Maggie’s Room (New)

スクリーンショット 2013-06-19 1.06.47

Hi everyone! Thank you for visiting Maggie’s room. (I reopened this room on Sept. 14th, 2018.)

Feel free to leave any message. I will try to answer your questions here. But please make it simple. I can handle one or two questions. (If they are not too complicated..) 

I love you all but please understand that  I don’t translate or dictate lyrics, your personal letters, messages or help your homework here. Hope you don’t take it personally. Though I’d like to help everyone, if  I do for one person, which means I have to do for thousands of people everyday. Thank you for understanding. ありがとう!


  1. ごめんなさい、知らないことがまだいっぱいあります。とくに日本語の表現について、これからちゃんと直します。

    追伸: ごめんなさい、今、間違いメエルを送りしました。

    1. 前のメッセージを消しておきましたね。

  2. こんにちは






    1. こんにちは、

      卒業しまいました →卒業しました。
      まだマギー先生にお世話になっております→これからもマギー先生にお世話になると思います。(You are talking about future, right?)
      少々お尋ねのことがあります→少々お尋ねしたいことがあります。/ or simply お聞きしたいことがあります。or 質問があります。

      まる1。まる2 →We read them maru but when you write ① ② (I am not sure these show up here but)

      1) 本数→生産数

      難しいと感じるなら英語に訳すのがいいと思います →This stile is only used when you talk to your students or subordinator as a suggestion.
      It is like “Why don’t you give it a try to translate them in English if it’s difficult for you to do so.)

      2) ひゃっかこく

      面倒臭いなら→too straightforward ご面倒なら


  3. おはよう、マギー先生!


    1. おはよう、altuser!

      履き込むは、その靴をよく履いているということです。(In English, you just say “to wear those shoes repeatedly/wear them a a lot or for a long period of time.”
      ボロボロになっているかもしれませんが、それを見た人は、「ボロボロだね (They are worn out)」というと失礼になりますが、「履き込んでいるね」というとそこまで失礼になりません。

      1. すみません、もう一つの質問です。
        「この靴、履き込みがいい」は「These shoes last long/are durable」ということでしょうね。でも、快適のニュアンスもありますか。例えば、「These shoes are comfortable (to wear in the long run)」。

        1. comfortable to wearは「履き心地(はきごこち)がいい」といいますが、「履き込みがいい」とはいいません。

          1. ああ、そうか…履き込みがいいはだめですね。わかりました。

  4. Hello Maggiesensei,

    Today, my question is about したほうがいい

    Can I say
    I should have apologized to her that day.
    = そのとき、彼女にあやまったほうがよかった


    I feel something strange here but I can not tell it….

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello Frozenheart,
      If you refer to yourself (“I should have”), then it’s better to use べき or ~ばよかった.

      I should have apologized to her that day. => その日、彼女に謝るべきだったのに/その日、彼女に謝ればよかったのに の方が自然だと思います。

    2. When you express your own regret

      (Note: そのとき→あのとき)
      As 天人 said ほうがいい is used when you give a suggestion to others.

      Thank you for helping Frozenheart.

      When you recall “that day”, あの日 is better.
      And ~のに is used when you give an advice for other people.


          1. Woa… a lot of people takes care of me !!!
            Arigatou Maggie sensei and 天人.

            @ Maggie sensei: could you help me just one more question!

            Now I understand that たほうがいい should not used to myself.
            But is it possible to use たほうがいい for other person and express an advice in the past.

            For ex
            You should have apologized to her that day
            = あの日彼女に謝ったほうがよかった。

            Or this case, I should use bekidatta.

            Thanks my Lady.

          2. Hello,

            You should have apologized to her that day
            = あの日彼女に謝ったほうがよかった。

            The sentence itself is still not natural and it will be more natural to say
            謝るべきだった, etc.

            Except in the following casual usages.

            However, there are cases that you can give a suggestion to others or talking about your own regrets with ほうが if you attach a suffix such as ね/かな/かもしれない in “casual conversation”.

            あの日彼女に謝った方がよかったのかもしれないね。 I think you should have apologized her that day.

            When you talk about your own regrets.
            あの日彼女に謝った方がよかったかな。(casual) I guess maybe I should have apologized to her that day.

            Also when you express your strong will, you can use ほうがいい = I’d rather ~

            If I have to go out with him(If I get to choose wether I should go out with him or not), I’d rather stay home.

  5. せんせい、こんにちは。
    How do you read “話して” here, “はなして” or “はなしして”?

    1. こんにちは!
      話す はなす
      話して はなして

      (When you read 話 as a noun, though there is a case to omit を in casual conversation, it should be 話をしてあげるよ)

  6. こんにちは
    Hello Maggie Sensei

    I have a little question.
    Suppose that your father divorce and marry another woman.
    The new wife is 義理母親?
    Is this correct?

    Suppose you married with a man, the man’s mother is your 義理母親?
    Is this correct?

    Last thing, today I got praised because i am able to read 偽 (にせ) by 日本人
    I am not really sure whether it is お世辞? or not?
    Please tell me an honest opinion from sensei’s view?
    I think 三年高校生 can even read this kanji.

    For this question I really need sensei’s opinion as my master teacher but please tell me honestly 虚礼禁止
    Thank you very much luv maggie sensei :)

    1. こんにちは! はい、元気ですよ。Nagryoも元気でしたか?
      Yes, that’s 義理の母/義理の母親/義母(ぎぼ) or also 継母(けいぼ)
      FYI 義理の母/義理の母親/ 義母(ぎぼ) also means “mother in law (the mother of one’s husband or wife.)

      You read the kanji 偽 and someone complimented you?
      It’s JLPT N1 level kanji.
      Just accept the compliment. :)

      You are great!

          1. it is really good job you have there sensei. May god bless you, this occupation will lead you to heaven. At least from my religion view.

  7. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about toii.

    Toii as I know can tell about my hope.

    When I want to say I hope I will have some rest. But I was told that if I write this sentence, it’s wrong


    Is it needed to revise as here.

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hi, Frozenheart! 元気?

      Right. You have to say 休めるといいなあ

      Also when you tell someone
      I hope you can rest well.

      But when you give someone an advice, you can say

      1. Hi Maggie sensei,

        Maggie sensei も元気そうですね!

        I hope Maggie sensei will always always be healthy !

        Today I have another question related to といい

        Can I use といい to express a hope in negative form.
        For example

        I hope I will not meet you
        = 会えないといい

        Thanks my Lady

        1. Glad to hear you are genki as well! 😌
          Yes,Vないといい to express one’s desire as well.
          Ex. 雨が降らないといいな。
          However 会える is a potential form so
          or use Vないほうがいい

  8. Hello sensei

    Thank you as always
    I want to ask about this sentences


    I just don’t understand the 死にも通じる虚ろ part
    can you please tell me

    Thank you very much :)

    1. Hello nangryo,
      死にも通じる虚ろ sounds to me like “an emptiness that leads to death”, since it’s not an idiom.
      人形はね虚ろなの身体も心もとても虚ろ => 「人形はね虚ろなの。身体も心もとても虚ろ」 だと思います

        1. That’s a good question nangryo. To be honest, I don’t know if I’m on N1 level(NOKEN受けたことないからね), but I think I understand quite a lotっすよー
          天人=てんにん or from classical Japanese (which I prefer) あめひと

          1. ah im sorry, you are so good that i think you are on n1 level. sorry for me it is hard to read the names. they dont have the rule how to read. i can only read a few of names only.

  9. Hello Maggie Sensei! ^ ^

    How to say “follow” in condition like this :

    I don’t follow that drama from beginning so i don’t really know the story.
    あのドラマを最初から「 」話をあまり分かりません.

    And is there a difference of 最初 with 始め ?

    1. Hello Sno,
      I’d say: あのドラマは、最初から見てないからそのストーリーがあんまり分かりません。
      In this case 最初から は 始めから と同じ意味を含む。

    2. @天人
      Thank you for helping Sno!


      You can also say
      ついていけない for not to follow.
      あのドラマは最初 (or 始め)からついていけないのでよく話(or ストーリー)がわかりません。

      1. Thank you again 天人さん and Maggie Sensei ^ ^

        But i think i still have a doubt. Doesn’t “ついていけない” mean “can’t keep up”?

        If in a condition like this, “I just recently liked AKB. I don’t follow them from beginning”
        Is “ついていけない” can still be used?

        1. Ah, OK I got it.
          ついていけない can be used when you can’t follow the story when it is too complicated but if you meant “I didn’t watch the drama from the beginning” you say 最初or 始めから見ていないから. or 最初 or 始めの方は見ていないから”

          1. Yes, i understand “見ていない” could be used in the sentence like that. ^ ^

            But in the case of ” i follow / don’t follow AKB from the beginning”. or

            “I follow Pokemon series from beginning (Including Anime, Games, Manga, etc) or

            “I follow advancement of Computer”

            Is there any Japanese verb that equivalent with this “Follow”? ^ ^

          2. There is no one equivalent verb for the verb “follow”. 追う・たどる・従う won’t work for the game/anime, etc.
            Your sentence “I follow Pokemon series from beginning (Including Anime, Games, Manga, etc) ”
            I don’t quite get what you meant by “follow” here but

            If you are talking about “interests”


            But if you meant “you have been playing the game/ reading the manga, from the beginning”
            始め・最初(or 最初のシリーズ・第1巻・初回,etc →This depends on the subject)からずっとやっている・読んでいる

          3. There’re meny verbs, that can express the word “follow”. It depends on the context.

            In a physically way (ex. follow a person, scent, car; follow a path)

            In an abstract way (ex. follow a passion, trend; follow examples, rules/orders/instructions, directions, strategy, program, policy; follow someone on internet, web-pages, social medias)

            There’s also たどる which means: to follow/to track (something real or abstract) => 道/足跡/経歴/リンク/をたどる

            In your examples the verb たどる or 追う would suit good, I think.

          4. Thank you again both of you! ^ ^

            I think 天人さん is right about using “追う”. I tried to search some sentences with “追う” and i found the sentences with “Follow” that i mean.

            I think i am learning a lot about different kind of “Follow” in Japanese verbs. It’s very useful ^ ^.

            I am sorry if my question became too complicated.
            Once again, thank a lot for both of you ^ ^

  10. Hello Maggie sensei,

    I’m sorry that Frozenheart still has another question to you…

    Is there any different between ~といい・~ばいい・~たらいい to express a hope

    For example

    Are the following sentence OK tooooo?


    Thanks my Lady.

  11. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Please allow me to re-post this question.
    You know, I still have difficulty in using them and that’s why…

    Could you help me about かと思うと and たとたん。

    I wonder if there’s any difference (or trouble) if I use
    1/ 夫は結婚したとたん、態度が変わった。

    Also there is ~かないかの思ううちに

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello,
      As for your example sentence (1) is OK but (2) is a little unnatural.

      (A) とたん (B)
      something happened (A) right after/as soon as (B)
      Someone did something (A) right after/as soon as (B)

      1) A my husband changed his attitude
      B) B right after we got married

      It doesn’t show much emotion but it just states what happened right after they got married.

      (A)かと思うと(B) is used when something unexpected happens and it expresses the speaker’s surprised feelings.

      Ex. 彼はやっと結婚したかと思うと翌年には離婚していた。
      The speaker didn’t think he would get divorced (something unexpected) and was very surprised.

      Also you often use かと思うと when you describe some random unexpected changes.

      I think you mean かないかのうちに
      While とたん is used when some action is done or finished, you can use かないかのうちに when you do something quickly or something happens rapidly while something is not done yet or middle of action.

