Maggie’s Room (New)

スクリーンショット 2013-06-19 1.06.47

Hi everyone! Thank you for visiting Maggie’s room. (I reopened this room on Sept. 14th, 2018.)

Feel free to leave any message. I will try to answer your questions here. But please make it simple. I can handle one or two questions. (If they are not too complicated..) 

I love you all but please understand that  I don’t translate or dictate lyrics, your personal letters, messages or help your homework here. Hope you don’t take it personally. Though I’d like to help everyone, if  I do for one person, which means I have to do for thousands of people everyday. Thank you for understanding. ありがとう!


  1. Hello, Mayumi-sensei.

    There’s a word that keeps coming up in the interviews I’ve been translating. The interviews are with music groups, so that might help for the context. It’s 引っ張る(ひっぱる). When there’s a Japanese word or phrase I don’t understand, I can usually find an explanation using Japanese sites like Kotobank. However, this one has always given me trouble.

    Here is how it’s used in a sentence:


    The only meaning I can find is “to pull/to stretch”, but I still don’t understand. I’ve wondered if it means to challenge yourself.

    One additional question. I’m not very good at reading numbers, so I don’t know how to translate this 2列なら2列. It’s used in this sentence:


    As always, I would appreciate your help.

    1. Hi Joji

      1) 引っ張り in that context means “to lead someone” (I have to lead the other members in the performance)
      2) 2列 = にれつ = niretsu

  2. Hello Maggie sensei,

    I have a question related to hanmen and ippode

    I feel that 反面  and 一方で are very very similar and I’m confusing.
    Which cases they are interchangeable and which case they arenot, sensei?

    Thanks Maggie sensei :)

    1. Hi,
      I see. The both 反面 and 一方 mean “meanwhile” “on the other hand” and very similar.

      The difference is,
      To show the contrast of two opposite qualities

      一方 can be used to show the contrast as well but it can be also used to introduce other aspect which is not necessary opposite quality.

      Ex. 彼女は子育てをする一方、大学院で勉強もしている。
      (She is raising a child and (at the same time) she is studying at the graduate school.)
      raising a child and studying are not contradicted.

      You can’t use 反面 here.

  3. hello sensei
    nice to meet you again
    may God bless you and best wishes for you.

    I have a confusing question
    how to differ the usage of

    as long i know 非 is often used with 的
    but i dont have a clue for the other.
    may be it must be learned one by one in dictionary?

    hope sensei can give suggestion

    1. 無 absence, there is no ~ , ~ doesn’t exist
      無人 uninhabited (←no people)
      無休 no holidays , without taking a day off
      無給 unpaid (← no salary ) 

      不 simple negation
      不満 dissatisfaction Not 満足
      不安 anxiety  Not 安心

      未 incomplete, hasn’t done something yet
      未納 unpaid (←hasn’t paid yet)
      未婚 unmarried (←hasn’t married yet)

      非 injustice, it is supposed to be ~ but it’s not
      非常識 lack of common sense
      非人道的 inhumane

  4. Hello sensei,


    I have a questions here
    1. あまり無理強いすなよ
    (don’t force him too much)
    how to read 強い there? not really sure but i think it sounds like (じ~なんとか)
    2. can sensei help me to differ usage of よく and あまり
    e.g. よくわかりません、あまり近づくな

    thank you as always

    1. こんにちは!

      1. むりじい
      or あまり無理強(むりじ)いすんなよ

      2. You can combine them both

      あまり is often used with other adjective or verb (so much/ that much)
      あまりおいしくない Not that delicious
      あまり大したことない Not that big deal
      あまり困らせないでください。Don’t trouble me so much
      あまり個人的なことは聞かないで。Don’t ask me personal questions so much.

      よく means “well”
      You use よく in positive and negative sentences.
      よくわかりました。I understand well.
      よくわかりません。I don’t understand well.
      But you don’t say

      (Note for you→いつもお世話になります。先生がお元気なら何よりです)

  5. Hello sensei.
    thank you for your help
    i have a question

    how to differ the use of ことだ and ものだ

    1. Hi!
      Ah it is confusing, huh?
      It should be ことだ there.
      You use ことだ to give an advice, suggestions.
      You should/have to rest well today (the speaker is giving an advice to the listener)

      ものだ It is customary to do something (When you talk about something customary/referring some common sense in the society)
      It is customary to rest well taking medicine when you have a cold.

  6. Hello, Maggi-sensei!

    I have another question. I think I’ve translated this correctly, but I’m not sure.

    This is from an interview. The first person says:

    (This isn’t the only way you talk?)

    What makes me unsure about my translation is the response from the second person:

    (With clothes too. Ones that are super soft. I’m thinking of imitating Spring.)

    I might just be missing something in the context, so I’d appreciate your advice.


    1. Hi Joji

      It means “Isn’t it just the way of talking?” →I think it’s just the way of talking*.
      * how you/I,she …. talk: I can’t really tell whose way of talking just from this sentence.

      They way you dress as well. Very fluffy.. I would like to copy the style in spring.

      1. Now I understand. The second person was actually referring the first person, not herself. Sometimes, I have a problem understanding who the subject is in a sentence like this.

        The first sentence makes more sense now too. The person must be referring to their own way of speaking.

        Thanks again for your help!

    1. こんにちは、mann :)
      物知り顔 is to pretend that you know something.
      So it means “to talk to someone as if you know everything.”

  7. Hello sensei, konnichiwa

    Nice to see you

    I have a question what is the difference between

    Thank you before

    1. 久しぶり! How have you been?
      天気 is a common word for the weather in general, sunny, rainy, cloudy, snowy, etc. for a particular area for the particular time.
      Ex. 今日は天気がいい。It’s nice weather today.
      Ex. 天気予報 weather forecast

      天候 is similar to 天気 but it is slightly more formal and you tend to use it for a short period of time.

      気候 is climate (the general condition of weather in certain area over a year

      気象 atmospheric phenomena and it involves natural phenomenon.
      When you talk about the weather in general, you don’t use this word.
      気象現象 meteorological phenomena
      気象庁 Meteorological Agency
      気象観測 weather observation

      1. arigatougizaimasu
        I want to confirm this sentence


        which one should i choose?

        1. いまの冬は?
          Did you get it from your textbook??
          The question itself is not natural.
          Maybe 今年の冬は
          Before I answer, which one do you think you should choose?

          1. no it just crossed in my mind. it is not really from textbook.
            i think im wrong.
            i guess if use 今年 then it should be 気候

          2. could i ask one more question. the level is hard for me. got from textbook actually.
            玄人、大家、巨匠、逸材 difference?

            the answer is 逸材 but i dont know the reason.

          3. 逸材 is for someone outstanding and rare.
            玄人 professional
            大家 landlord
            巨匠 a master

            When you get confused, try using Japanese Google and search for the example sentences to see the difference.

  8. Hello, Maggie Sensei.

    I had a question regarding this sentence.

    英語は Discord で話すくらいで、実生活で使う機会はほとんどありません。
    I assume the second part is “There are few opportunities to use English in real life”. However, I am unsure how the first part fits in because of くらいで. What exactly is this doing here? I cannot really find much about this usage. Thank you in advance.

    1. Hello Danny,

      くらい expresses the degree (how much you do something). (Related lesson is here.)
      It also has a function to emphasize the degree, “only/just”.
      So “I just chat on Discord in English”

      The basic pattern
      Topicは、〜Vぐらい・くらい As for ~, I just do ~ and not much.

      I just cook once in a while and I don’t cook everyday.

      As for Japanese, I just can speak a little and I can’t write kanji at all.

      1. Hello again, Maggie Sensei.

        Thank you for your reply, yet I still have one thing I am wondering about. Would it not be possible to just replace this usage of ぐらい for だけ?

        For instance 本語は少し話せるだけで、漢字はまったく書けません。?
        Thanks in advance.

        1. Hi Danny,
          Yes, it’s possible.
          a) 日本語は少し話せるぐらいで漢字はまったく書けません。
          b) 日本語は少し話せるだけで漢字はまったく書けません。

          a) describes the degree (how much one can speak Japanese.)
          b) emphasizing “JUST to be able to speak Japanese a little”

  9. Hello sensei,
    its a long time
    hope you are fine.

    i have a question in the sentence

    what is 天使でいられるのに
    i dont understand how it is connected to 君から笑いかけてくれたなら

    if you would tell me, i really appreciate it. thank you very much


    1. Hi nangryo
      天使でいられるのに いられる is a potential form of いる (to be able to be)
      If you smile at me, I could be an angel.

  10. Hello maggie sensei

    Good day and best wished to you.
    Thank you for always taking care of me.

    I have questions
    1. What is the difference between -me and -mi ending?
    Example –> 高め、高み

    2. 私みたいな子供体型な人にどうこうしようなんて人はいないと思うんですけどね。。
    What is どうこうしよう ?


    1. Hello, Ismi! 元気?

      1. 高め = kind of/sort of expensive/high/tall
      Ex. 値段が高めだ。= It is kind of expensive.
      高み = height/ high (point) You often use it for something spiritual.
      Ex. 高みを目指す = to aim high

      2. どうこうする・どうにかこうにかする to do something
      I don’t think nobody would do something to me.

  11. Hello, Maggie sensei, if I want to say that I want to see once more my (late) grandfather, is this a correct way? もう一度おじいさんに会いたいと思っています…

    Also, is there a way to make it sound less… robotic? Thank you.

    1. Hi Kano,
      Your sentence is correct but to show your emotion more, you can just say
      (できることなら)もう一度おじいさんに会いたい or 会ってみたい + です (polite)

      できることなら (I know it is hard/impossible but) if possible.

      Formal way
      (できることなら)亡き祖父にに会いたい or 会ってみたい + です (polite)

      亡き = late

  12. Thank you so much for your site. I’ve been in love with the Japanese language for a long time now, but I am completely self-taught, choosing to learn my own way through media and my own research and studying. Textbook and school-style teaching is both boring and confusing to me. When I come across something I don’t know that I can’t figure out through a dictionary or translator, it’s almost always your site I end up on! You explain things so thoroughly, yet simple enough to easily understand. I greatly appreciate the wealth of information on the Japanese language and how it works that you have graciously provided us. Just the other day, I came across せっかくだから and was completely stumped on how to translate it. I know what せっかく and だから mean, but I was unfamiliar with the phrase せっかくだから. Dictionaries and translators were too literal to get this phrase, but sure enough, your site had it clearly and easily explained! I often use your site for things like that. I appreciate that you have so much information about conversational Japanese. You can’t always get that with other Japanese learning sites. 本当にありがとうございました!

    1. Hello Brittany

      Thank you so much for your nice message. It means a lot to me.
      I know a quite few people who have been studying Japanese on their own and their Japanese is just amazing. I believe your Japanese is great too. Most importantly, you enjoy learning it. That is sooo neat!!!

      Love 💕

  13. Hello maggie sensei
    thank you for your help as always

    just a short question

    1. im not sure in which situation do i use 敬遠

    2. 授業を終える

    the two sentences feel the same to me.
    is there any differences?

    thank you as always

    1. こんにちは、Ismi

      1) 敬遠 = to avoid / to keep distance from someone
      You can use it both for people or events.

      * 若者は肉体労働を敬遠する
      Young people avoid manual labor.

      The boss is avoided by his subordinators.

      2) They both mean “to finish the class” but the nuance difference is

      授業を終える to finish the lesson. (the finishing time comes and you finish the class)
      授業を終わらせる The teacher (or someone) tries to finish the class (involves one’s intention)

    1. Sorry for the late reply. Just found your question.
      あだや (lightly) is a kind of classic Japanese.
      It means “I shouldn’t make a light of this kindness.”

  14. こんばんは、





    2. 動ます形



    そうした方が私にとって上手になるかもしれません (<– この文にも間違っていると思います)


    1. こんにちは!!

      1. A:マイクを庇うと→はい、「マイクを庇って声を吹き込む」と言い換えることができます。

      B: 声を出すとは少し違います。声を吹き込むは録音するという意味です。

      2. そのままよむと「どうますけい」ですが、動は動詞の省略形になるので読むときも動詞ます形(どうしますけい)と読んだ方がわかりやるいと思います。

        1. 3.私はその本を翻訳するのを手伝ってくれるように彼に頼む


          1. いつも、ありがとうございます

  15. Hello Maggie Sensei,

    Nice to see you again.
    I have some question as below:

    1. 一応俺も作るに作ってはみたのだが、一生懸命こねた肉塊はただの炭となってゴミ箱の中
    Please tell me more about 作るに作ってはみた this is kind of grammar structure that is new to me.

    2. さっきまで家事にてんてこまいだったのも、すっかりどこへやらだ
    what is やら

    there is 微動だにしない
    is it the same pattern like –> 使えそうにない
    but because it is followed by Noun so it uses だ instead of そう?

    Thank you as always

    1. Hi Ismi
      1. I think it should be 作るには作ってみたのだが
      VにはVってみた I tried something anyway (so will see what is going too happen or but + not favorable result or no change.)
      作るには作ってみた I tried making it anyway but (the meat turned out to be burnt…)

      2. You use やら when you wonder something or no idea what has happened.

      どこへいったのだろう →どこへいったのやら I wonder where it has gone/it went.

      3. It means “Not even move a little.”
      The same as 微動すらしない
      noun + だにしない 
      Though 微動だにしない is a quite common expression, you may not see a lot of expressions with noun+ だにしない

  16. Hi Maggie Sensei :)
    I ask for help again, please
    The problem is this sentence
    愛するがゆえに言葉にできないこともあるし 、言わぬが花ということ も あります

    I understood almost the whole sentence, the problem is only “愛するがゆえに”

    ゆえにthe online dictionary says it means “therefore”…but with the rest of the sentence it does not seem to coincide

    (言わぬが花 I realized that is the way we use to say some things are better left unsaid/silence is golden..or am I wrong?)

    if I don’t give too much trouble, I would also like to ask another thing
    What is the difference between “Jitsu wa” and “Jitsu ni”?

    1. Hi Lucia,
      The translation is
      “My love for you won’t let me tell you everything. Some things are better left unsaid.”
      but from this translation it might be difficult to understand the usage of ゆえに
      A ゆえに B
      → A is a reason for B.
      = 愛しているから(こそ)言葉にできないこともある
      I love you so much that (there are times that) I can’t put my love into words.

      Your interpretation of 言わぬが花 is correct.

      実は actually, to tell you the truth

      Ex. 実は首になったばかりです。
      = Actually I just got fired.

      実に really, pretty, very, quite
      Ex.彼の考え方は実に面白い His way of thinking is quite interesting.

  17. Hi Maggie Sensei (•ө•)♡
    Please could you help me with the translation of this sentence?
    He sent me into confusion


    1. Hi, I don’t do the translation here but let me break it down.


      いける・イケる is a slang and it changes the meaning depending on the context but “I can manage/I can do something/Things work out”
      気がする feel like

      I feel like things will work out.

      なぜか somehow
      チョーis another slang word 超(ちょう)very, so much
      してるの is probably repeating (気が)する
      I don’t know why but I really feel that.

  18. Good morning dear Maggie sensei. Thank you so much as always. :)


    I would like to ask if you about this word


    I’ve been trying to figure out the meaning of this word for some time now but with no luck.

    I don’t know which sentences I need include to build a context, but if one is necessary for this word, I’ve included the the links where I encountered the word


    Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei

    1. Hello,
      Actually it is not a Japanese question. You have to know about them more. Sorry.
      It is not a Japanese word which you can find in the dictionary because it is their coined word.
      There is a part the mentioned in their blog,

      They made a name for the duo ”Emuuzu”. It is their thing. It could be from the alphabet “M”→ two people so M-s. (s is for plural)
      I don’t know their names. Do they have “M” in their name?

