手? I want to know the context but “the hands which we hold” should be either 繋いだ手 or 繋いでいる手(casual 繋いでる手)

        1. I checked the lyrics. I guess it is a pun.
          The first one is 繋いでて keep holding (connecting)
          and the second one is 繋いで手

          It only works when you reverse the order of words 繋いで….手(を) 

          1. Thank you sensei this should clear my doubt.
            Appreciate your work
            In order to improve my japanese I will try to type in japanese.
            So there will be mistakes since I’m not confident in my skill yet.

            これから私は日本語でタイプしてやってみる
            間違いがあるはず
            私は私の日本能力にあまり自信がありませんだから
            実はもう一つ質問があります
            聞いてもよろしいですか

            ”デザートの桜餅は残しておくん ”
            この上記の文章にはなぜ「は」の助詞が使われますか
            「は」より「を」の助詞ほうがいいだと思った
            説明してもらえませんか

            お疲れ様。先に有難うございました

          2. おはよう!
            (私は)デザートに桜餅を残しておく
            = “I” will save sakuramochi for dessert.
            Focusing on what I am going to do.

            デザートの桜餅は残しておく
            You are talking about “sakuramochi for dessert” as a topic.
            Focusing on sakuramochi.
            Maybe the speaker will eat everything but sakuramochi. (You are showing the contrast)

            自信がありませんだから→ありませんから
            いいだと思った→いいと思った

  24. Hi Maggie-sensei!

    What does ‘愽士並み’ mean? it refers to a name. I guess it means ‘old-fashioned’ or ‘ordinary’?

    Thank you!

    1. Hi Lily

      Ahh I don’t have a lesson on 並み yet. I guess I should make a short lesson on Twitter or Facebook.
      〜並み means “as ~ ” (equally to ~ )
      博士並み 博士 is Dr. PhD, expert and they supposed to be intelligent or knows a lot of things. So you often use it to describe a person who knows as much as 博士.

      Ex. 彼は博士並みに頭がいい。

  25. Hi again Maggie-Sensei! ^ ^

    I have just read your lesson about “no desu” and it said it could be use as to give a reason. So, is there any difference between kara and no desu when answering question?

    1. Hi Sno,

      OK, if someone asks you,
      どうして家の中でジャケットを着ているの?
      Why are you wearing a jacket in the house?

      In English, you can say

      1) Because I am cold.
      or
      2) I AM cold!

      Both give a reason but 1) gives a reason clearly 2) is more like making your point or sounds more explanatory.
      The equivalent translation in Japanese will be
      1) 寒いからです。
      2) 寒いんです。

      寒いからです。
      寒いんです。

  26. Sensei, What does this sentence mean?
    “彼はシャツのボタンを互い違いに止めていた。”
    I think a picture would be more helpful to let me understand if you would be able to get one.

  27. Hello sensei

    I have a question
    sometimes I heard people saying
    “enryoushitoku”
    what is this shitoku??

    Is this Enryou+shite+oku?

    thank you.

  28. Quote: “学校の旅行で、京都へ行くことになりました。
    This で is 手段 (means, measures)
    彼女によると、女性は化粧をしたときと、していないときでは、ずいぶん変わるそうです。
    This で describes the state/condition

    As for Maggie’s room. I will close this room upon your request and open a new room.”

    Thank you for opening a new room :)!

    I know I’m being a bother, but I don’t fully understand it yet. Please help me..

    In the 1st sentence, I would translate it as “‘By means of’ our school trip,..”? I don’t really get it
    And for the 2nd sentence, I would translate it as
    “According to her, women when wearing makeup, and ‘the state’ when women don’t wear make up are quite different/has a notable change”. Is that correct?

    Also, isn’t adding ‘the state’ – dewa here a little unnecessary when we already have toki?

    よろしくお願いいたします!

    1. What I meant by “means” or “state” is just the function. You don’t need to use the words in the translation.
      But now I think of it, there is a better way to interpret the usage so let me try again.

      学校の旅行で
      Maybe it will be easier for you to think as a reason/purpose.
      →For school trip

      As for the second one,
      When you compare the two things, you say

      AとBでは〜 among A and B / compare to A and B

  29. hello! I am trying to learn Japanese vocabulary for describing how to pronounce sounds using the articulatory muscles in your mouth. The English I’m trying to translate from is pretty technical so I’m not sure if it sounds normal or proper in Japanese? Sentences like…. 口の屋根に舌を置いて or 唇を丸めって ( as in trying to describe how to make the ‘r’ [ɹ], ‘th’ [θ] and [ð], and ‘l’ [ɫ] sounds in English). I hope this makes sense! Do you have any resources or vocabulary that would help?

    1. Hi Abby

      口の屋根に舌を置いて → How about 舌を上顎 (うわあご)につけて〜
      唇を丸めって→ 唇を丸めて

      Why don’t you use Japanese google and type
      Ex. Rの発音
      Ex. Thの発音

      I bet there are tons of sites where you can get all the explanation in Japanese.

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