      It implies the doer heard the sound of cellphone but he/she turned it off really quickly.

  12. Hello Maggie sensei,

    I’m sorry, I have written another sentence and would like you to check :)

    I want to write
    I am going far so that I will return.

    Is it

    (b) 戻れるように遠くまで行く

    Thanks my Lady.

      1. Hi Maggie sensei

        Sorry for making you confused!

        I mean “I’m going abroad, to many places which are far from the Motherland. But as far as I go, I find that nowhere can replace the Motherland. So, such a moving makes me wanna return.

        If I hadn’t gone that far, I would have never had that feeling

        I’m going far so that I will return.

        Thanks my Lady, for everything!

  13. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help to check my sentence!


    I am practicing ことは。。。が. And I want to say
    It’s true that I was upset about you, but I love you (the past thing you did is not important)

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello!

      The first part is OK but you may want to change the part 愛は愛です
      It may change the nuance a little but for example
      It’s true that I was upset about you but the fact that I love you hasn’t changed.

  14. Hello sensei

    Always thank you for your hard work

    If it is not too much
    can you help me proofread only 3 sentences




    Please tell me if there is any sentence that is not natural

    1. Is this for your resume/cv, attached letter for your resume or simply for your study? Because the type of Japanese you use in the resume is a little different.
      I will just check them as Japanese sentences, OK?

      You don’t connect two sentences with 「いました」


      As a Japanese sentence, OK

      (Use the same writing style, though. 含まれます)

      1. マギー先生

        1. OK, when you write Japanese resume, you use formal words.

  15. Hello Maggie sensei,

    May I ask one more question related to ば。
    If I say

    Is it possible or not.

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hi! 元気?

      Yes, 〜たら is more common but you can say that.
      The nuance difference
      雨が止めば If it stops raining (It is raining a lot and it doesn’t look like it is going to stop raining anytime soon but if it does..I am going to school)
      雨が止んだら When it stops raining I am going to school.

      1. Hello Maggie sensei !

        Thank you for helping me this sentence.

        Yeah, I’m still alive and genki :))))

  16. Hello Sensei, Hello 天人さん

    Thank as always and appreciate for both of your hard work.


    A: ところが三年に上がってすぐ、そのみさきは死んじゃったのさ
    B: どうして?
    A: 事故って聞いた
    B: それでは、皆もの凄いショックを受けてさ、そんな中でふと誰かが言いだしたんだ
    A: なんって?
    B: みさきが使っていた机を指差して、みさきはそこにいる。みさきは死んじゃいないって
    A: それって
    B: まぁ、ふりなんだけどな、それから3組じゃその後もずっとみさきは生きているっていうふりをし続けることにしたのさ

    Only last sentences makes me confused. まぁ、ふりなんだけどな
    I assume this ふり means = pretending
    Please clarify, thank you

          1. If i don’t bother too much.
            Can I ask this one too.

            “I am the third child from five siblings (male and female)”
            “I am the third child from four siblings (male only)”
            “She is the second child from three siblings (female only)”

            How to make it natural sensei?

          2. You don’t use から

            The most natural way to say it is

            But if that person is the third child of five children or the second child of three siblings, you say

    1. They can be interchangeable but たびに is more general.
      You use 毎回 or たびに for some regular event or activity or action that you do repeatedly.

      Ex. 飲み会に行くと毎回/飲み会に行くたびに、酔っ払ってみんなに迷惑をかける。

      You can use them both. 

      But “whenever certain times comes, whenever you do something+ たびに (X 毎回)
      Ex. 春がくるたびに彼女のことを思い出す。(You can’t use 毎回)

  17. Hello sensei.
    thank you as always,
    i wonder how to make the above sentences to be natural

    A: なんだか飲み物とか飲むか?
    B: はい、冷えるお茶お願いします

    i was thinking of using 冷えるお茶、冷えてるお茶 or 冷えたお茶

    i need your help thanks

    1. @Johnbrown
      A: なんだか飲み物とか飲むか? => 何か飲み物でも飲みませんか?/何か飲み物でもどうですか/いかがですか(・でしょうか)
      B: はい、冷えるお茶お願いします => はい、冷たいお茶をお願いします/冷たいお茶をください。


      1. Hello 天人 san

        Thank you. In this this case I want to use the variation between 冷えるお茶、冷えてるお茶 or 冷えたお茶 but cannot decide which one is correct

          1. yea that is correct. but im still wondering why 冷えてるお茶 is wrong though? if the reason because it is not natural I can accept it. but they have some form te-iru+Noun
            so it makes me confused sometimes

          2. Because you don’t focus on the state that something (tea) is cooling down at the moment you order it. This has already happened. ~た expresses its final state.

            You don’t want a tea, that is right now cooling down => ~ている
            You don’t want a tea, that is going to be cooled down (/ that will be cold enough soon to drink) => ~る
            You want a tea, that is already cold enough to drink =>~た

          3. 素晴らしい天人さん

          4. 例えば、「猫が死んだ」というのは状態の変化(生→死)が起こったということを表し、「猫が死んでいる」はあるときに死んだ状態がそのまま続いていることを表す(つまり、状態の変化そのものではなく、変化した状態の継続ということなのです)。

            死んでいる猫を見た => 焦点:状態
            死んだ猫を見た   => 焦点:もう生きていないという事実

            結婚している女   => 焦点:状態 
            結婚した女     => 焦点:ある女はあるときに結婚をしたという事実を表す。結婚していないというわけではない

            猫耳をつける女の子    => 焦点:習慣的な行動(現在)
            猫耳をつけている女の子  => 焦点:状態 (describing the current state)、または、女の子が今のしていることを表す (describing that she’s putting 猫耳 on now)
            猫耳をつけた女の子    => 焦点:あるときにつけた、今もつけている
            猫耳をつけていた女の子  => 焦点:過去の習慣的な行動、今はそうではない


            冷えているお茶 Focus => A tea that is !in the state of cooling down! or A tea that is !cooling down right now!
            冷えたお茶 Focus => !cold! tea (changed from warm into cold=is not warm anymore)

            冷えているお茶をお願いします => A tea, that is cold, please or A tea, that is cooling down, please (since we put focus on the state, we have to translate it like that – sounds unnatural a bit)
            冷えたお茶をお願いします => Cold tea, please (since we focus on the change)


  18. Hello Maggie-Sensei,

    I’ve gone over these sentences several times, but I still don’t think my translation is correct. Could you check my translations when you have time?


    “I had nothing, but by singing this way, I’ve become the person I am.”


    “But if I’m willing to sing, maybe I can make someone happy and they might believe ‘the world can change ‘.”

    Thank you as always!

    1. Hi Jodi
      by singing this way →こんな風に modifies なれたんだ (I became like this/I turned out to be like this) . Not modifying 歌ったら

      でもこんな私でも歌ったら She is actually singing. →When I sang, I made someone happy….

      1. Thanks for checking my translation, Maggie-Sensei. I’m glad I was on the right track. Thank you also for pointing out the modifier in the first sentence.

  19. Hello maggie sensei.
    thank you as always

    i need a help in these sentences

    only in first sentences i really dont understand what it means
    please help me

    1. Hello nangryo,
      親の介護で働けなくなったっとことは働いていたのですか?= Since you said that you are not able to work anymore (or cannot work / or stopped working) in parental care, does it mean that you have been working there?


      1. Hello 天人さん
        I think the meaning is a little off.
        for your information. this is the comment of youtube viewer. the video content is about a daily life of a person as (NEET) not employed.

      2. I was thinking like –>

        “You said that you can’t work because you have to nurse your parent but actually you was working before?”

        Maggie sensei how about it? Just to make sure the point is good for me.

        1. Ok, since now I know more about the background of this sentence, your interpretation is correct.
          で implies in that case the reason, why the person had to stop working.

          (で働く could also imply: to work for; to serve at)
          (have been working => had been working)


          1. 天人さんいつも皆の問題を手伝ってくれてありがとうございます

          2. @nangryo @天人

            ワン!(That’s my 一言)Just kidding
            Actually the way 天人 originally translated is right.

            So you are saying you became not able to work because you had to take care of your parents.
            Does that mean you used to work?* (If that is the case you should look for a job at “Hello Work” and….)

            *It implies if you hear someone is “NEET” you tend to judge that they have never worked. So the writer checked if that person actually had a job before or is capable to work.

          3. both sensei and 天人さん
            Now i’m convinced in my translation before

          4. それはよかった。

  20. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about ば・なら !

    Is it OK if I use ば・なら in the following sentences?

    Can I use nara here ?

    お金があるなら、幸せだ. Is it OK too?

    学生であれば、入れます. Is there problem?

    彼であれば、この難しい漢字が読めます。Is it possible?

    Nara and ba are some complicated….
    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hi Frozenheart!

      1 and 2 Yes,
      The sentence with なら sounds more hypothetical.
      The nuance difference is
      お金があるなら海外旅行する I don’t have money but if I had, I would go abroad.
      お金があれば海外旅行する can be 1) If I have money…2) Whenever I have money

      お金があるなら幸せだ。It depends but if you are telling someone who is rich,
      If you have money, you are happy. or talking about hypothetical situation.
      お金があるなら幸せだが実際はない。I would be happy if I had money but I don’t.
      お金があれば、幸せだ。 If you have money, you are happy. The condition of being happy is to have money.

      3. Yes であれば emphasizes the condition more.

      3. Hmm 彼であればこの難しい漢字が読めます is not natural.
      If the following sentence is something like
      彼であればこの難しい漢字が読めるのに, it works.
      It means he is not there but if he were there, he would be able to read the difficult kanji.

      1. Hi Maggie!
        About 彼であればこの難しい漢字が読めるのに, I think it could also mean: if you were him, you could read this difficult kanji=>(君は)彼であればこの難しい漢字が読めるのに – since it puts emphasis on the condition of being him. Although with だったら it would sound better, I think.

        And thank you for the nice words related to jenny123’s question、好きやねん! ^ ^

        1. 天人: I guess it is possible but in that case, you have to specify “who” 君が彼であれば〜
          but it sounds very literal.

          Frozenheart: In conversation, なら is much more common in conversation for the example 4.

    1. Hello mann,
      十日(とおか) means here “10 days” – To limit the deadline to 10 days.
      十番目の日(じゅばんめのひ) – The tenth day
      十日間 (とおかかん)- Ten days (as interval/period of time)


  21. We are very sorry that our website has been down and it is still unstable.
    I myself have a trouble accessing the site. Please wait patiently until it is fixed.

    1. The site is back now. (I think…If not, let me know.)

  22. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Sorry. I have a second question.

    Could you please help to check my sentence!

    I want to write

    Sitting in front of the mirror, I saw a collapsed body that even I can not recognize.


    Thanks my Lady.

  23. Hello Maggie sensei,

    I’m glad that the site is back.
    Last week, it seemed down :(((

    Could you please teach me about から.
    It seems there are two から。

    Because it’s just a small misunderstanding, let’s forget about it

    I am noticed that I will be wrong if there is no だ(in だから)

    Crying .
    But is it true sensei?

    Thanks my Lady

    1. Finally…I’m happy to be back here.

      That’s right.
      誤解 is a noun so you need だ

      na-adjective ~だから きれいだから
      i-adjecitve ~いから 大きいから
      noun + だから

      1. 名詞+から implies the direction, range or start point of an event/action in space-time horizon, not the reason (as you know, から has many meanings).

  24. せんせい、こんにちは。
    What does “行かんといてっ” mean here?


    1. Hi jenny123,
      I’m not a native speaker, but I’m trying to be Maggie’s best student.
      Besides, learning Japanese is one of my little hobbies since a looong time.