      1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei :)

        Thank you very much… their names start with M. it didn’t occur to me that they were referring to an English character.. i really thought it has something to do with 笑む

        I’ve been trying to figure this out for weeks I think. hahaha. I just can’t help but to feel happy now that it’s clear

        thank you very much dear Maggie sensei❤️❤️❤️

  19. Hello again, Maggie-sensei!

    I have a cultural question: I will be going to work in Japan soon. I know it is polite to bring small gifts from my home country (USA) to share with new friends that I may make, but I don’t know what kind of thing I should bring. Do you have a suggestion as to what to bring for guys, gals or anyone else? That is, I don’t know if there is a particular thing people in Japan REALLY like. For instance, when I worked in China, the girls liked makeup and jewelry accessories (small things) the best; the guys liked snacks.

    Thank you!

    1. Hi Chan

      Sorry for the late reply.
      Everything you mentioned sounds good but how about fun American snacks. They are easy to share.
      When I go to the US, I usually bring back See’s candies, Ghirardelli chocolates but some typical American snacks, such as colorful JELLY BEANS, REESE’S Peanut Butter Cups, Fruit Pop Tarts, assorted American snacks, etc.
      Also cute American stationeries are fun, too.

  20. Hello Maggie Sensei!

    Can you explain the difference of 慌てる, 焦る and 急ぐ ?
    And could they interchangeable with each other?

    Thank you in advance! :D

    1. Hello Sno!

      急ぐ to hurry (It doesn’t involve one’s feelings)

      慌てる to do something in hurry losing one’s cool

      焦る to feel panic

      1) 急いで家に帰る。
      2) 慌てて家に帰る。
      3) 焦って家に帰る。

      1) is just going home in hurry
      2) There was something that psychologically upsets you and you hurry home.
      3) You go home panicked.

        1. For example when you unwrap a present and fold the wrapping paper to put it back,
          When you fold a piece of paper in half or fold a piece of paper into the figure of something (Ex. crane)

  21. Hello sensei, Good Night.

    I have some question for you


    There are some part that i don’t understand in the text
    ハードル means (hurdle, obstacle, etc)
    Basically ハードル = 邪魔モノ I am not really sure about this but, 
    why is it connected to 基準? –> (ここでは、基準)

    2.what is どうしよもなく?

    Thank you beforehand :)

    1. Hi,
      1) So if your standard (基準) of happiness is high, you raise the bar (ハードル).
      If you lower the bar, (in this case lower your standard of happiness), you won’t suffer so much because your expectation is low.
      So this person learned the trick how to go through the hard time at work.

      2) どうしようもなく (not どうしよもなく) means you don’t know what to do. You are in the state of hopeless.

  22. こんばんは、





    京都に行くなら、せめて1泊はしたい (これは正答)


    自分の店を持つという夢が、とうとうかなった (これは正答)


    1. OK, I will do this just this time but as I wrote it in the description above, I can only answer one or two simple questions here and don’t do the whole proofreading. ごめんね。

      Also one thing

      →Just say 質問に答えてくれますか? お願いします。
      答えるように is a bit too strong.




      利益になる →ためにいい
      利益→Right 効果



      1. 本当に助かった

    1. ~そう looks ~
      〜そうにしている looking ~

      彼は悲しそうだ He looks sad.
      彼は悲しそうにしている He is looking sad.

  23. Hello maggie sensei,
    I hope you have a good day and bless upon you

    there are some question I would like to confirm

    1. Use 何とか to this sentence
    (wrong change 何とか to どうか)

    (wrong change 何とか to どこか)


    (wrong change 何とか to なんとなく)

    私の判断が正解かどうか自分でも解りませんが、正解の答えを教えて頂けませんか, できれば理由も教えてください

    2. Some simple question, If you say 君だけ少しテンポがずれても平気よ

    I have two perceptions

    a. Even if it is only you who miss the tempo it’s all right
    (Nobody missed the tempo, only you who missed it)

    b. Even if you only miss tempo a little it’s all right 
    (The tempo is the one you missed)

    which one is the right?

    I have already know the answer but want to know the reason behind it so this is my reason

    いずれ is used for future tenses so using (continuous tenses in option a. 続いている is wrong, also using past tenses in option d. 好きになった is also wrong)

    In option c. いずれに来よう is grammatically wrong (it is better to use いずれにしよう)

    The only remaining answer is C. so the right one is C.

    Thank you before,マギー先生

    1. Hello lsmi! I hope you are having a good day,too!

      1. Ah I guess you might have seen the translation of 何とか is something.

      A dog called Maggie something.

      But 何とか also means “somehow”

      Let me check your setences.



      もうだめかと思ったが、何とか助かった (1)
      もうだめかと思ったが、なんとなく助かった (2)

      何とか/なんとなく They both mean “somehow” but (1) means “barely” (2) somehow (I don’t know how/why but somehow I was OK)

      When I have a chance, I will make a lesson on なんとか for you.

      2. That means,
      Even if you are the only one who is off the tempo

      3. It is one way to choose the answer by tense but you should know there are two いずれ

      いずれも means “both” or if it is used in a negative sentence, “neither one”
      いずれ also means “sometimes/eventually” (talking about the future)

      As you said c) is the correct answer but it is because いずれも there means “both (Chinese and Japanese)”
      And if the sentence could be with a past tense.

      Hope it helps.

      1. Thank you sensei, I am still not clear about this





        Between those sentences which one sensei thinks is correct?

        2. What makes おいしいレストランですね。いずれに来よう wrong here?

        1. 1. The last one もうだめかと思ったが、何とか助かった is correct but the rest of them are all wrong. You have to say なんか instead of 何とか
          2. It is wrong. It should be いずれ (someday)

  24. こんにちは,

    I have a question.

    Is there a difference between 持つだけand 持てるだけ (辞書形だけ vs可能動詞だけ)
    I encounter a question in which one would be correct and the other not.
    “両手に持てるだけのミカンをもらって帰った。” (here 持つ would be the wrong answer)

    Why is this? Also, does it also apply to 限り(辞書形限りvs可能動詞限り)? (since I find the two grammar to be similar)


    1. こんにちは!
      Yes, that’s right. You don’t say 持つだけ in that context.
      持つ is simply “you hold oranges”
      持てる is “you can hold”
      So if you say 持つだけ, it means “just holding oranges.”
      持つだけ is used in a sentence like
      Ex. 彼はバッグを持つだけで買い物を手伝ってくれなかった。
      = He just held a bag and didn’t help my shopping.

      両手に持てるだけのミカン means “as many oranges as I could hold with my both hands” so you need a potential form.

      1. But the thing is of the grammar where だけ means as much as one can, or in grammatical term (~の範囲の限界まであることをする)、there are example sentences of both 辞書形 verb and 可能動詞。


        The example above is given under this grammar (which I believe is correct since it’s a reliable book, the same book which handed out the question that I seek your help with). So, what do you think?

        1. Ah yes, you are right, だけ can be used “just doing something and~” or “as much/many as one can”

          1) V (dictionary form) だけVて〜 Just ~~ / at least do something.

          2) V(potential form)だけ + V dictionary form (present/past) / Vて as much/many as one can

          Usually you can tell which one to use by the context like your original example but I will give you some confusing cases,

          やるだけやってみます。 I will at least give it a try.
          やれるだけやってみます。 I will try as much as I can.

          I cooked this so…
          料理を作ったから食べるだけ食べてみてください。 please at least taste it.
          料理を作ったから食べられるだけ食べてください。 eat as much as possible/as much as you can.

          1. in the two example sentences you give, you translate it as “~at least” and I kinda understand the nuance here, but.. how would you translate


            I don’t think “at least” would work here. If I switch働く to 働ける, will the meaning be exactly the same? Or there’s something I’ve missed, if so, please kindly show me, thanks

          2. “父は働くだけ働いて、定年前に退職してしまった。”
            This だけ is “just” and emphasizing the verb 働く. So the translation could be something like
            My father just worked and worked and ended up quitting job before he reached his retirement age.
            If you say 働くだけ働いて the following sentence usually have some negative consequence.

            When you use the potential form, you have to change the following sentence a little.

            I would like to save money (by) working as much as possible while I am young.

  25. お早うございます






    1. おはよう!!
      引きずる to drag something (毛布を引きずる Linus is dragging his comfort blanket everywhere )
      引きずり出す means “to pull or yank something(in this case someone) out”

      1. 英語で訳すと

        Having dragged out by her father, Mia who has her back being pulled with all might has escaped.


        1. 英語の文章はチェックしませんが、一つだけ
          背中を押された is not “being pulled”. Her back was pushed

  26. Hello sensei,
    Thank you for your hard work

    I have some question
    there are 2 words 効果 and 結果

    I found some explanation online that say that
    結果 is used when you know the result after the action
    効果 is used when you don’t really know the result after the action

    so I want to check it with you by a sentence here, I don’t know the answer yet


    which one from 効果 and 結果 do i need to use?


    1. Hi ニートおじさん!

      結果 is result and 効果 is effect

      効果がある to be effective
      効果がない ineffective

      So this person has tried many things to quit smoking but “No effect”. So 効果 is the answer.

      You use 結果 for example
      試験の結果 test resultが悪かった。

  27. Hello sensei
    thank you as always
    I need ur help to check both of sentences

    1 is wrong because 過ぎる comes with を
    so 2 is right

    Is this right???
    please tell me

    1. Hello,

      The correct answer is 過ぎても

      伸びる means “to stretch/extend/to grow / to get longer” and you don’t say 時間を伸びる

      過ぎる is a special verb that you can say either
      時間が過ぎる the time passes
      時間を過ぎる to pass the (particular) time

      1. It was for sure another tricky answer. because I was searching in the dictionary but cannot find any explanation that tells 過ぎる as transitive verb

        Again thank you very much sensei

        1. You’re welcome!
          You usually use 〜を過ぎる with
          to pass the certain time
          期限(きげん)を過ぎる deadline
          締め切り(しめきり)を過ぎる deadline
          You can also use が過ぎる as well.


  28. Hello sensei
    thank you for your hard work

    please help me to arrange this sentences


    thank you before

    1. Hi nang!

      (Just imagining how they felt when they bought it for me) makes me cry.

      Hope this is not your homework. 😉

      1. あらま。。

          1. お恥ずかしいながら何も浮かべなかった。自分は当てて見ると答えは「1-2-3-4」としか浮かべない。

          2. お恥ずかしいながら何も浮かべなかった。→ 恥ずかしながら何も浮かばなかった。
            (But you usually use 浮かぶ when you come up with some kind of idea/ image. In this case there are four choices already so how about 考えつかなかった/考えつきませんでした or simply わからなかった・わかりませんでした。)
            自分は当てて見ると答えは「1-2-3-4」としか浮かべない。→当てる is to guess ~ right 「1-2-3-4」としか考えられなかった・考えられませんでした

          3. Thank you sensei
            there’s one more question actually
            I wonder if Japanese themselves having trouble when talking because so many same pronounciation

            for example:
            you can say it in 優しい and 易しい
            you can say it in 武道 and 葡萄
            –> 階層、改装、回想、回送、快走
            (Actually just by thinking of it, makes my head hurt a lot)

            How do Japanese differ all of them when in conversation the Kanji doesn’t show up right? (This is for my reference to prepare N1 listening)

            Also to me who is foreigner, when I hear そ、そう、しょ、しょう
            they feel the same to me (because in N1 people talk really fast)

            PS: I’m sorry due to my carelessness I accidentally make double post just below this comment.

          4. No problem. I deleted the previous comment.
            You usually tell which one by the context.
            For example, when you are talking about the exam,
            今日の試験はやさしかったね。→易しい easy
            When you are talking about people.
            あの先生はやさしいから心配しないで。→優しい personality

            If you are talking about food, it is obviously 葡萄 not 武道, etc.


            You are right. When someone is talking fast you won’t hear all the sound clearly.
            Stretching sound そ→そう、 しょ→しょう こ→こう and hearing a little っ must be hard.
            But remember, if you are a native speaker, you don’t pay attention to all the sound so much but you know or you can guess the words by the context.
            So don’t stress you out even if you can’t hear all the sound.

  29. 今日は、




    1.In there “normally” unchanging everyday appearances was exist.
    2.In there appearances of everyday that is unchanging “with” normal was exist



    1. こんにちは!


      普段と変わらない the same as usual
      昔と変わらない the same as before

      心身にうっとうしいほど ???
      この文章ご覧になてください この文章をご覧になってください。→But you can just say 次の文章を見てください with me. :)

      よろしく申し上げます→よろしくお願い申し上げます。→Again, with me just say よろしくお願いします。
      わざわざ質問に答えてくれてありがとうございます →You can say わざわざ質問に答えてくれてありがとうございます。after I answer your question but I haven’t answered you anything so it is unnatural. If you say よろしくお願いします then that would be enough.

      1. Thank you very much sensei
        After learning nihongo for 2 years.

        I was trying to put effort to make harder sentences to japanese
        I was trying to say (A question that makes my heart and body to the point of getting irritated –> 心身にうっとうしいほど ???)

        I admit maybe even if someone passing N1, they won’t have a good chance to speak properly as native. (or may be it is just me)


        1. 二年間の勉強でそこまで日本語が書けるのはすごいことですよ〜。

          A question that makes my heart and body to the point of getting irritated



  30. hello maggie sensei
    nice to see you again

    some question for you, I got it from news

    I was arrested for being a pervert, because i dont have any memories about it I deny it to the police station and investigation bureau, so i have been released.
    from now on, how should i respond to the calling from investigation office?

    the question is the で in 身に覚えがないため警察署および検察庁で否認し
    i wonder this means, (I deny “to” the police station and investigaion bureau)


    1. Hello

      That で is a location marker. You do something at ~
      否認する is a verb
      So “I denied (the charge) at the police station and investigation bureau.”

  31. Good morning dear Maggie sensei :)
    Thank you so much as always

    My questions for today are:


    I’m having a hard time understanding 速度制限 here..

    I came with:

    I reached the speed limit so I had a hard time writing a blog update

    but it seems that speed limit has nothing to do with writing

    I made a memo on the calendar thinking I had to celebrate it/greet him/her

    She just learned about the birthday recently and it seems that メモしておいた is just a one time action

    I would like to know what could be the role of ずっと here


    What could be the more logical translation for 前 here?

    She is no longer a student starting this April 1

    At first I though this could mean something like:

    I wonder when I used my student discount for the last time

    Surprising, its probably yesterday/the other day/ few days ago

    but because of 意外と, I also think maybe she is referring to ‘a long time ago’


    Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensie ❤️❤️❤️

    1. Hello

      1. Can’t really tell what exactly happened but I assume this person has been working so much that her body (or someone she works with, her boss, etc.) told me to slow down.

      2. You are right, メモをしておいた is one time action but for preparing for future (in this case someone’s birthday to say Happy Birthday)
      Another example
      夕食を作った = cooked dinner.
      夕食を作っておいた。= cooked something for the dinner.

      3. It means “much before”

  32. Hello sensei.
    good to see u again

    i wonder if u can help me with this sentences


    1.what is 一にんぐ to read it


  33. Hello Maggie Sensei.

    I wanted to say something but I am not sure if it is correct…
    “Those in America who do not want to join the army are increasing more and more. I think it is because they were raised as children feeling that it might not have anything to do with them”.

    I don’t think this is right but its the best I came up with. Any help? Thank you.