  25. Hello Maggie Sensei! ^ ^

    What is the difference of 説明 and 解説?
    also 破る and 裂く?
    also what is the meaning of verb+ん (without desu)?

    1. Sorry for the late reply. My site has been down.
      説明 and 解説 could be both translated as explanation but for example when you explain the reason why you were late for the class, you use 説明
      解説 is used for example when a commentator explain politics, baseball game, soccer game, chess games, etc.

    2. Hello Sno,
      here are the answers of your two other questions,

      (1) to tear; to rip; to break; to destroy [引き裂いたり、傷をつけたり、穴をあけたりして、もとの形をこわす]
      (2) to break through (cordon, opponent’s defense, etc.); to breach;
      (3) to defeat; to beat;
      (4) to break (e.g. silence); to disturb (e.g. peace); to shatter (e.g. dream); to disrupt; to spoil;
      (5) to violate (e.g. rule); to break (e.g. promise); to infringe;
      (6) to break (a record)

      (1) (裂く only) to tear; to rip up [ひと続きのものを、強い力を加えて直線的に二つに離す。手で強く引っ張って破る]
      (2) to cut up; to cleave; to cut open (esp. the abdomen);
      (3) (裂く only) to forcibly separate (e.g. two lovers);
      (4) (割く only) to spare (time, money, etc.); to use part of something;
      (5) (arch) (See 黥く) to have a tattoo in the corner of one’s eye;

      ~ん is a negative verb ending used in informal speech; abbr. of negative verb ending ~ぬ.
      EX) 知らない=>知らぬ=>知らん

      1. @天人

        Thank you for helping Sno


        Sorry that my site has been down and I couldn’t reply to you earlier. Luckily 天人 helped you before I did. :)

        1. No problem Maggie Sensei. ^ ^
          I knew your site was down before and i was worried about that.

          And thanks too 天人! ^ ^
          I knew that “破” could be used for break the promise or law but not with “裂”.
          But is there any difference on “紙を破る” with” 紙を裂く”?

          And 1 moe question if it’s allright. ^ ^
          What is the meaning of “参ります”? I thought it was “shall go” but why it also could mean as”lose” ?

          1. Hi Sno,

            参ります is an humble form for 行きます/来ます but there is an expression
            参りました which means
            1) You won! / You are good! / You got me. / Touché
            You say that for example when you are playing a game or competing with someone and admit the person you are playing with is way too good and accept that you lost.
            2) When you are in trouble and mentally exhausted.

          2. The meaning of 紙を破る and 紙を裂く is the same, although 破る is used more common than 裂くand its usage range is much wider.
            Also as I’ve mentioned, according to, 裂くimplies that you use strong force to separate something into two parts, whereas 破る is used as a general term of destroying/violating something.

  26. Hello sensei,
    Thank you as always

    I want to check these sentences whether it is okay or not?


    If there’s anything wrong maybe please advise the right one?

    1. 狂う状態の中??? What do you mean??
      足が怪我しているので歩くのはとても辛い →足を怪我しているので歩くのがとても辛い。

      1. its like. in his crazy state (due the pressure) he is intentionally making wound his legs.
        i cant clearly put it on japanese
        any idea sensei?

  27. Hello sensei

    how to say this?
    maggie sensei is my favourite teacher

    Tanaka is most favorite candidate in election

    1. こんにちは!
      (You sent me the same message earlier so I deleted it.)
      one’s favorite teacher = 一番お気に入りの先生/一番好きな先生
      (Thank you for the nice example sentence! 🐶💕)

      Tanaka is most favorite candidate in election
      You can use the same pattern. 一番好きな政治家
      本命 means the candidate most likely to be chosen

  28. こんにちは


    1A 1D
    2A 2B 2C 2D
    4A 4B 4C
    5A 5B 5C


    PS Maggie Sensei –> これも合いますか?

    1. こんにちは!

      これも合いますか? →これも合っていますか?
      説明が合いますか? →説明は合っていますか?

      下の書き込みを地図として仮定しよう → When you write sentences, try to match the form. If the rest of the sentences are with masu-form, stick to masu/desu-form, 下記のものを*地図と仮定します。



      *地図→??1階から5階の建物のフロアマップでA, B, Cは部屋ですか?

      OK, フロアの地図

      1. It’s hard to say it in Japanese so I will use english now.
        It’s just one floor

        You get the view by open the map and look from up
        its like the idea of Class 1A 1B 2A 2B etc but they are in same floor.

        I forget that in my country even 1A 1B 2A 2B are on the same floor
        but in many countries each number means the floor name e.g. 1A means room A in 1st floor, 2B means room B in 2nd floor.
        this class I change it to Hallway (廊下)

        I’m sorry to make you misunderstand sensei

        1. So these rooms are on the same floor but there are hallways between each room.
          All the number represent hallway and alphabets are rooms?????
          I am so sorry but I really can’t picture this floor map because the hallways are not even connected.

          1. sorry let me change the question


            let’s say I want to say L this time
            Assume they are all classroom

          2. OK, if you are looking at the floor map, you can say ~段目
            三段目の左から四つめの教室 or 右から二つ目の教室

          3. Ah i see sensei for a long time i misunderstood. 段目 is like when you pile up a box? so if you have five box and pile it up, you will get 五段目
            is that right?
            but i dont know if 段目 can be used with row????

            it is my fault that i dont give a correct question

            lets imagine sensei looking at a map
            the view is from up.
            usually map or picture has a view from up.
            so the map has only one floor and 13 room
            from up it will looks like this


            see the room is not well arranged.
            so if i want to explain to other people, for example room G
            for me it is hard

            last time sensei please 確認
            im sorry to give you trouble -_-

          4. 段 is used as a counter for stairs, ladder (something vertical), grades, level but you occasionally use it for chart/table (such as shougi – Japanese chess board) besides 列.

            But when you see a floor map, I think you rarely use 段 because room’s sizes are different and not even.

            You just describes the location of the room by the room number or room name, Ex. A教室の隣 Ex. 西側の教室 Ex. 角の教室


            So let’s say the line (hallway or wall whatever) between ABC / DFJGH / IJ/ KLM are even, you might be able to describe it with 段 or 列 but still rare.

            G: 右端の上から二つ目・左から二つ目の部屋 might work but I can imagine still make the listener confused.

  29. Hello Maggie sensei,

    I remembered you taught me about 反面/一方で once but
    for sure, I just want to confirm my understanding.

    I understand that they are the same some cases and some case not the same.


    For this sentence, I think I can use 一方で。

    But for this sentence
    Using 反面 is incorrect.

    Is my understanding correct, sensei?

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello, 今日もがんばって勉強していますね。

      Yes, you can use them both 反面 and 一方.

      You are right. You don’t use 反面

      1. ありがとうございました!

        ひひ。I think one day I will be the top comment-or in Maggiesensei site :).

        Thank you for making this site and make it so meaningful.
        Actually though you are not my lover in law, but I’m thinking of you everyday^^ (coz I always have question….)

  30. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help to check my sentence!

    I want to write a sentence

    Suddenly, my source of life becomes smaller, just as small as a little girl.

    (The source of life I means, physically we have air to breath, food to eat, vv.
    And now my source of life becomes smaller, since it is 君)

    I wrote it as below


    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hi,

      (FYI Also there is a word 生きる糧 = いきるかて)
      Personally I have never heard that expression but if you try to make a very poetic expression, this might work.
      僕の生きる源は小さい (or 幼い) 女の子のように小さくなっていく。(It is happening now.)

  31. Hello Maggie-Sensei,

    I’m having trouble with a couple sentences and would be glad if you could help me.

    The first one is simple, but I don’t understand in what way the person is using “波越えた”. From what I can tell, it translates to Namikoshi which means “overwhelmed” or “wave”.


    This is what I came up with, but it doesn’t make sense to me.

    “I want to be like a Mother who overwhelms people.”

    The next sentence is a little longer. I think I understand what the person is saying, but I’m still unsure of my translation.


    “5 yrs after we formed, I’d never recorded a song this many times.
    If I had recorded a song like this back then, I don’t think I could have finished it”

    Thank you,


    1. Hi Joji

      1) ひと波超える here probably means “to overcome or go through one problem/obstacle”
      2) This is a hypothetical sentence. I assume they have been singing more than 5 years as “Momoclo”.
      If it were five years since we made this group (←which is actually not) , we wouldn’t have finished the recording ~~

      1. Thank you for your help, Maggie-Sensei! The meaning behind ひと波超える is different than what I expected. I’m still not sure what the context is. Maybe because turning 40 is a milestone and you’ve overcome allot of challenges at that point. If you had children young, then they would almost be adults by the time you’re 40.

        I’m glad I was on the right track with the second sentence. And yes, the group has been around longer than 5 yrs. They actually celebrated their 10th Anniversary last year.

        Thanks again for your help :)

        1. You’re welcome. (I could only help you to figure out the meaning of the sentence but I don’t know what exactly she meant because you have to know her background more.)

  32. Hello sensei, I wanna ask about how you would write these 2 in Japanese:

    1. People/someone who (Verb) me
    2. People/someone whom I (Verb)

    1. I think this is what you want to know…

      1. 私を〜する人

      Ex. A person who loves me.
       = 私を愛する人
      Ex. The fans who support me.
      = 私を応援してくれるファン

      2. 私が〜する人 (or 私の〜する人)

      Ex. A person whom I love.
      = 私が愛する人 (or 私の愛する人)

      Ex. The singer that I support.
      = 私が応援する歌手 (or 私の応援する歌手)

        1. Ah OK

          (You use が for わかる/できる/ potential form)
          But if you use わかってくれる

          1. ありがとうせんせい^^

            Your website has taught me so much and I’m sure many people feels the same way, thank you very much sensei. And keep it up^^

  33. せんせい、こんにちは。
    How do you read ‘嫌’ here?

    1. @mann


  34. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help to check my sentence.
    I am not sure it using なら is correct….

    If I want to say
    “If loving you is the Wrong, then I don’t need the Right”.

    Can I say


    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hi!

      君を愛するのが「不正」ならば、僕には「正」は必要ない or 僕は「正」なんか要らない。
      But the word choice,「不正」 「正」 are bit off because the word 「不正」 means “dishonest/illegal”.
      If you just want to say “wrong” and “right”
      For example, you could also say

  35. Hello Maggie sensei,

    If I want to say

    I don’t know why I have just met you but I’m missing you now.

    Is it たたころ or たばかり

    Could you correct my sentence please?


    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello, もう元気になりましたか?

      In that case, ばかり is better.

      (まだ*)会ったばかりだけど or 会ったばかりなのに、なんで(こんなに*)君に会いたくなるんだろう。
      (* I just added them to make it sound more natural.)

  36. こんにちは



    1. こんにちは!
      「胃袋をつかむ」 受け身は「胃袋をつかまれる」という表現があります。これは料理が上手な女性が男性の心ではなく”胃袋”を掴んでしまうということなのでつかまれた男性は美味しい料理が食べたいのでその女性と一緒にいたいなって思います。


      1. すみませんマギー先生




        1. 今回は、英語で書きます。
          A:昨日は大敗北は残念だよね (Umm something is wrong. 昨日の大敗北は残念だったよね。 works.)
          B:そんなことはないはずです OK
          A:サッカーに喩えるなら1対7の up to here is OK
          気持ち ???
          負けプリなんだよ What is プリ??? Ahhh I got it from your next line. Probably 負けっぷりなんだよ。
          B:(食事中) OK
          A:ところで凄い食べプリだな →食べっぷりだな

          Vぷり the way someone does something vigorously.
          食べっぷり (食べ方)eating a lot
          負けっぷり (負け方) to lose badly.

          1. 改めてありがとうございます


  37. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you please check my sentence.
    If I write


    Does it make sense.

    My second question is about くらい・ほど

    Since my friend told me that kurai and hodo are very complicated, I need to study them carefully.

    In this sentence, he told me not to use くらい

    But is it true Sensei?

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello!! 元気?
      → Good!

      →Your friend is right. You don’t use くらい here.
      ほど and くらい・ぐらい are very similar and a lot of time they are interchangeable (5分ほど待ってください。(more polite)/ 5分くらい待って)) but when 死ぬほど here means “very”/”extremely” and it is an expression to describe “the maximum degree of the state/condition”. In that case you don’t use くらい

      死ぬほどお腹がすいた。= I am extremely hungry.
      死ぬほどがんばった。= I tried really hard.

      1. Hello !

        I’m not 元気, Sensei. I have a severe flu….

        Thanks for helping me in study.

  38. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you please help to check my sentence.
    I am practicing によって

    1・Jaian- kun は場合によって友達を助けることもある。


    3. 雨によってハイキングを中止した

    I think によって has many meanings….

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello,

      I see. よって, “by”, indicates the reason/cause but it is mainly used in a formal writing/speech.

      1. Unless ジャイアン decides whether he helps his friends or not depending on certain cases, it doesn’t sound natural.
      If that what you meant, I would add は

      If he once in a while helps his friends, こともある is enough. Or you can add 時々

      2.  病気によって + outcome
      続いた→続出した。will be better.

      Or just use ために・せいで

      3. That sounds like “I cancelled hiking by/using rain.”
      雨によって+ what happened not what you did.
      (You state the fact objectively.)

      中止した involves the speaker’s will. So in that case,
      雨なのでハイキングを中止した。 will be more natural.

    1. Hello mann

      口より先に before one talks/tries to persuade (someone)
      So here 口 (= mouth) means “talking” →”giving an advice/warning/persuading)

      口より先に手を出す hit first and talk afterwards/resort to violence before trying to persuade

  39. Thank you for your generosity.
    What i want to know is why is 待った! used in the same way as 待て! 
    I don’t understand why the 過去形 is used this way.
    Thank you. Yoroshiku onegai itashimasu.

    1. Hello Ades,
      動詞の過去形 can also be used as an imperative from; this pattern is very colloquial and emphatic. Very often the verb becomes duplicated. The usage is limited.

      1. 買った、買った !(Buy it, just buy it!)
      2. どいた、どいた! (Out of my way, now!)


    2. Hi Ades and 天人
      Besides those repetitive usages that 天人 mentioned, you don’t usually use the past tense as an imperative form.
      待った is a special expression which came from Sumo (or shogi- Japanese chess, go = game which is like checkers.) when the wrestlers start the match with a false start, the judge calls “待った” (待ったをかける)and they start from the beginning.
      So there is an expression 待ったなし. (No do-overs. / Time is up)

      1. I think 待った can also be used as 待って.
        In the Japanese version of FF IX ジタン said:

        About the second usage I wasn’t aware of. It’s good to learn something new!

        1. 天人

          Yes, it is originally from 相撲 and now you use 待った as “Wait!” in conversation now.
          Actually you hear/use it a lot in daily conversation. またね〜♪

  40. Hello sensei
    thank you for your lesson

    i want know the meaning of idiom, 脳内日和 because i can’t seem to find it anywhere
    i think this mean something like “person with clumsy or naive personality” please help me

    1. I’ve never heard of it. You could be right but some people seem to use the expression when they are really into the world of comic book/cartoon “ギャグマンガ日和”. 脳内= inside of one’s head + 日和

      1. Thank you very much sensei.
        Do weblio has meaning for idiom?
        e.g. 血で血を洗う
        just tried to search but found nothing

        1. It’s an idiom. Blood will have blood. ≈Violent acts will be followed by more violent acts of vengeance.
          It is originally used for fight in a family/among relatives.
          The translation could be just “bloody”.

          1. that is some interesting idiom sensei, nice to know more about japanese. also nice to be taugh by sensei. thank you very much

  41. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help to check my sentences

    I want to say some sentences for a broken heart.

    1/ The more I stay away from you , the more I miss you.
    = 遠ければ遠いほど君に会いたい。

    2/ The more I try to forget you, the more I miss you.
    Is it OK if I say

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hi Frozenheart,
      how about:

      1) 忘れようとすればわすれようとするほど、君に会いたい。=> (君のことを)忘れようとすればするほど、(もっと)君に会いたくなる。 (or 会いたくなってしまう)

      2) 遠ければ遠いほど君に会いたい=> (君のことを)離れれば離れるほど、もっと君に会いたくなる。(or 会いたくなってしまう)

      What do you say, Maggie?

      1. Nice, 天人! :)
        Thank you for helping Frozenheart!


        Good! It will be more natural to say 会いたくなる instead of 会いたい.

        (1) ば (2) ほど

        You often use the shorter version in (2), especially ~する

        1. 離れていれば(離れて)いるほど、君に会いたくなる。→離れていればいるほど*君に会いたくなる。
        2. 忘れようとすれば(忘れようと)するほど、君に会いたくなる。 →忘れようとすればするほど、*君に会いたくなる。(This is much more common.)

        * If you want to add the nuance of “more”, you can say “ますます”

  42. せんせいこんにちは
    How do you read 止 in “どんなに止められようが、私はどうしても 行かねばならない” and what does this sentence mean?

    1. Hello mann,

      The sentence means: I have to keep going no matter what, no matter how hard you try to stop me.


  43. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about (よ)とする・(よ)としている。
    Are they interchangeable for the following sentences?

    1/家を 出ようとしたが、突然雨が降り出した。


    I think (1) is When I was about to leave home, it rained.
    But I’m not sure what (2) means.

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello,

      Yes, (1) is “When I was about to leave home, it started to rain.”
      (2) is not natural. It means “Someone was trying to leave the house but it started to rain.”
      You usually use ようとしていた when you describe how someone was trying to do something or the way someone was struggling to do something.

      1. Thanks Maggie sensei.
        I understand that point.

        One more question , if I say
        死のうとしています. Does it makes sense :)

  44. Hello Maggie Sensei

    I have a question, normally this is just one question but it seems to be lot because I want to know the right usage

    Please check whether those sentences are right or wrong?

    a. 昨日テレビで台風に飛ばされた家根を見た
    b. 昨日テレビで台風に揺すられた家根を見た
    c. 昨日テレビで台風に飛ぶ家根を見た
    d. 昨日テレビで台風に揺れる家根を見た
    e. 昨日テレビで台風が飛ばす家根を見た
    f. 昨日テレビで台風が揺する家根を見た

    Sensei can just answer by saying A wrong, B right, C wrong, etc

    1. Hello

      OK, first of all, you wanted to say “roof”, right? That’s 屋根 not 家根

      If you saw the roof which was blown away by typhoon a) is possible. (I would say 台風で飛ばされた屋根 is more common)

      If you saw the roof was blowing away by typhoon, you could also say 台風で屋根が飛ばされているのを見た。

      1. yes, but i wonder whether those sentences are correct or not
        of course after change them to 屋根

        sry for misunderstanding

      2. ah sry again sensei

        the point why I ask the question is not because i want to say that i saw the roof

        but i want to know various way to make “noun” just as the sentences above

        1. a. 昨日テレビで台風に飛ばされた屋根を見た possible
          b~f not natural

          The part of the reason is the verb 揺する・揺れる・揺すられる+屋根

  45. Hello. I think this site is wonderful, you’ve done a tremendous job here with all the Japanese grammar explanations. Thank you very much for your effort.

  46. Hi Maggie and company, I love you and your lessons. They always help me to improve my knowledge of Japanese and encourage me to take the JLPT.

    Well, I have a question regarding some grammar points:
    To me, the meaning of …ばかりでなく…も and …はもちろん…もare the same but I’m not very sure about my understanding of it😭😭
    The book seems to pretty difference them. (Nihongo sou-matome).

    Thanks for your help 😃😃

    1. Hi Sara,


      They are similar but there is a slight nuance difference.

      1) 彼は英語ばかりではなくフランス語も話せる。
      = He speaks not only English but also French.

      The speaker is suprised at that fact that he speaks two languages not just English but also French.

      2) 彼は英語はもちろんフランス語も話せる。
      = He speaks French not to mention English

      The speaker expects him to speak English and emphasizes that he also speaks French.

  47. Hello sensei

    i have some question.
    how do you say.
    random people i meet at street

    1. こんにちは!お久しぶりです。
      There are a few ways of saying that depending on the context
      たまたま街で出会った人, etc.

      どうでもいい人 has a negative connotation which means “people I don’t care much.”

        1. You can find the translation in the dictionary but you should change it depending on the word/context.
          random word 思いつきの言葉/どんな言葉でもいいから..
          random time 不定期に/どんな時間でもいいから, etc.

  48. 先生、すみませんが、下のような文章の中で「それと知られた」はどういう意味であるか、教えていただけますでしょうか?
    「今回の不買運動の口火を切ったのは、中小商人自営業者総連合会。ソウルの日本大使館の前で、日本メーカーのロゴを付けたパッケージを踏みつけた連中だ。その指導者は、それと知られた文在寅(ムン・ジェイン)支持派の人物だ。」( より)

  49. こんにちはマギー先生

    例えば、北西=西北? 北東=東北? 南東=東南? 南西=西南?


    1. 1)上から三段目の一番右の箱


      1. ありがとうございますマギー先生


        1. 一番左、左から二つ目、右から二つ目、一番右+の箱

          縦4つ、横4つ 合計16個の箱
          縦X横 4つずつ 合計16個の箱

          1. 全部の説明は分かりました。でも一つだけ疑問があります
            今回は縦3つ、横3つ 合計9個の箱

            1A 1B 1C
            2A 2B 2C
            3A 3B 3C

            3B の箱について先生は今の感じで説明してもらえますか
            (using row … and column 段) I don’t know what is row in japanese T_T

          2. 普通に表を見ている時は


          3. ありがとうございます

          4. どういたしまして!

  50. Hello Maggie sensei.
    Please help me, what meaning “夏だやい”?
    And can you explain about “だやい”?

    Thank you as always

    1. Hello Kid,
      だやい in 富山弁(dialect of とやま) means だるい.
      夏だやい = summer is like pain in the ass.


      1. Thank you for your reply sensei. Like sensei said, when i search on google, i found だやい is dialect which mean “Darui” or ” Mendokusai”, but it just make me so confused what “natsu yadai” meaning for 😂

        1. Could you provide us with a deeper context to that?
          Maybe it’s just a neologism.

          Sounds like だよ/だね to me.

          1. It’s 堀未央奈’s blog title.
            you can type “堀未央奈 夏だやい” on google (since i don’t know can i put the link in here)

      2. You read the title of 堀未央奈’s blog, right?
        She is from Gifu so it confused some people why she said だやい which is other area’s dialect and it means “something bothering” but it doesn’t make a sense because she didn’t say anything negative in her post about summer. Either way, it is not common or important Japanese expression so I wouldn’t worry about it so much.

        1. Yes sensei, “夏だやい” is 堀未央奈’s blog title :D
          Understood sensei. Once again, thanks for your kindness to reply my question.

  51. Hello Lily,

    I will help to answer the question since maggie sensei is still on the trip.