    1. Hello Hexelis,

      I think your translation is pretty good. Just fix the minor things.
      アメリカでは、入隊したくない人は→The particle は is to show the contrast. So use が 入隊したくない人が
      増えていく this tense is for future or something habitual →どんどん増えてきている。

      The second sentence. You quoted 『関係がないんじゃないか』 but you can also say


  34. Hello Maggie-sensei,
    I am studing くらい・ぐらい
    In the book the definition states:
    The example sentence they have is:

    So from reading the sentence I think of the translation as:
    Its Sunday, take a holiday.
    But how does 軽い程度・最低限を示す fit into the translation? Is my translation correct?

    Thx in advance

  35. Hello Maggie.
    I have a question regarding なんか、なで
    In the book I am readin it states these meanings:
    The first part I understand it means you give little care for something,
    but the second part I do not understand at all, in google translate it says: “Express the feeling of jealousy”
    However when I read 謙遜の気持ちを表す-> the direct reading to me seems to be to express being humble.

    Which one is it?


    1. Hello,
      Ah OK, 謙遜の気持ち means “being humble/modest” (Don’t trust Google translation)

      The usage is similar to なんて and I explained
      2) When you look down, belittle someone or something or lack of confidence.

      Ex. 彼には私なんてふさわしくありません。
      = Kare niwa watashi nante fusawashiku arimasen.
      = I don’t deserve him.

      Ex. 私なんて…
      = Watashi nante…
      = What good am I? (I am good for nothing. I don’t deserve it.)

  36. Hello, Maggie Sensei.

    I was wondering the difference between 時には and 時は in the following examples.

    寿司を食べる時には お箸は使わなくてもいい。
    and the very common
    If I were to replace one for the other, what would the difference be? Its been confusing me because they both sound like there is no real difference.
    Thank you in advance.

  37. Hello, Maggie Sensei


    I want to say “I’m sorry to always ask question”


    1. こんばんは!

      1. はい、文章は合っています。ただ、友達と話すのだったら「申し訳ございません」は丁寧すぎるので
      ごめんなさい(more casual) ごめんね。

      2. この間、「聞くばかりごめんなさい」と言いましたがそれで合っていますか?

      3. 同じような意味になるときもありますが、

      事故を起こした。had an accident
      事故を招いた Something caused an accident


      幸運を招く  bring good luck
      幸運を起こす Not natural

    2. Hi Dan
      Sorry for the late reply. Just read your question. It means the same so they are interchangeable.

      時には emphasizes what comes before more.

  38. Hello Maggie Sensei,
    I had a question on the following sentence:

    In the N3 book I am reading, it is talking about まで meaning: Emphasizes unexpected extent or scope of something ‘even’

    After reading the sentence is my translation incorrect:
    If a car is expensive you should not even buy it in a loan”
    Am I correct?


    1. Hi fynx
      Your translation “even buy it” emphasize the action of buying.
      The part you emphasize with まで in that sentence is 借金をする
      You shouldn’t go so far as to borrow money to buy an expensive car.

  39. Good day dear Maggie sensei. Thank you so much as always❤️❤️❤️

    My questions for today are
    At first I thought it would mean something like “changing/substituting business card” but when I pasted on google, it appears it’s an object? I would like to ask what does this mean?


    Can this be translated as :

    Until the song reached its chorus, I was silently listening while thinking “everyone might hear the sound”
    Is this some sort of method or belief? Or just a title of movie/program?

    Can this be translated as:

    When the song reached its chorus, the girl… (beside me)
    I tried to translate it word per word and came up with:

    I think it is a “thing/event” where in they told me the action of saying ‘I read your blog’ but..

    Can this be summarized to be:

    They said “I read your blog” but..
    The photo regarding my question about (急にw) can be found through this link
    Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei

    1. Hello

      1. 名刺かわりに is an expression.
      When you meet someone for the first time, you greet them by exchanging the businesscard in business situation.
      But instead of giving someone your business card, you give that person a little gift saying 名刺がわりにどうぞ (Here’s small something for you instead of giving you my business card.)

      2. That みんな is people around her. They were listening to the music without saying anything until it got to the chorus part.

      3. That’s her coind word. She has decided it is OK to eat snacks on the 4th.

      4. Yes

      5. This けど is not “but”. (Pelase read my けど lesson).
      I guess this person is trying to tell me “I read your blog”.

      6. Mao called Musubu’s name

      Musubu chaaaaaan
      And Mao couldn’t help saying Musubu’s name is cute. She must have written 急に because it was kind of out of blue.

  40. Hello Maggie Sensei!
    can I ask for advice on the translation of a sentence?

    can this phrase be translated as “spending time as if I were blinded” or is it wrong?

    1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei :)
      Thank you so much as always ❤️❤️❤️

      My questions for today are:

      1. A-sanがこのリップ、『結構いいのよ〜!』って言った事に乗っかってB-sanが、

      I think this can be translated as after A-san said that “this lipstick is pretty good, B-san…

      But what could be the role of 乗っかって?
      The dictionary says 乗っかる is to climb on​ but I am unable to relate it to the context
      2. I tried to read the 感じ lesson but just to make sure, I want to ask:
      Can this be translated as:

      My image/impression her of being a little sister has gotten stronger
      3. Another 感じ related question
      In this event she was wearing a school uniform
      Can this be translated as:

      They told me many times that they had an impression of me attending school
      Can this be translated as:

      I don’t usually have an image of her speaking in Osaka dialect but when she talks to me, I get attracted to her and when she occasionally speaks in Osaka dialect, my heart stops (I’m gross lol) That is something cute about her

      Above this sentence is a photo of an ice with toppings/sprinkles
      then the next day, there was a sentence 今日は浮気なしです (a photo of a plain ice is above the said sentence)

      So, these sentences, can they have these meanings:
      浮気 = with toppings (not plain)
      浮気なし = just plain

      Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei :) ❤️❤️❤️

      1. Hello,

        1) That のる means to “go along”
        Check my ノリ lesson

        2) 妹感 means その人が自分の妹のような気がする “You feel like someone is your own little sister.”
        “you feel so close to that girl and feel like protecting her or taking care of her. ”

        3) 現役 means “active/current”
        現役の学生= a person who is currently a student.
        I don’t know that person is a real student but she looks authentic student in that uniform.

        4) I think you got the idea.
        Did you get the part つられて?
        When she talkes with me, she occasionally speaks in Osaka dialect “being influenced by my Osaka dialect”.

        4) the literal meaning of 浮気 is having an affair or cheating but you use it with things/food jokingly.
        So she usually likes A but she tries other things. That is 浮気
        浮気なし No cheating. (Stick to her usual plane icecream)

        1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei
          Thank you so much again :) ❤️

          My questions for today are

          today after work, i went to a cafe with a-chan

          but im clueless about the meaning of the 最多です私
          maybe it will become like:
          i am the most…excited?

          2 there was a special ticket
          it’s an event where you will need a handshake ticket

          would 気軽に参加できる! mean something like:

          can you participate cheerfully?

          3 she was talking about a cell phone app

          im clueless about おもしろ系.
          at first i thought it would be 系がほとんど面白いだから

          but when i pasted おもしろ系. on google, videos related to apps came out

          then i saw 系 can also mean-ish and read its usage in 草食系男子 but im still having a hard time figuring it out with おもしろ
          thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei

          1. Hello!

            1) She has been there many times. (Maybe she meant she goes there more than anybody in the group.)

            2) 気軽に means “casually” So it implies it is not a formal event but a very friendly event.

            3) おもしろ系 means something categorized as something fun. There are many sorts of apps but many of the apps that she has are fun ones.

  41. こんにちは、




    潜在的= potential
    記号学= sign study
    体系= organization
    もちうる射程= used range
    全部に纏めて、range that is used in organization for potential sign study,



    1. 1. はい、その解釈でいいと思います。
      2. 意味はすべて同じです。(と/そして/そしてまた)を省略した文学的な表現です。

      ここに来て聞いて貰うかなんて→ の意味がよくわかりません。
      例えば、1つつ英語でこういうになります →一つずつ英語に訳すとこうなります。

      文章にありますですね →文章にありますね
      (If you use masu-form in the rest of the sentence, stick to masu form)

      私はてっきり「深さと豊かさと厳密に」と書いてほうが良いと思います →「思います」は現在形なので「てっきり」は使えません。(Ex. てっきり〜思いました)
      全文を書くのは下手な日本語で申し訳ございません→全文、下手な日本語で書いて〜 (そんなことないですよ)
      すぐに添削してください? →くれますか? / くださいますか?
      忙しいのところ →お忙しいところ

      1. 私は人が日本語で喋るとき大抵わかります

        1. 返す言葉は→言葉を返すことが


  42. Hi Sensei :)

    what is the difference between Go, Ato and Nochi?
    since they all mean “after”, but can they be interchangeable or not?

    1. Hi Kira,

      You use ご in a compound word.
      食後 shokugo
      午後 gogo

      You say
      食べた後 = tabeta ato(= after you eat) but not “tabeta go”

      “nochi” is a formal/literal way to say “ato”

      But there are some words that can be read in three ways.
      その後= sono go/ sono ato / sono nochi = after that.

      They all mean the same but the formality level is

      1) sono nochi 2) sonogo 3) sono ato (more conversational)

  43. hello maggie sensei.
    thanks as always

    i have a question
    how is the best way to differ adverb using と or に



    the question is should i look in the dictionary one by one, or is there any special trick

    1. Good question:
      It is hard and I am sure there are tons of exceptions but you may able to guess which one to use depending on the following verb.

      ~ にする・なる + other verbs that express some change
      ~ と + action verbs

  44. Hello, Maggie Sensei! I was hoping you could help me again. I’m translating an interview and was having trouble with this sentence, mainly the second part:


    This is what I have so far:

    “Depending on the song, it can be difficult to express the emotions,”

    1. Hi Joji

      そういうときでも refers to the previous part ( “some songs are hard to express our feelings/emotions” )
      Even so, it is still important to convey the emotions to the audience well.

  45. Good morning dear Maggie sensei
    Thank so much as always :)
    My questions today are:


    I don’ usually do ‘fake’ so it was fun

    I would like ask what could be the thing she was referring to when she said fake? Was she referring to things related to girls’stuff like fake lashes?


    A. Was she telling that she had been to Kyoto before but this time, it was her first time to go there for a release event?

    B. It was her first time to be there at Kyoto?


    日々 – everyday
    周りの人たちへの感謝を忘れない姿 – figure showing how one don’t forget to show gratitude to everyone

    話していても – (even) when someone talks/is talking/while talking

    素敵だなーって思うの – to think something is wonderful

    the dictionary shows that 話す is transitive so it appears that 姿 is the one that was talking ? or was she saying 姿 was the one she was talking about?

    Can this be translated as:

    Whenever I talk about on how she never forgets to express her gratitude to people around her everyday, it makes me think how wonderful a person she is?
    What could be the meaning of たのち? is it a variation of 楽しい?

    At the top of this message there was a photo of 5 of them but the A-chan’s face was blurred

    Can this be translated as:

    Hey A-chan don’t show yourself!
    Her funny side is (also) interesting/funny

    先行受付が始まりました would mean something like:

    pre order (of tickets) has begun, but I’m clueless on what FC2次・NEXT means?

    At the latter part of the update there was something like this:

    M-line club  2次

    Hello! Project  NEXT先行

    which makes me think FC probably means fan club
    What does ギリ mean?
    Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei :) ❤️❤️❤️

    Lastly, this is somewhat unrelated but it’s just that, I want to share this joy first to the person (I mean French Teacher Bulldog) who made this possible

    I wrote a letter to Yajima-sama and I just can’t believe she read my letter to her on air 4:23 to 5:33

    I know my letter was not that good especially the unnecessary ら for 知れる, (which I realized days after I sent the letter haha) but nevertheless, I’m really really happy and I’m really really grateful to you dear Maggie sensei


    1. Hello
      1. I checkd their blog and did a little research.
      フェイク(fake) could be some singing technique.

      2. リリイベ is an abbreviation of リリースイベント( release event) which mean some event that they do when they launch a new song or CD.
      So she has been to Kyoto but not in the event.

      1) 姿 here means “the way/attitude someone does something”
      So whenever she talks to this person, she is impressed with her grateful attitude towards people.

      2) I really can’t tell by this.
      It depends on the context.
      If “fun” fits in the context, it could be たのち〜
      But V past tense〜た+ のち means after doing something

      3. Yes, the translation is correct. A-chan was not in the picture.

      4. Not sure. FC is fan club for sure.
      When their fan buy a ticket, there must have certain period of time that fan club members can buy tickets earlier than other people.
      That is 先行販売 presale.

      5.ギリ means ギリギリ barely, nearly
      ギリ泣いていない = She almost cried but she didn’t.

      I am sooo happy to hear Maimi read your message. Your message was amazing and well written. GREAT job!
      I am very proud of you!

      1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei

        Thank you so much for always supporting me :) ❤️❤️❤️

        My questions today are:

        What does 起きとこか mean?

        I translated this as “I remember a variety of things like the outfit she wore which was intended for our lesson and other stuff”

        But I think “outfit intended for lesson” is not the equivalent of レッスン着, so I would like to ask what is the meaning of レッスン着?

        Could this be translated as:

        She (the host) talked about us (our group) the way we would talk about ourselves (our group)?


        Could this be translated as:

        Her name is cute (I suddenly smiled/laughed)

        or (急にw)would mean something like (suddenly, lol) and “suddenly” has something to do with that is showing on the photo?
        5. What does 仲間思い mean?

        To describe someone who thinks of his/her friends carefully?

        Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei❤️❤️❤️

        1. Hello,

          1. 起きておこうか try to get up once →casual contraction 起きとこか

          2. Lesson is for dancing? Then “dance practice outfits.”

          3. Good

          4. I have to see the picture but maybe that picture makes her laugh suddenly for some reason.

          5. careing about the members

  46. Hello Maggie sensei! How are you? I hope you are well! I have a few questions today as well :)

    These are both a continuation of a question I had last time, but I think you must have missed it because you’re so busy, and also that question got really long, so I will just ask again here if you don’t mind!

    1. You said に習う is passive, which makes sense if you look at the dictionary definition for it of ‘to be taught/ to take lessons in’, but what about it meaning ‘to learn’? Or would it only be translated as ‘to learn’ if there was an を before 習う, and then as ‘to be taught’ if it was preceded by a に?

    2. We were also talking about 教える and you said ‘The verb 教える is something positive or you appreciate so if you don’t usually use a passive form,教えられる. Instead you use くれる/もらう.’ (I will copy paste so you don’t have to go hunting for it!!) I was wondering, does this mean you don’t use passive form when you are trying to let someone know that it is positive or something you appreciate? I was a little confused!

    3. You also gave me the examples:

    My teacher taught me is

    I was taught by my teacher will be

    In these sentences can くれる and もらう be used interchangeably?? I was just wondering if there was a rule I was unaware of there!!

    Thank you so much Maggie sensei! I’m so so grateful that you take the time to answer my questions, even when I take a long time to understand, and I’m sure everyone else is too! <3 Lots of love :)

    1. Hi Eva!
      I am so sorry that I missed your questions.

      1) Sorry but you miunderstood. I didn’t say 習う is a passive form.

      Let’s get back to your questions.

      My answer: Someoneに/から+ 日本語を+ 習う/教わる/教えてもらう
      (You can use に even もらう isn’t involved.)

      Your question Q: Is that a general rule or does it only apply to some verbs? And if so could you please give me a few examples?

      My answer: Not many. 〜に習う and other are passive form. 〜に叱られる・ 〜にほめられる etc.

      OK, what I meant here was not 習う is a passive form.
      習う AND “some other passive forms such as 〜叱られる・ 〜ほめられる

      叱られる・ほめられる are passive form but not 習う

      = I learned English at school.

      = I learnd Japanese from Maggie Sensei.

      = I am taking a piano lesson/I am learning piano.

      2) As I said, you usually don’t say
      instead you say
      = Someone taught me for my favor.

      However, there are cases that you use the pasive form
      教えられた. I didn’t mention because it may make you confuse more.
      When you just state some factualy thing

      Do you think things that you were taught at school are useful in the socity?

      3) The fact is the same in English “The teacher taught me Japanese.” so technically they are interchangeable.
      You choose which one to use who you want to focus on.

      a) My teacher taught me. (The teacher is nice. * the focus is “the teacher” )
      b) I was taught by my teacher (I am lucky. I had a chance to be taught by my teacher* the focus is myself.)

      I don’t remember well but I have a lesson on this subject. Click here


      1. Maggie sensei I think I finally understand!!

        For 2, I was confused because I thought you meant passive form itself was ungrateful! I didn’t realise that you just meant that if you wanted to express your gratitude you add くれ/もらう, but that passive form isn’t inherently ungrateful in itself!

        I understand it all now! 教えてくれてありがとう!(I will use the 教える we have been talking about! 😉😘)
        Also: don’t worry at all about missing some questions! I am already so grateful to you for even taking the time to help me at all!! And I know you must be flooded with questions all the time. Please look after your own health as well. 😚😌
        Wishing you lots of love! ❤

  47. hello maggiesensei
    please teach me how to use ものの in sentence
    in dictionary in found the meaning as (although, but) i think it doesnt make sense

    thank you before

    1. Hi,
      It is a little formal expression.

      I think you already know how to use けれども/が
      Although I studied hard, I failed the exam.

      You can use ものの

      So even though you did something, you get some contradicted result.

  48. Hello Maggie sensei,


    Let me tell the story first. I will go to Turkey from Japan with my wife in April. But we are expecting a baby in the third week of March.So I would like to tell tourism agency that:
    “We will have a baby in March so we need you to make a reservation for him after he is born ”

    Here is my sentence:

    I would appreciate if you could check and give feedback.

    1. Hi Burak,

      How exciting! You are going to be お父さん soon!!
      The sentence itself is good. You can also ask them more politely
      But what kind of reservation? Flight? Hotel?
      Are you going to add the number of reservation?

      1. Maggie sensei,

        Thank you very much for your reply.

        It is a flight reservation. Yes, we are going to addan infant to the already booked flight ticket. We can not make a reservation for him now because he is not born yet :)

        1. OK, in that case you can tell them

  49. hello sensei, i wonder if you can make a lesson about how to read address

    example : on formal letter there`s a city, province 県, ward 区, mail code.
    also i am confused.
    is there a name on the street?
    is it written by 町 or 街

    1. I might have a draft of that lesson somewhere…

      zip code
      県+ 市 + 区 + 町+ ~丁目 +〜番地+ Number (+~マンション(name of the apartment) + room number 号室)

  50. Hi Sensei! I would like to ask for advice

    this sentence “Awadatta kanjou SHEIKU sarete” how do you translate?
    Between this “I’m shaken by this bubbly feeling” and “this bubbly feeling is shaked”, which is more correct?

  51. Maggie sensei thank you very much for always answering me patiently.

    I got some sentences from light novel I read and before I come to you,
    please give me a clue to below sentences

    1. 祟り宿したこの身には過ぎたことと諦めていた

    in this case please explain 過ぎたことと諦めてい
    (why it is required to use こと+と)
    Please explain the situation what the writer want to say?
    (So this person has been cursed and He is now willing to give up???)

    2. あなたと出会いこの世が煌めいて見えた
    (why don’t use 煌めくに見えた)

    3. 雲外蒼天 一夜一夜に人見ごろ 割り切れないのが人の性
    (This is where most problem are..)
    how to read 雲外蒼天 and 人の性 (I think this one is not read as ひとのせい)
    (and lastly what’s the meaning of the sentences? 四字熟語ですか?)

    I hope I don’t bother sensei too much…I am in your care sensei

    1. Hi,
      First of all, all these sentences are classical Japanese and very literal/poetic so it is different from the modern spoken language.

      1. 過ぎたことだと諦めていた →過ぎたことと諦めていた
      Can’t really tell just by the sentence but I assume this person once gave up on something (which I don’t know) thinking he was not worthy because he has been cursed.

      2. You have to use an adverb form to modify a verb (見えた)
      na-adjective きれいに見えた
      i-adjecitve 悲しく見えた
      煌めく is a verb so you have to use te-form 煌めいて

      3. 雲外蒼天 うんがいそうてん  →Even if you are going through all the hardships, there are always good things like blue sky appears outside the clouds.
      人の性 ひとのさが (Human nature)

  52. マギー先生
     勇士です。お久しぶりですよね。ちょっと質問があるのです。「To occur」の意味の中に、「起きる」と「起こる」と「ある」の違いは何ですか。
     元々文は「What happened/occurred before the Meiji Restoration?」
      What happened to you?
    What was occurring before the Meiji Restoration??
    What happened when you said that to her?
    What happened on your date? Did you kiss?
    What is happening right now?

    I hope that my Japanese is not too hard to understand. I have not had as much practice writing and speaking in the past couple of weeks. I was mainly wondering what the difference is between those three words. I have been told by most people that the difference is so subtle that most people do not know it, but I think that there is a slight nuance that I am missing. Also, a Japanese friend of mine who studies Japanese literature (including historically) told me that there is a difference, but that it is a bit hard to express. お願いが長くなってしまって申し訳ありません。


    1. こんにちは、勇士

      1) some incident/accident/disaster/war happen/occur (Usually something that happened in one time)

      1) there is/was/has been some incindents/accident/disaster/war
      2) things in one’s daily life, Ex.things to do in general, events, work, sickness, injuries, fights, etc. (It could be something that one has been experiencing for a long time.)

      So when you are talking about an accident, you can use both 起きる・ある but

      事故が起きた An accidnt happened.
      事故があった There was an accident.

      戦争が起きた A war broke out
      戦争があった There was a war.

      So you choose which one to use depending on what you expect from the answer.

      What was occurring before the Meiji Restoration?
      →明治維新の前に何が起きていたのか (You expect some happenings, incidents/changes/war, etc.)
      or 何があったのか。(You don’t know what sorts of things happened but you know there were some incidents/happenings.)

      So when you are talking about human relationships, you tend to use ある unless you are talking about one big event/incident happened.

      What happened when you said that to her?
      →それを彼女に言ったらどうなった?/ それ言ったら彼女どうした?/なんて言った?
      In this case, I wouln’t use neither ある nor 起きる

      What happened on your date? Did you kiss?

      1. マギー先生

        I think that I understand. So, 起きる is used when something happened once (or over a period of time if it is 起きている) and that something was *UNexpected*.

        On the other hand, ある is used when something happened (but it can happen more than once, so it could happen in the future) and that something was *expected*.

        Is this correct?

        Also, what about using 起こる。 What is the difference between that word and the other two?




        1. I think you got it.
          Just I wonder if you got what I meant by “expected/unexpected” part.

          In both cases, the accident was something unexpected.
          I will repeat this but the difference is just
          事故が起きた An accident happened.
          事故があった There was an accident.

          何かあったの? (In this case the speaker expect the listener has some sort of problems.)
          何か起きたの? (In this case the speaker expect some kind of incident happened)

          起きる / 起こる
          Originally we used to use 起こる but you can use them both now.
          事故が起きる・起こる (the same meaning)

          1. マギー先生
            すみませんが、 I think that maybe I am not sure that I understand what you mean by the “expected/unexpected” part. 申し訳ございません。 I know that this is a very complicated topic.

            I understand with the 起きる and 起こる part. They are the same: there is no nuance or difference to them.



          2. こんにちは
            No problem.
            What I meant by expected/ unexpected was only when you ask a question but let me explain again without using the words “expect/unexpected” to avoid the confusion.

            When you ask a question
            They both can be translated “What happened?” in English.

            You can use both 起きた and あった when you don’t know what exactly happened but you think some serious incident or accident happened.
            For example when you see someone is bleeding or fell on the ground, you say

            But when you see someone just looked depressed. That person may have some problems or has been going through some problems. In this case you use あった.

          3. あーちょっと〜、、

            あっ!もしかしたら、今分かったところです。 I think that I just understand. I did not want to ask you too many questions, so I was looking again at some of your responses, and maybe I am incorrect, but here is what I think I realized: when you use 起きる、 it implies less emotion. In other words, you are just stating facts. “X happened.”

            However, when you use “ある”、 you are implying some type of emotion attached, such as: “You fell! What happened to you? I feel sorry for you.”かなぁ


          4. Ah, I see your point. I think you are right in some sense except 起きたの can sound sympathetic depending the tone of your voice.

  53. Sorry dear Maggi sensei, i forgot to include this in my post earlier


    in this season, the number on his uniform is 10

    could 本当に期待しかない be translated as ‘i was really expecting it / as i expected’
    (him having that number)’

    Thank you in advance dear Maggie sensei ❤️❤️❤️

      1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei :)
        Thank you so much as always
        My question for today is:


        Ah, Valentine’s day is just around the corner so today I gave bisuko to members and staff〜

        Each members’ nicknames are written on the bags with their photos on those!

        It’s embarassing but I handed mine to Sasaki-san 🤭😂
        My question is about 自分の. I translated it as “mine” but I’m not sure what she was refferring to?

        Or it is not indicated so it is better to leave it as “mine”?

        Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei ❤️❤️❤️

          1. Good day dear Maggi sensei :)
            Thank you so much :)
            My questions today are:
            What could be the meaning of
            心 – heart/feelings
            燃やす – to burn something
            日々 – everyday

            Days when I’m burning my heart?
            I know my translation makes no sense, i think maybe this is a set of expression?

            指 – finger
            とまれ – maybe this is 止まれ(commanding someone to stop something)

            but what “stop the finger” means?


            based on ところ lesson, 終わるところ would mean about to end 終わるところだったバレンタイン2019 would mean : valentine 2019 that was about to end

            could this be translated as:?

            I had really enjoyed valentine 2019 that was about to end / before it ended

            Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei and belated happy valentine’s day ❤️❤️❤️

          2. Hello

            1. 心を燃やす to set one’s heart in a blaze (It is a literal expression)
            2. この指とまれ is an expression “Who’s in?” It came from children’s play. One child stick one’s index finger and ask, “Who want to play with me?/Who’s in?” and a person who is in, holds the child’ finger and stick their index finger and other children follow them doing the same thing.

            3. The Valentine’s day in 2019 almost ended up just being happy by myself.

            Thank you for your Valentine’s day wishes. I hope you had good one,too!

  54. Good day dear Maggie sensei :)
    Thank you so much as always.

    I have questions again:

    A lot of local people came!
    It made me happy hearing them saying “thank you for coming”.

    Could “でもお礼を言いたいのはこっちです” be translated as “Nevertheless (but), I would like to express my gratitude here (on my blog)”?

    Thank you everyone (as always)



    is もっちもっち the same with もちもち (springy texture)?
    what could be the meaning of しぞーか? was she trying to say that the oranges were from 静岡?

    Mama, papa and I made cakes but the one above (position of the photo) was the most delicious (we were able to make)
    my question is about 分? was she saying that each of them made a cake or was she saying each of them did his/her part in making cakes?
    雑誌「BIG ONE GIRLS」本日発売です!テーマはおひとりさま

    the dictionay says:
    お一人様 one person; one customer|unmarried woman (with no children) over the age of 30

    Could this be translated as:

    the magazine「BIG ONE GIRLS」goes on sale today. The one currently featured is one person?

    it appears that お一人様 has another meaning than the ones stated in the dictionary

    皆さんの温かい眼差しと言ったらもぅ…(T ^ T)

    Could this be translated as
    “everyone’s warm gaze definitely makes/made me want to cry” ?

    i just used ‘definitely’ for と言ったら
    i think it has the same logic as 夏と言ったらビール ?

    Thank you in advance dear Maggie sensei ❤️❤️❤️

    1. Hello,

      1. That means “I am the one who has to say thank you.”

      2. You don’t usually describe oranges with もっちもち but もっちもち is a casual way to say もちもち and it means something is chewy in a nice way.
      しぞーか is a super casual way to say 静岡

      3. 3人分= (portion) for three people

      お一人様 refers to a person who goes out and eats by oneself or travel by oneself. (Usually “single person”)
      Some travel agents or restaurants targeting those people who are independent and do things without family or friends to do some business.

      Your translation is OK but it is a bit different from 夏と言ったら(→to give some typical image)
      In this case, just to emphasize how warmly everybody look at her so, I am touched with your warm look.

  55. Hi Maggie Sensei
    I have a question about the desired verb (-tai and -takute)
    For example Aitai and aitakute they both mean ‘I want to see you’
    But then what is the difference?

    1. Hello Kira
      When you want to see someone, you say
      “aitai” (会いたい=あいたい)
      Ex. Kiraに会いたい。
      = Kira ni aitai.
      = I want to see Kira.

      You use aitakute to give a reason why someone wants to do something.

      = Kira ni aitaku te koko ni kita.
      = I came here because I wanted to see Kira.

      In conversation, you don’t finish the sentence and leave it with aitakute.
      For example,

      A: どうしてここにいるの?
      = Doushite koko ni iru no?
      = Why are you here?

      B: Kiraに会いたくて(ここにきました)。
      = Kira ni aitakute (Koko ni kimashita).
      = Because I wanted to see Kira.

      Or you emphasize your feelings.
      =~ takute tamaranai
      = I REALLY want to see ~

      Ex. 会いたくて(たまらない)
      = aitakute (tamaranai)

  56. Hello maggie sensei,

    thank you for the lesson

    I have a short question
    What is the simplest method to differ the usage of verb
    (Noun + suru) and (Ni suru)

    some example from below.

    both 勉強 and 犠牲 are both noun but why does the differ?

    1. Hello
      The noun is an object of the verb する

      犠牲にする to sacrifice
      だめにする to ruin

      This に has a function of “to/into”
      So to make things/to lead/change things to certain state/situation.

  57. マギー先生、こんにちは!





    1. こんにちは、altuser

      Ah, OK,
      So you are explaining what A is like.

      You use ちょうど is used when you explain how it is bringing up the same kind of/some equivalent example.
      A is just like B.

      今の私の国の季節 is just like Japanese rainy season (because it always rains, it’s hot and humid)./ It’s as hot/humid as Japanese rainy season. My country and Japanese rainy season have the same kind of weather/climate.

      But if your country is usually nice and cool in summer but for some reason it gets extremely hot, then you can say

      You use まるで with some extreme example, totally different thing/people or metaphor./ as if ~

      There are so many people in the park and it was like a festival. Park and festival have totally different qualities.

      He is not a child. But he is running around in the snow happily as a child.
      You can’t say ちょうど in this sentence.
      And if “He” is a child, you can’t say まるで

      1. あああ、マギー先生の説明はわかりやすいです!ありがとうございました。助かりました!

  58. マギー先生、








    1. こんにちは、ロバート!

      いいぞ! is used to encourage someone, “There you go!”/ “You are doing good!” or talking to yourself, “This is GREAT!” or “This is good!”
      Ex. いいぞ、その調子! You are going great!Keep it up!
      いいぜ is used when you give a permission or tell someone OK.
      「いいぜ!」 =OK!