    It has two translations
    1. I am angry because I can’t deny it.
    2. Somehow you will angry because you can’t deny it, right?
    There is no subject involved here, the speaker is seeking for approval and it is just used as description

    So what to do to differ them?
    You must see the context
    Is the speaker is speaking with certain person or everyone in general?
    If the case is in the latter then you would translate it the same as number 2

    P.S. to Maggie sensei I mistype my email so please delete the previous comment

      1. おかえりなさいマギー先生

        1. Maggie’s roomの名前を Ismi’s roomに変えた方がよかったですね。


          1. それはさすがに良くないと思います。変更すると、この部屋は滅茶苦茶になり兼ねません。やめるほうがいいと思います。私もまだ先生に頼ります T_T

          2. ありがとうございますマギー先生。では私はこれからも頑張ります。先生に役に立つため。

  52. Hi sensei,

    So A and B is talking and there’s this sentence “否定できないのが腹立つぜ” but I don’t know who says it. Does it mean “I’m angry because I can’t deny it” or “You’re angry because you can’t deny it”. Since there’s no subject, does it automatically refer to “I” (the one speaking)? I get this problem all the time, not knowing which one is speaking when there’s no context.

    Thank you~

  53. マギー先生こんにちは。

    1. Hello Mann

      Since Maggie sensei is still going on the trip I will answer the question instead

      You read 仕事中 as “shigotochuu”(しごとちゅう)

      He is always mumbling alone while working

  54. みなさん、Maggieの部屋に来てくれてありがとう!

    Thank you for visiting Maggie’s room.
    I will be gone for summer vacation until August.
    Looking forward to helping you from August again. See you soon!

    1. Hello sensei, thank you for your hard effort.
      another announcenment may be better made english so everybody can understand.


  55. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Sorry for my question during your travelling time.
    But I just write question here. Please answer me when you’re back.

    Regarding the advice using たらどうか, is it possible if I use たらどうか for negative form.


    Wouldn’t it be better not to talk about it?
    Is it OK to say


    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hi, you caught me before my trip. (^_−)−☆
      言わなかったら is used for hypothetical condition but you don’t use verb negative form with たらどう to give advice.
      So when you give someone some suggestions, you just use verb affirmative form.

  56. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about かと思うと and たとたん。

    I wonder if there’s any difference (or trouble) if I use

    1/ 夫は結婚したとたん、態度が変わった。

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Let me also help on these

      Both are bunpou

      you translate it like this
      かと思うと = just when (you use to speak of your own idea : just when I think that)
      たとたん = at the very moment

      At the very moment my father married, his attitude has changed
      Just when I think of marriage, My father’s attitude changed

      So the difference will be in sentences 1 just describing something
      while in sentences 2 you put your own thought

      1. Althought grammatially correct, I think that
        At the very moment my father married, his attitude has changed

        Is not make any sense btw, because personality is not something that changes in the count of second

        this たとたん put an action that happen very fast

        1. たとたん と かと思うと についてですが、

          II. 話者自身については使えぬ。
          III. 後件に意志表現はとれぬ。

          I. 前件と後件には何かの関係性があることが多い。
          II. 後件はマイナスの事/瞬間的な変化が多い。
          III. 後件に意志表現もとれぬ。


          1. Haha, I am still here but thank you for helping Frozenheart.
            I can go traveling anytime. There are nice people here helping each other.


        2. Thanks Ismi. You’re very nice !

          @ Maggie sensei : I’m also waiting for youuuuuu. Please don’t go travelling so long. Please teach me that when you’re back.
          Thanks my Lady.

  57. Hello Maggie-Sensei!

    I’m having a little trouble with these 2 sentences and would like your help again. The middle part is what’s giving me trouble in this one:


    “I usually do weight training at my personal gym, but I didn’t do enough breathing exercises, so it felt like “I exercised for the first time in a while” (laughs).”

    In the next sentence, I wasn’t sure about my translation. I can’t tell if the person is talking about random women she saw in Hokkaido or women that she knew. Maybe it’s something that’s implied and I missed it.


    “When I went to Hokkaido to shoot a DVD, I thought it was wonderful to see girls from my generation who were living completely different lives from me.”

    Thank you.

    1. Since Maggie sensei will go on trip, let her have a peace of mind.
      Let me help you instead


      I usually do weight training at personal gym but because I haven’t done any heavy exercises that puts out my breath, I felt that I has been a long time since I do this (the training) (LoL)


      When I was sent to Hokkaido due to DVD shooting , I saw another girl of the same generation was living on a completely different lifestyle as me, then I thought it was awesome.

      I’m not japanese btw I’m on N1 level

      P.S Maggie Sensei : Have a safe trip

      1. I usually do weight training at personal gym but because I haven’t done any heavy exercises that puts out my breath, I felt that it has been a long time since I do this (the training) (LoL)

        you see some typo* there (I has been –> It has been)
        here is the correction

  58. Hello sensei

    Thank you as always

    Can I ask you something?
    which kanji is used in those sentences?

    嘘をつく –> tsuku
    クレームをつく –> tsuku
    はきそうな目眩がする –> haku

    thank you

    1. Hi again,
      嘘をつく You usually use hiragana but the kanji is 吐く

      You don’t say クレームをつく
      I think you meant クレームをつける (付ける)

      はく = 吐く

  59. Hello sensei

    Thank you as always
    Still learning on your lesson
    Need help for this sentence
    can I use ?

    Please advise the need word to replace the comma

    Thank you very much

    1. Good morning!
      Wow, that was an old lesson.
      Just so you know, I translated “or” in that sentence but it could be “and” depending on the context.

      You can say

      but it shows contrast in a strong way.

      それとも shows much stronger contrast so it is not natural in this case.
      You can use それとも for example
      日本では電話に出る時に「もしもし」と言いますか? それとも電話をかける時に言いますか?

      1. Yes sensei I am starting from scratch, Well there is SOO much exception in Japanese to the point that makes me confused, My target is to speak naturally, even if it takes a long hard way.

        That was excellent, thank you very much

        1. No problem!
          がんばって! And I can see you very motivated asking me many questions today but FYI I will be gone for a couple of weeks. I can answer your questions until this Wednesday. :)

          1. ほう、まさかポーランドへ行くんじゃないよな^^

          2. ヨーロッパ大陸のどこかって?

  60. Hello sensei
    Nice to meet you again

    I am learning from your past lesson
    There’s is some lesson called 草食系男子
    I just take some example sentence from it,


    My question from the context

    野心や出世欲に乏しい can be modified to 野心や出世欲が乏しい

    but can甘いものや料理が好き be modified to 甘いものや料理に好き ????

      1. Is there any specific rule to differ them?
        may be I should give focus on what kind of adjective that suit to particle?
        or sensei can say I can learn by instinct? by hearing a lot of people talking or else?

  61. Hello sensei,

    Long time no see,
    Good day to sensei

    Having done JLPT test with まあまあペース
    I want to ask something

    Can you help me differ the usage of 定義、意味、意義
    by example sentences?

    Thank you as always

    1. Hi, お疲れ様 for the JLPT test.

      定義 definition verb define
      意味 meaning
      意義 significance, purpose

      Try using Weblio or ALC to find the meaning and example sentences.

      1. Yes I have search through weblio before but I don’t really understand. Just in my case, i think it is hard to differ the nuance from weblio but they do provide a lot of example sentences which is good I think.

        But now I understand

        意味 = what
        意義 = why
        定義 = for specific meaning

        Thank you for your help sensei

  62. please, could you explain the difference between these 2 sentences?
    Omoi no kienai basho de
    Omoi ga kienai basho de

    Both mean “in a place where memories do not disappear”. but why “no” is used in a sentence while in the other “ga”?

  63. こんにちは








    1. こんにちは
      相変わらず、いつもお世話になります →Just いつもお世話になります。
      1. 「うい」を使う言葉は限られていますね。初産(ういざん) one’s first childbirth.
      Ex. 初産だからなにかと心配だ。

      2. 先生風人?? You mean 先生などの目上の人?

      3. 文の中の状況は日本語に言い換えるそれとも英語で説明してどちらかいい都合で教えてもらえませんか


      1. Ah thank you sensei

        So if in case there a situation
        You know some person from another university and you want to ask him whether he is sensei or not
        can I use this
        I always taught to avoid using あなた

        btw how to say –> a person who looks like a teacher
        it is not 先生風の方・人??

        1. You are right. Avoid using あなた.
          Just skip the subject.

          A person who looks like a reacher

          先生風の is teacher”ish”

  64. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about ように

    I think I will use ように for the following sentences. Could you help me to check them


    But if I just want to say
    She’s like an angel
    Is it 彼女は天使のように。

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello,

      彼女は天使のように踊っている OK
      彼女は天使のようにきれいだ OK

      She’s like an angel is 彼女は天使のようだ。

  65. Hello Maggie sensei,
    Could you explain to me the meaning of ふーん族 and めっちゃ族, please? I found these expressions on various blogs but I cannot understand properly what they refer to.
    Thank you!

    1. I did a little research. It looks like the terms that a famous psychology counselor,心屋仁之助(こころやじんのすけ) made.
      ふーん族 is a type of people reacts in low key. They don’t show much emotion.
      めっちゃ族 is opposite type of people who react in an exaggerating way.
      So let’s say when they see the same thing, while ふーん族 reacts in a calm way or doesn’t show much interest,
      Ex. ふーん いいね。Oh…that’s nice, isn’t it
      めっちゃ族 overreacts. Ex. めっちゃいい! (Wow! This is INCREDIBLE! It’s super great!)

      1. Ah I see! everything makes more sense!! ^_^

        Thank you so much for your explanation Maggie sensei, I love your site and the way you teach and explain things! ^_^


  66. Maggie sensei I would like to thank you for every help that you have given to me.

    Thanks for wonderful site,
    Thanks for being kind to teach everyone,
    Thanks for being a good sensei

    I still want to give a try on december JLPT because I am not satisfied with what I have done on the test. I tend to think I bombed the test today

    I was hoping that I can past n1 so I can go to your place just to say hello or something like that.

    from now on I will continuously visit your site to check sentences,
    dokkai part was hilarious to me T_T


    1. Hi, Ismi
      And Thank YOU for your heartwarming message.
      I am always here for you! これからもがんばってくださいね!

  67. Hi Maggie Sensei!

    Can I ask some questions?
    What is the difference of :

    1. 命じる vs 指図する
    2. 訪問する vs 来訪する
    3. 如く vs みたい/ように

    Thanks in advance! ^ ^

    1. Hi Sno

      They are all synonyms but

      1. 命じる (to order) is stronger command. 指図 is more like to instruct someone what to do.
      2. 来訪 is a polite form of 訪問. You used it when someone superior visits you.
      3. 如く is literal way to say みたい・ように. You hear/see it in old saying. For conversation, みたい・ように are much more common.

        1. You’re welcome!
          The best way to find the difference of synonym words is to find how they use. Use Google and check the example sentences.

  68. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about つもり.
    つもり has 2 meanings, one is related to “our plan” and the other is related to “what we think inside us”.

    I know how to distinguish them when it comes to Verb
    (a)メールを送ったつもり。。。: Tsumori here refers to what we think
    (b) 就職するつもり。。。: つもり here refers to the plan

    But I don’t know how to distinguish them when it comes to adj and noun.
    Could you give me some examples with Adj and Noun + tsumori ?

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. What a coincidence! I am just working on つもり lesson.

      noun+ の+ つもり / adjective + つもり
      to think/believe one is ~ (But the reality is different.) / pretend to be ~

      = My child thinks/believes she/he is already an adult. (But the reality is different. He/She is still a child.)