      1. Hi Maggie!
        Hope you’re doing well ^ ^
        “いいぜ is used when you give a permission or tell someone OK.” -> I was just wondering why「ぜ?」(ぜ with question mark ) was used in sentences like:
        1. なに見て・・・顔が赤いぜ?熱でもあるのかい?
        2. おい、おっさん!どうやら怒らせたみたいだぜ?
        3. ダガー、いいのか?こうなったらこのおっさん地の果てまでだってついてくるぜ?
        (It’s from Final Fantasy IX)

        What’s interesting, in the English version the translations were without question mark. Hmmm…

        1. Hello 天人!
          To be honest, those two questions marks after ぜ are a little strange because they are not questions.
          The function of that ぜ is the same as よ
          顔が赤いよ。(giving someone some new information/ tell someone something that they don’t know)
          ついていくよ。(expressing one’s will)

          1. マギー先生、






          2. Yeah, it also seemed a bit strange to me.
            But whatever ^ ^(タイプミスかもな)
            Thanks for the clarification!

  59. Hello, Maggie sensei. I was wondering, what does it mean when someone says things like “俺さ、” or “わたしはね、”?

    Thanks in advance!

    1. Hi Kano,
      さ or ね is a casual suffix.

      I have a lesson on and as I explained in that lesson, わたしね、俺さ these ね and さ has a function as a gap filler that you use while thinking what to say. It is like “you know..” in English.
      わたしさ、わたしね (Girls use both さ and ね)
      おれさ (Men tend to use さ more. Especially when they refer to themselves 俺 which sounds a bit rough, it would be strange to use おれね)

  60. マギー先生、いつも教えて下さって本当に感謝しています!


      1. だけあって/だけに + something positive
        例えば、高いお金を出したらなにかいいことを期待しますよね。そういうときは だけあって/だけに の両方が使えます。
        When you pay a lot of money on clothes, you expect some good, in that case you can use both

        The difference is you also use だけに when the result is negative or something unexpected and you feel disappointed.

        For example the expensive clothes got ripped soon after you bought it,

        It’s such a disappointment because I spend a lot of money on it.

    1. こんにちは、ジョル


      From the women’s point of view, that article is full of mistakes.


      彼は変わっている。(He is strange. The first good/typical example is his clothes. He is strange. Look at his clothes to begin with.)


  61. 今晩は








    1. おはよう!

      この文章に見てください →この文章を見てください or 読んでください。

      あいつが嫌い、意地悪してこの店にいられなくしてあげます→あいつが嫌いだから意地悪(を)してこの店にいられなくしてやります(あげます is for somehting favorable)

      いられなくってなんの漢字で書けばいいですか?→ 「いられなく」の漢字はなんですか?/「いられなく」は漢字でどう書けばいいですか?

      あいつを追い出すのことですか?→ 誰かを追い出すということですか?

      貧しい日本語で書いてすみません→ 下手な日本語 (貧しい means “Poor” as in “You don’t have money”)
      (But it is not true. Your Japanese is not “poor” 😉)
      →この文章の中で間違いがあったらすぐに添削してください。You don’t use 貰って when you ask for a favor. If you receive a favor, you can use 貰う)

      (I only do the proofreading for a short message, OK?)

      To answer your question,
      is a verb いる (居る) = to be
      You usually use hiragana.
      So basically your idea 追い出す works.

  62. good day dear Maggie sensei and thank you so much..

    i think i have many questions today so i dont think they’ll be answered in one go but im willing to wait :)


    what could be the meaning of these words?



    A. was she telling that she went to that 2 places for the 3rd time?

    B. was she telling that she went to the 2 places for the 4th time?


    would this mean ‘today’s selfie’
    even though いつか doesnt mean today?


    could this mean?:

    i always think after seeing the/your comments, and thank you


    is there by any chance that で was omitted after 教わったこと?

    today i did my best using what I leaned from the previous lesson for me to be able to sing more (effectively)

    or no で at all after こと

    i learned from the previous lesson and did my best today for me to be able to sing more (effectively)


    was the おれる here reffering to the potential form of 居る?

    thank you so much in advance Maggie sensei :) :) :)

    1. Hello,

      ジワる = slang from じわじわくる(getting funnier and funnier or provoking one’s emotion with time./Something grows on you.)
      大人びた = looks/sounds mature
      おしとやか = graceful, to describe some ladylike behavior

      1. A
      2. selfie that she took sometime in past.
      3. If she hasn’t mention anything thankful in the previous sentence, she just want to express her appreciation for the comments. I am always grateful every time I see the comments.
      4. It might be easier to understand with “を” (前回のレッスンで)教わったことをがんばった I worked on the things I learned in my previous lesson.
      5.おる is a dialect of いる
      おられる→いられる = to be able to be with Saori

      1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei :)
        thank you so much again…

        my questions for today are:

        光り輝くさま = to shine
        but what is the role of さま here?


        im screaming while watching soccer asia cup at home

        could このまま無失点で!!mean “they (her favorite team)” keep on not losing points”?


        what does ぐんっと mean?

        is イジって referring to 弄る? (to touch/tamper)



        before we counted the photos, we had this agreement that the one who could guess it right would have a juice.

        when we answered 62?82?, i was surprised that the total number was over 100

        my question is about ふつうに.
        was she saying that 100 was a usual number of photos?

        thank you so mych in advance Maggie sensei ❤️❤️❤️

        1. Hello

          1. さま(様) means 様子(ようす) the way something shines brightly
          2. Right. Hope they/we keep a clean sheet (not allowing the opposing team to score a goal)
          3.ぐん is a mimetic words to describe growing fast/big
          4. イジる is a slang word which means “to tease someone/interact with someone in a funny way”
          5. This is a colloquial way to use ふつう. You sometimes use 普通に as very much/really/pretty much
          Ex. 普通においしい could be so-so or relatively good / pretty good/ not bad
          So you don’t need to translate it but the write think 100 is a lot of numbers.

          1. Thank you so much dear Maggie sensei :) :) :)
            Just a follow up question:


            A lot of local people came!
            It made me happy hearing them saying “thank you for coming”.

            Could “でもお礼を言いたいのはこっちです” be translated as “Nevertheless (but), I would like to express my gratitude here (on my blog)”?

            Thank you everyone (as always)

            Thank you so much in advance Maggie sensei ❤️❤️❤

  63. Dear Maggie Sensei.
    I’m currently studying through the Genki II textbook section on Keigo. When it comes to Kenjougo (Humble language) – They provide two grammar use examples: 1. Extra Modest Expressions and 2. Humble Expressions. I just wanted to confirm that they both fall under Kenjougo? Or if there is another category or name for them? The English names are a little confusing.

    Extra Modest Expressions:
    Examples from textbook (sentences using humble verbs: いる→おる、食べる→いただく)

    Humble Expressions:
    Examples from textbook (using お+verb+する)

    I just wanted to clarify that both these expressions are considered Kenjougo since they are separate grammar points. The textbook doesn’t clarify this. (I started to wonder if it was like Kenjougo I and Kejougo II or Teichougo).

    So sorry for the long post – I wasn’t sure if you were familiar with the Genki textbook so I wanted to copy it here.

    Thank you so much in advance Maggie Sensei!

    1. Hi Seth,

      おります and 申します are 謙譲語(けんじょうご)
      ございます is 丁寧語 (ていねいご)

      These are 謙譲語
      (FYI お〜なる is 敬語 お会いになる。/お返しになる)

  64. What does ‘いけなかったのだろう’ mean here?


    1. Giving a negative reason why things don’t work out.
      It was probably (previous part 修正液で消して、その上からボールペンで書いた) was the reason why I have a bad memory

  65. hello sensei.
    thank you for ur lesson
    please teach me how to say
    “to iron the shirt”
    would t become

      1. hello sensei, thank you if you dont mind
        can u explain this as well?

        why this sentences doesn’t use に

        as in シャツにアイロンをかける

        1. You also say ズボンにアイロンがけをする but here’s the difference.

          (somethingに)アイロンをかける →かける is a verb 〜に (シャツ is indirect object and アイロン is a direct object.)
          (somethingに・を) アイロンがけする is a verb. (シャツ is an direct object)

  66. Hello Maggie Sensei! Hope you are having a good week. I was not sure whether to ask this in your ようとする post or here, but I chose here.

    Regarding the usage that indicates something is about to be done. In the post, you said that it is generally used in formal announcements or in writing.

    世界は変わっている vs 世界は変わろうとしている
    新しいビルがもうすぐ完成する vs 新しいビルが完成しようとしている
    I am not sure I get the different nuance, can you please help? Thanks for your time.

    1. Hello Dan,
      You use (よ)うとしている when you describe something is about to happen.

      世界は変わっている the world is changing.
      世界は変わってきている the world has been changing.
      世界は変わろうとしている the world is about to change.

      新しいビルがもうすぐ完成する the construction of the new building will be finished soon.
      新しいビルが完成しようとしている (at this very moment )the construction of the new building is about to be finished.

      1. Hello Maggie,
        Thank you for the response. I understand it better now. If I may ask one more thing, would this grammar pattern be something you hear regularly, or is there a more conversational way to say 世界は変わろうとしている? Thanks for your time.

        1. You don’t talk about the theme (the world is about to change) in casual conversation so it may sound a little odd but you can say that. You might want to attach some casual suffix such as

          1. Hello again, sorry I meant the grammar pattern itself not the sentence. I realize how awkward it would be to go to a friend and say that to them casually.

          2. The usage
            (1) about to do, about happen (in my lesson ようとする)
            will sound pretty awkward in conversation. It sounds too dramatic.

  67. Hello sensei

    I have some question
    can I use this sentences to make passive keigo?


    Please check whether this is correct grammatically
    thank you

  68. 今晩は、先生



    1. 面白い文章ですね。

      = It only lacks ~ to be perfect.
      = To be perfect, you need ~

      “欠点”だけが欠けている means “flawless” so it sounds like an oxymoron.
      So I guess, to be perfect, you have to have some kind of flaws.

  69. Hello sensei,

    I was wondering if you could help me explain this.

    some sentence i found in horror movie
    I believe this せっけん is not soap.
    may be have some connection to other thing

    thank you

  70. Hello, Maggie sensei. First of all I wish you a happy new year! So, I wanted to ask you about the wording of this sentence: (彼)はずっと(彼女)が本当に大好きだったなぁ

    Is it right? I want to say something like “oh man (he) has always really liked her a lot/loved her, huh”. I want for it to be clear that he’s always had those feelings and still has them… So again, my doubt is if the sentence is giving my message and if it’s grammatically correct ^^;

    1. The sentence is correct but it sounds like talking about the past.
      If you want to say he still loves her more clearly, you can say
      (彼)はずっと(彼女)が(or 彼女のことが)本当に大好きなんだなあ。

  71. happy new year dear Maggie sensei :)
    i hope you are having a good time today.

    this would be my 1st question of the year :)

    is it somehow similar to
    ~~~~~気がする? (feels like)

    thank you so much in advance Maggie sensei :) :) :)

    1. Happy New Year!!!
      While 気がする is based on your own feelings, “~~~~感じが伺える/て” is like “I get the impression from someone/something that ~” So something/something is giving some impressions.

      1. Thank you so much :) dear Maggie sensei and good morning. just a few questions…
        i am unable to find the meaning of this phrase on the net, so im wondering if this is a set of exression:




        とても = very
        一個 = piece
        上に(は) = higher/more than
        見えない = cant be seen

        the girl who wrote this is just one year younger than the person she is referring to but that person is very mature (16 & 17才)

        so can this be translated as :

        “i cant really see/feel that she’s just one year older than me”

        thank you so much in advance dear maggie sensei :)

        1. こんにちは! 

          1. だからどうというわけでも無いのですが
          You say something and follow with this sentence, “But what you mentioned before is not a big deal. It is a minor thing for you./ it doesn’t mean anything”

          2. Yes, your translation is correct.
          That person looks either much younger or older than the speaker.

          1. Thank you much Maggie sensei :)
            just an additional question:



            im just wondering if this could mean:

            whenever i see her photo which was taken during our trainee days, i see her young face (in the photo), and by seeing that young face makes me remember the things happened at that time

            verb A will result to verb B and verb B will result to verb C?

            Thank you so much in advance :)

  72. Hello Maggie Sensei. Happy New Years Eve.

    Whenever you had time, I had two questions. One is about the difference between という意味です and という意味になる. For example (I found random ones online).

    「I think you did a really good job. I mean it.」という文では「私はあなたが良い仕事をしたと思ってるよ。本当に。」という意味になります。
    What if you replace this with という意味です? Does it change much?

    Secondly, what are the differences between 相変わらず, いつものように, and いつも通り. If I wanted to say Life goes on as it always does, which would I use?
    Thank you in advance :)

    1. Happy New Year, Dan!
      The translation is the same.
      You use なる when you express some changes.
      A turns into B / A becomes B
      So the first sentence in English ( 「I think you did a really good job. I mean it.」) will turns into( = will be) the second sentence in Japanese(「私はあなたが良い仕事をしたと思ってるよ。本当に。」).

      相変わらず, いつものように, いつも通り.
      They could be interchangeable depending on the context but 相変わらず emphasis that some state hasn’t changed
      Life goes on as it always does
      I would use いつも通り or いつものように for this sentence.

  73. Hello sensei, 今晩は




    1. こんばんは、
      足を浮かしして立ち上がる →捻挫した方の足を床・地面につけないで立ち上がることです。

  74. Good day dear Maggie sensei.. :)

    It’s a bit early but I would like to greet you & ma’am Yukari a merry Christmas. I hope you’ll have a great one tomorrow

    By the way, I would like to ask some questions:

    What do these words mean?
    1. トーク面
    2. 大好きマン
    3. 行きし
    4. これは応援せねば

    I wasn’t able to find the meaning of せねば on my end, but if appears that it is a shortcut for a form. Could it be, すれば? or しなければ?

    5. より多くの方に伝わっていたら嬉しい限りです

    I hope that it is now known/felt/introduced/etc to a lot more people.

    -I’m not sure with “a lot more people” so I would like to know if より modifies多くの方 (a lot more people) or伝わっていたら(more/deeper/stronger)?

    -What could be the function of限り?
    6. ご利益も詰まってそう
    Just wondering if詰まってそう could be詰まっていそう ? = looks like (verb in ている form)
    Or it would be詰まって (te-form) & そう (right/yes)
    7. 研修生発表会の時に、お話ししたりする機会が多かったんですが、パフォーマンスとのギャップにやられ

    Could パフォーマンスとのギャップにやられ be translated to “The gap of our performances made it possible”?

    During the ‘trainee recital’, I had a lot of chances to talk with her, and the gap of our performances made it possible”

    The dictionary shows that 遣られる is ‘to suffer damage, to be deceived’
    So it made me think that the やられ here maybe やられる(passive form of やる)for me to get “the “chances” has been done by the gaps (free time) of our performances”

    Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei :) :) :)

    1. Hello,
      Merry Christmas2u2!

      1. in one’s talk
      2. something 大好きマン= a man who loves ~
      3. It depends on the context.
      4. せねば means しなければ
      5. より多くの means “more people”
      嬉しい限り is a polite way to say 嬉しいです → I would be very happy”
      6. Yes, 詰まっていそう
      7. やられ in this case expresses some emotions. Could be postive (moved, impressed) or negative (gets a shock) .
      For example her performance is great and professional but in her talk show, she shows the totally different side and that makes the writer either impressed/shocked, etc.)

      1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei.
        Thank you so much. :)

        As for the 行きし:

        Today’s quiz


        Who was beside me inside the bus when going to our event and going home?

        ①山岸理子 Yamagishi Riko

        ②浅倉樹々 Asakura Kiki

        ③岸本ゆめの Kishimoto Yume

        ④マネージャーさん The manager


        ??????, I was beside Kiki and Riko

        It appears at 行きし means going (to the event) but I’m wondering why she didn’t use it when she said 行きと帰り… is there a difference between 行きし and 行き in these particular context

        Each person has somesort of mannerism in the way he/she sings.
        I also have that but


        “without negating, complelety getting rid of or fixing it..”


        He/she thought me saying there was also a way of singing such as this, and advised me that if you would sing like that, it might be a good idea to try changing the position of your tounge

        it appears that こういう歌い方 was referring to the previous sentence but I would like to know what could be the omitted word/s? I thought maybe 歌う, to sing without…
        lastly, what could be the meaning of these words:

        Thank you so much in advance Maggie sensei :)

        1. Hi

          1) 行きし is a dialect (in Kansai area?). You also say 行きしな and it means 行き= on one’s way.
          2) In this case こういう refers to 別の方法
          Just introducing another way of singing. So you can imagine, he/she is showing the person an example of way of singing.
          You can imagine this person is saying…
          “You see there is this way of singing..♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪” (introducing another way of singing)

          3) ニマニマ and ヒヤヒヤ are mimetic words

          ニマニマ smirking (like ニタニタ)
          ヒヤヒヤ describing someone is nervous/anxious
          食べっぷり the way someone eat. Ex. 食べっぷりがいい = to describe someone who eats a lot (in a good way)

          1. Good morning dear Maggie sensei. :)
            Thank you so much.
            Sorry, just a follow up question..


            “without negating, complelety getting rid of or fixing it..”

            What could be the possible words after せずに… or is it wrong to translte as without? as しないで can also mean “dont do” when placed at the last part of a sentence..

            Thank you so much in advance :) :) :)

          2. Yes, せずに means “without”
            せずに→教えてくださったり/ アドバイスをくださったりする in the following sentence

  75. Hello sensei,


    Please teach me how to say
    “Nobody is forcing you to do such a thing”

    –> あなたはそんなことをしても誰にも強制させられている

    Is this right?

    Thank you

    1. Hello,

      You have to use 誰にも in a negative sentence.
      あなたはそんなことをしても, even if you do such a thing.

      There are a couple ways to say that
      How about

  76. Hello, Maggie sensei. Sorry for bothering you but if you could help me with this, I’d really appreciate it. So, I want to put on my site profile that I’m not interested in certain genre of books (so I won’t be posting about it), I tried something like this: ロマンスに興味がないから、(ロマンス)が読めないです。申し訳ない 🙇

    It’s the idea but I bet it’s wrong orz. But yeah, just basically something like “because I don’t like romance, I don’t read (romance) it. I hope you will understand.”

    Thank you!

  77. hello sensei.

    how about making 履歴書書き方 for next lesson. just in general how to make it in japan. i heard even コンビニ sell the paper format.
    i have seen your previous lesson about job hunting. it is a good lesson.

    just some suggestion, thanks

      1. Yes, I have seen it already before I posted. So, this is generally what they use in japan? ah thank you. I have my doubt before.

  78. Hello Maggie sensei

    I would appreciate if you could check the below sentences and tell me which ones are correct or wrong and why.

    the sentence i would like to say is “i forgot to lock the door”

    どあ の かぎ を かける”の” を わすれて しまった.
    どあ の かぎ を かける”こと”を わすれて しまった
    どあ の かぎ を かける”ということ”を わすれて しまった
    どあ の かぎ を かける”というの”を わすれて しまった

    1. Hi Burak,
      The most natural one is the first one.

      忘れる means “to forget” but in this case “leave something undone”
      →you left the door unlocked.

      If something slips your mind, it is possible to say


      1. Hello Maggie!
        I’d to know (out of my curiosity), why is this sentence => “ドアのかぎをかける”の”をわすれてしまった。” the most natural one, whereas in your sentence all patterns are OK/acceptable.

        Is there a nuance in translation between these patterns ?

        Thank you! :)

        1. They are all grammatically correct but “ドアのかぎをかける”の”をわすれてしまった。 is more natural.

          to forget to do something 〜のを忘れる
          to forget the fact that ~ / to forget that X is Y/ Y does Y, etc. こと・というを忘れる・忘れている

          For example
          I forgot that I am supposed to lock the door at night (as a rule)

  79. 前のメッセージになぜか返事をすることができませんから、ここで答えます:

    Ex. Jonが大好きだから→Jonが大好きだかりゃ”


  80. 先生、こんばんは


    後の文章 :



    1. こともなげに =as if it were nothing


      1. 本当にありがとうございます



        英語の意味で「In the level which I aim, I haven’t exceed her that has done things as if it were nothing」


        1. 間違いがあった気が付いた。→あったのに気が付きました。
          もし、私が書いたこのコメントには間違いがあったらすぐに添削してください→もし、私が書いたこのコメントに間違いが〜(The rest is fine)

          英語の意味で「In the level which I aim, I haven’t exceed her that has done things as if it were nothing」

          Hmm I don’t quite get the English translation. I sort of get what you are trying to say in both English and Japanese sentences but they don’t mean the same.
          Just let me focus on the Japanese sentence.
          私が高みを目指すには→(How about) もっと高いレベルを目指すには ( = In order to aim for the higher level)

          1. ah sorry sensei it was from anime.

            the japanese sentences is like this.


            so one by one

            –> As for the level/height that I aim
            (I prefer using “As for the level that I aim” to give it more sense)

            –> He who does something as if it were nothing

            上回らなくては (so it becomes 上回らなくない)
            –> I don’t surpass her (I am not better than her)

            so again if it combines together (which makes us foreigner confused)
            As for level that I aim, I don’t surpass him who has done something as if it were nothing.


  81. マギー先生、お元気ですか。質問が一つありますが:

    1. こんにちは、Jon

      ニコニコ動画のコメントかなんかで見ましたか? 普通は使わないですが、アニメのキャラとかで使っているとしたら

      1. あ、先生の返事は早かったですね。実は初めてそんなことを見たのは確かにアニメのキャラに使われたことでした。でもググルで捜している時、フォーラムでも見たことがあるので、結局先生に聞くことにしました。「から」の変形の物の可能性は全然考えませんでした。(その「り」の訳です。)

          1. そうかもしれませんね。実はそのキャラはその言い方を一度しか使わないそうです。彼女は普通にちょっと頑丈にふるまいますから、原作者は可愛い一面を見せたかった。

          2. 一度だけですか。それならやはりかわいく聞こえるように

            Ex. Jonが大好きだから→Jonが大好きだかりゃ

  82. Hello sensei,




    1. 1. 6親等 = a relative in the sixth degree


      2. フォントによって漢字やひらがなの書き方が微妙に異なります。教科書のフォントにもよりますが漢字の練習をするときは漢字の教科書を参考にしたらいいと思います。

      Note for you

      Or you can put two sentences together.

      キーボードでで書いた→I guess you could say 書かれた/入力した/タイプされる



      1. Ah sensei thank you very,

        every word in here I fully understand but only one thing that bothers me.

        could you explain


        1.What is the meaning of によって and にもよります
        2.What is the difference?

  83. Hello sensei,

    Here some example below:

    それで早く来て待ってたわけっ。Do you understand?

    I don’t quite understand what 涼さん is talking here.
    would this means “If I have to be lost. I think, it is not because you (椿子) are going too early but because you are going too late”

    1. 椿子 came early because she would feel bad if 涼 gets lost in the station because he is a country boy.
      And 涼 says he would get there late (not early) if he gets lost.

  84. Hello sensei,

    I have a question about this sentences,


    Here you can find 東の間
    what does this means? is this a term for “afterlife”? あの世?

  85. Hi Maggie Sensei :)
    I still need your help

    this sentence “最初は人形かってくらい静かだった”
    should mean “at the beginning it was silent like a doll”
    but the meaning of “かって” is not clear to me
    could you clarify my ideas, please? :)

    1. Hi Lucia, Come stai?

      Let me rephrase it to understand better.

      Someone was so quiet that I thought she/he was a doll at the beginning. (Or when I saw her/him.)
      Someone was so quite as if a doll.

      So かと思うぐらい・かというぐらい→(conversational) かってぐらい

  86. Hello Maggie Sensei.
    I have a question:

    What meaning:

    What meaning にゃくじん?

    Thank you for your help.

  87. Hello sensei,

    could you please tell me the 伝わった part in


    I thought 伝わった means to be transmitted, to be conveyed.
    but above sentences doesn’t make sense to me
    thank you

  88. Hello again Maggie Sensei,

    I have a vey brief question. I saw this comment on a forum:


    I translated it as:

    “No matter how it is, it’s good.”

    I’m asking because it has allot of upvotes, so I don’t know if I’m missing something and there’s more to it.

  89. Hello Maggie Sensei,
    How are you doing?
    Your lessons are very helpful!
    This question have nothing to do with grammar, so sorry if that was against the rules?
    Do you think mimicking native speakers helpful at all? And, what about mining sentences?
    I think that mining sentences isn’t really a good method, because who knows, you might forget the sentence!
    Thank you and sorry for asking such a question,

    1. Hi Chokohime!
      Of course you can leave a question which has nothing to do with grammar.
      Or just say hello! 😉

      I think “mimicking” native speakers using J-dramas, movies, animations is effective to work on your pronunciation and intonation. Also you can link the image with the phrase.
      When you are actually in the situation, hopefully the phrase comes out naturally.
      Mining sentences is useful to learn the basic sentence structure with vocabulary.

      Everybody has their own way of learning. The important thing is to find what you enjoy and learn at the same time. がんばって!

  90. Hello sensei

    good morning and nice to see you again

    please teach me how to use
    1 いい加減

    2 いずれ (i think this one need 2 or 3 example sentence

    予め ありがとうございました

    1. Good morning, bryan

      1. いい加減 has two meanings but you usually use it to describe someone irresponsible or the way someone does is halfhearted, not proper.

      Ex. あの人はいい加減な人だ。= He/She is irresponsible.
      Ex. いい加減な会社 Not a proper company.(Implying the company is questionable)
      Ex. いい加減な仕事をする to do one’s work in a a halfhearted way.

      2. いずれ means eventually (in near future)/ one of these days
      You can’t tell when but in near future. You often use it in business situations.

      = I believe he will eventually become a politician.
      Ex. いずれまたお電話します。
      = I will call you one of these days.

      1. for いい加減 i heard many phrase in anime saying like

        Will you stop already/thats enough
        is this another usage?
        same like ふざけないで

        another thing
        this is popular in anime and emoticon
        what is the difference if I use
        I understand this iru is condition/state not for time, I am just confuse to differ it.

  91. こんにちはマギー先生!久しぶりですね😊
    Hi! :) I think my Japanese has gotten a lot worse since I graduated school and stopped using it, so I’ve been trying to think of ways to improve it!! I tried downloading some JLPT apps to help me but I have some questions if you don’t mind!!

    1. The correct sentence was: 学生達教室で山田先生に日本語を習っています。I was wondering why they used a に after 先生 and not から? Because I always thought of the person before に as the one receiving the action (unless もらう is involved, I think!) – as in 学生達に山田先生は日本語を教えています。(if that makes sense?! :0 )

    2. The second sentence was 山田さんは___ 来ていません。 I was deciding between もう and まだ to fill the gap and thought both were right, but もう was marked wrong. I thought 山田さんはもう来ていません= Yamada isn’t coming anymore, and 山田さんはまだ来ていません= Yamada hasn’t come yet. Am I wrong? 🤯

    Thank you so much Maggie sensei, for always helping me!! It really means so much to me ❤❤

    1. こんにちは、Eva!

      1. Was から in one of the choices?
      Then it is a tricky question.
      に is the most natural answer but you do say
      Someoneに/から+ 日本語を+ 習う/教わる/教えてもらう
      (You can use に even もらう isn’t involved.)

      2. The correct answer is まだ (Yamada-san is not here yet.)
      I know why you get confused though.
      If the following verb is 来ません, you can use もう
      山田さんはもう来ません。(talking about future)
      来ていません = hasn’t come (expressing the present situation)

      1. Hi!

        1. No から wasn’t one of the options, I was actually meant to fill in the verb 習って! Why is it に?

        2. Sorry, that was my bad for saying 山田さんはもう来ていません=Yamada isn’t coming anymore!! I got confused after thinking about it so much 🤯 I meant to say, I thought 山田さんはもう来ていません= Yamada hasn’t come yet. But could you please explain why that would be wrong??

        Thank you ❤

        1. 1. I see. In that case either から or に is OK.

          You can use から/に with 習う
          から will be easier to understand because the English translation is “from” but you also use に to indicate a source/agent.

          A = subject
          B = a source/ an agent

          2. 山田さんは( ) 来ていません。
          The most natural answer is まだ

          But I guess もう来ていません is possible if 山田さん goes to some place frequently and stops coming.
          (expressing the current state)
          In that sense, the question needs more context.

          1. Hi Maggie sensei!

            1. Okay I understand! It was very helpful to know に can also be used to indicate a source! ❤Is that a general rule or does it only apply to some verbs? And if so could you please give me a few examples?

            2. I am confused again 😭 I feel like the more I read the 山田さん sentences the more confused I get… Is my understanding correct that:
            山田さんはまだ来ていません= Yamada hasn’t come yet (present situation)
            山田さんはもう来ていません= Yamada isn’t coming anymore (?? I know I said something different in my last message but I thought it over and I think my meaning last time was wrong?)
            山田さんはもう来ません= Yamada isn’t coming anymore

            Sorry to be so longwinded but I really want to understand this!! Thank you so much ❤❤

          2. Hi Eva,

            1. Not many. 〜に習う and other are passive form. 〜に叱られる・ 〜にほめられる etc.

            2. The translation might change depending on the context.

            1) 山田さんはまだ来ていません= Yamada hasn’t come yet (present situation) → YES!
            The speaker is talking about one particular time. They set the time and Yamasa-san is late.

            2) 山田さんはもう来ていません= Yamada isn’t coming anymore →OK or Yamada-san doesn’t come here anymore.
            For example, Yamada-san is a member of a gym

            3) 山田さんはもう来ません= Yamada isn’t coming anymore→YES or Yamada-san is not going to come anymore.

            I will help you until you understand fully. :)

          3. Hi! I’m so sorry I’m the one who bothered you with questions and then I just didn’t reply!! I’m very sorry, I was busy because I had to go overseas for a wedding, and then my own sister got engaged and we had to throw a party, and then Christmas… I’m sorry :( I hope you don’t mind me bothering you about this old question!!

            1. I am so sorry but now I have another question… I think I understand に is used in passive sentences to indicate the source. But when I thought about that I suddenly thought of another question!! What is the difference between intransitive and passive? Because they both ( I think) are about actions being done to someone, so I’m not sure 😖 I tried searching it up but I’m still confused so I’d really appreciate it if you cleared it up for me!!

            2 Thank you! About 2), was my translation just OK and not YES! (😄) because it was a bit unnatural (and if so, why??) or maybe something else was a bit strange? Actually I thought 山田さんはもう来ていません= Yamada isn’t coming anymore in the sense that, for example, Yamada was meant to come to your party but he isn’t coming anymore.

            Eg, (Friend): 山田さんはどこ?
            (You): もう来ていないよ

            Or am I just completely wrong?? 😭🤯

            Thank you so much, and I’m really sorry I’m taking so long to understand and also to reply :( And thank you for persisting in teaching me- it means a lot to me ❤❤

          4. Hi Eva,

            1. intransitive verb and passive form are different.
            Intransitive verb is a verb that does not take a direct object.
            In case you wonder, transitive verb takes a direct object.

            子供が起きる A child wakes up (intransitive)
            子供を起こす You* wake a child up.  (transitive) *the subject could be a write/speaker or someone else.

            passive form is “someone else” wakes you up.
            子供に起こされる I was awaken by a child.

            2. As I told you, もう来ていません only works in certain situation. (Someone used to go somewhere but not anymore.)

            So if you are just talking about one time party, もう来ていないよ sounds unnatural.
            Only works まだ来ていないよ He/She hasn’t come yet.