      I believe I am still young. (But the reality is different. I am not young)

      1. Thanks my Lady.
        Will wait for the つもり lesson from you !!!

        So, a phrase such as 医者のつもり can both have 2 meanings
        (a) Plan to be a doctor
        (b) Believe that one is a doctor.

        How to distinguish them, sensei ?

  69. hello maggie sensei,
    i always visit your page everytime i have difficulties on explaining a certain japanese grammar pattern to my students studying japanese.
    im hoping this time you can help me understand whats the difference and how to use the verb tazuneru in the sentence which both means to ask and to visit .
    thank you in advance

    1. in this sentence ….you need to select the same meaning
      昨日 山田さんを訪ねました。
      my answer was number 4 but according to the the key answer the correct one is number 2.
      why number 2 over number 4?
      thank you

      1. Hi, shi-ra sensei

        Where did you get these questions? Textbook?
        Isn’t 2) 昨日、山田さんの家をたずねました。
        家にたずねました is not natural.

        The key to answer this question is the meaning of たずねる. It changes depending on kanji and particle.

        訪ねる visit  someone/some place+を+たずねる
        尋ねる/訊ねる ask questions  someone+に+たずねる

        So 昨日、山田さんを訪ねました。 means “visited Yamada-san yesterday.
        So the closest answer will be 2. 家をたずねました。

        if the original sentence is
        昨日、山田さんに(都合を)尋ねました。 the answer will be 4)

  70. Hello sensei

    always nice to see you again
    Thank you for always helping me

    I have a question in this sentence here

    Not sure if this is natural but more or less if I translate this it will become
    “I am who are bad at sport can do at least acting as the tree which is blown by the wind”

    Now about the question what is the difference if I change the verb to this?

    Please also tell me which one is natural because I have an impression that above sentences means the same

    1. Hello,
      Hmm that sentence is not natural.
      You mean “Even I who is bad at sports can act as a tree which is blown by the wind?”
      If so,
      運動が苦手な(or 運動音痴の)私でも、風に揺れる/風に揺れている木の演技ができる。
      or 風に揺れる/風に揺れている木の演技は、運動が苦手な(or 運動音痴の)私でもできる。


      The natural one is the second one. 1) and 3) are not natural.

    1. Hi
      余韻 means “aftereffect”. When you see a concert or movie or have a great experience, you still feel happy, excited. 収まりそうにない in this case means “to feel like that aftereffects never end.”

  71. Hello sensei

    nice to meet you again

    have some question

    I want to know what does this mean

    Thank you as always

    1. Hello, Ismi!

      Which part you don’t understand?
      This person is visiting some companies or people to say hello and inform them that he/she is retiring or quitting the company.

      1. このたび会社を辞めることになり
        this one i understand
        (at this occasion I will ended up quitting the company) this on I understand


        this こうして to which it refer??
        this 挨拶に伺った次第です
        if I want to translate to ”depend to my greetings (that i do on my visit)
        somehow it doesn’t make sense

        1. この度 the literal meaning is “this time” but you don’t need to translate it. It is a formal expression that you use when you talk about your present situation.
          こうして refers to “coming to visit you” = 挨拶に伺った
          次第 This 次第 doesn’t mean “depend on”. It is used when you explain something (in this case the reason why he/she come visits the listener.”
          This is why I am here to greet you.

  72. Hello sensei

    It is always good to see you again

    i have a question about this sentences


    I only want to know about 抽選 in context please tell me thank you very much

      1. So this part means

        There’s also many case that the participant is decided by lottery?

        By the way sensei if you don’t mind
        before JLPT test at 7th july
        I want to check the sentences with you

        All you have to do just to reply with “correct” or “not correct”
        You don’t have to fix the sentence or anythinh, if sensei is Okay with it I will be very happy.
        Will it be Okay with sensei?? :)
        If not then it’s okay, sensei has helped me so much already, I am really grateful for it.

          1. yes please until 7th i plan to ask two sentences a day at maximum

            thank very much sensei よろしくお願いします

  73. 予約日 2012/11/13
    Hello sensei

    many thanks to you

    I have a question here only for certain part


    タイトル 日本歴史
    取り置き期限 2012/12/10
    山田市立中央図書館  電話番号 012-3456-7890


    I don’t understand the 取り置き期限 part in here please tell me what does it mean?
    also the 了承 part in which situation it is often used?

    1. Hello,

      Let me help you on behalf of Maggie sensei

      取り置き期限 means “reservation time limit”
      so this library give limit for reservation for public

      了承 means “understanding” almost same with 納得する

  74. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Forgive me for the second question !

    My second question is about the difference between ことにする・ことにした。

    To be more specific, what is the difference between:

    1/ 娘 「お父さん、今度の休みにDisneylandにつれていってよ。」

    父 「よし、わかった。じゃ友達とゴルフに行く約束はことわることにするよ」


    2/ 娘 「お父さん、今度の休みにDisneylandにつれていってよ。」

    父 「よし、わかった。じゃ友達とゴルフに行く約束はことわることにしたよ」

    Thanks my Lady!

    1. Hell again,
      Ah good question. The slight nuance difference.
      The father says he will decline the golf event in both 1) and 2) but
      The father is more determined with 1). I already made up my mind. I am not going!

  75. Hello Maggie sensei,

    After studying your lesson about ことにしている・ようにしている、my understanding about the difference is as follows. Could you please help me to check. Thanks my Lady.

    2/ 毎週、金曜日はジムに行くよにしている。

    My understanding is
    For (1), we are going to gym every Friday. And we already made a habit of it.
    For (2), we are not going to gym every Friday. But we will make an effort to make it a habit.

    Thanks my Lady.

  76. Greetings sensei.
    Your website is my lifeline for Japanese, so thanks for that.
    My question: I came across this phrase – 寂しくなくなりました. I understand it means ‘stopped being lonely’, but I”m confused about the term なくなりました.

    I’ve seen it in your adjective +suru/naru page, but I don’t understand the なく part. How does it fit in with the adverb and なりました?

    Is it a grammar term or a verb or something else? I’m confused. Please clarify this for me.

    Thanks for your help!

    1. Hi Kantar,

      なくなる means “to become not ~”
      寂しくなる to become lonely (to feel lonely / to start to miss something/someone)
      寂しくなくなる to become “not” lonely (to (be in the state) not feeling lonely / to start not to miss something/someone)
      So ~ なる is to be/to become in certain state and
      なくなる is to be/to become in the state not ~~

      エアコンを入れたら涼しくなった。 (to start to feel cool after turning on the air conditioner)
      エアコンが自動に切れて涼しくなくなった。(The air conditioner turned off automatically and it has become not cool.)

  77. Hello sensei
    Thank you as always

    I have a question

    what is the difference between


    the context here is 身につける

    1. Hi
      自分で持っている  to hold/carry something on your own (by yourself)
      Ex. その子供は自分でバッグを持っている。
      That child carries the bag on his/her own.

      1) to take possession of something/someone by force /to obtain something

      2) to acquire something.

      So 身につける means 1) to put on/ to wear (clothes, accessary, etc.) 2) to acquire (similar to 自分のものにする)

  78. Hello, Maggie-sensei. What does this mean? 言い出された次の日には離婚届け持って出て行っちまったから誰にも言うヒマなくてさ

    I was reading this about this famous guy who was getting divorce so that’s the context, btw. And I’m just so confused with all those -te forms ;;

    Thanks in advance!

    1. Hi Kano,

      My wife left me with the divorce paper on the next day she told me that she wanted to get divorced so I have no chance to tell anybody about it.

    2. Hello @Kano,
      all this ~て forms are telling about the order/sequence of events.
      So we have 1. 離婚届け持って=> she was holding in her hands the divorce registration papers and 2. 出て行っちまった => left (it’s from 出て行く, can be considered as one verb) .


  79. Hello sensei

    Thank you from before

    I have a question as before


    Please give me a hint why those 2 sentences is wrong?

    1. Hi,
      味わう enjoy the taste or experience something (It could be a negative experience.)
      If you say 海の水を味わう, you enjoy the taste of the ocean.
      You can say for example, コーヒーを味わう。

      As for the second sentence, you say 楽しい時間を過ごした
      You use 味わう to experience joy or pain but you don’t say 時間を味わう。

        1. There is a verb 味見する/味を見る for regular food but in this case, you just say
          海水を飲んでみたら/なめてみたら塩辛かった。(casual しょっからかった)

          You only use 味わう for food, when the food tastes good and you enjoy the taste.

  80. Hello sensei

    Thank you as always for your help

    have some question here
    how do i differ the usage?
    安易 容易 簡単 単純 簡潔


    1. I can just give you commoon usages here. (I am available one or two simple questions here.)

      容易 and 安易 are similar but for example you say
      安易に考える(underestimate) but you don’t say 容易に考える.
      You tend to use 容易 when you can do things easily.

      When you talk about the quality of things, something is easy, Ex. easy/simple cooking, Ex. easy book, you use 簡単

      単純: to describe some monotonous, simple work, 単純作業、or personality simple minded
      簡潔: to summarize a long story/writing in a simple way.

  81. Hello sensei

    Always nice to see you again
    I have question on this sentence


    How to read 凶き and what is this meaning?
    Source is from the mystery novel I read

    Thank :)

        1. You usually use the kanji 悪しき for “あしき ” now and you don’t use the kanji 凶
          It is a classic Japanese.
          Though there is a reading of まが as kun reading but unless the writer is trying to make you read in a special way, the most natural way to read it is あしき, I think.

  82. Hello sensei


    I have a question

    1. 新聞記事に知っている人の名前があったので、目を止める(right)
    2. あの人の行動は面白いので、いつもみんなが目を止めている(wrong)

    Can you give a hint why number 2 is wrong?

    thank you

    1. おはよう!
      Good, your name is getting more positive. 😁

      2) works if it talking about one’s particular behavior or action.
      あの人の行動は+いつも implies that person’s regular behavior so you don’t use 目を止める(留める)

  83. Hello sensei

    glad to meet you again

    please help me on this sentence


    の in 通行のじゃま
    normally I would use
    But is there any difference in meaning?
    why use の

    1. Hello again,

      It depends on what comes after じゃま

      In this case both are possible but

      通行のじゃまになる。 (If you say 通行に邪魔になる。 ~に〜に double に so it will be better to use の)

      Also when you use a verb, you use
      verb dictionary form + の+に


      1. Bunpou is hard Sensei.

        From your answer another question comes up.

        I also think that I would use

        Please also tell me the difference

          1. I see sensei

            Then let me change the sentence to full sentences
            please corret me if Im’m wrong


            I think this may be not natural since I just start learning Japanese
            Maybe sensei can change it to a better sentence

  84. Hello sensei

    Please help me again
    thank you

    how do you use です and である?
    how to differ them


  85. Hello sensei
    Nice to meet you again
    May God bless you

    Learning Japanese sure is hard,
    I understanf that the question from textbook is rarely used in daily conversation but we foreigner needs to pass JLPT for many reason therefore, I will try to post my anxiety 不安 here

    I have some question to you

    1.全 2.多 3.諸 4.者
    In here I cut the answer to two (全・諸)
    I was really sure 全 is the right answer because in sentence it mention 集まって・世界 but the fact is 諸 is the right one.
    How to differ it, please tell me

    Above sentence is appear to be wrong, what is wrong here?

    I really appreciate your help as always,
    thank you

    1. Hi!

      1. The answer is 諸外国
      諸国/諸外国 various/several foreign countries

      You say 多くの国 for many countries but you don’t say 多外国
      全: If you want to say all the countries, it will be 全世界の国々 but you don’t say 全外国
      (FYI 全国 usually refer to the whole country. 日本全国 throughout Japan)
      者 refers to people so it is out.