          5. I think I understand!!
            1. So intransitive would be something like:
            She sat down; he went to sleep; she sneezed etc?
            Transitive would be like: She bought the car; He sat on the sofa etc?
            And I think I understand passive! :)

            But is 習う a passive verb?? Isn’t it transitive, and then the passive is 習われる? So wouldn’t it be 先生が習ってくれました。-> my teacher taught me. 先生に習われくれました。-> I was taught by my teacher.

            Sorry to be such a bother. :( I really wish I could understand quicker…

          6. Basically if the verb needs an object, it’s a transitive verb.
            習う means “to learn something”
            I think the verb you want to use is 教える
            The verb 教える is something positive or you appreciate so if you don’t usually use a passive form,教えられる. Instead you use くれる/もらう.

            My teacher taught me is

            I was taught by my teacher will be

          7. Oh yeah… Sorry, I messed up, I don’t know what’s wrong with me mixing up the meanings of 習う and 教える!! ><
            I was just confused because when I searched it up in the dictionary, it said 習う was a transitive verb… Could you please shed some light on that??

            And you said 教える is positive so you don't use passive?? Does that mean passive forms of verbs have a less grateful kind of feeling to them??

            I'm sorry to bother you so much. :( I just want to understand things so I can improve! :((

  92. Hello sensei.
    please teach me below stuff

    1 冷たい風が冬ごとに激しく吹く

    what is ごと

    2 how to use 渋い
    for taste is it a bitter taste equal to 苦い?
    for feeling ?
    a. どうしたの渋い顔をした
    b. このゲームは渋いな
    c. あの男渋い声に話します

    1. Hi

      1. 毎(ごと) means
      Ex. 2時間ごと= every two hours
      Ex. 冬ごとに = every winter

      2) the whole thing

      Ex. 骨ごと食べてください。= You can eat the bone and all.

      2. You use 渋い for taste (bitter and astringent) A bit different from 苦い
      You can also use it to describe the taste of wine.
      a. frown
      b. old fashioned in a cool way/classic
      c. deep voice (The Japanese sentence is wrong. →あの男は渋い声で話す )

  93. Hello sensei please help with my question below

    1 衣料品や家具などでは中古品市場や消費者同士に交換が盛んだ。

    Only last sentence i don’t get how to use 前

    2 私自身も、当社に入社する前の会社では二度ほどトップに直言した経験があります

    again what is the meaning of 前 here

    1. Im sorry and for addition why they use 前の not just 前 it is become confusing for me to translate it. may be if sensei could provide with easier example sentence

      1. Hi
        “前の” means “former/previous”

        1. 前の使用者 means “previous owner of the used clothes or furniture”
        2. 前の会社 the previous company where I used to work before this company

  94. Hello sense please help ne proofread this sentences


    it is the word of director harada san that has approve factory in small city of the world

    so which one approve the small factory?
    harada san? or the world?

    1. I think there is a typo.
      It is a causative form.
      (the first part is fine) It is the word of Mr. Harada who made/let the world know about the factory in a small town.

      1. even this comes in jlpt listening session. which I found out to be the name of the cafe from the context.
        I believe that no 外国人 can hear this.


          1. I understand, I will keep posting on this last five days. hope u don’t mind.


  95. Hi sensei,

    I would like to ask about this jlpt question :
    C. いたくて
    The answer is C. My first question is why do we use が? If it is body part do we use が?Second question is theいadjくて+Verb why do we have that? I thought くて is only for joining いadj?

    Thank you,


    1. Hello Shin,

      いたい is an i-adjective so you connect 〜くて

      You use が with some of the adjectives that express emotions/feelings/sense,

        1. Think as “て” not “くて”

          て has many functions. As you said, you can connect multiple things, “and”. It is also used to give a reason “because”
          1) When you connect two adjectives (and)

          = Yasuku te oishii
          = chep and delicious.

          2) to give a reason (you do/something happens because it’s/someone is adj)

          = It was so expensive that I didn’t buy it.

          = I was so busy at work that I couldn’t go.

  96. hello sensei i wonder if u can help solve the sentences arrangement correctly



    1. Hello,
      JLPT quiz?

      Up to 彼にしたら OK.


      After ただ残念なのは

      Remember the patterns
      Quote という + noun
      Quote なんていう + noun

  97. Hello Maggie sensei,

    I would like you to confirm if the sentence is correct


    型高さ: Die height : technical term we use in the work place. (it is a machine parameter)

    Thank you

    1. Hi Burak

      制度 is institution/system. I think what you meant is 精度 (degree of accuracy/precision )
      うった →打った(? I need an English translation but you need to write in kanji)

      1. sorry for mistake.
        Yes you are right. i meant that
        精度 : accuracy
        打った: to stamp
        せっとします: セットします

        What im trying to tell is:
        First we will measure the accuracy of the panels which were stamped at different die heights, and set the panel which has the best accuracy.

        Thank you

        1. Since it is all technical terms, I can’t help you but from what I have searched on the Internet, die height is translated in katakana “ダイハイト”
          I am not sure if “stamp” is 打つ because 打つ is “to hit”.
          測って→ If it is for instructions, instead of connecting te-form, using masu-stem 測り or 測定し will be better.

          Sorry. This is all I can help you here.

    2. I think what you mean for 型高さ is “the height of molding”
      I agree with sensei, I think you don`t use 打った for “to stamp”
      i think 捺す (おす) give a better impression.


      “measure the accuracy of the stamped panel with the height difference of mold and set the panel that has the best precision”

      I study engineering in college btw, so i am a little familiar with die casting method.

      1. Hello Bryan,

        thank you very much for your help. That was exactly what I was trying to say.

        by the way, I am working in toyota automotive as a die engineer, i agree that
        exact meaning of 打つ is not stamping when you translate it, however they mean stamping by 打つ

  98. Hello sensei,
    Glad to see you again.
    Hope you are well.

    I want to ask about this sentences.


    Last sentences
    1. why there is “と” after “さりげなく”

    2. Please proofread and point out my mistakes on the meaning of this sentence.

    “After you finishing the greetings, at the moment you of going home you would want be casually unnoticed”

    1. Hi Bryan,

      1. と has a function to quote.
      ということ is omitted.

      2. The part 一通りの挨拶をすませてから in your translation is OK.

      Let me rephrase it to understand the sentence better.

      〜と心得たい It will be better to keep in mind that ~ / We should keep in mind
      帰り際にさりげなく手土産を渡す to hand over the gift naturally when you leave.

      1. I am really really grateful to you maggie sensei


  99. Hi Maggie, do you know if we can add に after interrogatives (5W1H)? I saw 何に and couldn’t find any explanation on that in the wide wild web.

    Thank you,


    1. Hi Shin

      It will be easier to think a sentence with “(something)に” first.

      これは〜に使います。 You use this for ~

      これは〜に入れます。 You put this in ~

      これは〜に合います。This matches with ~

      私は〜に困っています。I have a trouble with ~


  100. hi Maggie sensei, forgive my ignorance
    But I would like a clarification on a sentence … I have the translation, but I can not understand how it could mean this
    The phrase “いつも嵐の後の私の虹でいてくれてありがとう” google me translates it as “Thak you for always being my rainbow after the storm”
    but I do not understand … where is the verb to be? and the “で” here exactly what function does it play? I knew the various uses, but here escapes me

    the rest of the sentence I had understood, but these are 2 things that I’m not clear (the function of “で” here, and the verb to be)

    ps. if I made any mistake even to write in English, I apologize, but I’m Italian

    1. Hi Lucia,

      Google translation is not bad after all, huh? 😉

      As you probably know when you say “Thank you for doing something”, you say
      Verbて+ くれてありがとう。
      In this case the verb is いる = to be and its te-form is いて

      いてくれてありがとう = Thank you for being
      So that is your first question.

      As for your 2nd question,
      This で might be easier for you to think “as”
      (私の虹)でいる = to be as (my rainbow)

      Now で in this sentence means “as”

      ~でいてくれてありがとう = Thank you for being as ~

      →私の虹でいてくれてありがとう= Thank you for being as my rainbow.

  101. Good day dear Maggie sensei,

    I don’t know if this is a valid request/question, but it’s just that I am unable to find an English explanation for the phrases below:

    お友達などお誘いのうえ – I think I can understand “お友達などお誘い” but I have no idea what “のうえ” could mean . Could it be “upper part” upper part of inviting a friend?

    笑かしてくれます – I think I can understand “てくれます” part but not “笑かし” (it is not listed in the dictionary that I use)

    ここぞとばかりに – I have no idea at all T_T

    Thank you so much in advance dear Maggie sensei… just in case a context is needed, I will search for the link of the said blog updates…

    1. Hello!!

      I’ve been thinking about making a lesson on 上

      This うえ means “to do something and ~~”

      verb した上で ~ : ~ after you do something
      (I will think about it carefully and will get back to you)
      → I will get back to you after careful consideration

      noun + の+ うえ :after doing something
      = Come over with your friend.(→Invite your friend and come over)
      →(polite) お友達もお誘いしていらしてください。
      noun form of お誘いする→お誘い

      笑かす is Kansai dialect of 笑わせる= to make someone laugh
      笑わせてくれる Someone makes us laugh (for our favor) → Kansai dialect 笑かしてくれる

      ここぞとばかりに is an expression and it means 絶好の機会ととらえる = (zekkou no kikai to toraeru) “taking advantage of the opportunity”

  102. HiMaggie-sensei, I’ve been a follower of yours for some time now and have learned a lot.あなたのレッスンは本当に素晴らしいです! I can tell how busy you are so I hope this isn’t ill-received (or if I am asking in the wrong spot), but was wondering if you offer any type of private tutoring or lessons? いつもお世話になっております

    1. Hi Jesse
      Thank you for your comment.
      I am a doggie angel so that I can’t give you a class but Yukari gives a Skype lesson when she has time.
      If you are interested in the class, contact us through About Us page. :)

  103. Hello sensei
    hope you are well
    I have some question


    In this sentence, what i find confusing is whether. the customer is happy or not. there is a repetition of ない but i doubt to decide this pattern.

    please help me sensei
    thank you very much

    1. Hi bryan
      I think を is missing in the first part


      Ah, OK, when you see
      the writer assumes(or believes) what comes before, in this case 楽しいという人はあまりいない ( = There are not many people who enjoy souvenir shops for tourists.)
      I assume there are not many people who enjoy souvenir shops for tourists.)

      Ex. もう彼は行ってしまったのではないだろうか。
      So what the writer assumes here is what comes before ないだろうか so ”彼は行ってしまった = He has gone”.

      Ex. 彼は今、家にいないのではないだろうか。
      What the writer assume is 彼は今、家にいない(=He is not home at the moment)

      Hope this pattern helps you understand better.

      1. Oh i see sensei.

        I usually mixed up with positive pattern.
        Like double “nai” usage but resulting a positive action.
        ”ない” + ”ない” = positive
        like –>
        (This means like “you must hurry” right? instead of “you musn’t hurry”)
        Some pattern got mixed up here.
        I have saw your “nai” “nai” lesson but in this test it becomes confusing to decide for me.

        thank you for your help

  104. Hello, Maggie Sensei!

    I have a question about a sentence I saw while reading some news:


    After 広げる there’s a と particle and I cannot understand why it’s there. Can you explain it to me?

    Thanks in advance! ;)

      1. Thank you!

        I’m aware of this use of と, but this sentence looked out of place to me. After giving it another look, I think 広げる’s subject is 折り畳み式のスマートフォン which comes after. That’s what was confusing me.

        1. Not the subject
          広げる (= to open something) is a transitive verb (広がる is intransitive verb)

          The object of the verb 広げる is a fordable smartphone.
          If you open the fordable smartphone, you can use it as a tablet-type device.

  105. hello maggie sensei.

    nice to meet you again

    I have some questions

    1 〆切 in this shimekiri kanji.
    does 〆 normally used in reading.
    because i only found the word only in ”shimekiri” usage

    2 how do i differ the usage of “warini” and “kuseni”
    for example
    which one i use?

    1. Hi bryan,
      1. You can write 締め切り・締切・〆切
      You are right. You don’t see it so much.
      Other than shimekiri, you may see 締め鯖・〆鯖(サバ・さば) pickled mackerel in the menu in sushi restaurant.
      Also you write 〆 when you seal an envelope.

      2. たくさん食べているわりに全然太らない・

      they both work. ~ わりに means “considering (the fact that ~) / くせに means “even though / Although ”
      Also くせに involves the speaker’s feelings more. (In this case, “Although she eats a lot, she doesn’t gain weight. It is not fair!)

  106. Hi Maggie-sensei!

    I’m thinking about the difference between these two sentences:
    先生のコップは白ですか?<- so here, the white is a verb
    先生のコップは白いですか? <- while here is an adjective

    I can't really tell the difference because I think both translates to "is the teacher's cup white?" Could you please help me?

    1. Hi Jessie,

      白 = color white (noun)
      白い= white (adjective)

      Not big difference.
      白ですか→Is the color of cup white?
      白いですか→Is the cup white?

  107. Hi, Maggie sensei! I would like a clarification on the use of a word

    in an anime there was the phrase “hoshizora no moto”, translated as “under the starry sky”
    But I was not aware that the word “moto” also meant “under” … what exactly are all the uses of the word “moto”?

    ps. can I ask another favor?
    Exactly “Boku de aru tame” what does this mean? “to be with me” or does it have another meaning?

    1. 星の下(もと)
      You use this “もと” in the meaning of “under/under control/ near”
      When you just talking about the place, you use 下 した (under the table = 机の下)
      星の下 The image-wise, you are surrounded/protected by the stars.(It is also used as a metaphor, under some destiny)

      Other examples of もと
      親の下(おやのもと)で生活する = to live near one’s parents.
      法の下 = ほうのもと= under law (under control of law)

      僕であるため = to be myself

      1. Thank you so much ^_^

        I’m sorry if I still take advantage of your kindness, but I have another doubt that I would like to understand. That is the use of “to shite”.

        I have noticed that it can also mean “how”, but then what exactly is the difference between “youni / youna” and “to shite”?

        1. として has a various functions
          1) as ~ Ex. 彼はセールスマンとしてあの会社で働いている。= He is working for the company as a sales person.
          2) concluding the fact., etc.
          I think what you get confused with ように is

          3) Verb volitional form + として+ verb past tense= did something trying to do/intending to do something
          Am I right?

          As I explained in my よう lesson?
          ように has a usage “to do something “in order to do something”

          The difference is ように is used when you do something in order (not) to do something but that usage of として is used when you were going to do something but you didn’t.

          Ex. 雨に濡れないように傘を持っていく。
          = I am going to take an umbrella with me so that I won’t get wet.

          Ex. Aは、会社に行こうとしていたが気分が悪くなって帰ってきた。
          = A left the house (trying to go to work) but felt sick and came back home.

  108. hello sensei.

    in this

    what is 各住棟 (かくじゅうむね)

  109. Hi Maggie sensei ^ – ^
    I would like clarification on verbs,please. There is one thing I have never understood, namely the conjugation that ends in “iru”. What is the difference, for example, between “sagashiteru” and “sagashiteiru” or “shinjiteru” and “shinjiteiru”, “matteru” and “matteiru” etc. ?

    1. Hi Lucy

      Ah, OK, they mean the same.
      In casual Japanese you drop “i”.
      書いている= kaite iru = to be writing →書いてる=kaiteru
      食べている= tabete iru = to be eating →食べてる= tabeteru

      I mentioned in my iru-lesson →Click here. (Note 1)

  110. Hello maggie sensei.
    Glad to see you again.
    Right now I’m struggling on my JLPT test on december.
    So I am sorry if I bother you this whole month >.<

    問題 1 :

    In the second sentences there is ノリ what is this??