      2. It should be 強く (adverb which modifies a verb 感心させられる)

      I hope you pass JLPT!いい結果が出ますように。

      1. Ah sorry sensei for number two.

        Actually it comes from textbook

        here is the original sentence

        オリンピックやパラリンピックを見ていると、選手たち 1 2 3 4 感心させられる
        1.精神力 2.の 3.に 4.強い

        or maybe this question is wrong?
        please advise

        1. The answer is,
          強い is an adjective which modifies 精神力

          But if the option is 強く, you say

  86. Hello sensei

    Thank you for as always

    I have question from the paragraph

    1. 口だけで行動をがともなっていないときや下を育てる立場にいながら、後輩の力不足を嘆いているだけのとき(そこを伸ばすのが自分の使命だとわかっていない)
    What is いながら in here?

    What is ほんのつい in here?

    1. こんにちは、
      1. This ながら means, “although, though” い is from a verb (立場に)いる = to be (in the position)

      2. ほんの emphasize the following word to add the meaning of “just ” (ほんの少し = just a little)
      つい = very close (talking about the distance or certain time)
      ほんのつい最近まで = until just/quite recently

  87. Hello sensei

    glad to see you again I seek some explanation from this passage
    please help me


    What is simple meaning of this?
    In japanese is OK

    Thank you as always

    1. Hi nangryo,


  88. Hello sensei
    Nice to see you again

    have some question here

    1.公衆電話等 koushuu denwa tou (What is 等 in here?)

    2. 言葉の壁を越え、今や新たなコミュニケーション手段として、世界に広がっている
    (what is 今や in here?)

    Thank you as always

  89. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you teach me how to say
    I want you to let me be by your side

    I did write the sentence

    I don’t remember exactly but
    Is the verb なります possible to convert into ならせる。

    Thanks my Lady.

    1. Hello!!!
      なる means “to become ~” →ならせて 
      You should use the verb いる


  90. Hello sensei
    thank you as always for your help

    i have some question here


    please tell me what やって and つきあって means in those paragraph

    1. Hello, 元気でしたか?

      It might be easier to find the object of those words to figure out the meaning.

      やって → te form of やる (= to do/ to try to do) the object is 研究
      研究をやる = 研究をする = to do the research

      つきあって → te form of 付き合う = つきあう = to associate (with)
      The object is 人間 = to associate with people

      1. はい、元気です。お陰様で。


  91. こんにちは






    1. こんにちは!
      Where did you get this sentence? I have no idea why they want to tie the desk with rope…
      Anyway 「ドアを片側に寄せて二重にしとけば」: If we open the sliding door and make it double. (See when you open a sliding door, the door which you open will be on the same side as the other door and gets double.)

      1. actually it is from game i am playing. they want to escape from the building by rope.

        now i understand that it is sliding door they mean. thank you very much

    1. Hello again, mann.

      When it is in a compound word, you read it がっぴ Ex. 生年月日(せいねんがっぴ)

      1. Mann is testing your kanji reading skills, Maggie ^^

        @Mann – there are many free online Japanese dictionaries with ローマ字・平仮名・片仮名 transcriptions.
        Besides, google translator can also read kanji characters in ローマ字.
        Try it out.

          1. うむ、ぼっちぼっちでんな ヾ ^_^♪

    2. 先生、
      How do we say “I want you to make him do his home work \make him send his report ”
      Boss says this to Subordinate A . Subordinate A should make B do the work.
      Will it be a combination of causative, tai and also hoshii because it is the want of Boss .

      1. Hi Pavithara,

        I would drop わたし and あなた to avoid the confusion. (You are talking to that person so you don’t need to say わたし and あなた )
        “want to” is 〜たい/〜てほしい but the most natural way to say that is

        1. Thank you Sensei.
          させてくださいーMy understanding so far has been that ” let me do it “. But it can also be used as ” let/make HIM do it “.
          Same way,
          させてほしいー”I want you to allow ME/HIM to do it”.
          B さんにレポートをかかせてほしいです。(I want you to make him write the report)
          If I am telling directly to B, I may say “Bさんにレポートをかいてほしいです”and other polite versions.
          Bさんにレポートを書かせたいです。(I/You want to make B write the report”depending on the context.- Please tell me if my understanding is correct.

          1. Hello again,
            I think your understanding is correct.
            As you said させてください has two meanings, 1) let or allow me to do something 2) please make someone do something
            And translation-wise, your sentences are correct.

  92. Hello Maggie sensei,

    How to differ たとえ。。。ても and ても, Sensei?
    I feel both are the same but some cases I wrote sentences with たとえ…ても and I got 0 point ….

    For example, may I use たとえ…ても in the following sentences


    2. たとえどんなに誤っても彼にゆるしてくれなかった

    Thanks my Lady

    Thanks Maggie sensei

    1. Frozenheart

      You use たとえ when you talk about hypothetical situation
      So 1 & 2 use the past tense in the following sentences, so without たとえ is more natural.
      Let change the tense a little.

      3. たとえどんなに働いてもお金なんて貯まらない。
      4. たとえどんなに謝っても彼は許してくれないだろう。

      Now 3 & 4 are talking about future so you can use たとえ.

  93. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help to check some sentences I wrote by using というより

    1/ これは歩くというより走行です。
    I mean this is not walk but run.

    I mean “This is not called “Loved” but “Controlled””

    Thanks Maggie sensei

  94. マギー先生





    1. こんにちは!
      兼 = けん = and / slash という意味です。
      psychic/writer/high school student
      psychic, a writer and also a high school student

  95. Hello, Maggie! Thank you so much for answering everyone’s questions.

    I’m currently studying abroad in Japan on a yearlong program. Five years ago, I stayed with a host family for two months in a different city from where I’m living now.

    Since I need to go back to that city to do research, I recently contacted my old host family to ask if I could visit them while I was there. My host father kindly wrote back saying I could actually stay with them! However, since I’m planning to stay in their city for a week, I don’t want to inconvenience them for that long. I’d be happy to stay in a hotel nearby and visit their house instead. How can I express this politely?

    This is what I have written:

    Thank you for your time!

    1. Hi Panikulata,

      First you really don’t want to stay there?
      Your Japanese sentences are just fine.Another possibility is
      And I would add some line such as

      1. Thanks for your reply, Maggie! I’m going to write to them right now.

        I think it would be easier for everyone if I stayed in a hotel, since I could focus on my research work without disrupting my host family’s schedule. Also, I don’t know if they were aware I’d be staying in their city for so long, so I wouldn’t want to put them in the position of having to host me for a week when they only expected me to stay 1-2 days!

  96. Hello sensei,

    thank you before
    have some question here.


    what is ミリ

      1. Thank you very much sensei

        One more thing,
        what is this mean


        there is やしない

          1. im really sorry now im confused between 連れて行く and 連れて来る

            can sensei explain in what case we use it?

          2. Hello again,
            連れて行く to take someone somewhere
            連れてくる to bring someone
            For example
            友達を家に連れてくる to bring my friend home
            子供を遊園地に連れて行く to take my children to an amusement park

  97. Hello sensei,

    Thank you for your lesson

    I have a question in below sentences

    what is the differences between


    after all how to differ the usage of  に and  には

    1. Hello, John

      They mean the same but you use は to show the contrast or emphasize what comes before.
      メッセージにはならない (But it could be something else.)

      1. one more thing sensei
        how to differ には、にとって

        also i always see にて what is the difference with に

        1. The nuance difference is には to someone/にとって for someone

          私には高い It is expensive to me.
          私にとっては高い It is expensive for me.

          にて at ~ / to have some event/some event is held in some place (formal way to say で)
          a picture which was taken at a hotel, you write ホテルにて at the hotel
          (= ホテルで撮られた写真)

          に is used when you talk about the existence.

  98. こんにちは


    英語に訳すと「Urgently after searching it, I wish so that you can arrange the preparation」とになっていますと思いますが、それは合いますか?


    1. ~の上は、ビジネスなどのフォーマルな文章で使います。
      文章の中に「至急お調べの上」と部分があります  →という部分があります。

  99. Hello sensei
    nice to see you again

    what is the meaning of

    thank you for your help

          1. sry, sensei i want to ask one more thing.
            how do you say
            “let me start a thread”
            in internet forum

            “please post something”

            both are internet term it is very familiar but saying it in japanese is kind of hard

          2. OK,
            to start a thread is スレッドを立てる
            so スレッドを立てさせてください。

            There are a few ways of saying “post” depending on what you post.

        1. してやったり is an expression and たり/り is a classic (old) Japanese auxiliary verb.
          Vたり/り have done ~ た/してしまった (in modern Japaneese)

  100. こんにちは






    1. こんにちは。
      終わる 自動詞 授業が終わる/他動詞 授業を終わる/
      終える 他動詞 授業を終える


      例えば I left before the class was over だったら



      1. 人は日本語で話すとき大抵分かりますでも私は日本語で話すときには大変難しいと感じます



        1. どういたしまして!これからもがんばってください。
          (I think you meant 人が日本語で話していることは大抵わかります。でも自分が話すのは大変難しいと感じます。

          1. yes please correct me every time i make mistake. in my head speaking japanese is really hard instead of reading or listening

          2. OK, then you can also say


  101. Hello Maggie sensei :)

    I’m confusing between から and のだから。
    Which case to use から and which case to use のだから、sensei?

    Thanks Maggie sensei!

    1. OK for example let’s compare the following sentences.
      1) 忙しいから行けません。
      2) 忙しいのだから行けません。
      They both explain the reason why you can’t go somewhere.
      1) is simply telling why you can’t go.
      but 2) sounds much stronger. It sounds like “I am telling you, I am busy! ”
      の emphasize one’s feelings more (in this case frustration)

  102. Hello Maggie sensei,

    Could you help me about 反面
    When using 反面, there is one good side and the other is bad side. I want to ask about the order of arranging these two sides

    Is it …
    Good side 反面、Bad side
    Or any order is OK?

    For example


    Is it OK if

    Thanks Maggie sensei !

    1. Hello,

      It doesn’t have to be one positive and the negative side. You use 反面 to introduce two opposite qualities/opinions/facts, etc.
      The order can be both ways.
      A反面B A⇄B
      The speaker/writer wants to tell the listener/readers that there is an aspect of B regardless A.

      1. いつもありがとうございます!


  103. Hello sensei,
    nice to meet you again

    have some problem here hope you can help me

    1. please tell how to differ the use of そうに、ように in sentences

    2. please tell how to differ ことか、ものかin sentences

    3. please tell me how to use 手繰り寄せる

    as always, I thank you for always helping me

    1. Hi nangryo

      1. OK,
      彼の顔を見て笑いそうになった。 I almost laughed when I saw his face. (not laughing yet but almost laughed.)
      そうに you almost did something
      辛くても笑うようにしています。I try to smile even if it’s hard.
      ように here involves speaker’s will.

      2. OK it’s complicated so I just show you one example.

      Ex. 彼は一人でどれだけ寂しかったことか。
      =He must have been so lonely.

      Ex. どれだけお腹がすいていたことか。
      = I was incredibly hungry/How hungry I was.

      (expressing or assuming the degree of one’s state/emotion.)

      Ex. 負けるものか。
      = There is no way that I would lose. (showing one’s strong will.)

      ものか check this lesson.

      1) physically pull something towards you
      Ex. 網を手繰り寄せる to haul in a fishing net
      2) idiomatic expression
      Ex. 記憶を手繰り寄せる to try to recall something

      1. i am really grateful
        after your explanation it is not as complicated as i think it would

        thank you very much

  104. Hello, Mayumi-sensei.

    There’s a word that keeps coming up in the interviews I’ve been translating. The interviews are with music groups, so that might help for the context. It’s 引っ張る(ひっぱる). When there’s a Japanese word or phrase I don’t understand, I can usually find an explanation using Japanese sites like Kotobank. However, this one has always given me trouble.

    Here is how it’s used in a sentence:


    The only meaning I can find is “to pull/to stretch”, but I still don’t understand. I’ve wondered if it means to challenge yourself.

    One additional question. I’m not very good at reading numbers, so I don’t know how to translate this 2列なら2列. It’s used in this sentence:


    As always, I would appreciate your help.

    1. Hi Joji

      1) 引っ張り in that context means “to lead someone” (I have to lead the other members in the performance)
      2) 2列 = にれつ = niretsu

      1. Thanks for clearing up the meaning of 引っ張り. I’ll keep that in mind when I’m translating :)

        Since れつ means “row/column”, if it’s written 2列なら2列, would that mean “2 rows of 2”?

        1. AならA is a pattern to show an example. Let’s say it’s A. / For example A,
          They never lined up side by side before for example lining up in two rows.

  105. Hello Maggie sensei,

    I have a question related to hanmen and ippode

    I feel that 反面  and 一方で are very very similar and I’m confusing.
    Which cases they are interchangeable and which case they arenot, sensei?

    Thanks Maggie sensei :)

    1. Hi,
      I see. The both 反面 and 一方 mean “meanwhile” “on the other hand” and very similar.

      The difference is,
      To show the contrast of two opposite qualities

      一方 can be used to show the contrast as well but it can be also used to introduce other aspect which is not necessary opposite quality.

      Ex. 彼女は子育てをする一方、大学院で勉強もしている。
      (She is raising a child and (at the same time) she is studying at the graduate school.)
      raising a child and studying are not contradicted.

      You can’t use 反面 here.

  106. hello sensei
    nice to meet you again
    may God bless you and best wishes for you.

    I have a confusing question
    how to differ the usage of

    as long i know 非 is often used with 的
    but i dont have a clue for the other.
    may be it must be learned one by one in dictionary?

    hope sensei can give suggestion

    1. 無 absence, there is no ~ , ~ doesn’t exist
      無人 uninhabited (←no people)
      無休 no holidays , without taking a day off
      無給 unpaid (← no salary ) 

      不 simple negation
      不満 dissatisfaction Not 満足
      不安 anxiety  Not 安心

      未 incomplete, hasn’t done something yet
      未納 unpaid (←hasn’t paid yet)
      未婚 unmarried (←hasn’t married yet)

      非 injustice, it is supposed to be ~ but it’s not
      非常識 lack of common sense
      非人道的 inhumane

  107. Hello sensei,


    I have a questions here
    1. あまり無理強いすなよ
    (don’t force him too much)
    how to read 強い there? not really sure but i think it sounds like (じ~なんとか)
    2. can sensei help me to differ usage of よく and あまり
    e.g. よくわかりません、あまり近づくな

    thank you as always

    1. こんにちは!

      1. むりじい
      or あまり無理強(むりじ)いすんなよ

      2. You can combine them both

      あまり is often used with other adjective or verb (so much/ that much)
      あまりおいしくない Not that delicious
      あまり大したことない Not that big deal
      あまり困らせないでください。Don’t trouble me so much
      あまり個人的なことは聞かないで。Don’t ask me personal questions so much.

      よく means “well”
      You use よく in positive and negative sentences.
      よくわかりました。I understand well.
      よくわかりません。I don’t understand well.
      But you don’t say

      (Note for you→いつもお世話になります。先生がお元気なら何よりです)

  108. Hello sensei.
    thank you for your help
    i have a question

    how to differ the use of ことだ and ものだ

    1. Hi!
      Ah it is confusing, huh?
      It should be ことだ there.
      You use ことだ to give an advice, suggestions.
      You should/have to rest well today (the speaker is giving an advice to the listener)

      ものだ It is customary to do something (When you talk about something customary/referring some common sense in the society)
      It is customary to rest well taking medicine when you have a cold.

  109. Hello, Maggi-sensei!

    I have another question. I think I’ve translated this correctly, but I’m not sure.

    This is from an interview. The first person says:

    (This isn’t the only way you talk?)

    What makes me unsure about my translation is the response from the second person:

    (With clothes too. Ones that are super soft. I’m thinking of imitating Spring.)

    I might just be missing something in the context, so I’d appreciate your advice.


    1. Hi Joji

      It means “Isn’t it just the way of talking?” →I think it’s just the way of talking*.
      * how you/I,she …. talk: I can’t really tell whose way of talking just from this sentence.

      They way you dress as well. Very fluffy.. I would like to copy the style in spring.

      1. Now I understand. The second person was actually referring the first person, not herself. Sometimes, I have a problem understanding who the subject is in a sentence like this.

        The first sentence makes more sense now too. The person must be referring to their own way of speaking.

        Thanks again for your help!

    1. こんにちは、mann :)
      物知り顔 is to pretend that you know something.
      So it means “to talk to someone as if you know everything.”

  110. Hello sensei, konnichiwa

    Nice to see you

    I have a question what is the difference between

    Thank you before

    1. 久しぶり! How have you been?
      天気 is a common word for the weather in general, sunny, rainy, cloudy, snowy, etc. for a particular area for the particular time.
      Ex. 今日は天気がいい。It’s nice weather today.
      Ex. 天気予報 weather forecast

      天候 is similar to 天気 but it is slightly more formal and you tend to use it for a short period of time.

      気候 is climate (the general condition of weather in certain area over a year

      気象 atmospheric phenomena and it involves natural phenomenon.
      When you talk about the weather in general, you don’t use this word.
      気象現象 meteorological phenomena
      気象庁 Meteorological Agency
      気象観測 weather observation

      1. arigatougizaimasu
        I want to confirm this sentence


        which one should i choose?

        1. いまの冬は?
          Did you get it from your textbook??
          The question itself is not natural.
          Maybe 今年の冬は
          Before I answer, which one do you think you should choose?

          1. no it just crossed in my mind. it is not really from textbook.
            i think im wrong.
            i guess if use 今年 then it should be 気候

          2. could i ask one more question. the level is hard for me. got from textbook actually.
            玄人、大家、巨匠、逸材 difference?

            the answer is 逸材 but i dont know the reason.

          3. 逸材 is for someone outstanding and rare.
            玄人 professional
            大家 landlord
            巨匠 a master

            When you get confused, try using Japanese Google and search for the example sentences to see the difference.

  111. Hello, Maggie Sensei.

    I had a question regarding this sentence.

    英語は Discord で話すくらいで、実生活で使う機会はほとんどありません。
    I assume the second part is “There are few opportunities to use English in real life”. However, I am unsure how the first part fits in because of くらいで. What exactly is this doing here? I cannot really find much about this usage. Thank you in advance.

    1. Hello Danny,

      くらい expresses the degree (how much you do something). (Related lesson is here.)
      It also has a function to emphasize the degree, “only/just”.
      So “I just chat on Discord in English”

      The basic pattern
      Topicは、〜Vぐらい・くらい As for ~, I just do ~ and not much.

      I just cook once in a while and I don’t cook everyday.

      As for Japanese, I just can speak a little and I can’t write kanji at all.

      1. Hello again, Maggie Sensei.

        Thank you for your reply, yet I still have one thing I am wondering about. Would it not be possible to just replace this usage of ぐらい for だけ?

        For instance 本語は少し話せるだけで、漢字はまったく書けません。?
        Thanks in advance.

        1. Hi Danny,
          Yes, it’s possible.
          a) 日本語は少し話せるぐらいで漢字はまったく書けません。
          b) 日本語は少し話せるだけで漢字はまったく書けません。

          a) describes the degree (how much one can speak Japanese.)
          b) emphasizing “JUST to be able to speak Japanese a little”

  112. Hello sensei,
    its a long time
    hope you are fine.

    i have a question in the sentence

    what is 天使でいられるのに
    i dont understand how it is connected to 君から笑いかけてくれたなら

    if you would tell me, i really appreciate it. thank you very much


    1. Hi nangryo
      天使でいられるのに いられる is a potential form of いる (to be able to be)
      If you smile at me, I could be an angel.

  113. Hello maggie sensei

    Good day and best wished to you.
    Thank you for always taking care of me.

    I have questions
    1. What is the difference between -me and -mi ending?
    Example –> 高め、高み

    2. 私みたいな子供体型な人にどうこうしようなんて人はいないと思うんですけどね。。
    What is どうこうしよう ?


    1. Hello, Ismi! 元気?

      1. 高め = kind of/sort of expensive/high/tall
      Ex. 値段が高めだ。= It is kind of expensive.
      高み = height/ high (point) You often use it for something spiritual.
      Ex. 高みを目指す = to aim high

      2. どうこうする・どうにかこうにかする to do something
      I don’t think nobody would do something to me.

  114. Hello, Maggie sensei, if I want to say that I want to see once more my (late) grandfather, is this a correct way? もう一度おじいさんに会いたいと思っています…

    Also, is there a way to make it sound less… robotic? Thank you.

    1. Hi Kano,
      Your sentence is correct but to show your emotion more, you can just say
      (できることなら)もう一度おじいさんに会いたい or 会ってみたい + です (polite)

      できることなら (I know it is hard/impossible but) if possible.

      Formal way
      (できることなら)亡き祖父にに会いたい or 会ってみたい + です (polite)

      亡き = late

  115. Thank you so much for your site. I’ve been in love with the Japanese language for a long time now, but I am completely self-taught, choosing to learn my own way through media and my own research and studying. Textbook and school-style teaching is both boring and confusing to me. When I come across something I don’t know that I can’t figure out through a dictionary or translator, it’s almost always your site I end up on! You explain things so thoroughly, yet simple enough to easily understand. I greatly appreciate the wealth of information on the Japanese language and how it works that you have graciously provided us. Just the other day, I came across せっかくだから and was completely stumped on how to translate it. I know what せっかく and だから mean, but I was unfamiliar with the phrase せっかくだから. Dictionaries and translators were too literal to get this phrase, but sure enough, your site had it clearly and easily explained! I often use your site for things like that. I appreciate that you have so much information about conversational Japanese. You can’t always get that with other Japanese learning sites. 本当にありがとうございました!

    1. Hello Brittany

      Thank you so much for your nice message. It means a lot to me.
      I know a quite few people who have been studying Japanese on their own and their Japanese is just amazing. I believe your Japanese is great too. Most importantly, you enjoy learning it. That is sooo neat!!!

      Love 💕

  116. Hello maggie sensei
    thank you for your help as always

    just a short question

    1. im not sure in which situation do i use 敬遠

    2. 授業を終える

    the two sentences feel the same to me.
    is there any differences?

    thank you as always

    1. こんにちは、Ismi

      1) 敬遠 = to avoid / to keep distance from someone
      You can use it both for people or events.

      * 若者は肉体労働を敬遠する
      Young people avoid manual labor.

      The boss is avoided by his subordinators.

      2) They both mean “to finish the class” but the nuance difference is

      授業を終える to finish the lesson. (the finishing time comes and you finish the class)
      授業を終わらせる The teacher (or someone) tries to finish the class (involves one’s intention)

    1. Sorry for the late reply. Just found your question.
      あだや (lightly) is a kind of classic Japanese.
      It means “I shouldn’t make a light of this kindness.”

  117. こんばんは、





    2. 動ます形



    そうした方が私にとって上手になるかもしれません (<– この文にも間違っていると思います)