    問題2 :

    In the last sentences there is どうにもはっきりしてない気がする what is this??


    1. Hello

      1) ノリ is to do something just for fun without thinking about too much. I have a lesson if you want to know more. Click here.

      2) どうも means “somehow”/”for some reason”
      はっきりしてない→はっきりしていない not clear
      I feel like this information is not clear for some reason.


  111. Hy Sensei!

    忝い, can i use this in a casual conversation? Or its sounds too polite?
    Do you have any lesson about the なさい?

    Thank you for your time, Sensei. :)

    1. かたじけない?
      You must have seen the expression in anime or game.
      It is an old samurai expression. So you will never use it in conversation unless you say that jokingly to surprise your Japanese friend. 😉
      As for nasai, I don’t have a lesson but it is not difficult.
      You use Vなさい form when you order someone to do something (Like parents tell their children to do (or not to do something))

      食べなさい Eat!
      宿題しなさい。 Do your homework!

  112. Hello Maggie Sensei ^-^
    I’m an Italian girl, it’s the first time I write, but I’ve been following you for a few months because your lessons are the best <3
    Can I ask for a little help? I'm translating a song, but I'm stuck and I can not figure out how to translate this sentence

    そっとつなぐ指先で会話しているのが 分かるそっぽ向いているけれど握り返す指の想い背の高い 横顔を見上げふいに胸が痛くなる

    1. if I do not disturb too much, I also need help for this phrase😟 (it confused my ideas、the various words I do not understand how to combine them and make them meaningful)

      見つめることも無くなり繰り返す日々が 怖くなることに気づいていたの悲しいほど

      1. If you change the word order, it may be easier to understand.

        見つめることも無くなり →this person stops looking at someone anymore / or they (a couple) stop looking at each other.
        悲しいほど = painfully
        (1)が(2) に気づいていた = To have noticed that (1) is painfully* (2)

    2. Hi Lucia,

      Thank you for visiting here. Sorry. I have told many people who visit here that I don’t do the translation here.
      But I can help you understand the sentence structure/the meaning of words just for today. :)

      Sentence structure
      ~(1)~ で〜(2)~ が分かる = I can tell (2) by (1)

      そっと secretly/gently
      つなぐ hold
      指先 fingertip
      会話する to have a conversation (Of course you don’t actually have a conversation with your fingers but it is a poetic expression)

      ~1~ けれど〜2~ Though 1, 2
      そっぽ向く looking away
      握り返す hold back
      指の想い ”the feelings of fingers” another poetic expression (it refers to one’s loving feelings that you can feel by touching fingers)

      ~を見上げ = looking up
      横顔 his profile (背の高い means the person who you look up the profile is “tall”)
      ふいに suddenly
      胸が痛くなる my heart aches

  113. Hello sensei Good afternoon,
    Hope you are well

    I have some question,

    1. 私の足元から、今さらのようにぞわりとしたものが込み上げる
    What is ぞわりと
    (I wonder if this is an adverb but I can not find it anywhere in internet)

    2. その辺の草もしって食べて気持ち悪くなっただよね

    In those 2 sentences why 草も (end with shite?) also 道具の名前から (end with shite?)

    Thank you very much

    1. Hi there,
      1. ぞわりとしたもの means something creepy. Like when you feel ghost or some creepy creature, you feel ぞわり

      2. I think the first line has some mistakes. Can you check it again?

      1. I have checked it sensei.

        This is a phrase which I got from anime text.
        If you think it is wrong so the fault is on scanlation team. I believe you in most case.

        this その辺の草もしって食べて気持ち悪くなっただよね
        is when a person running away from home together with her sister and she accidentally eat grass and feel sick.

        then about 稲刈りや果物狩りの道具の名前からして覚えるのに苦労した
        how it end up using 名前からして?

        1. I think it says something like
          その辺の草もしって食べて気持ち悪くなっただよね should be その辺の草をむしって食べて気持ち悪くなってんだよね。or なってよね (depending on the context)

          からして means judging from ~ but in this case giving some examples of how hard it was to remember things.
          Even the names of the tools (for 稲刈り and 果物狩り) were hard to remember.

  114. Hello Maggie Sensei,

    I could use your help again. I’ve been translating an interview and was unsure about this paragraph.


    Here’s my translation:

    The feeling that I was doing this for the first time was at the bottom of my heart.
    It was the opposite of making something on my own. I listened to everyone’s opinion, and decided it wouldn’t be any good if I did it alone. So it was fun because it was the first time.

    Here’s some context:

    This is from an interview with a member of an Idol group. She is releasing her first solo single. It’s a more professional recording of a demo she made herself yrs. ago. With this recording, she asked a producer for his help to record the instruments.

    What’s confusing me the most is the second sentence, particularly:


    It either says “I had to do it myself” or “It wouldn’t be any good if I did it myself”. Based on the context and since she’s working with a producer, the second translation makes more sense, but I’m still not sure.

    Thank you.

    1. Hello, I can’t check all your translation here but でも1人でやらなきゃダメだと思った。 meansI thought I had do it myself.

      1人でやらなきゃだめ = the literal meaning is “It is no good if I don’t do it myself.” → I have to do it myself.

      1. Thanks for your help! So it really was “I had to do it myself”.

        I tried to use spoilers to make my post smaller, but I guess they don’t work here.

      2. Mayumi-Sensei,

        I didn’t see that you also translated one of the other sentences. I can’t reply to that post, so I’m replying to this one again.

        I only saw the first meaning for “向き合う” which is “opposite”. “Face something” or “confront something” makes more sense. This really changes the meaning of the sentence, so I’m glad you pointed it out.

        Thanks again!

    2. Hello Dear Maggie sensei,

      If you are Okay with me helping.

      My perception when I have started the think I want to do from bottom of my heart.
      Is opposite from the things that I want to make by myself
      I have heard everybody’s opinion but, I thought that I have one thing that I must do.
      Because those matters (In above) is first time for me. It was really fun.

      For Maggie Sensei ありがとうございました

          1. Oh, I see. Sorry, I can’t tell from here that you were commenting Jili’s question. It seemed like a new comment and thought you two were asking me the same question.
            OK, you and Jili both translated 自分が作ったものに独りぼっちで向き合って、 with the word “opposite”

            向き合う is “to face something/ work through” “dealing with something”
            自分が作ったものに独りぼっちで向き合って、 means
            “Facing to / going through what you have made all by yourself.

  115. Hello sensei good to see you again.

    I am really confused to see this sentence and hope you can explain it to me.

    1. スマホの時計を何度見ても、あと50分以上も待たねばならない事実は一向に変わろうとはしなかった

    if you have a time please tell me.
    why it is 待たねばならない instead 待たなければならない
    what is 事実は一向に変わろうとはしなかった

    2. “朴槿恵前大統領の罷免を受け、2017年5月9日に投開票が行われた韓国第19代大統領選挙は。。。”

    i think the person in question is korean president. which mean he is 外国人 but why his name is written in kanji. I dont know how to read it anyway

    for these two question hopefully you can give me some explanation.


    1. Hi

      1. スマホの時計を何度見ても means “No matter how many times I check the time on the smartphone.
      待たねばならない is a formal way to say 待たなければならない

      Ex. やらねばならない→やらなければいけない
      事実は一向に変わろうとはしなかった→一向に means ちっとも・まったく (not change) at all)

      2. You write foreign names in katakana but you write Chinese and Korean’s name in kanji as well.

      1. actually i am interested in this question.
        sensei it seems that kanji of name is hard to read.
        I have been wondering what would sensei do if you want to read that kanji ?
        as for me i am on n3 level. I can’t read it at all

        1. Bryan/ナンパ男

          If you don’t know how to read someone’s name, just use Google.
          If you get a business card and can’t read the person’s name, you ask them “お名前はどうお読みしたらいいですか?”

          Besides all the common names, reading people’s name/ names of the places are hard for Japanese people,too.

  116. Hello sensei.

    can you teach me how to say

    can you take picture of us?
    can i take picture together with you?


    1. Hi,
      Can you take picture of us? = 写真を撮ってくれますか?= Shashin wo totte kuremasu ka?
      Can I take picture together with you? = 一緒に写真を撮っていいですか? = Issho ni shashin wo totte ii desu ka?

  117. Hi maggie sensei good to see you again

    please proofread below sentences

    AさんはBさんに本をあげた (right or wrong?)
    AさんはBさんに本をくれた (right or wrong?)
    What is the difference?


    (What you have to do when you want to smell ammonia?)
    (Using hand to fan it to yourself and then smell it)

    1. Hi there,
      AさんはBさんに本をあげた OK
      AさんはBさんに本をくれた It only works if B is your family. If B is the thrid person, it sounds unnatural.

      How about
      手であおぐように嗅ぎます。/手であおぐように 嗅いでください。

  118. Maggie先生! ナデナデ
    Can 同前 [ditto] be used in conversation, as in the movie “Ghost”?:
    She says: 愛してるよ (I love you)
    He says: 同前 (Ditto) – meaning “I love you too”

    それとも レストランで、ウェイトレスに:
    Aさん: カツ丼にする (I’ll have katsudon)
    Bさん: 同前 (Ditto – meaning me, too)

    1. You never say 同前 in conversation.
      I think the translation of Ditto in Ghost is “同じく = onajiku” but if you order the same thing as your friend, you say


  119. Hello Maggie Sensei



    “Like donburi and katsudon, the “don” menu are menu that is given an ingredient on the top of rice and served inside bowl, but it is not called “donburi”.


    1. Your English translation is missing 「天丼」?


      (いつもお世話になってありがとうございました→Just say いつもお世話になります。
      私は「天丼」とか「カツ丼」のように」という文章の部分に文章の部分に校正するのがちょっと間違えたと思った→「天丼」とか「カツ丼」のように」 の部分の訳がちょっと間違えていると思います。
      悪い日本語→下手な日本語 )

      1. So much mistakes I done.
        I never have any confidence in conversation.
        Thank you very much sensei.

        anyway this sentence –>

        Do this translation make sense?

        “Like tendon and katsudon, the “don” menu is the menu that is given an ingredient on the top of rice and served inside bowl, but it is not called “donburi”.

        I think i messed up in “「天丼」とか「カツ丼」のように” part

        1. 「天丼」とか「カツ丼」のように、「OOどん」というのは、丼に盛ったご飯の上に具を載せたもので丼でなく
          You don’t finish the sentence with でなく
          → 丼でなく (not donburi but/and..).
          If you finish the sentence like this, it makes sense.

  120. Hello sensei please proofread below sentence

    (To prepare special corner of lining gift)

    (Special corner of lining gift is prepared)

    Thank you before.

    1. Hi there

      (To prepare special corner of lining gift)

      The second one is OK. :)

      1. Is there any freedom to choose between using “ga” or “wo”

        sometimes I hear in random conversation in construction working place
        they would say
        instead of using 壁を壊すな

        can you explain the detail?

          1. Oh i See now,

            I mishear “wa” to “ga”

            So I must have heard 壁は壊すな back then
            Please let me ask only one more thing
            Let’s say I said
            私は走る –> it means “I run” right?
            what about
            壁は壊す –> does it still mean “I will destroy the wall”?
            or it is wrong usage after all.

            Appreciate for your answer

  121. Maggie先生! ナデナデ
    I’m having trouble understanding the nuance of “N+でいる(N)”, as in
    「ごきげんです」vs「ごきげんでいる」, or
    「~するつもりです」 vs 「~するつもりでいる」
    (I’ve inquired at other sites but of course, I can never get as good/thorough an answer as I would had I come to you first! 許してくれますか)
    I hope this is Maggie先生-worthy

    1. squidlydeux、なぜてくれてありがとう!

      ごきげんです = S is in a good mood.
      ごきでんでいる = S has been in a good mood.

      「~するつもりです」 I am going to do something.
      「~するつもりでいる」 I have been thinking about doing something.

      でいる you have been in the state/you have been thinking about doing something since a little while ago.

      I hope this is Maggie先生-worthy
      Hmm How about これはMaggie先生に聞くに値することだといいけど。

      1. So it’s similar to a continuous state like Vて+いる?
        「病気です」 = I’m sick vs 「病気でいる」= I’ve been sick ?

        So is it correct to say that it’s a current state that’s been continuing since a little while ago/for a period of time?

        Also, I was told that 「ご機嫌な人でいる」 means
        “The person is (trying to) stay to be in good mood.”
        or, 「元気で健康でいる」 “(trying to) stay fit and healthy” Is that correct – the trying to stay… part?

        1. So it’s similar to a continuous state like Vて+いる?
          「病気です」 = I’m sick vs 「病気でいる」= I’ve been sick ?

          → Yes.

          Yes, I guess you could translate it as “trying to stay~”
          but it depends on the context. You can just translate it as, to stay/keep, etc.
          →元気で健康でいることが大切です。 = It is important to stay fit and healthy.

  122. Hello sensei,

    Can you please tell me the difference between
    “koto ka” and “mono ka”
    may be with some example sentences

    Thank you very much

    1. Ex. 負けるものか Showing one’s strong will.
      See more examples and explanation in this lesson.
      Check my ものか lesson.

      You use ことか in an exclamatory sentence or emphasize one’s feelings.

      = How sleepy I was. / I was so sleepy.
      Ex. 同じことを何度彼に言ったことか。
      = How many times have I said the same thing to him.

  123. Hello sensei,

    I kind of see this on advertisement

    what is
    In the dictionary it is “Non japanese native”

    Please help me

    1. A person of “Japanese descent” as Maggie先生 stated.
      I think your dictionary should have said “a non-native Japanese” as it seems to be most often applied to people of Japanese ancestry who are not native Japanese (not born/living in Japan), such as Japanese-Americans –> 日系アメリカ人 (like me!)

  124. Hello sensei hope you are fine.

    I have a question in this below sentences.


    What is “ならぬ”

  125. Hello sensei,

    I have a question

    1. Let’s say that I want to say “because I eat fish on daily basis (everyday) I have become smart”

    2. Let’s say that I want to say “because I am now are eating fish I have become smart”
    which sentences is most appropriate to use?

    A. 魚を食べるから頭がよくになった
    B. 魚を食べたから頭がよくになった
    C. 魚を食べているから頭がよくになった
    D. 魚を食べていたから頭がよくになった

    My guess is
    1 to A
    2 to C

    please correct me if I’m wrong

    1. Hi

      First よくになった→よくなった

      1 ) 魚を毎日食べるから頭がよくなった。or 魚を食べているから頭がよくなった。
      both work.

      Sorry but I don’t quite understand your second English sentence.
      ”I am now are eating fish (→ talking about the current action) I have become smart (→describes how you have become) ”

      1. Yeah I’m sorry english is not my main language.

        I want to say.
        I am eating fish now and I can feel that my brain has became smart

        1. Hmm You are eating fish now (current situation) so I can feel that I will be smart? (talking about the future result)?
          If so 魚を食べているから頭がよくなるだろう。

  126. Hi sensei

    please see the example sentences below :


    In the last sentences why using “あろう” instead of using normal “ある”
    I thought that the 「おう」 is like 「行こう」 = “let’s go”
    does this have the same meaning???

    1. ~(で)あろう is a literal expression of だろう
      無理なのだろう *(This だろう is for assuming)
      →more literal 無理なのであろう

  127. Hello sensei,

    It seems that there’s a slight difference between the usage of
    1. mitai
    2. -ppoi
    3. teki (na)
    4. -rashii
    5. – gimi

    If you would. Please can you explain it to me. I prefer to know it by example sentences. Thank you very much